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高中英语选修6-人教版_图文


人教版

高中英语选修6

第26讲 第27讲 第28讲 第29讲 第30讲

Unit 1 Art Unit 2 Poems Unit 3 A healthy life Unit 4 Global warming Unit 5 The power of nature

高中英语选修6

第26讲

Unit 1 Art

第26讲 │ 美文佳句

美文佳句
诵美文 Directions: Write an English composition according to the instructions given below in Chinese. 你 校 校 长 打 算 改 进 食 堂 的 设 施 (facilities) 和 服 务 (service),请你给校长写封信,谈谈你的建议。词数在 120左右。

第26讲 │ 美文佳句
Dear Mr. President, My classmates and I are very glad to know that you are determined to improve our canteen facilities and service. I would like to give my opinions. Firstly, the quality of the dishes should be improved. Undoubtedly, there are a lot of delicious dishes, but all the year round, they are the same. More and more students are complaining about eating the same food each day. Apart from the quality, the price is supposed to be adjusted, too. Some food which is delicious has been priced dramatically high that most of us can?t afford it.

第26讲 │ 美文佳句
What?s more, the environment is so noisy that we can?t enjoy our meals in a good mood. I suggest that there be some soft music to help us relax. From bad to worse, the lights are so dull. We will appreciate it from the bottom of our hearts if you will take action immediately. Yours, David

第26讲 │ 美文佳句
背佳句 1. What?s more, the environment is so noisy that we can?t enjoy our meals a in good mood. 更何况,环境如此嘈杂 ,以致我们没有心情吃饭。 [赏析] 该句使用了一个“so…that”结构,that引导一个 结果状语从句。What?s more和Firstly,Apart from…三 个短语,把自己的建议层次分明地表达了出来。 2.I suggest that there be some soft music to help us relax. 我 建议播放一些轻音乐使我们(吃饭的时候)放松一下。 [赏析] suggest 后跟了一个由there be句型充当的宾语从 句,从句用虚拟语气委婉地提出了自己的建议。

第26讲 │ 美文佳句
3. We will appreciate it from the bottom of our hearts if you will take action immediately. 如果您愿意马上采取行动, 我们将万分感激。 [赏析] 该句使用了“appreciate+it+if (从句)”结构,意 思是“如果……的话,……将万分感激。”。

第26讲 │课前热身 课前热身
Ⅰ.单词拼写 1.In that country, several a________ have been made on the ttempts president's life, which amazed the world. 2.The magazine is intended to a________ to working women ppeal in their 20s and 30s. 3.This antismoking campaign is mainly a______ at young imed teenagers. 4.The best way to p______ your future is to create it. redict

第26讲 │课前热身
5 . Miss White received a b______ of flowers from her unch admirer. 6.It is _________(明显的)that he is not equal to the job. evident 7.Though plainlooking, Mary is possessed _________(具有)of great intelligence. 8. Education should not be restricted to any one _________( specific 特定的) age group. 9.What a ____________(巧合)! I wasn't expecting to see you coincidence here. 10.Childless couples are encouraged to ________(收养)the adopt children who lost their parents in the Yu shu earthquake.

第26讲 │ 课前热身
Ⅱ.完成短语 1.另一方面 2.取代,代替 3.(对某人)有吸引力; (使某人)感兴趣 4.大量 5.活着的;本人 6.巧合地

on the other hand take the place of

appeal to
a great deal in the flesh by coincidence

第26讲 │ 课前热身
Ⅲ. 完成句子 1.一方面,他们想要孩子,但另一方面,他们又不想放弃自 由自在的生活。 _________________, they'd love to have kids,__________ On the one hand but on the ___________, other hand they don't want to give up their freedom. 2.多么希望我听从了你的建议! How I wish___________________________! I had followed your advice 3.你对这些电影感兴趣吗? Do these films appeal to you ? /Are _______________these ____________ you interested in films?

第26讲 │ 课前热身
4.莎莉不是一个有进取心的人。如果她是的话,她会是一 位比较成功的商人。 Sally is not an aggressive person. If she were,_________ _______________________________________________. she would be a more successful business woman 5.她试图夺取奥运会的第一枚金牌,但没有成功。 She made an attempt at ________________the first gold medal in the Olympic Games, but failed.

第26讲 │ 单词点睛

单词点睛
1 aim n.目标,目的 vt. & vi.瞄准,对准;(向某方向)努 力(常与介词at连用或后接动词不定式) aim at sth 旨在 aim at doing sth 力争做到某事 aim to do sth 旨在做某事 aim sth at sb 使某物对准某人 achieve/realize one's aim 达到目的 with the aim of 有……的目的 take aim at… 向……瞄准

第26讲 │ 单词点睛
【活学活用】 (1) He must be patient in order to ____________________(达到 achieve/realize his aims 他的所有目标). (2) ______________________________( 没 有 任 何 目 标 的 人 )is A person who aims at nothing sure to hit nothing. (3) I support any move to get young people into theatre, and especially one ______________________________________ that/which aims to do it all over England (旨在在全英格兰做这件事), not just in London.

第26讲 │ 单词点睛
2 typical adj.典型的;有代表性的 be typical of sb/sth 是……的特点 It is typical of sb to do sth… 某人一向…… typically adv. 典型地

第26讲 │ 单词点睛
【活学活用】 a typical English summer's day (1) July 21st, 2007 was ___________________________(一个 典型的英国夏日)—it rained for 24 hours! (2) ___________________( 是 她 的 特 点 ) that she always It was typical of her replied to a letter the day she received it.

第26讲 │ 单词点睛
3 3 possess vt.(to have as property; own)拥有;具有;支配 be possessed of 具有(某品质) be possessed with/by sth 一心想着某事 possession n. 财产;所有物(可数);持有; 拥有;占有(不可数) get/take/gain possession of 拥有,占有…… be in the possession of sb(= be in one?s possession) 为某人所有 【温馨提示】 in possession of表主动,意为“拥有……,占有……”, 主语通常为表示人的词语;in the possession of 表被动, 意为“被……占有”,主语通常为表示物的词语。

第26讲 │ 单词点睛
【活学活用】 富人们想拥有自己的艺术品并用来装饰自己的高级宫殿和 豪宅。 Rich people_______________________________, so they wanted to possess their own arts could decorate their superb palaces and great houses. 他们把自己的财产分给了邻居们。 They _______________________________their neighbors. gave away their possessions to 那栋房子归我所有。 The house_________________________________________. is in my possession/in the possession of me 富人与其说是金钱的占有者,不如说是被金钱所占有。 The rich are ___________________by their money than rather possessed possessors of it.

(1)

(2) (3)

(4)

第26讲 │ 单词点睛
4 attempt n.(to make an effort; endeavor)努力;尝试; 企图 vt.尝试;企图 at one?s/the first attempt 第一次尝试 in an attempt to do sth 试图做某事 make an attempt to do sth/at doing sth 试图做某事 attempted adj. 未遂的;意图的

第26讲 │ 单词点睛
【活学活用】 (1)Two factories were closed ________________________(试 in an attempt to cut costs 图削减成本). (2)I passed my driving test ________________________(第一 at my/the first attempt 次尝试). (3) _______________(所有的努力)to control water pollution All attempts here have failed.

第26讲 │ 单词点睛
【易混辨析】 attempt,try,manage attempt正式用语,常指一次的而不是继续的尝试,往往 暗示这种尝试达不到目的,常包含“冒险”之意。 try通俗用语,指为成功做某事而付出努力或花费一定代 价,后接不定式表示“试图做某事”,后接动名词表示 “试着做某事”。 manage成功地做成某事,强调结果。 用attempt,try或manage的适当形式完成句子 Don't ______________to swim across the river. try/attempt I ___________to get up the stairs at last. managed

(1) (2)

(3) (1) (2)

第26讲 │ 单词点睛
5 predict vt.(to foretell something)预言,预告,预测 predict + n./从句 预测…… It is predicted that… 据预测…… prediction n. 预言;预告;预测

第26讲 │ 单词点睛
【活学活用】 (1) 谁能预言将来会有什么样的绘画艺术风格呢? Who can __________________________________in the predict what painting styles there will be future? (2) 现在还不能预测何时、何地会发生地震。 It is now still impossible____________________________ to predict when and where an __________________________. earthquake will break out (3) 据预测,在21世纪将有5大科学突破。 _______________________________5scientific It is predicted that there will be breakthroughs in the 21st century.

第26讲 │ 单词点睛
6 figure n.数字;身材;画像vt.计算;描绘;认为 figure on 打算;指望 figure out 发现;解决;计算出;弄明白 【温馨提示】 number 泛指“数”,而figure指“数字”,着重指数字 符号,与文字相对。如:Write out the amount both in words and in figures.用文字和数字两种方式填写金 额。

第26讲 │ 单词点睛
【活学活用】 (1) 我看到桥下有个妇女的身影。 I saw ____________________below the bridge. the figure of a woman (2) 我无法理解他为什么这么说。 _______________________why he said so. I can't figure out (3) 为了保持体形她每天都要做运动。 She does exercise every day____________________. to keep her figure

第26讲 │ 单词点睛
vi.有感染力;呼吁;求助 vt.将……上诉 n.呼吁;恳求 appeal to 对(某人)有吸引力;(使某人)感兴趣 appeal (to sb) for sth 为某事(向某人)呼吁 appeal to sb to do sth 呼吁某人做某事 appeal for 请求 make an appeal 发出呼吁 appealing adj. 有吸引力的;求助的;恳求的 7 appeal

第26讲 │ 单词点睛
【活学活用】 (1) 第十六届亚运会开幕式吸引了全世界的观众。 16th Asian Games appealed to The opening ceremony of the__________________________ ______________________________. the audience all over the world (2) 小孩喜欢鲜艳的颜色。 Bright colors__________________________./Small children appeal to small children ____________________________bright colors. are_fond_of/like/enjoy/love (3) 你们不应该诉诸武力。 You _______________________force. should not appeal to

第26讲 │ 短语存储

短语储存
1 a great deal 大量;许多 (1) ①a great deal 作名词短语时,用作不可数名词,可作主 语、宾语,作主语时,意为“大量”。 ② a great deal作副词短语时,可修饰动词或用来强调比较级 ,意为“很,非常”。 ③ a great deal of 意为“大量的”,相当于much,作定语 ,后接不可数名词。 (2) 修饰不可数名词的还有:much; a great/good deal of; a large/great amount of (谓语动词用单数); large amounts of (谓语动词用复数)。

第26讲 │ 短语存储
【活学活用】 (1) ________________________________(已经完成了许多), A great deal has been finished but there is still much to be done. (2) After drinking some water,she felt _________________(暖 a great deal warmer 和多了).

第26讲 │ 短语存储
2 on the other hand 另一方面 on (the) one hand…on the other (hand) 一方面……另一方面(表达相矛盾的两个反面) for one thing…and for another/besides 首先……其次(陈述两方面的情况通常一致) 【温馨提示】 on the one hand 一方面,常用作插入语,表示转折对比 ,常构成“on (the) one hand…on the other (hand)…”结 构,表示 “一方面……,另一方面……”。其中前面的 the和后面的hand可以省略。

第26讲 │ 短语存储
【活学活用】 (1) 一方面他很有才华,一方面他又很懒。 ________________, he is brilliant; on the other hand _________________he is On the one hand lazy. (2) 现在许多大学毕业生没有工作,但另一方面,他们又不愿 意干薪水低的活儿。 are out of work now, Many college graduates___________________________ ____________________, they won't take jobs that do not but on the other hand pay much.

第26讲 │ 句型透视 句型透视
1 But it was evident that ideas were changing in the 13th century when painters like Giotto di Bondone began to paint religious scenes in a more realistic style. 句型公式 It is evident that…(很)显然……

第26讲 │ 句型透视
【句式分析】 it在句中充当形式主语,that引导的从句为真正的主语。 为了句子的平衡移到后面,可以避免句子结构的头重脚 轻。如: It is evident that the plan is impracticable. 很明显这计划是行不通的。

第26讲 │ 句型透视
【相关拓展】 1. It is +adj.(+for sb/sth) + to do sth (用于此句型的形容词有:easy, hard, difficult,possible, important, impossible, necessary, bad, interesting, surprising等。) 2. It is +n.(+for sb/sth) + to do sth (用于此句型中的词汇有:a pity, a shame, one's duty, fun, good manners, bad manners等) 3. It is +adj.+of sb+to do sth (此句型中形容词描述某人的品德、特征。用于该句型的 形容词有:kind, nice, wise, brave, silly, polite, impolite, friendly, foolish, clever等。)

第26讲 │ 句型透视
4.It is +adj.(+n.) + doing sth (此句型中常见的形容词和名词有:no/little use, no good, useless等。) 5.It is +及物动词的过去分词+that从句 ( 此 句 型 中 常 见 的 及 物 动 词 的 过 去 分 词 有 : said, told, known, reported, thought, believed, considered等。) 6.It +不及物动词+ that从句 (此句型中不及物动词常见的有:seem,happen,appear ,matter等) 7.强调句型:It is/was +被强调部分+ that/who+句子其他 部分 8.It is/has been +一段时间+since从句

第26讲 │ 句型透视
【活学活用】 很明显当地政府正试图帮助大学生就业。 __________________the local government is trying to help It is evident that the graduates with employment. 你帮我学英语真是太好了。 ______________________help me with my English. It's very kind of you to 据说他在学校里表现很好。 __________________he is doing fine in school. It's said that 他们就是在昨天完成的这项工程。 ________________________they finished the project. It was yesterday that 从我们上次见面已经五年了。 ______________________we met last time. It is five years since

(1)

(2)

(3)
(4) (5)

第26讲 │ 跟踪训练 跟踪训练
1.[2010· 安徽卷] —How did you like Nick's performance last night? —To be honest, his singing didn't to me much. A.appeal B.belong C.refer D.occur 【解析】 A 考查动词词义以及与介词的搭配。句意为 :“你认为昨晚Nick的演出怎么样?”“说实话,他的 演唱不能吸引我。” appeal to有吸引力,引起兴趣; belong to属于;refer to指,谈及,涉及;occur to突然想 到(一个主意等)。

第26讲 │ 跟踪训练
2.If Zhou qu terrible mud-rock flow hadn't happened, people there their homes. A.wouldn't lose B.didn't lose C.hadn't lost D.wouldn't have lost 【解析】 D 句意为:如果舟曲的特大泥石流不发生的 话,那里的人们就不会失去家园了。从if从句的hadn't happened看是发生在过去,与过去的事实相反,故主句 用would have done。

第26讲 │ 跟踪训练
3.He to swim across the Channel, but they failed because of the terrible weather. A.succeeded B.managed C.attempted D.thought 【解析】 C attempt指试图做某事,不一定做成。句意 为: 他试图游过海峡, 但由于恶劣的天气,他失败了。 manage指经过困难而“设法对付”,含有达到目的之意 。 succeed和 think的结构分别为:succeed in doing sth, think sb to be…

第26讲 │ 跟踪训练
4. Until now, technologies like GPS have mainly been used to help people where they are and what is nearby. A.make up B.look through C.figure out D.refer to 【解析】 C 考查动词短语辨析。make up组成,化妆 ,编造;look through浏览;figure out理解,弄清楚; refer to提到,涉及,查阅。根据句意:到目前为止,像 全球卫星定位系统这样的技术主要用来帮助人们弄清他 们在哪里、附近有什么。故选C。

第26讲 │ 跟踪训练
5. Up to now , China two unmanned lunar probes, Chang'e I and Chang'e II from the Xichang Satellite Launch Center in Sichuan Province. A.would launch B.launches C.had launched D.has launched 【解析】 D 考查动词的时态。句意为:截止到现在, 中国已经在四川省西昌卫星发射中心发射了两个无人月 球探测器,嫦娥一号和嫦娥二号。up to now是现在完成 时的标志,所以空格处使用现在完成时。

第26讲 │ 跟踪训练
6. In ___ late 19th century, computers changed _ great deal and were widely used in __ international trade. A.the; a; the B.the; the;/ C.the; a; an D.the; a;/ 【解析】 D 考查冠词的用法。在序数词前用定冠词 the; a great deal 为固 定 短 语 , 意 为 “ 大 量 地 ” ; international trade表示泛指概念,不用冠词。

第26讲 │ 跟踪训练
7 . Twenty years ago, his father was very rich and was ________a farm. A.in place of B.in charge of C.in sight of D.in possession of 【解析】 D 考查介词短语。in possession of sth“占有(或 拥有)某物”,主语是人;in place of代替; in sight of在 视线内; in charge of 负责。D项符合题意(二十年前,他 父亲很富有,有一个农场。)

第26讲 │ 跟踪训练
8.The young man is being questioned by the police in relation to the murder last night. A.advised B.attended C.admitted D.attempted 【解析】 D attempted意为“未遂的”, the attempted murder表示 “谋杀未遂”。

第26讲 │ 跟踪训练
9.I would like a job which pays more, but I enjoy the work I'm doing at the moment. A.in other words B.on the other hand C.for one thing D.as a matter of fact 【解析】 B 考查on the other hand的用法。句意为:我 想要一份工资高的工作,但另一方面又喜欢自己现在所 干的工作。

第26讲 │ 跟踪训练
10.—I wonder how much you charge for your services. —The first two are free the third costs $30. A.while B.until C.when D.before 【解析】 A 考查连词辨析。while 在这里表对比。句意 为:前两种服务免费,而第三种服务要30美元。

第26讲 │ 跟踪训练
11.Jack is late again. It is of him to keep others waiting. A.normal B.ordinary C.common D.typical 【 解 析 】 D 考 查 形 容 词 辨 析 。 normal 正 常 的 ; ordinary普遍的;common共同的;typical典型的。It's typical of sb. to do sth. 为固定句型,意为:某人一向…… 。句意为:杰克又迟到了,他一向让别人等他。

第26讲 │ 跟踪训练
12.The glaciers that reached the Pacific Coast were valley glaciers, and between those tongues of ice that allowed the original forests to survive. A.that many temples B.were many temples C.were there many temples D.there the many temples 【解析】 B 考查倒装语序。…and后句子的主语带有定 语 , 比 较 长 ,为避免头重脚轻 ,把表语 between those tongues of ice放在句首,从而形成了倒装。

第26讲 │ 跟踪训练
13.Managers in excellent companies have a strong ________ for doing things rather than talking about situations. A.opinion B.feeling C.idea D.preference 【解析】 D 句意为:优秀企业的管理者都特别偏爱做 实事而不是夸夸其谈。have a preference for对……有偏 爱。

第26讲 │ 跟踪训练
14.—Believe it or not,last month in America I came across the girl whose photo was in the drift bottle I got three years ago! —Really? That's the most surprising I've ever heard of! A.acquaintance C.viewpoint B.coincidence D.procedure 【解析】 B 考查名词辨析。由语境可知:第一句话叙 述的事情是非常巧合的,由此可以判断应该选择 coincidence“巧合的 事 ” 。 而 不 是 acquaintance熟人; viewpoint观点;procedure步骤。

第26讲 │ 跟踪训练
15 . During the summer vacation, several provinces have _________distance learning to help their teachers to improve their teaching skills and update their professional knowledge. A.attended B.adopted C.adapted D.admitted 【解析】 B 考查动词辨析。语境表示采取远程教育的 方式提高老师的教学技能和更新其专业知识,用adopt表 示“采纳”。 attend参加,照顾; adapt改编; admit承 认。

第27讲

Unit 2 Poems

第27讲 │ 美文佳句

美文佳句
诵美文 下面是摘选的英语诗句,请围绕“Life”这个主题, 展开适当的想象,将其改写成一篇英语短文。 Life is Beauty Life is beauty, admire it. Life is a challenge, meet it. Life is too precious, do not destroy it. Life is a duty, complete it. Life is sorrow, overcome it. Life is life, fight for it.

第27讲 │ 美文佳句
注意: 1. 不得照抄短诗原文; 2.必须结合短诗的内容,发挥想象,适当展开; 3.必须突出短诗的主题,结构完整,语意连贯; 4.短文词数不少于100,不能写成诗歌形式。

第27讲 │ 美文佳句
As we all know,life is very beautiful and precious, therefore we should admire and value it. On one hand, we should make our life richer and more meaningful by working hard at our study or work. Only in this way can we carry out our duty of life. On the other hand,we should be brave enough to meet the challenges and manage to overcome the difficulties and sadness we meet in our life, through which we can make greater progress in our field and enjoy our success and pleasure earned by ourselves.

第27讲 │ 美文佳句
All in all,not only should we learn to enjoy the beautiful life,we also need to protect and fight for more beautiful life in the future.

第27讲 │ 美文佳句
背佳句 1.As we all know,life is very beautiful and precious, therefore we should admire and value it. 大家都知道,生 活非常美好和珍贵,所以我们应当欣赏、珍惜它。 [赏析] 该句使用了as 引导的非限制性定语从句,as所指 代的内容为life is very…precious整句话;此外两个and 分别连接了两个并列的成分“beautiful and precious”和 “admire and value”,使得结构优美,语言紧凑。 2.Only in this way can we carry out our duty of life. 只有用这种方法我们才能履行生活职责。 [赏析] 该句是一个 “only +方式状语”置于句首,主句 进行部分倒装的结构。

第27讲 │ 美文佳句
3.On the other hand,we should be brave enough to meet the challenges and manage to overcome the difficulties and sadness we meet in our life, through which we can make greater progress in our field and enjoy our success and pleasure earned by ourselves. 另一方面,我们应该 勇敢地迎接挑战,设法克服生活中遇到的困难和悲伤, 从中我们可以取得更大的进步,享受我们自己获得的成 功和快乐。

第27讲 │ 美文佳句
[赏析] 不定式短语“to meet the challenges and manage…”作目的状语;此外,该句还使用了两个定语 从句:“we meet in our life”修饰先行词“the difficulties and sadness”,“ through which…”引导的定语从句。此 外该句还使用了较多高档次的结构和短语,如:On the other hand(和前文的On one hand呼应);brave enough ;manage todo;overcome the difficulties;make greater progress;enjoy our success等。

第27讲 │ 美文佳句
4.All in all,not only should we learn to enjoy the beautiful life,we also need to protect and fight for more beautiful life in the future. 总之,我们既要学会享受美好的生活, 也要保护它,同时还要为未来更美好的生活而奋斗。 [赏析] 该句是对文章的总结,用all in all 引出,体现了 较 强 的 逻 辑 性 , 此 外 , 该 句 使 用 了 “ not only…(but)also”句式,not only提前,使用部分倒装结 构。

第27讲 │课前热身 课前热身
Ⅰ.单词拼写 1.Usually poems c_______strong feelings of the writer. onvey 2.The lovers promised to be faithful f__________. orever 3.If everything depends on luck, e_________ you get good ventually luck that will be nothing. 4.It is entirely a__________to provide a separate room when ppropriate one is needed. 5.Don't take it seriously—he's only t__________. easing

第27讲 │课前热身
6.We need the policy that is more _________(灵活的). flexible 7.We ___________(交换)our opinions about the event at the exchanged meeting. 8 . It is a pity that he doesn't have enough money to ____________(举办) the sports events. sponsor 9.Have you any concrete __________(具体的) thoughts on how to deal with this difficulty? 10.The plane took off with a full l_______. oad

第27讲 │ 课前热身
Ⅱ.完成短语 1. 用完 2. 发出 3.轻松,不紧张 4.由……构成 5.尤其,特别 6.测试;试验

run out of let out take it easy be made up of in particular try out

第27讲 │ 课前热身
Ⅲ. 完成句子 1.它不属于英诗的传统形式,但是在用英语写作的人们中 间,这种诗也是很流行的。 It is not a traditional form of English poetry, but _______________________________English writers. is very popular with 2.我想我也要尝试一下他的方法。 I think I'll___________________. try out his way 3.化为石,不回头。 ___________________________________stone. Never looking back, transformed into

第27讲 │ 课前热身
4.有了这么多可供选择的诗歌类型,学生们最后也许想自 己作诗了。 With___________________________________________, so many different forms of poetry to choose from students may eventually want to write poems of their own. 5.如果杰克踢进那个球,我们就会赢了。 ____________________if Jack had scored that goal. We would have won

第27讲 │ 单词点睛

单词点睛
1 convey vt. 运送(+from/to);传达,表达;转让(财产等 )。作为及物动词当“运送、运输”讲时,常用作被动语 态。 convey sth to sb 向某人传达某事 convey sth/sb to some place把某物/某人送到某地 convey one's feelings/thanks to s 向某人表达某种情感/谢意

第27讲 │ 单词点睛
【易混辨析】 convey,carry,transport (1) convey表示“传送、传达”,常指通过媒介传递、输送 ,也常用来表示交流、使知道、传达信息、情感等。 (2) carry 适用范围很广 ,但常常表示移动时搬运着某物 (carry a suitcase/bag),还可指通过某种渠道或媒介进行 输送(carry blood to the heart),强调输送在移动、运动 中进行。 (3) transport 主要限于人或有形物体的、往往是长距离的运 动,常指交通运输。

第27讲 │ 单词点睛
【活学活用】 1.根据汉语意思完成句子 (1) 我无法用言语来表达我的情感。 I can't ____________________in words./Words convey my feelings cannot______________________. convey my feelings (2) 老农夫将农场转让给了儿子。 The old farmer______________________________. conveyed_his_farm_to_his_son 2.翻译句子,注意convey的意思 Premier Wen conveyed his sorrow for the dead and ordered the necessities should be conveyed immediately to the mudrockflow- areas. hit ________________________________________________ 温总理表达了对死者的哀悼,并命令立即把必需品 _________________________ 运到泥石流灾区。

第27讲 │ 单词点睛
2 transform vi.&vt.转化;转换;变换 transform…into… 使……变成…… be transformed from A to B 由A处迁到B处 the transformation of the state-owned enterprises 国有企业的转变 transformer n. 变压器 【活学活用】 (1) 成功和财富改变了他的性格。 Success and wealth_____________________________. transformed_his_character (2) 蒸汽机将热能转变成动力。 A steam engine______________________________. transforms_heat_into_power

第27讲 │ 单词点睛
【易混辨析】 transform,change,switch transform 强调完全改变某事/人的外观或特征。 change 着重强调与以前不一样,是最一般的用法。 switch指话题、思路的改变。 用transform, change或switch的适当形式完成句子 She used to be terribly shy, but a year abroad has completely ___________________her. transformed You've ___________a lot since I last saw you. changed

(1) (2) (3) (1) (2)

第27讲 │ 单词点睛
3 appropriate adj.适当的;正当的 be appropriate to/for 适于,合乎 It is appropriate that… ……合适 appropriately adv. 适当地 【温馨提示】 It is appropriate that…结构中,从句中用should do虚拟 语气形式,should可省略。

第27讲 │ 单词点睛
【活学活用】 这件事情必须在适当的时候用适当的手段予以处理。 at the appropriate time with It must be dealt with______________________________ _______________________________________. appropriate means 我们这时候种树很合适。 It is appropriate that______________________________. we (should) plant trees at this time 【易混辨析】 appropriate, fit, suitable, proper 这几个形容词都有“适合”之意,其用法不同: appropriate 强调在时间、目的或场合方面合适。 fit 指某人或某物在目的、用途上适合。

(1)

(2)

(1) (2)

第27讲 │ 单词点睛
(3) suitable 意为“适当的;适宜的”,更侧重人或物的品质 适合某特定人、职业、情形。常接介词for或动词不定式 。 (4) proper 作“适合的”讲,多作前置定语;作“适当的;恰 当的”多含有社会上或法律上认可的意味。 用appropriate, fit, suitable或 proper完成句子 proper (1) The teapot has lost its _______lid but this one will do instead. appropriate (2) Sports clothes are not ____________for a formal wedding. suitable (3) Now it is rather difficult to find a _________job. fit (4) The food was not ______for human consumption.

第27讲 │ 单词点睛
4 exchange n. 交换;交流;互换 vt.&vi. 调换;交换 in exchange (for) 作为(……的)交换 have/make an exchange 交换 a fair exchange 公平交易 exchange sth for sth 把……换成…… exchange sth with sb 与某人交换某物

第27讲 │ 单词点睛
【活学活用】 用适当的介词填空 (1) Would it be possible to exchange this cassette recorder _____a new one? for (2) May I exchange seats _____you? with (3) You can exchange your currency ____dollars in the hotel. for

第27讲 │ 单词点睛
5 load n.负荷物(尤指沉重的);一车(或一船等)货物; 大量 vt.& vt.装载;把弹药装入(枪,炮);把胶卷装入(照相 机) a load of =loads of 大量的,许多(修饰可数或不 可数名词) take a load off sb's mind 消除某人的思想负担 load sb/sth with sth 用……装载…… load sth into/onto sb/sth 把……装入(到)……

第27讲 │ 单词点睛
【活学活用】 装这车煤需要多长时间? How long will it take _____________________the truck? to load the coal onto 听了这个好消息我如释重负。 Hearing the good news_______________________. I took a load off my mind 卡车装运一车沙子。 The truck was carrying_____________________. a_load_of_sand 已采取措施减轻医院医生的负担。 Measures have been taken to _________________the lighten the load of hospital doctors.

(1) (2) (3) (4)

第27讲 │ 单词点睛
【易混辨析】 burden,load 二者均有“负担,负荷”之意。 burden指沉重、令人不快的负担;指精神负担时常有不 堪忍受的意味。 load普通用词,含义广泛,指人、畜、车、船等负载的 东西,指精神负担时,多指含有积极意义的承担。 用burden或load的适当形式完成句子 He doesn't want to become a _______to his children when burden he is old. The plane can carry a ten-ton_________. load

(1) (2)

(1) (2)

第27讲 │ 短语存储

短语储存
1 take it easy 不着急;轻松 take things easy 不紧张;别着急 take one's chance 碰运气 take one's time 不匆忙;别着急;慢慢来 take sth seriously 认真对待某事 take apart 拆开 take in 收留; 欺骗; 吸收; 包括 take off 脱掉; 起飞

第27讲 │ 短语存储
take on 呈现;承担 take sb on 开始雇佣(某人) take up 占据; 从事 take over 控制; 接管 【易混辨析】 take it easy,take one's time (1) take it easy 相当于take things easy 意为“放心好了,别 着急”,指心理上别紧张,相当于don't be nervous。如 : Hey, your serve is too fast. Take it easy, okay? 嘿,你的发球太快了,轻松一些好不好?

第27讲 │ 短语存储
(2) take one's time 相当于don't hurry,there is enough time 意为“别着急”,是从时间上来说的。如: Would you take your time? I'll have to tidy up myself. 请稍候,我要梳理一下。 【温馨提示】 在该短语中,easy不能换成easily。

第27讲 │ 短语存储
【活学活用】 (1) Take it (things) easy for a few days _____________________________(放松几天)and you will be able to go to work again. (2) ________________(别着急), and there's a lot of time left. Take your time (3) ______________(别着急),and you will make it. Take it easy

第27讲 │ 短语存储
2 run out of 用光,耗尽 run across 不期而遇 run after 追逐,追求 run away 逃跑,跑掉 run away from 从……逃跑 run into 偶然遇见 【易混辨析】 run out of, run out (1) run out of 是及物动词短语,表示主动含义,主语一般是 人,相当于use up。

第27讲 │ 短语存储
(2) run out 是不及物动词短语,其主语为物(通常为时间、 食物、金钱等名词)。无被动语态,相当于give out。如 : He is always running out of money before payday. 他总是在发薪之前,把钱花完。 Our money soon ran out.我们的钱不久就用光了。 After a month their food supplies gave out. 过了一个月, 他们的食物已消耗殆尽。 Don't use up all the soap. Leave me some to wash with. 不要把肥皂用完,留一些给我用来洗衣服。

第27讲 │ 短语存储
【活学活用】 (1) 我们刚到高速公路就用光了汽油。 We had just reached the motorway when the petrol___________________./We had just reached the ran out/was used up motorway when we_________________________. ran out of petrol (2) 一旦有一天我们用完了自然资源,后果无法想象。 Once we ________________natural resources(Once run out of/use up natural resources_________________), the consequence run out/are used up will be unimaginable.

第27讲 │ 短语存储
3 let out 发出;放走;泄漏;把(衣服)加大 let down 放下;使失望 let alone 更不用提,更不用说 let go 放开,松手 let it go 算了 let sb down 使失望; 失信 leave out 省去, 遗漏, 不考虑 bring out 使显示; 出版 make out 理解; 辨认出

第27讲 │ 短语存储
【活学活用】 翻译句子,注意let out的意思 (1) Slowly the blackbird lets out a cry. _____________________________________。 慢慢地,那只黑鸟发出叫声 (2) Jane let out where she had hidden her father's birthday present. _______________________________________________。 简无意中把藏着给父亲的生日礼物的地方说了出去 (3) Don't let out the plan to the press. ____________________________________。 别把这计划泄露给新闻媒体

第27讲 │ 短语存储
(4) The prisoners were let out to work in the garden. ______________________________________。 囚犯们被放出到花园里去劳动 (5) As I become fatter and fatter, I had to let my skirt out. ____________________________________________。 因为我变得越来越胖,我不得不把我的裙子放大

第27讲 │ 句型透视 句型透视
1 There are various reason(s) why people write poetry. 【句式分析】 reason(s) why………的原因;why在定语从句中等同于 for which,作状语。在实际应用中,如果reason在从句 中作主语或宾语,引导词则使用that或which(作宾语时 可省略)。如果后跟名词,则需要用介词for。如: I don't know the reason why he was late for school. = I don't know the reason for his being late for school. 我不知道他上课迟到的原因。

第27讲 │ 句型透视
Tell me some reasons why you don't like my work. 你不喜欢我的工作,你能说出一些理由吗? Is it the reason (that) you want to show us? 那就是你想给我们出示的原因吗?

第27讲 │ 句型透视
【相关拓展】 (1) The reason why…is that…做……事情的原因是……;之 所以……是因为…… (2) That's why… 这是……的原因 (3) That's because…这是因为…… He fell from a tall tree. That's why he hurt his leg. = He hurt his leg. That's because he fell from a tall tree. = The reason why he hurt his leg was that he fell from a tall tree.

第27讲 │ 句型透视
【活学活用】 (1) ______________________________was that(我的唯一去那 The only reason why I went there 里的理由就是)I wanted to meet my friends. This was why he didn't (2) He didn't study hard all day. ______________________ __________________________(这就是他不及格的原因). pass the exam

第27讲 │ 跟踪训练 跟踪训练
1.[2010· 山东卷] Mothers holding jobs outside the home should have ____________ schedules to make it easier to care for their children. A.heavy B.smooth C.flexible D.complex 【解析】 C flexible灵活的;heavy沉重的;smooth光 滑的;complex复杂的。根据句意“制定灵活的(flexible) 计划以便照料孩子”可知选C。

第27讲 │ 跟踪训练
2.[2010· 湖北卷] It is illegal for a public official to ask people for gifts or money ________________ favors to them. A.in preference to B.in place of C.in agreement with D.in exchange for 【解析】 D 考查介词短语辨析。根据句意“对公务员 来说,以给人们好处来索要礼物或金钱是违法的”,in exchange for在这里表示“交换”。in preference to而不 是;in place of代替;in agreement with符合,与……一 致。

第27讲 │ 跟踪训练
3 . It is not known yet how these huge stones were __________over a distance of 380 kilometers. A.removed B.transformed C.transmitted D.conveyed 【解析】 D 考查动词辨析。句意为:目前还不能确切地 知道,这些大石头是怎么从380千米之外的地方被运送过 来的。remove移开,脱下,去掉,开除;transform改变 ,使改观;transmit发射,传播,传导;convey运输,表 达。从语意的连贯性判断选D,convey此处表示“运送” 。

第27讲 │ 跟踪训练
4.In only 10 years, our province has been ____________ into an advanced industrial province. A.transformed B.entered C.regarded D.issued 【解析】 A 考查动词辨析。transform指“人、物在性 质上或形态上发生彻底或基本的变化”;enter进入; regard认为;issue出版,发行,发表,发布。根据句意 “仅10年间,我省就成为了一个先进的工业省”可知应 选A。

第27讲 │ 跟踪训练
5.In recent years, China and the USA have had a lot of ___________of views about the same problem. A.replacements B.transformations C.changes D.exchanges 【解析】 D 考查名词词义辨析。句意为:近几年中美 两国在相同的问题上交流了很多观点。exchange用作可 数名词,意为“交换;交流;互换”, exchanges of views交流观点。change改变或变更原有的东西或人,使 之 不 同 。 replacement 代 替 ; 取 代 ; 更 换 。 transformation变化;转变;变形。

第27讲 │ 跟踪训练
6.—I'm still working on my project. —Oh, you'll miss the deadline. Time is ____________. A.running out B.going out C.giving out D.losing out 【解析】 A 考查动词短语辨析。run out的意思是“用 完”,此处用现在进行时表示:即将到期。go out(灯)熄 灭;give out发出(热、味);lose out输掉,失败。

第27讲 │ 跟踪训练
7.—Her rude reply really annoyed me. —____________, Ellen. Things will work out. A.Don't mention it B.I don't think so C.No problem D.Take it easy 【解析】 D 考查交际用语。从后面的“Ellen. Things will work out.”可以看出,答话者是在安慰对方,所以要 用“Take it easy”,意为“别着急”。

第27讲 │ 跟踪训练
8. It is predicated that existing reserves of fossil fuel ____________________ by 2045. A.have been run out B.are going to be run out C.will have run out D.have run out 【解析】 C 考查动词的时态和语态。run out是不及物 动词短语,无被动语态,通常以物作主语。再结合后面 的时间状语by 2045可知应该用将来时,由此可以判断答 案为C。

第27讲 │ 跟踪训练
9.It is not (a) an ___________ time to make a speech. A.appropriate B.changeable C.fortunate D.reliable 【解析】 A 考查形容词辨析。句意为:现在不是发言 的 合 适 (appropriate)时 机 。 changeable adj.可 改 变 的; fortunate adj.幸运的;reliable adj.可依赖的。

第27讲 │ 跟踪训练
10.UNR is a very ________ engine—it recharges its own battery while it's running. A.flexible B.permanent C.delicate D.efficient 【解析】 D 由下文的解释:能在运转的过程中充电 (recharge) , 由 此 可 以 判 断 , 这 种 engine 是 效 率 高 的 (efficient)。flexible灵活的;permanent 永久的;delicate 微妙的,细致优雅的。

第27讲 │ 跟踪训练
11.Is this the reason ________________ at the meeting for his carelessness in his work? A.he explained B.what he explained C.how he explained D.why he explained 【解析】 A 考查the reason that…句型。the reason在定 语 从 句 中 作 explained 的 宾 语 , 故 应 使 用 关 系 代 词 that/which;关系词在从句中作宾语,因此关系词可省略 。

第27讲 │ 跟踪训练
12.—Which color do you prefer, red or black? —Red. For red ________ a sense of energy and strength. A.delivers B.conveys C.contributes D.concentrates 【解析】 B convey的意思为 “传达;传递;表达”。 句意为:因为红色表达热情和力量。deliver投递;送货 ;传送;contribute捐助;有助于;促成;concentrate集 中;聚集。

第27讲 │ 跟踪训练
13.People wrote letters to get in touch. Nowadays email has ____________ the way people communicate. A.conveyed B.translated C.transformed D.exchanged 【解析】 C transform意思为 “彻底改变;改善”, 句 意为:过去人们通过写信相互联系,而如今电子邮件改 变了人们的交流方式。convey传达;转移;translate使变 成; 转变为;exchange交换,交流。

第27讲 │ 跟踪训练
14.The young lady ________ a cry of surprise when she saw something strange moving in the dark. A.gave off B.made out C.sent out D.let out 【解析】 D 考查动词短语辨析。句意为:当那个女士 在黑暗中看见一个奇怪的东西移动时, 她发出惊奇的叫 声。let out发出(叫声);泄露; make out弄清楚;理解, 明白; send out发出(信号;邀请等); give off发出(光等); 放出;排出。

第27讲 │ 跟踪训练
15.To see if his new bike works properly, Tom could hardly wait to ____________. A.turn it out B.carry it out C.try it out D.work it out 【解析】 C 考查动词短语辨析。句意为: 为了看看他 的新自行车是否正常, 汤姆迫不及待地想试一试。try sth out 试验;试用;实行;执行;实现;turn out翻转; 证明是;work out想出;制订出; 产生出;carry out 执 行。

第28讲

Unit 3 A healthy life

第28讲 │ 美文佳句

美文佳句
诵美文

[2010· 广东] 以下是一则关于中国政府决定禁烟的报道的主要内容。 内容:公共场所禁烟?实施时间:2011年1月1日起?实 施范围:全国?目标:所有室内公共场所无烟?措施: 张贴禁烟标志?相关数据:?(1)吸烟人数:约3.5亿? (2)分布:男性75%;女性:25%?(3)受二手烟影响人数 :约5.4亿?(4)因二手烟死亡人数:超过10万/年?二手 烟:secondhand smoke

第28讲 │ 美文佳句
内容:请根据以上内容为学校英语墙报写一篇通讯,内 容包括: 1. 禁烟决定的内容及实施的时间和范围; 2. 目标和措施; 3. 相关数据。 写作要求:只能用5个句子表达全部内容。 评分标准:句子结构准确,信息内容完整,篇章结构连 贯。

第28讲 │ 美文佳句
The Chinese government has decided to ban smoking in public places across the country since January 1st, 2011. The main aim is to make all public rooms have no smoke by posting the sign of preventing smoking. There are 350 million people smoking recently, among whom the male hold 75 percent and the female hold 25 percent. Because of these smokers, about 540 million nonsmokers are influenced. Around 540 million people are affected by secondhand smoke,which causes over 100,000 deaths per year.

第28讲 │ 美文佳句
背佳句 1. The main aim is to make all public rooms have no smoke by posting the sign of preventing smoking. 其主要目的是 通过张贴禁烟标志在每个室内公共场所杜绝吸烟。 [赏析] 该句使用了不定式作表语,表语中使用了“make sb. do sth.”结构;“by posting the sign of preventing smoking”作方式状语。 2. There are 350 million people smoking recently, among whom the male hold 75 percent and the female hold 25 percent. 近来有3.5亿人吸烟,其中男性占百分之七十五 ,女性占百分之二十五。 [赏析] 该句是一个there be 句型,among whom引导的非 限制性定语从句修饰先行词350 million people。

第28讲 │ 美文佳句
3. …around 540 million nonsmokers are affected by secondhand smoke, which causes over 100,000 deaths per year. ……约有5.4亿不吸烟的人受二手烟的影响,每 年造成10多万人死亡。 [赏析] 该句使用了被动语态,which 代替前面所说的事 情,引导一个非限制性定语从句。

第28讲 │课前热身 课前热身
Ⅰ. 单词拼写 1. The government has set up a working party to look into the problem of drug a_______. buse 2. He was suffering from physical and m______ exhaustion. ental 3. She was e__________ when they asked her age. mbarrassed 4. The wind s___________during the night. trengthened 5. The prisoners grew increasingly d_________. esperate 6. The dictionary of the tenth edition is d____ to be ue published next month.

第28讲 │课前热身
7. At the formal party I felt very a_______ and out of place. wkward 8. This heating system has an __________( 自 动 的 automatic )temperature control. 9. A person is most ____________(失望的)when he is in disappointed despair. 10.The advertising campaign didn't have mucheffect ________( 效力) on sales.

第28讲 │ 课前热身
Ⅱ.完成短语 1.陷入;染上(坏习惯) 2.处境危险,遭受危险 3.习惯于…… 4.由于 5.对……作出决定 6.不顾;不管 7.想要(做)……

get into at risk accustomed to due to decide on in spite of feel like (doing)

第28讲 │ 课前热身
Ⅲ. 完成句子 1.我想我之所以长寿而且精力充沛,要归功于我健康的生 活方式。 I think my long and active life must be________ _______________________________. due to the healthy life I live 2. 你知道,当我还是一个十几岁的孩子的时候,我也吸过 烟,而且还上了瘾。 You see, during adolescence I also smoked____ ________________________________________. and became addicted to cigarettes

第28讲 │ 课前热身
3. 戒烟不容易,但是几百万人都成功地戒掉了烟,所以你也 能。 to stop smoking, but millions It is not easy _____________________________________ _______________________and so can you. have managed to quit 4. 每次你想要玩耍的时候,都要提醒你自己必须努力学习。 Every time ____________________________________you you feel like playing, remind yourself that must study hard. 5. 这就是说,过一段时间以后,你的身体习惯了香烟里的尼 古丁。 This means that after a while your body_________ _____________________________nicotine in it. becomes accustomed to having

第28讲 │ 单词点睛

单词点睛
1 stress n.压力;重音;强调,重要性 vt.加压 力于;使紧张;强调 under stress 在压力之下 under the stress of 为……所迫,在……的压力下 lay/place/put great stress on/upon 把重点放在……上;强调…… pressure n. 压力 stressful adj. 产生压力的;紧张的 stressed adj. (仅作表语,不用于名词前) 焦虑的,紧张 的

第28讲 │ 单词点睛
【活学活用】 (1) 然而,购买者仍然重视环境保护。 However, shoppers are still laying stress on ___________________environmental concerns. (2) 英语老师强调了朗读的重要性。 The English teacher ______________________of reading stressed the importance aloud. (3) 苏珊被考试的压力压垮了。 Susan was completely weighed down________ __________________________________. by the stress of examinations

第28讲 │ 单词点睛
2 due adj.欠款的;预定的;到期的 due to (to 为介词) 由于; 因……造成, 归功于; 应给予, 应属于 be due to do sth 预期要做某事;预定要做某事 【温馨提示】 (1) due to 作表语或状语,不可置于句首。 (2) due表示“适当的”、“合适的”、“应得的”,通常 只放在名词前作定语。如: You must put these things in due order.你必须把这些东 西按适当的顺序放好。

第28讲 │ 单词点睛
【活学活用】 (1) 这次峰会将在一个非洲国家举行。 The summit _______________in an African country. is due to be held (2) 那笔钱是应付给我的,而我至今还未拿到。 That money______________, but I haven't got it yet. is due to me (3) 我们幸福的童年应归功于父亲的辛勤工作。 Our happy childhood__________________________. is due to our father's hard work

第28讲 │ 单词点睛
3 addicted adj.(对……)上瘾的;沉迷于……的 be/get/become addicted to sth/doing sth(= addict oneself to sth/doing sth) 沉溺于某事物/做某事;对……上瘾 addict vt. (药物等)使上瘾;使沉迷n. 沉溺者,上瘾者 addiction n. 热衷,专心,上瘾 addictive adj. (药物等)成习惯的;上瘾的 【温馨提示】 addicted多用于形容人,不用于名词前,一般作表语或 后置定语。 addictive多用于修饰物。

第28讲 │ 单词点睛
【活学活用】 (1) 不要每天总是沉溺于玩电脑游戏。 Don't addict yourself to playing computer games ______________________________________every day./Don't be addicted to ____________________every day. playing computer games (2) 我记得你并不太迷电视的。 You're not much of__________________, as I remember.

a TV addict

第28讲 │ 单词点睛
4 accustom vt.使(人)习惯于,养成习惯 accustom oneself/sb to (doing) sth 使……习惯于…… accustomed adj. 习惯的;通常的 be/become/get accustomed to (doing) sth 习惯于(做)某事 【温馨提示】 be/become accustomed to 和accustom oneself/sb to sth中 的to 为介词,后接名词、动名词作宾语。类似的短语还 有:be used to (doing) sth;object to;look forward to; pay attention to;get down to;devote…to;stick to等。

第28讲 │ 单词点睛
【活学活用】 (1) He couldn't _________________________________(习惯 accustom himself to getting up early 早起). (2) 我不习惯被别人打扰。 I____________________________________________. am not accustomed to being interrupted

第28讲 │ 单词点睛
5 ashamed adj.感到惭愧或羞耻的 be ashamed that… 对……感到内疚/羞耻 feel/be ashamed for sb 替某人感到惭愧 be/feel ashamed of (doing) sth/sb/oneself 为(做)某事/某人/某人自己而感到惭愧 be ashamed to do sth 因难为情而不愿意做 shame v. 使羞愧 n. 羞愧、可耻的事 shameful adj. 可耻的 【温馨提示】 ashamed常作表语,不用于名词前作定语。

第28讲 │ 单词点睛
【活学活用】 (1) 如果你因意志衰弱而又抽烟了,也不要觉得难为情。 If you weaken and have a cigarette,_________________. do not feel ashamed (2) 你应该为自己做那样的事感到羞耻。 You should ______________________that. be ashamed of doing (3) 我认为我做的事情没有什么丢脸的。 I don't think_______________________________________. there's anything shameful in what I have done

第28讲 │ 单词点睛
【易混辨析】 ashamed,shameful 这两者都是形容词。 (1) ashamed 多用于指事情使人感到羞耻、惭愧等, 主语通 常是感到惭愧的人。如: I'm ashamed of your behavior. 我对你的行为感到羞耻。

第28讲 │ 单词点睛
(2) shameful 指事情或行为本身可耻、不道德,可作表语或 定语,主语或中心语是使人感到丢脸的人或事。如: What a shameful thing to tell a lie! 说谎是多么可耻的事啊! 用ashamed或shameful的适当形式完成句子 (1) The boy was ____________to tell his mother that he had ashamed failed. (2) I was ashamed ____________of my shameful _________behavior at that time.

第28讲 │ 短语存储

短语储存
1 feel like (doing) 想要(做)……;感觉像…… look like 看起来像…… sound like 听起来像…… would like to do sth 想要做某事 enjoy doing sth 喜欢/乐意做某事

第28讲 │ 短语存储
【易混辨析】 feel like,would like (1) feel like意为“想(要某物)”,“想(做某事)”,相当于 want,但应注意feel like中的like为介词,其后可跟名词 、代词、动名词,但不能跟动词不定式。如: I'm tired,and I feel like going to bed. 我累了,我想睡觉。 (2) would like意为“想,要”,后面跟名词、代词、动词不 定式,也可跟带不定式的复合结构,一般不跟动名词。 如: Many people would like to take holidays abroad. 许多人愿意到国外度假。

第28讲 │ 短语存储
【活学活用】 (1) 她当时觉得自己好像是个大笨蛋。 She __________________at that time. felt like a fool (2) 这些日子我胃口不好,不想吃东西。 I don't have an appetite these days and_________ ______________________________________. don't feel like eating anything (3) 我喜欢躺在床上听音乐。 I feel like_______________________________________. lying on the bed and listening to the music

第28讲 │ 短语存储
2 in spite of(= despite) 不顾,不管;虽然,尽管 regardless of 不管,不顾,尽管(后跟名词、动名词 、 代词、名词短语等) although/even though/even if 尽管(后跟从句)

第28讲 │ 短语存储
【活学活用】 尽管付出了巨大的努力,我们还是没能实施我们的计划。 ____________________we failed to carry our plan out. In spite of great efforts = Despite great efforts we failed to carry our plan out. = Although/Though _______________________we failed to we made great efforts carry our plan out.

第28讲 │ 短语存储
3 get into get along/on with get around/about get (sth) across (to sb) get rid of get away from get over get through 养成(坏习惯),染上(恶习);陷 入(麻烦,困难等) 相处,进展 四处走动,活动 使(某事)被理解,传达 去掉,处理 逃离 熬过;克服 通过;拨通(电话)

第28讲 │ 短语存储
【活学活用】 (1) 当然,解决毒瘾的最好的办法是首先别养成这一恶习。 Of course the best way to deal with these drugs is________________________________________. not to get into the habit in the first place (2) 当你陷入麻烦时,一定要镇静。 When you___________________, be sure to keep calm. get into trouble (3) 他发现他难以使他们了解他的想法。 He found it difficult_______________________________. to get his idea across to them

第28讲 │ 短语存储
4 take (run) risks (a risk) at risk at the risk of sth/doing sth at one's own risk at any risk/at all risks risk doing sth risk one's life to do sth 冒险 冒风险;处于危险中 冒……的危险 自担风险 无论冒什么危险;不顾一切 冒险做某事 冒险做某事

第28讲 │ 短语存储
【活学活用】 (1) He saved my life _______________________________(冒 at the risk of his own 着自己的生命危险). (2) I wouldn't __________________________________(冒迟 run the risk of being late 到的危险) for work.

第28讲 │ 句型透视 句型透视

Every time you feel like smoking a cigarette,remind yourself that you are a nonsmoker. 句型公式 …any time/every time/each time/the first time/last time+从 句+主句

第28讲 │ 句型透视
【句式分析】 这些含time的名词词组用作连词,引导时间状语从句, 从句时态的变化与as soon as, when相似。如: The first time I saw Todd, I didn't notice him at all. 我第一次见到托德时,根本没有注意他。 【相关拓展】 句型公式:the moment/year/second…+从句 I found myself in an entirely new world the moment I arrived in Beijing.我一到北京就感觉耳目一新。 My grandfather joined the army the year the World War Ⅱ broke out. 第二次世界大战爆发的那一年我爷爷参军了。

第28讲 │ 句型透视
【活学活用】 (1) 每次你想要玩电脑的时候,提醒你自己曾经经历过的事情 。 ___________________________________________, remind Every time you would like/want to play computer yourself of the experience you once had. (2) 你想回来时随时可以回来。 You are welcome to come back_______________________. any time you want to (3) 每次你感到压抑的时候,做一些放松运动。 ________________________, do some relaxation exercises. Every time you feel stressed

第28讲 │ 跟踪训练 跟踪训练
1. During the earthquake, the great part of damage and loss of life was the poor quality of the buildings, which couldn't fight against its force. A.as for B.instead of C.according to D.due to 【解析】 D 考查短语辨析。句意为:在这次地震中, 损失和人员伤亡是由于建筑物的质量问题,它们不能抗 震。due to意为“由于;归因于”; instead of 而不是; 代替;according to根据;as for至于;关于。

第28讲 │ 跟踪训练
2.[2010· 江苏卷] So far we have done a lot to build a lowcarbon economy, but it is ideal. We have to work still harder. A.next to B.far from C.out of D.due to 【解析】 B 句意为:迄今为止,我们为建设低碳经济 已经做出了很多,但是还远不理想,需要更加努力。far from意为“远未,绝非,决不”,其后可接名词、动名 词、形容词等,符合题意。next to在……旁边,仅次于 ;out of在……之外;due to由于,因为,后经常跟名词 、代词或动名词。

第28讲 │ 跟踪训练
3. Edward is a lot of stress right now because he has been addicted drugs. A.on; to B.under; to C.with; into D.in; in 【解析】 B 考查固定搭配。under a lot of stress有压力 ;be addicted to sth对……有瘾,对……着迷。句意为: 因为吸毒上瘾,Edward压力很大。

第28讲 │ 跟踪训练
4. Warning pictures on cigarette packs have helped smokers kick the and prevented others from becoming addicted. A.manner B.custom C.leisure D.habit 【解析】 D 考查名词词义辨析。根据题干中的 smokers和becoming addicted,可知这里是指吸烟这个 习惯。

第28讲 │ 跟踪训练
5.—They like going to sleep early, don't they? —Yes. They are accustomed very late. A.to stay up B.to not stay up C.to staying up D.to not staying up 【解析】 D 考查动名词。be accustomed to sth/doing sth意为 “习惯于……”, to为介词, 后接动名词, 再 由going to sleep early可知答案为D。

第28讲 │ 跟踪训练
6. the global economic downturn, Golden Riverside produced more than 90 percent of the region's GDP. A.Though B.Beyond C.As D.Despite 【解析】 D 考查介词。句意为:尽管全球经济下滑, 黄金河岸仍然创造了该地区国民生产总值的90%多。 despite和in spite of 可表示“尽管”,为介词和介词短语 ,可填入该空;though“尽管”,不是介词,可用作连词 引导状语从句,也可用作副词。该空的后面是一个名词 性短语,所以只能用despite。

第28讲 │ 跟踪训练
7. there are many differences in personality, they have a lot common. A.While; in B.Although; on C.In spite of; in D.Thanks to; on 【解析】 A 考查介词短语和介词搭配。in spite of 为介 词短语,后接名词、代词或短语,不能接句子,而本句第 一个空后是句子形式,需填连词, while用作连词,其中 之一的意思为“虽然;尽管”; have…in common为固定 短语,意为“有共同之处”。

第28讲 │ 跟踪训练
8. The dangerous building could fall down any time, but that's a risk we'll have to . A.do B.take C.perform D.make 【解析】 B 考查动词搭配。take a risk意思为“冒险” ,只有B项与a risk搭配。 9. We've made our plans, and now we must put them into . A.custom B.practice C.disadvantage D.risk 【解析】 B 考查名词辨析。put … into practice为固定 搭配, 意为:“把……付诸实践”。句意为:我们已订 好计划,现在应付诸实施了。

第28讲 │ 跟踪训练
10.After he lost his job, he debt and eventually his parents helped him pay it off. A.went into B.got into C.ran into D.tried out 【解析】 B 考查动词短语辨析。句意为:失业后,他 负债累累, 后来在父母的帮助下终于把它还清了。get into陷入(困境、麻烦等);go into进入;详细阐述;run into撞到;偶遇;try out试验;试用。只有B项符合题意 。

第28讲 │ 跟踪训练
11.We forgave his bad temper because we knew that his son's illness had put him under great . A.emotion B.excitement C.crisis D.stress 【解析】 D 考查名词辨析。 put sb under (great) stress 使某人处境(非常)紧张,使某人受(很大)压力。

第28讲 │ 跟踪训练
12.It is reported that the accident careless driving, so a lot of money be paid by the driver. A.was due to; was due to B.due to; was due to C.is due to; was due to D.is due to; due to 【解析】 A 第一个due to是“由于,因为”的意思,第 二个due to是“应该做某事”的意思。句意为:据报道, 这次交通事故是由于司机的粗心驾驶造成的,所以应该 有司机支付大量的费用。

第28讲 │ 跟踪训练
13.My friend said that she would like out with me ,but I didn't feel like anything that day. A.to eat; eating B.eating; eating C.to eat; to eat D.eating; to eat 【解析】 A 考查两个固定结构的用法。句型would like to do sth意为“乐意或愿意做某事;”feel like doing sth 意为“想要做某事”。 14.I need to buy a new MP4 but I can't afford . A.one B.that C.it D.the one 【答案】 C

第28讲 │ 跟踪训练
15.—I'm terribly sorry for coming late. I was caught in heavy traffic. — . The meeting has just begun. A.It is a pleasure B.Never mind C.With pleasure D.I don't mind 【答案】 B

第29讲

Unit 4 Global warming

第29讲 │ 美文佳句

美文佳句
诵美文 全球气候变暖是目前人类面临的最大环境问题。请 你根据以下提示,写一篇英语短文,为“节能减排”献 计献策。 背景:随着经济的发展,更多的温室气体被排放,其中 大约70%为二氧化碳,这也是全球变暖的主要原因之一 。 后果:海平面上升;自然灾害频繁。

第29讲 │ 美文佳句
措施: 1. 多使用清洁能源,少用煤、油; 2. 在可能的情况下以步行代车; 3. …… 4. …… 要求: 1. 短文必须包括表格中的所有内容要点,可适当发挥,措 施中3、4点由考生自由发挥; 2. 词数:100左右。

第29讲 │ 美文佳句
With the development of economy,more and more greenhouse gases are being discharged into the air. CO2 makes up about 70% of the greenhouse gases, which is considered to be one of the greatest causes of global warming. It has harmful effects, causing the sea level to rise and many natural disasters to strike.

第29讲 │ 美文佳句
So we must take effective measures to save our planet. Firstly, we should use more clean energy and less coal and oil. Secondly, we should go to work on foot or by bus instead of driving a car if possible. Thirdly, we should plant more trees, because plants can turn CO2 into oxygen. More importantly, we should form the habit of saving energy in our daily life.

第29讲 │ 美文佳句
背佳句 1. With the development of economy , more and more greenhouse gases are being discharged into the air. 随着经 济的发展,越来越多的温室气体正在被排放到空气中。 [赏析] 该句使用了现在进行时的被动语态,形象地展示了 温室气体正在大量排进大气的现象,with短语作状语。

第29讲 │ 美文佳句
2. CO2 makes up about 70% of the greenhouse gases, which is considered to be one of the greatest causes of global warming. 二氧化碳,约占温室气体的70%,被认为是全 球变暖的主要原因之一。 [赏析] 该句使用了一个非限制性定语从句,从句中使用 了“consider…to be”的被动结构。

第29讲 │ 美文佳句
3. Thirdly, we should plant more trees, because plants can turn CO2 into oxygen. 第三,我们应该种更多的树,因 为植物可以将二氧化碳转化为氧气。 [赏析] Thirdly和前面的Firstly, Secondly层次清晰地展示 了应该采取的措施;此外该句中还使用了一个because 引导的原因状语从句。

第29讲 │课前热身 课前热身
Ⅰ. 单词拼写 1. Rain and snow are ______________(现象)of the weather. phenomena 2. Q___________ of money have been spent in bringing up uantities his children. 3. The a__________ temperature of Guangzhou in winter is verage comparatively high. 4. Does the common man _________(反对) the ideas of oppose political union between European countries? 5. The witness s_______ that she had never seen Mr.Smith. tated

第29讲 │课前热身
6. Due to c______________ beyond our control the lecture ircumstances was cancelled. 7. There is a ____________(普遍的) dissatisfaction among widespread the students with the food on campus. 8. Several cars are available within this price r_________. ange 9. The price of fruits remains __________(稳定的). steady 10.There is a growing ________(趋势) for people to work at tendency home instead of in offices.

第29讲 │ 课前热身
Ⅱ.完成短语 1.即使 2.发生 3.导致 4.上升;增长;升起 5.继续 6.大量的 7.代表……的一方 8.等等

even if come about result in go up keep on quantities of on behalf of and so on

第29讲 │ 课前热身
Ⅲ. 完成句子 1.人类能说这么多不同的语言是怎么形成的? _________________________________that humans can How did it come about speak so many different languages? 2. 喝酒常引起交通事故。 Drinking alcohol can often_________________________. result in traffic accidents 3. 这个升温过程的一些副产品就叫做“温室”气体,其中 最重要的是二氧化碳。 Some byproducts of this process are called “greenhouse” gases, _____________________________________carbon the most important one of which is dioxide.

第29讲 │ 课前热身
4. 毫无疑问,地球正在变暖,而地球变暖正是人类活动导 致而成的,并非是一种无规律的自然现象。 _____________________________________________and There is no doubt that the earth is becoming warmer that _____________________has caused this global it is human activity that warming rather than random but natural phenomenon. _________a 5. 只要他努力工作,我不介意他做不做家务。 I don't mind whether he does the housework__________ ________________________________. so long as he works hard

第29讲 │ 单词点睛

单词点睛
1 subscribe vi.同意;捐赠;订阅 vt.签署(文件);捐助 subscribe to 同意; 赞成对……捐款; 订阅(报刊) subscriber n. 订户, 签署者, 捐献者 subscribe for 预订,订阅; 捐款, 捐助; 认购 【温馨提示】 subscribe表示“捐款;捐助”之意时,常与to, for连用 ;表示“同意,赞同”时,常与to连用。

第29讲 │ 单词点睛
【活学活用】 (1) 你订阅什么杂志? What magazine________________________? do you subscribe to (2) 我在文件上签了名。 I ________________________in the document. subscribed my name (3) 他向救济基金捐赠巨资。 He ___________________________the relief fund. subscribed a large sum to

第29讲 │ 单词点睛
(4) 所有科学家都赞成这种观点:人们为了生产能量而燃烧 化石燃料,像煤,天然气和石油,从而引起了地球温度 的升高。 ___________________________________that the increase All the scientists subscribe to the view in the earth's temperature is due to the burning of ___________________fossil fuels like coal, natural gas and oil to produce energy

第29讲 │ 单词点睛
vi.趋向,易于;照顾vt.照顾;护理 2 tend tend to do sth 倾向于做某事 tendency n. 趋向,倾向(常与to/towards连用) 【温馨提示】 在tend to结构中,to是不定式符号,后面要用动词原形 ,构成不定式结构。

第29讲 │ 单词点睛
【活学活用】 别人不同意她的看法时,她很容易生气。 She __________________when others disagree with her. tends to get angry 一组医护人员被派去照料玉树地震的幸存者。 A team of medical workers ___________________________ were sent to tend the survivors of Yushu Earthquake. 她丈夫生病期间, 她无微不至地照顾他。 She ________________________________during his illness. tended her husband carefully 如今人们网上购物有增加的趋势。 Nowadays there is ___________________________to shop a growing tendency for people on the Internet.

(1) (2)

(3) (4)

第29讲 │ 单词点睛
3 oppose vt.反对;反抗;与(某人)较量 oppose doing sth 反对做某事 oppose sth to/against sth 使某事物与另一事物对照或对抗 opposed adj. 反对的;对面的 be opposed to 反对 opposite adj. 相对的,对面的 come across/meet with opposition 遭到反对

第29讲 │ 单词点睛
【温馨提示】 (1) oppose 后跟表示动作的词作宾语时,后面要用动名词形 式。be opposed to结构中,to 是介词,其后也要用动词 的ing形式。 (2) 表 示 反 对 的 其 他 表 达 : disagree with; object to; be against。

第29讲 │ 单词点睛
【活学活用】 1. 用括号中所给动词的适当形式填空 (1) The President opposes ________(give) military aid to that giving country. (2) I'm strongly opposed to your ________(go) abroad. going

第29讲 │ 单词点睛
4 range n.种类;范围vi.(在一定范围内)变动,变化 a wide range of 一系列的 in/within the range of 在……的范围之内 out of/beyond one's range 超越……的范围 range from…to…/between…and… 从……到……不等

第29讲 │ 单词点睛
【活学活用】 (1) The shirts are sold out _________________________(在这 within this price range 个价位范围之内). (2) The age range _____________(年龄范围)is from six to twelve years old. (3) The temperature ____________15 ____35 _______(在15 ranges from to degrees 度到35度之间).

第29讲 │ 单词点睛
5 glance vi.看一下;扫视n.一瞥 glance through 匆匆看一遍,浏览 glance at 匆匆瞥一眼 glance off 擦过;掠过 at a glance(=at the first glance) 初(乍)一看就…… give/take a glance at 对……匆匆一看, 一瞥

第29讲 │ 单词点睛
【易混辨析】 glare, glance, stare (1) glare 指怒视; (2) glance 指很快地看某人或某物一眼; (3) stare指由于生气、好奇、害怕或吃惊而睁大眼睛注视某 人或某物。

第29讲 │ 单词点睛
【活学活用】 (1) 她第一次见到他就爱上了他。 She fell in love with him____________________. at the first glance (2) 他瞥了一眼那个信封,认出是他叔叔的笔迹。 He ___________ the envelope and recognized his uncle's glanced at handwriting. (3) 也许你愿意看看我们的商品目录。 Perhaps you'd like ________________our product to glance through catalogue.

第29讲 │ 短语存储

短语储存
1 come about 发生;(船、风等)改变方向 How does it come about that…? ……是怎样发生的? come along 一起来,进展 come out 出来, 长出;出版;结果是…… come to oneself 苏醒, 醒悟 come up with 赶上, 提出 come across 偶遇;穿越;被理解

第29讲 │ 短语存储
【温馨提示】 come about, happen, take place和break out这四个表示“ 发生”的词语,不可用于被动语态。 【活学活用】 (1) How _________________(发生) that she married a poor did it come about man like him? (2) We ______________(碰见) an old man lying in the road. came across

第29讲 │ 短语存储
2 result in 导致,引起,结果是 result from 由……产生;起因于 lead to 导致 as a result 结果,因此 as a/the result of 作为……的结果 without result 无效地, 毫无结果地 【易混辨析】 result in,result from (1) result in 意为“导致,结果是”,指引起某种结果,即 :主语是因,宾语是果。 (2) result from意为“起因于”,指某种结果是由于某种原 因而产生的,即:主语是果,宾语是因。

第29讲 │ 短语存储
【活学活用】 There is no doubt that your success has ______ ___________________________(是你辛勤劳动的结果). resulted from your hard work Stress and tiredness often ___________________________ result in a lack of concentration (导致精神不集中). He didn't work hard, __________(结果), he failed his exam. as a result The accident ______________________(造成了他的死亡). resulted in his death

(1) (2) (3) (4)

第29讲 │ 短语存储
3 put up with 忍受,容忍 put up 举起 put sb up 向某人提供食宿 come up with 赶上;提出 put up (at…) (在某处)获得食宿安排,暂住 keep up with 与……保持一致;不落后 catch up with 赶上;追上 【易混辨析】 bear,stand,tolerate,put up with 都有“忍受,忍耐”之意。

第29讲 │ 短语存储
(1) bear强调忍受者的坚韧。如: The sorrow was almost more than she could bear. 她几乎忍受不了那种悲伤。 (2) stand意为“忍受,顶住”,多用于口语,常用于否定句 中,若用于肯定句,则意为“不屈不挠,经受得起”。 如: I can't stand hot weather. 我受不了热天。 (3) tolerate意为“容忍”,语气较前两个词弱。如: I don't know how you tolerate that noise! 我不知道你怎么能忍受那样的噪音!

第29讲 │ 短语存储
(4) put up with与tolerate意义相近,有“不计较,将就”之 意,多用于口语。如: It's hard for people to put up with that kind of treatment. 人们很难忍受那种待遇。 【活学活用】 (1) 噪音快到我们无法忍受的地步。 Noise is coming to the point_________________________. where we can't put up with it (2) 我们可以安排你们所有人过夜。 We can _________________________the night. put all of you up for (3) 他们在一家小旅馆住了一两夜。 They __________________________a couple of nights. put up at a small hotel for

第29讲 │ 句型透视 句型透视
It is OK to leave an electrical appliance on so long as you are using it—if not, turn it off! 【句型解读】 as/so long as引导条件状语从句,相当于on condition that, provided that或if(只要,如果)。如: You can go out, as/so long as you promise to be back before 11 o'clock. 你可以出去,只要你答应在11点以前回来。

第29讲 │ 句型透视
【相关拓展】 (1) as long as还有“与……一样长”之意。 (2) 引导条件状语从句的连词还有:providing (that), only if 等。

第29讲 │ 句型透视
【活学活用】 (1) As long as you don't betray me __________________________(只要你不出卖我), I'll do whatever you ask me to (do). (2) As long as you drive carefully _______________________________( 只 要 你 开 车 小 心 ), you will be very safe. (3) This line _______________________________(那条线的四 is four times as long as that one 倍长).

第29讲 │ 跟踪训练 跟踪训练
1. [2010· 江西卷] Last year the number of students who graduated with a driving license reached 200,000, a (n) ____________ of 40,000 per year. A.average B.number C.amount D.quantity 【解析】 A 考查名词词义辨析。此处表示“平均每年 40,000 人 ( 拿 到 驾 照 )” 。 average 平 均 ; number 数 字 ; amount 数量;quantity数量。

第29讲 │ 跟踪训练
2. —Do you the idea of living a lowcarbon life? —It sounds tough, but it is a tendency. A.correspond to B.apply to C.cater to D.subscribe to 【解析】 D 考查动词短语辨析。correspond to与…… 一致/相符;apply to适用于;cater to迎合;subscribe to 同意,赞同。问句句意为:你是否赞同低碳生活的观念 ?

第29讲 │ 跟踪训练
3. Will you be able to over my report before I send it to the committee, Mr Zhang? I'm not sure about it myself. A.glance B.turn C.take D.carry 【解析】 A 考查动词词义辨析。从后面I'm not sure about it myself可知这个人想让张先生“浏览”一下自己 的报告,glance over“浏览”符合语境。

第29讲 │ 跟踪训练
4. Speaking of Tom, there are several things that are not easy to , say, his dishonesty. A.put up with B.put aside C.get along with D.build up 【解析】 A 考查动词短语辨析。put up with 意为“忍 受,容忍”。get along with “和某人相处”,后常跟人 作宾语,而此处短语的宾语为several things。put aside 搁置,放在一边;build up逐步建立。

第29讲 │ 跟踪训练
5. [2010· 江西卷] Smell the flowers before you go to sleep, and you may just sweet dreams. A.keep up with B.put up with C.end up with D.catch up with 【解析】 C 考查动词短语辨析。keep up with跟上; put up with容忍;end up with以……结束;catch up with赶上。句意为:在你睡觉之前闻一闻花,即可进入 甜美的梦乡。

第29讲 │ 跟踪训练
6. Actually, musicals can be interesting and attractive to Chinese audiences they have a good story and are emotionally touching. A.in case B.as long as C.so that D.as if 【解析】 B 考查状语从句。in case以防;万一;as long as只要;so that以便;以至于;as if好像。句意为 :事实上,只要故事情节不错,感人至深,音乐片能够 吸引中国观众。

第29讲 │ 跟踪训练
7.We both strongly your going to the forest during the rain season. It's not a wise decision. A.enjoy B.oppose C.appreciate D.insist 【解析】 B 考查动词辨析。句意为:我们俩都强烈反对 你在雨季去森林,这个决定不明智。enjoy喜欢; oppose 反对; appreciate欣赏;感激; insist坚持。由句意可知 选B。

第29讲 │ 跟踪训练
8.The process of producing electricity may also give out CO2, you heat your house with electricity instead of charcoal. A.even if B.as long as C.as if D.as soon as 【解析】 A 考查连词辨析。句意为:电的生产过程也 会释放二氧化碳,(因此)即使你不用木炭而用电取暖(也 已经制造了二氧化碳)。所以要用even if意思是“即使” ,引导让步状语从句。as long as只要; as if 好像;as soon as一……就。

第29讲 │ 跟踪训练
9. —How did you like the film? —It's not as wonderful as what has been advertised. It is only . A.particular B.average C.interesting D.strange 【解析】 B 考查形容词辨析。句意为:它不像广告所 宣传的那样精彩,它很一般。所以选B, average 意为“平 常的,普通的”。

第29讲 │ 跟踪训练
10. you have a heart loving life, you always can find that there are the things that would make you happy each day. A.As soon as B.As long as C.Though D.Unless 【解析】 B 考查状语从句。句意:只要你有一颗热爱 生活的心灵,你就总是能够发现,每一天都有使你高兴 的 事 情 。 as soon as 一……就 ……; as long as只 要; though尽管;unless除非。as long as符合题意。

第29讲 │ 跟踪训练
11.—Did you take the coat finally? —No, it was beautiful, but was out of my price . A.control B.reach C.aim D.range 【解析】 D 考查名词辨析。句意为:“最后你买下那 件外套了吗?”“没有。它很漂亮,但是我买不起(超出 我的价格范围)。”out of control失控;out of reach够不 着;out of range超出……的幅度或范围。根据题意,D项 正确。

第29讲 │ 跟踪训练
12.It was reported that two roads being closed in Teesdale ________________ icy road conditions. A.resulted in B.resulted from C.brought about D.led to 【解析】 B 考查动词短语辨析。 句意为: Teesdale的 两 条 道 路 被 封 闭 是 由 于 路 滑 造 成 的 。 result in 导 致 ; result from 由 …… 产 生 ; 由 于 …… 而 发 生 ; 产 生 于 ; bring about带来;引起;lead to导致。根据题意,只有B 项符合题意。

第29讲 │ 跟踪训练
13.Disabled people are more respected. Even the government no longer the belief that disabled people are improper as teachers. A.contributes to B.subscribes to C.attends to D.objects to 【解析】 B 考查动词短语辨析。句意为:残疾人越来 越受到尊重。甚至政府也不再支持残疾人不适宜做教师 的观点。subscribe to同意;赞成;contribute to有助于; 促成;attend to专心于;注意;object to反对。

第29讲 │ 跟踪训练
14.The president loved by the people is in poor of health, which worries the whole nation. A.position B.situation C.state D.condition 【解析】 C 考查名词辨析。表示身体的状态只有C可以 使用。condition一般强调产生影响的原因或环境,复数 形式指笼统的情况;position位置;situation情形,境遇 。

第29讲 │ 跟踪训练
15.How did it that he left school at such a young age? A.come off B.come on C.come about D.come across 【解析】 C 考查短语辨析。How does/did it come about that…?为常见句型,意为“怎么会……?” come off成 功;come on快点;come across偶然遇见,均不合题意。

第30讲

Unit 5 The power of nature

第30讲 │ 美文佳句

美文佳句
诵美文 假如你是一名中学生,叫李华,根据下表内容用英 语写信给某报社Just ask栏目的主持人Witman,请求帮 助解决一个长期困扰你的问题,即如何与同桌相互交流 、沟通的问题。 你的情况:学习成绩好;喜欢与同学交流,乐于助人 你同桌的情况:学习勤奋,遵守纪律;性格内向,很少 与人交流、沟通;有时会发脾气

第30讲 │ 美文佳句
注意: 1. 开头已写好,只需接着写; 2. 可适当发挥,使文章更连贯; 3. 词数:100左右 参考词汇: 发脾气lose one?s temper Dear Witman, I?m a middle school student. __________________

第30讲 │ 美文佳句
Dear Witman, I?m a middle school student. I?m doing well at my studies, and ready to help others. At school I like to talk with my classmates. However, I have a problem that troubles me all the time. It is the relationship between my deskmate and me.

第30讲 │ 美文佳句
My deskmate is a hardworking student, who keeps the school rules well. However, he is a person of few words. What?s more, he loses his temper sometimes. I don?t know how to communicate with him. Maybe it?s because we have seldom sat down and exchanged our feelings and thoughts. I hope we can know more about each other and understand each other better. I do hope we?ll be closer. What can I do? Yours sincerely, Li Hua

第30讲 │ 美文佳句
背佳句 1. However, I have a problem that troubles me all the time. 不过,我有一个问题一直困扰着我。 [赏析] 该句不是很长,但包含了一个that引导的定语从 句。 2. My deskmate is a hardworking student, who keeps the school rules well. 我的同桌是一个勤奋的学生,他严格遵 守学校的规章制度。 [赏析] 该句使用了一个who引导的非限制性定语从句, 和前面的形容词hardworking一起,形象地描述了同桌 的形象。

第30讲 │ 美文佳句
3. Maybe it?s because we have seldom sat down and exchanged our feelings and thoughts. 也许是因为我们很 少坐下来交流感情和思想。 [赏析] 该句是对目前情形的猜测,使用了一个because 引 导的表语从句,从句中使用了两个并列的谓语动词。

第30讲 │课前热身 课前热身
Ⅰ. 单词拼写 1. The police car pulled up a___________. longside 2. I agree that you a_________ him monitor. ppoint 3. He s________ the arrow from the bow. hot 4. We can't g__________ the punctual arrival of train in uarantee foggy weather. 5. The flags were w________ in the wind. aving 6. She was very _________(担心的)about her son's health. anxious

第30讲 │课前热身
7. What he told us was an _________(实际的) happening. actual 8. There is a _________(潜在的)danger in the new industry. potential 9. The crowd _________(惊恐)at the sound of the explosion. panicked 10.There is no ___________(绝对的)success in the world, absolute only constant progress.

第30讲 │ 课前热身
Ⅱ.完成短语 1.全部焚毁 2.前往 3.由……到……不等 4.具有某方面的天赋或天分 5.不挡道;不碍事;躲开

burn to the ground make one's way vary from…to… have a gift for out of the way

第30讲 │ 课前热身
Ⅲ. 完成句子 1.众所周知,地球围着太阳转。 _____________________the earth goes around the sun. It is wellknown that 2. 这两双鞋价格不同。 The two pairs of shoes_________________. vary in price 3. 穿着这些衣服走起路来实在不容易,但我们还是缓缓往火 山口的边缘走去,并且向下看到了红红的沸腾的中央。 It was not easy to walk in these suits, but ___________ ______________________________the edge of the crater we slowly made our way to and _________________________the red, boiling centre. looked down into

第30讲 │ 课前热身
4. 我正要离开时,有人把我叫住了。 I ___________________________someone called. was about to leave when 5. 我感到很紧张,不得不强迫自己别恐慌。 I felt very nervous and____________________________. had to force myself not to panic

第30讲 │ 单词点睛

单词点睛
1 appoint vt.任命;委派;指定(时间、地点) appoint sb as/to be… 任命某人为…… appoint sb to do sth 委派某人干某事 appoint a time/place for sth/to do sth 约定时间/地点干某事 appointed adj. 约定的;指定的 appointment n. (不可数)指派;任命;(可数) 指派的工作;职位

第30讲 │ 单词点睛
break an/one's appointment 违约, 失约 have an appointment with sb at… 要在某时间和某人有约会 keep an/one?s appointment 守约 make/fix an appointment with sb 与某人约会 by appointment 按照约定 【易混辨析】 1. appoint, assign (1) appoint的意思是“任命,指派,委任”,后多跟职位一 类的名词。如: They appointed him Minister of Education. 他们任命他为教育部部长。

第30讲 │ 单词点睛
(2) assign的意思是“分配,分派,指定”,后多跟具体的 工作。如: I assign you to wash the dishes. 我分配你去洗盘子。 2. appointment,date (1) appointment n.泛指一般安排好时间、地点的约会。如 : She made an appointment for her son to see the doctor. 她为儿子约定了看医生的时间。 (2) date n.特指男女间的约会。如: I've got a date with Lucy tomorrow night. 明天晚上我与露西有个约会。

第30讲 │ 单词点睛
【活学活用】 用appoint或短语的适当形式完成句子 (1) My brother _______________sales manager last month. was appointed as (2) Can I make an _________________see her? appointment to

第30讲 │ 单词点睛
2 suit n.一套外衣;套装vt.适合;使适宜 suit sth to sth 使某物适合于某物 suitable adj. 适宜的;相配的 be suitable for sb/sth 适于某人/某物 be suitable to do sth 适合做某事

第30讲 │ 单词点睛
【活学活用】 (1) 她的讲话在这个场合十分得体。 Her speech _________________the occasion. was well suited to (2) 他穿着一套黑西装。 He__________________________. is wearing a black suit (3) 对于我来说最好晚一点开始工作。 ______________________work at a later time. It suits me to start

第30讲 │ 单词点睛
【易混辨析】 suit, fit, match 这三个词都有“适合”之意。 fit 指大小、形状的合适,引申为吻合、协调。suit 指合 乎需要、口味、条件、地位,以及花色、款式等与某人 的皮肤、气质、身材或身份相称。match 多指大小、色 调、形状、性质等的搭配。当表示“使……适合”的意 思时,fit 常与 for 连用;suit 常与 to 连用。

第30讲 │ 单词点睛
用suit,fit或match适当形式完成句子 Her experience ______her to lead the research group. fits Late afternoon will _____me. suit The curtains don't _______the paint. match The colour of the cloth ______a woman at my wife's age. suits

(1) (2) (3) (4)

第30讲 │ 单词点睛
3 anxious adj.忧患的;担心的;渴望的 be anxious for/about 为……担心/忧虑 be anxious for sth 渴望某事 be anxious to do sth 渴望做某事 be anxious for sb to do sth 渴望某人做某事 be anxious that sb (should) do sth 渴望某人做某事 anxiety n. 挂念,焦虑;烦恼,忧虑 with anxiety 焦虑地

第30讲 │ 单词点睛
【活学活用】 (1) 他担心在国外旅行的家人。 He____________________________, who were travelling was anxious for his family abroad. (2) 我们渴望知道结果。 We __________________________the result. are anxious (eager) to know

第30讲 │ 单词点睛
【易混辨析】 anxious,eager (1) anxious强调因忧虑、关注或害怕而产生的急切心情。如 : We're anxious about(for) her health. 我们担心她的健康。

第30讲 │ 单词点睛
(2) eager侧重于急于成功的急切心情,表示浓厚的兴趣或迫 不及待的期望。如: I'm anxious for a computer.我渴望有台电脑。 用anxious或eager完成句子 (1) We are all _________for knowledge. eager (2) I was anxious ________about the children when they didn't come back home from school on time.

第30讲 │ 单词点睛
4 panic n.惊慌vt.& vi.(panicked, panicked) 惊慌,恐慌 be in a panic 处在恐慌中 get into a panic 陷入恐慌状态 panic sb into doing sth 使某人惊慌地做某事 panic over/about/at sth 对某事感到惊慌 in panic 惊慌失措地

第30讲 │ 单词点睛
【活学活用】 (1) 她想起忘记带入场券,顿时惊慌起来。 She ______________when she thought she had forgotten got into a panic bringing the tickets. (2) 惊恐万分的人们只好坐以待毙。 ______________________________________for death. People in panic had nothing to do but wait

第30讲 │ 单词点睛
5 guarantee vt.保证,向某人担保 n.保证,保证 书,保修单 guarantee to do sth 保证做某事 guarantee that/sth… 保证…… guarantee sb sth(= guarantee sth to sb) 向某人保证某事 under guarantee 在保修期内 give sb a guarantee that… 向某人担保…… give/offer/provide a guarantee 提供担保

第30讲 │ 单词点睛
【活学活用】 ? The rain ____________________________________(保证了 guarantees a good crop this year 今年有好收成). ? You give __________________________________________ me a guarantee that you'll finish the job on time (向我保证按时完成工作). (3) This computer has a ___________________(保修两年). twoyear guarantee

第30讲 │ 短语存储

短语储存
1 make one?s way lose one?s way feel one's way make way for fight/push one's way wind one's way force one's way out 前往 迷路 摸索着前行 为……让道 推挤着前行 蜿蜒前进 挤出去,冲出去

第30讲 │ 短语存储
【活学活用】 (1) We _____________(迷路) when we _____________(前往) lost our way made our way to the centre of the village. (2) Without experience, we had to _________________(摸索 feel our way 着前进). (3) All the traffic has to _______________( 让 道 ) a fire make way for engine.

第30讲 │ 短语存储
2 vary from…to… vary with vary in size/colour vary between…and… variety various a variety of (= various) 由……到……不等 随……而变化 大小/颜色不一样 由……到……情况不等 n. 多样性 adj. 各种各样的;变化的 各种各样的;变化的

第30讲 │ 短语存储
【活学活用】 (1) 那种事因人而异。 That sort of thing____________________________. varies from person to person (2) 樱桃的颜色由近乎黑到黄各不相同。 Cherries___________________________________. vary in colour from almost black to yellow (3) 花园里有各种各样的植物。 ____________________________________in the garden. There are different varieties of plants

第30讲 │ 句型透视 句型透视
1 1. The other two climbed down into the crater to collect some lava for later study, but this being my first experience, I stayed at the top and watched them. 句型公式 名词/代词+现在分词+中心句 【句式分析】 this being my first experience是独立主格结构,该句型中 现在分词表示前面的名词或代词主动进行的动作或状态 。

第30讲 │ 句型透视
【相关拓展】

名词/代词+

形容词(短语) 副词/介词短语 不定式(短语) 过去分词+中心句

【易错警示】 (1) 在该结构中,过去分词表示其前的名词或代词被动、完 成的动作;不定式表示将来要发生的动作。 (2) 名词或代词与后面的现在分词、形容词、介词短语、副 词、不定式等存在逻辑上的主谓关系。

第30讲 │ 句型透视
(3) 独立主格结构一般有逗号与主句分开。如: When the test was finished, we began our holiday. = The test finished, we began our holiday. After the meeting was over, we all went home. = The meeting over, we all went home. He suggested we go for a picnic, and Mary provide the food. = He suggested going for a picnic, Mary to provide the food.

第30讲 │ 句型透视
【活学活用】 根据括号中的提示,用独立主格结构完成句子 (1) This ________(do), we went home. done (2) There being no bus/taxi __________________________(没有车),he had to go to the meeting on foot.

第30讲 │ 句型透视
2. However weak we are, we are not completely powerless. 句型公式 however(+形容词/副词)+主语+谓语(be)

第30讲 │ 句型透视
【句式分析】 这是一个however引导的让步状语从句。此处,however 为连词。要注意的是从句中的形容词或副词要提到 however之后,主语之前。再如: We'll have to finish the job, however long it takes. 无论要花多长时间,我们都得把工作做完。 【相关拓展】 (1) however可用作副词,意为“然而”,使用时通常有逗号 与句子其他部分分开。如: I thought those figures were correct. However, I have recently heard they were not. 我原以为那些数字准确无误,不过我最近听说并不准确。

第30讲 │ 句型透视
(2) no matter how(+形容词/副词)+主语+谓语+…… 该句型引导让步状语从句,可与however引导的从句互换 。如: No matter how hard he works, he can not get a promotion. = However hard he works, he can not get a promotion. 不管他工作多努力, 他就是得不到提升。 No matter how he did it, it was a great success. = However he did it, it was a great success. 无论他是怎么完成的,这都是一个巨大的成功。

第30讲 │ 句型透视
【温馨提示】 whatever/whoever/whichever这一类词,既可引导名词性 从 句 , 也 可 引 导 让 步 状 语 从 句 。 不 要 与 wherever/whenever混用,因为这些词只能引导让步状语 从 句 。 however 一 般 只 能 引 导 让 步 状 语 从 句 , 但 是 当 however 用 作 连 接 副 词 时 也 可 引 导 名 词 性 从 句 , 而 whenever/ wherever 则不能引导名词性从句。如: I'll give you however much money you need. (宾语从句, 此时however不能改成no matter how)。

第30讲 │ 句型透视
【活学活用】 翻译句子 (1) I'd like to go with you; however, my hands are full. _____________________________________。 我很想和你一块去,可是我忙不过来 (2) He can answer the question however hard it is. ___________________________________。 不管问题有多难,他都能回答

第30讲 │ 句型透视
3. It is said that this boy, who had a great gift for languages and persuasion, is the father of the Manchu people. 句型公式 It is said that…据说……

第30讲 │ 句型透视
【相关拓展】 相类似的句型结构: It is proved / announced / believed / expected / stated / thought / reported that…如: It is said that China is going to launch another spaceship this year.据说中国会在今年发射另一个宇宙飞船。 It has been proved that eating vegetables in childhood helps to protect you against serious illness in later life. 孩童时多吃蔬菜有助于保护你以后免受严重疾病的困扰已 经得到了证实。

第30讲 │ 句型透视
【活学活用】 人们认为乡下的空气要比城里的更清新。 __________________that the air in the countryside is It is thought _______________in the city. clearer than that

第30讲 │ 跟踪训练 跟踪训练
1. —Did you hear from Mary? —It's almost three years I received her last letter. A.that B.when C.since D.after 【解析】 C 考查时间状语从句。固定句式It's+段时间 + since…意为“自……以来……”。

第30讲 │ 跟踪训练
2. The young boy has a variety of hobbies, which _____________ from classical music to online games. A.change B.vary C.extend D.range 【解析】 B 考查动词辨析。句意为:这个小伙子爱好 很 广 泛 , 从 古 典 音 乐 到 在 线 游 戏 他 都 喜 欢 。 vary from…to…意为“由……到……不等”。

第30讲 │ 跟踪训练
3. If you want to see the chairman of the department, you'd better make an with his secretary first. A.admission B.agreement C.appointment D.assumption 【解析】 C 考查名词辨析。make an appointment with sb与某人约会。句意为:如果你想见系主任的话,你最好 首先和他的秘书预约。admission 允许;agreement协议; 一致; assumption假设。

第30讲 │ 跟踪训练
4. —How about eight o'clock outside the cinema? —That me fine. A.fits B.meets C.satisfies D.suits 【解析】 D 考查动词辨析。这几个动词都可以表示“ 适合/满足”,但只有suit可以表示“(时间的)适合”。

第30讲 │ 跟踪训练
5. Most female workers in Beijing suffer from ________ connected to the global financial crisis, according to a recent survey. A.curiosity B.eagerness C.thirst D.anxiety 【解析】 D 考查名词辨析。句意为:据最近调查,在 北京的职业女性多数患有与经济危机有关的“焦虑症” 。curiosity好奇;eagerness渴望;thirst口渴;anxiety焦 虑。

第30讲 │ 跟踪训练
6.—Hello,may I have an appointment with the doctor? — . A.Sorry,he is free at the moment. B.Why didn't you call earlier? C.Certainly. May I know your name? D.Sorry,he doesn't want to see you. 【解析】 C 考查约会的表达与应答。病人想见医生, 所以护士说Certainly. May I know your name?其他几种 回答都不符合现实情况。

第30讲 │ 跟踪训练
7. Every camera we sell comes with a twoyear . A.guarantee B.safety C.confirmation D.conservation 【解析】 A 考查名词辨析。 guarantee有“保修单”之 意,safety意为“安全”,confirmation意为“证实、肯定 ”, conservation意为“保存,保护”。 句意为: 我们 出售的照相机,每台都保修两年。

第30讲 │ 跟踪训练
8. Weather , we'll go shopping. A.permits B.permitted C.having permitted D.permitting 【解析】 D 考查独立主格结构。题干中没有连词,它 不是复合句,也不是并列句。 句中使用了逗号,且we小 写,可知其不是两个简单句。能够这样使用的只有独立 主格或with的复合结构。此处为独立主格结构,即名词 +分词。由于permit为不及物动词,意为“(天气)允许 ”,用现在分词permitting。

第30讲 │ 跟踪训练
9. My mother always gets a bit if we don't arrive on time when we say we will. A.anxious B.ashamed C.weak D.patient 【解析】 A 考查形容词辨析。anxious意为“忧患的, 担心的”,符合语境。句意为:如果我们不能按事先所 承诺的按时到家,妈妈总是很担心。

第30讲 │ 跟踪训练
10 . Her shoes her dress; they look very well together. A.suit B.fit C.compare D.match 【解析】 D 考查动词辨析。句意为:她的鞋子和衣服 很配,它们搭配起来很好看。match意为“般配”,“相 配”,符合语境。fit指大小尺寸吻合;suit指衣服、颜色 、款式等合身,相配。

第30讲 │ 跟踪训练
11.The policeman can't catch him without proof of his guilt. A.completely B.absolute C.pure D.absolutely 【解析】 B 考查形容词辨析。修饰名词proof应用形容 词,先排除A、D。absolute proof意为“证据确凿”。

第30讲 │ 跟踪训练
12.We don't want to him as chairman of the meeting. He is not fit for the position. A.consider B.pick C.refer D.appoint 【解析】 D 句意为:我们不想任命他为会议的主席。 他还不适合这个职位。consider认为;当作(consider sb as…);pick 选择;挑选(pick sth from sth);refer提交, 委托(refer sth to sb);appoint委派, 任命(appoint sb as…)。根据题意和这四个词的结构,D项符合语境。

第30讲 │ 跟踪训练
13 . The mother was filled with about her daughter's health,so she asked the doctor for help. A.eagerness B.anxiety C.disappointment D.fright 【解析】 B 句意为:母亲为女儿的健康忧心忡忡,于 是她请医生帮忙。eagerness渴望;热心;热切;anxiety 焦虑;忧虑;disappointment失望;fright惊吓,恐怖。 根据题意,B项正确。

第30讲 │ 跟踪训练
14.I'm not sure whether (if) Mount Meng is a best place, but I that you'll enjoy yourself. A.guarantee B.remind C.require D.doubt 【解析】 A 考查动词辨析。guarantee 保证,确保。句 意为: 我不敢肯定蒙山是不是一个非常好的地方,但是 我保证你会玩得愉快。remind 提醒; require 需要; doubt怀疑。

第30讲 │ 跟踪训练
15.They their way through the forest toward the town after they had a rest. A.makes B.make C.made D.has made 【解析】 C 由状语从句after they had a rest可判断,此 处用一般过去时。make one's way意为“向某地走去”。

第30讲 │ 作文点拨 作文点拨
开放式作文 一、写作指南 开放式作文与传统意义上的写作是形似而神不似的,是 一种全新的写作形式。随着高考英语改革进程的不断 深 入与发展,相信英语写作的命题形式也会日趋灵活与 开 放。开放式作文更能反映出考生的真实写作水平。

第30讲 │ 作文点拨
其命题特点为: 开放式作文主要考查两种文体:记叙文和议论文。它只 给出主题或两三点提示或一段素材,也可能是一幅图画,要 求考生在此基础上充分发挥想象力,自由创作,这对考生能 力的要求更高,考查也更全面。其中以图画式的考查形式最 为常见。它考查考生的逻辑思维能力、发散思维能力、丰富 的想象力以及多角度考虑问题的创新思维能力。

第30讲 │ 作文点拨
下面就介绍一下图画式开放作文的高分技巧: 客观描述情景 开放式作文一般都有一个事件或一幅图画,因此,作为 写作的第一步,应该对其进行客观的描述。在描述时, 无需掺杂议论、情绪或评价,同时要注意描述要有主次 之分, 详略得当。

1.

第30讲 │ 作文点拨
2. 活用过渡词语 一篇好的文章,应该注意段落间的灵活过渡。因此,在 “描述”和“阐述”之间,添加一个“过渡段”是不可 缺少的。 “过渡段”可以是一句万能的套话,比如: As far as I am concerned, the picture is both meaningful and wonderful. 或 者 : In my opinion, the picture is meaningful and wonderful as well. 可见,“过渡段”扮 演 了 承 上 启 下 的 角 色 : wonderful 呼 应 上 一 段 , meaningful引出下一段。

第30讲 │ 作文点拨
合理发表观点 所谓阐述,就是对所描述的事件进行评价,并表达自己的 感想。只需用简单的语言,讲出简易、平实的道理,没 有 必要过深地挖掘图画信息,但有一点要做到,就是思想 健 康,积极向上。 二、真题欣赏 请看下面的漫画,联系实际生活,以“Saving Water”为题 写一篇短文,词数120左右。 3.

第30讲 │ 作文点拨
______________________________________________________ __________________ ______________________________________________________ __________________ 【思路点拨】 1. 本文属于用图画提示的开放型作文,首先要仔细观察图画 ,弄清画面的含义,把握画面所反映的主题。 2. 本文可以采取三段论的方式:叙述图画,分析图画,提出 建议。 3. 叙述要简明扼要,分析要切中要点,建议需切实可行。 4. 要恰当使用衔接语使文章连贯。

第30讲 │ 作文点拨
【示例】 As can be seen/As is described/As is shown in the picture, the drinking water is running without anyone using it. The picture tells us now many people pay no attention to saving water. The implied meaning of this picture should be taken into consideration seriously. To begin with, water is the source of life, without which there could be no life on the earth. Second, there is very limited available water resources on our planet, and excessive using of water can make the situation from bad to worse. And this social problem should arouse the great concern of all in the world.

第30讲 │ 作文点拨
In my opinion/As for me, we should take strong measures to deal with the problem. First, we should make all the people know the importance of water and the fact that water resources are limited. Second, we must pass some laws to punish those who waste water. Only in this way can we solve the problem of water-wasting.

第30讲 │ 作文点拨
【好词好句积累】 1. as can be seen/as is described/as is shown in the picture 正如在图画里可以看到的/正如图画里所描述的/正如 图画 显示的 take … into consideration 考虑 to begin with 首先 from bad to worse 越来越糟 arouse the great concern 引起极大的关注

第30讲 │作文点拨

2.

to begin with , water is the source of life, 衔接语 without which there could be no life on the earth “介词+关系代词”引导的定语 从句 Only in this way can we solve the problem of water“only+状语”放于句首引起部分倒装 wasting.

第30讲 │作文点拨
三、实战演练 (一) 随着电脑深入我们的生活,许多学生到网上搜索假期作业的 答案。请根据所给图画,用英语写一篇文章,分析一下 原因并提出一些建议和意见。词数:120-150(开头已给 出,不计入总词数)。

第30讲 │作文点拨
From the picture we can see a boy student copying his homework from the Internet. There are reasons behind this phenomenon. For one thing, some students don't work hard but to idle the days away, surfing the Internet,playing football and watching TV. They have to turn to the Internet in order to hand in their homework in time. For another, students are now actually bearing a heavy burden of homework and don't participate in outdoor activities very often.

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In my opinion, we should join hands to help the students. On the one hand,students should be taught how to make use of available resources on the Internet. On the other hand , they shouldn't be overburdened with homework so that they can enjoy their school life.

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(二) 请根据下面提示,写一篇短文。词数不少于50。 In your spoken English class,your teacher shows you the following picture. You are asked to describe the picture and explain how you understand it.

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One possible version: in the picture , between two closely-located buildings grows a big tree, Unlike most trees, this one bends in the middle, struggling all the way up to get more sunshine. the picture reminds me of those who succeed in unfavorable conditions. Faced with difficulties, they never give up but try their best to find a way out .Life can be hard .But if we have the courage and determination, we will finally get the sunshine we want as the tree in the picture does.


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