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【复习方略】2014版高考英语(人教版通用)课件:选修7 Unit 2 Robots


Unit 2 Robots

Ⅰ. 单词盘点 核心速记

desire (n. ) 1. ______
(vt. ) affair (n. ) 2. _____ envy (vt. ) 3. _____

渴望; 欲望; 渴求 希望得到;想要

事务;事情;暧昧关系
忌妒;羡慕

bound (adj. ) 4. ______

一定的;密切相关的

staff n. ) 5. ____( junior adj. ) 6. ______(

全体员工;手杖
较年幼的;资历较浅的;地位较低的

(n. )
divorce (n. ) 7. _______ (vt. ) obey (vt. &vi. ) 8. _____

年少者; 晚辈;等级较低者
离婚;断绝关系 与??离婚; 与??脱离 服从;顺从

联想串记
satisfaction (n. )满意;满足; 令人满意的事物→ ______ satisfy (vt. ) 9. __________ satisfying & __________ satisfactory (adj. )令人满意的 使满足;使满意→ _________ satisfied (adj. )满意的 → ________ alarm (vt. ) 使警觉;使惊恐;惊动 (n. ) 警报;惊恐 10. ______ alarmed (adj. )担心的;害怕的 →________ sympathy (n. )同情(心)→ ___________( sympathetic adj. )同情的 11. _________

favour (n. ) 喜爱;恩惠(vt. ) 喜爱;偏袒 → __________ favourable 12. ______ favourite (adj. ) 最喜爱的 (adj. )赞成的;有利的→ ________ accompany vt. ) 陪伴;伴奏 → ________( company n. ) 陪伴 , 伴随 13. __________( companion n. )伙伴, 伴侣, 同伴 →__________( declare (vt. )宣布;声明; 表明;宣称→ __________ declaration (n. ) 14. _______ 宣言;公布 talent (n. )天才;特殊能力;才干→ _______ talented (adj. )有才气 15. _____ 的;有才能的

Ⅱ. 短语互译
1. 试验;考验 test out _______ ring up _______ turn around ___________ leave. . . alone ____________ 5. 将??放在一边;为??节省或保留(钱或时间) set aside ________

2. 给??打电话
3. 转向;回转

4. 不管;别惹;让??一个人待着;和??单独在一起

6. 一共;总计 7. 一定做??

in all _____

be bound to ___________
认真对待某事 _____________ 对??感到满意 _______________ 阻止某人做某事 _______________ 寻找;搜寻 ___________ 把??和??进行比较 _____________________

8. take sth. seriously
9. be pleased with. . . 10. prevent sb. (from) doing sth. 11. search for 12. compare. . . with/to. . .

Ⅲ. 句型透视 1. more. . . than. . . 与其(说)??倒不如(说)?? like a human than a His name was Tony and he seemed more ______________________ machine 与其说像一台机器, 倒不如说更像人). ________( 2. there+倒装句 there stood 站在那儿)Gladys Claffern. As she turned around, __________(

3. have sb. /sth. doing容忍/允许某人/某物做某事 But even though Tony had been so clever, he would have to be have women falling in love with machines rebuilt—you cannot ___________________________________ (允许女人与机器相爱). 4. as if +虚拟语气 as if you were writing to younger Use a clear simple style _____________________________ students 好像你正在给年龄更小的学生们写信) in your ________( school.

Ⅳ. 语篇完形

tested out by Claire, a Tony was a robot to be 1. ______
alarmed at the first sight of it. Tony housewife. Claire was 2. ________ smooth hair, a deep voice, and was tall and handsome with 3. _______ sympathy for Claire when she soft and warm skin. He had 4. _________ told him that she was overweight and that her home was not elegant He even gave her a new 6. _______ haircut and changed 5. _______. accompany Claire the makeup she wore. Though he didn’t 7. __________ to the shops, he made the clerk change his attitude to Claire.

favour Tony worked on the improvements of her house as a 8. ______. envied by the invited women. And At the party, Claire was 9. ______

declared that he didn’t want to leave Claire. Tony even 10. ________

1. 选词填空 declared (1)The man’s parents ________(declared/desired) that they didn’t want to see him again. alarmed (2)The government is ________(alarmed/alarming) by the sudden increase in violent crime.

envy (3)I really _____(envy/envious) you and your wife—you seem
so happy together. to accompany (4)Would you like me ____________(accompanying/to accompany) you to the People’s Park this weekend?

turned around (5)I _____________(turned to/turned around) and saw Jane was sitting directly behind me.

2. 选用句型透视中的句式仿写句子 (1)与其说那个女孩美丽不如说她可爱。

The girl is more lovely than beautiful.
(2)台湾岛上世代住着中国人民。 There lived Chinese people on Taiwan Island from generation to generation. (3)我们是不会让孩子们玩这种游戏的。 We won’t have children playing such games. (4)他谈论起罗马来好像他以前去过那儿似的。

He talks about Rome as if he had been there before.

favour 核 心 考 点

3年 1考

envy
turn短语 全部倒装句

3年 1考
3年 7考 3年 1考

1. desire n. 渴望;欲望;渴求 vt. 希望得到; 想要

(1) a desire for sth.
a desire to do sth.

对某物的渴望
做某事的渴望/愿望

a desire that-clause [(should+)动词原形] 渴望?? (2)desire to do sth. desire sb. to do sth. 渴望做某事 希望某人做某事

desire that-clause [(should+)动词原形]

希望??

①He has a strong desire 他有强烈的求知欲。

for knowledge.

to learn knowledge.

②The desire to help others must come from the deep heart. 帮助别人的愿望必须来自内心深处。

③(语境填词)My daughter is now in Senior Three. She desires/has a desire 渴望) that she ___________________( should be admitted to 被录 _________________( a strong desire for 强 取)a famous university. Besides, she has ________________( desire her 烈的愿望)majoring in English in university. But I _________ to study medicine 希望她学医)in the future. Under great ________________(

desires to have a pleasant holiday 渴望度过一个 pressure, she _____________________________(
快乐的假期)in the coming golden week.

2. satisfaction n. 满意;满足;令人满意的事物

①Playing tennis is one of his greatest satisfactions.
打网球是他最大的乐趣之一。 ②To his great satisfaction, his son won the first prize. 令他非常满意的是, 他儿子获得了一等奖。 ③They watched our performance with satisfaction. 他们满意地观看了我们的演出。

【归纳】填写适当的介词 to one’s satisfaction __ with satisfaction ____

令某人满意的是
满意地

3. alarm vt. 使警觉;使惊恐;惊动
n. 警报;惊恐

(1)in alarm
sound/give/raise the alarm (2)alarm sb. (3)alarmed be alarmed at/by. . .

惊恐地
发出警报;敲警钟 使某人惊恐 adj. 受惊的, 惊恐的 被??吓一跳, 对??感到担心

be/feel/get alarmed to do. . . 做??感到惊恐 (4)alarming adj. 引起惊恐的;令人担忧的

①A small boy saw the room on fire and raised the alarm.

一个小男孩看见房子着火了发出警报。
were ________ alarmed __ at the end of the world on 21st, ②Many people _____ December, 2012. 在2012年12月21日那天, 很多人对世界末日感到担心。

【助记】 We were alarmed at the alarming alarm as the alarm

did alarm us.
我们被那令人惊恐的警报声吓了一跳, 因为那警报的确使我们 感到惊恐。

4. favour n. 喜爱;恩惠 vt. 喜爱, 偏袒
①The rule is in most people’s favour. 这个规定对大多数人有利。 ②While listening, you can nod your head to show you are in favour of her views. 在听的时候, 你可以点头表示你赞同她的观点。 ③Now that you are not busy, why not do him a favour/ do a

favour for him? 既然你不忙, 为什么不帮他个忙呢?
④When in trouble, you can ask a favour of him. 遇到麻烦时, 你可以请他帮忙。

【归纳】写出下列短语 in favour of ___________ in one’s favour _____________ ask a favour of sb. ________________ do sb. a favour _____________ do a favour for sb. ________________ 赞成;主张 对某人有利 求某人帮一个忙, 求某人做某事 帮某人一个忙, 给某人做件事

【熟词生义】读句子猜含义
A mother shouldn’t show too much favour to one of her children. ( 偏爱 )

【高考链接】 (2011·湖北高考)When asked about their opinions about the schoolmaster, many teachers would prefer to see him step aside

______ younger men.
A. in terms of B. in need of

C. in favour of

D. in praise of

【解析】选C。考查介词词组辨析。句意:当被问及关于对校 长的意见时, 许多老师希望他能让位给更年轻的人。in terms of依据, 按照;in need of需要;in favour of赞成;支持;in praise of称赞;赞颂。

5. accompany vt. 陪伴; 伴奏;附有;配有 (1)accompany sb. =keep sb. company 陪伴某人

accompany sb. to some place 陪伴/陪同某人到某地

accompany sb. at/on sth.
(2)companion

用某物为某人伴奏
n. 同伴, 伴侣, 陪伴

①I’d like you to accompany me to the supermarket. 我想让你陪我去超市。 ②(2010· 山东高考)The school rules state that no child shall be allowed out of the school during the day, unless accompanied by an adult. 学校制度规定, 除非有成年人陪伴, 否则任何孩子

都不允许在校期间离开学校。

accompany ___ her ___ on ___ the _____. piano ③The famous musician would __________

那位著名的音乐家将用钢琴为她伴奏。
④陪伴那位老人的是一条狗。(一句多译) accompanies the old man is a dog. What ___________ keeps the old man ________ company is a dog. =What _____ 【点津】 accompany当“陪同, 伴随”讲时, 本身就有go的含 义, 所以不能再与go连用。

6. declare v. 宣布;声明;表明;宣称 ①The judge declared him to be the winner of the competition. 裁判宣布他是比赛的获胜者。 ②Nobody present declared against the plan for next term.

在场的没有人声明反对下学期的计划。
③When did America declare war on/against Iraq? 美国何时向伊拉克宣战的? ④The workers declared for the students. 工人们宣称他们支持学生。

【归纳】写出下列短语含义
declare against 声明反对?? _____________ 向??宣战 ___________ 声明赞成 _________

declare war on/against
declare for

【辨析】理解下列区别并选词填空

declare

指在庄严场合 , 官方权威人士公开郑重宣布 , 有时指在公共场合对某事表明态度

指对公众或特定人群进行宣布, 常指大家感兴 announce 趣的事, 如国家大事和商品信息等
declared against any war between 填空:Our country has ________ announced to the nation. the two countries, which will be __________

7. envy vt. & n. 忌妒;羡慕
(1)envy sb. sth. 忌妒或羡慕某人某物

(2)become/be the envy of. . .
feel envy at. . . out of envy (3)envious be envious of = be jealous of

成为??忌妒(或羡慕)的对象
对??忌妒 出于忌妒 adj. 羡慕的, 忌妒的 忌妒

①Her many talents were the envy of all her friends.

她多才多艺, 所有的朋友都很羡慕她。
②汤姆忌妒他哥哥事业上的成功。(一句多译) was _______ envious __ of his brother’s success in business. Tom ____ envies ___ his _________ brother’s _______ success in business. =Tom ______

feels _____ envy __ at his brother’s success in business. =Tom ____

【高考链接】 (2012· 浙江高考)—I’m going to San Francisco for a couple of days. —______. I wish I could get away for a while.

A. It doesn’t matter
C. I really envy you

B. Forget it
D. I can’t agree more

【解析】选C。考查情景交际。句意:——我要去旧金山待几
天 。 —— 我 真 羡 慕 你 。 我 希 望 我 也 能 休 假 一 段 时 间 。 It doesn’t matter没关系;Forget it算了;I really envy you我真 羡慕你;I can’t agree more我完全同意。

8. test out 考验;试验;测试
stand/bear the test 经得起考验

put. . . to the test
take a test

使??受考验;试验
接受测验;参加测试

①This model had been tested out before it was put into

production.
这个型号进行生产前已经经过试验了。 ②Tens of thousands of people will take an entrance test for government officers this Sunday. 成千上万的人们将参加这周日的公务员考试。

put their theory __ to ___ the ____. test ③Scientists will ___
科学家们将对他们的理论进行试验。

9. turn around 转向;回转
He heard a voice but when he turned around, he saw nobody. 他听到一个声音, 但转身却没发现有人。 【拓展】写出下列turn短语

turn away _________
turn against ___________ turn on/off __________ turn up _______

把(脸)转过去 背叛;反抗 打开/关掉

出现; 调大(音量)
拒绝; 调小(音量)

turn down _________
turn out ________

结果是; 证明是;出动

【高考链接】 (2010· 辽 宁 高 考 )Thousands of people ______ to watch yesterday’s match against Ireland.

A. turned on
C. turned around

B. turned in
D. turned out

【解析】选D。句意:数千人出来观看昨天同爱尔兰队的比赛。 turn out是“出动, 进行, 参加, 结果是, 证明是”的意思, 如All the policemen turned out to catch the criminal. 。turn on打开; turn in上交, 上缴;turn around转身。根据句意应选D项。

10. leave . . . alone不管;别惹;让??一个人待着;和??单 独在一起 根据语境写出黑体部分的含义

①Please leave us alone, because we have something personal
to discuss. ( 让我们单独在一起 ) ②Leave him alone and he will work out the problem. ( 别打扰他 ) ③You shouldn’t have left Andy alone in the mountains; it was very dangerous. ( 让Andy一个人待着 ) ④Just leave him alone and he’ll agree to our way of thinking.

( 不管他 )

【拓展】

leave behind
leave aside leave for leave out

留下, 遗留
(把某事)搁置一边 出发前往 省去; 遗漏; 不考虑

11. set aside将??放在一边;为??节省或保留 (钱或时间 ); 暂时不考虑 写出下列句中set aside的含义 ①I have set aside a little money for our holiday. ( 节省/保留)

②After the experiment, please set the chemicals and tools
aside. ( 把??搁到一边 ) ③Let’s set aside my personal feelings for now. ( 暂时不考虑 )

【拓展】

set down
set off set out set up set about

记下, 写下
动身; 爆炸 出发;开始做?? 创立, 建立;竖起 着手做??

【高考链接】
(2012· 福建高考)You had better ______ some time every day for sports so that you can keep yourself energetic. A. set aside C. put away B. take up D. give out

【解析】选 A 。考查动词短语。句意:你最好每天都留出一 些时间来锻炼, 这样你就可以保持精力充沛。set aside放到一

边, 留出;take up占据, 从事; put away收起来放好;give
out用完, 用尽。

12. As she turned around, there stood Gladys Claffern. 她刚一转过身去, 就看见格拉迪丝· 克拉芬站在那儿。

there stood. . . 此句是完全倒装句;表示“存在??”, 常用于
这种结构的动词有stand, seem to be, happen to be, live, come,

enter, lie等。
There ______ comes the teacher and her students. ①______ 老师和她的学生们来了。

There _________ happened __ to ___ be a doctor on the train. ②______
在这列火车上碰巧有一位大夫。 There ______ stands a church in the east of the city. ③______ 城东有一座教堂。

【高考链接】

(2010· 陕西高考)John opened the door. There _____ he had
never seen before. A. a girl did stand C. did a girl stand B. a girl stood D. stood a girl

【解析】选D。题干中副词there位于句首, 所以句子要用全部 倒装。四个选项中只有D项是全部倒装。 A、 B两项均不是倒 装, C项为部分倒装。

【想一想】完全倒装一直是考查的重点, 想一想还有哪些结构 中要使用完全倒装?

【参考答案】 完全倒装句的几种结构: 1. here/up/down/in/out/away等副词 +go/come/run/stand/live等 表示位置转移的动词及be动词+名词主语 2. 表语+系动词+名词主语 (1)表示方位的短语+be+名词主语

(2)形容词+be+名词主语
(3)分词+be+名词主语

(4)副词+be+名词主语
3. 地点状语+谓语(表存在的动词lie/stand等)+名词主语

1. affair n. 事务;事情;暧昧关系

根据语境写出黑体单词的意思
①They were accused of interfering in China’s internal affairs. [ (公共或政治的)事务 ] ②I am not prepared to discuss my financial affairs with the press. [ (个人的)事务 ]

③He had an affair with his boss that lasted six years. ( 暧昧关 系 ) ④What I do in my time is my affair and nobody else’s. [ (个人的)事务 ]

【辨析】理解下列区别并选词填空
affair matter business 含义最广, 可以指公共或政治的事务, 也可以指 个人的事务

指“事情;问题”, 常常需要考虑和处理的事 情
指公事、商业事务、职责或需要处理的事情 , 往往强调任务、职务等指派的工作

affairs while ⑤Top leaders often discuss international ______,

business They businessmen always care about their own ________.
matters as pollution. never deal with such _______

2. You cannot have women falling in love with machines. 你总

不能让女人和机器相爱吧。
falling in love with machines是现在分词短语作宾语补足语, 表 示一个正在持续或进行的主动动作。 ①We won’t have any country controlling the island. 我们不会允许任何国家控制这个岛屿的。

【点津】常用现在分词作宾语补足语的动词有两类:
(1)表示感官的动词(短语), 如see, hear, watch, find, feel, smell,

observe, notice, look at, listen to等。
(2)部分使役动词, 如have, keep, get, catch, leave, set等。 kept ___ the ___ car _______ waiting at the gate. ② He ____ 他让车一直在门口等着。 get ___ the ________ machine _______. starting ③It is too cold to ___ 天太冷, 机器发动不起来。

【高考链接】

(2010· 湖南高考)Listen! Do you hear someone _____ for help?
A. calling C. to call B. call D. called

【解析】选 A。由 Listen!可知 , 此处应用现在分词作宾语补 足语, 表示正在进行的动作。句意:听!你听见有人在呼救吗?

Ⅰ. 单词拼写 satisfaction (满意)appeared on her face when she 1. A smile of __________ was told that her child behaved well at school. accompanied (陪伴)her daughter to the 2. The woman ____________ hospital. Affairs 事情) at present in that country are unsettled. 3. _______(

piled (堆积) the fallen leaves in the yard this 4. The cleaner _____
morning.

5. The girl can sing, dance, paint and sew. She really has many talents 才能). ______( alarm (警报) when the 6. It is the boy who sounded the fire ______ fire broke out. disobeyed 不遵守) the law, you would be punished. 7. If you _________( divorcing 离婚) her husband, she swore never to 8. After _________( marry again. declared 宣布) this 9. At about 8 o’clock, the chairman ________( conference (to be) open. overweight (超重), so they try 10. Some ladies think they are __________ every means to lose weight.

Ⅱ. 完成句子 in favour of 1. In our class, all the other students are ___________my plan
except the monitor. 在我们班, 除了班长其他所有的学生都支持我的方案。 testing out the 2. Before the lecture, the professor is used to _____________ whole experiment ________________. 上课前, 这位教授习惯先将整个实验试验一番。 foreign affairs 3. He is an expert on _____________. 他是一名外事专家。

Away ran 4. _________the young mother with a two-month-old baby in her arms.

年轻的母亲怀里抱着两个月大的婴儿跑开了。
turned 5. The students began to whisper when the teacher ______ around/round _____________. 老师一转身, 学生们就开始窃窃私语。 was rung up an old friend whom I had not 6. Last evening I ___________by heard of for years. 昨晚一位多年没有音信的老朋友打电话给我。 leave me alone 7. Would you please go away and _____________? 请你走开别管我好吗?

are bound to be changes if the advanced system is 8. There ______________ introduced.

如果引进先进系统, 一定会有变化的。 you should obey traffic rules 9. They desire that _________________________.
他们要求你们遵守交通规则。 have no sympathy for Tom; it is all his own fault. 10. I ___________________ 我不同情汤姆, 那都是他自己的错。

Ⅲ. 话题写作

先将下面几个句子翻译成英语, 然后连成一段小短文。
1. 在数字时代, 人人都渴望拥有一个机器人。

2. 当你害怕时, 它一定会陪伴着你直到你想一个人待着。
3. 你上班时, 它会服从你的命令记录下给你打电话的号码, 甚至处理一些办公事务。 4. 如果你有这么一个机器人, 别人会羡慕你的。 _____________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________

【参考范文】

Everybody desires to have a robot in the digital times.
When you are alarmed, it is bound to accompany you until you want to be left alone. While you are at work, it obeys your order and sets down the numbers that ring you up, and even deals with some office affairs. If you have such a robot, others will envy you.


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