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人教版2017高中英语(必修四)Unit 2 Working the land 2.3 (PPT课件)_图文


SECTION Ⅲ GRAMMAR -1- X 新知导学 D 答疑解惑 INZHI DAOXUE AYI JIEHUO 一 二 一、找出下列句子的主语 1.Teaching English is my job. Teaching English 2.Helping people in need is what I should do. Helping people in need 3.Getting rid of hunger is not very easy. Getting rid of hunger 4.Explaining the matter is important. Explaining the matter 5.Seeing is believing. Seeing X 新知导学 D 答疑解惑 INZHI DAOXUE AYI JIEHUO 一 二 二、找出下列句子的宾语 1.They started doing their homework. doing their homework 2.He enjoys listening to the singer’s songs. listening to the singer’s songs 3.The students practise speaking English every morning. speaking English 4.He doesn’t mind opening the window. opening the window 5.The girl avoided meeting his father. meeting his father X 新知导学 D 答疑解惑 INZHI DAOXUE AYI JIEHUO 1 2 3 Grammar:动词-ing形式做主语或宾语 1.动词-ing形式做主语 (1)动词-ing形式直接做主语表示抽象的概念,通常直接置于句首, 谓语动词用单数形式。 ①【高考典句】(2015· 安徽高考)Ignoring the difference between the two research findings will be one of the worst mistakes you make. 忽视这两项研究结果的不同将是你犯的最严重的错误之一。 X 新知导学 D 答疑解惑 INZHI DAOXUE AYI JIEHUO 1 2 3 单句填空 ② (read) aloud is a good way in learning language. 大声朗读是学习语言的一个好办法。 答案:Reading ③ (say) is easier than doing. 说比做容易。 答案:Saying X 新知导学 D 答疑解惑 INZHI DAOXUE AYI JIEHUO 1 2 3 (2)动词-ing形式置于句末,用it做形式主语,多见于某些形容词及 名词之后,这样的句型有: It is/was a waste of time doing...做……是浪费时间的。 It is/was no good/use doing...做……是没有用的。 注意:important,essential,necessary等形容词不能用于上述结构。 X 新知导学 D 答疑解惑 INZHI DAOXUE AYI JIEHUO 1 2 3 翻译句子 ④It is a waste of time talking about such useless things. 翻译 答案:谈论这些没用的事情是在浪费时间。 ⑤It is no use crying over spilt milk. 翻译 答案:覆水难收。 ⑥It is no good learning without practice. 翻译 答案:只学习而不实践是没有用的。 X 新知导学 D 答疑解惑 INZHI DAOXUE AYI JIEHUO 1 2 3 (3)当句型“There is no...”表示“不允许、禁止某种行为的发生或 存在”时,需用动词-ing形式做主语。 There is/was no joking about...……开不得玩笑。 There is/was no sense in doing...做……没道理。 There is/was no use doing...做……无用。 There is/was no point doing...做……无意义。 单句填空 ⑦There was no sense in (quarrel) with her about it. 和她争吵那件事没有意义。 答案:quarrelling X 新知导学 D 答疑解惑 INZHI DAOXUE AYI JIEHUO 1 2 3 2.动词-ing形式做宾语 (1)做动词的宾语 后接动词-ing形式做宾语的动词和动词短语有 advise,admit,appreciate,consider,mind,suggest,fancy,avoid,deny,imagi ne,finish,excuse,enjoy,resist,risk,tolerate,quit,allow,forbid,miss,can’t help,can’t stand等。 可接动词-ing形式做宾语的常见动词可用下面的口诀记住: 避免错过少延期(avoid,miss,postpone) 建议完成多练习(advise,finish,practise) 喜欢想象禁不住(enjoy,imagine,can’t help) 承认否定与嫉妒(admit,deny,envy) 逃避冒险莫原谅(escape,risk,excuse) X 新知导学 D 答疑解惑 INZHI DAOXUE AYI J

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