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江苏省苏州四市五区2015届高三期中调研测试英语试题


2014—2015 学年第一学期高三期中调研测试试卷 英 语 2014.11 第二部分:英语知识运用(共两节,满分 35 分) 第一节 单项选择(共 15 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 15 分)
16. No one has had ______ greater influence on ______ Western civilization than the ancient Greeks, who made many advances in various fields. A. a; the B. /; the C. a; / D. /; / 17. The manager is now in need of a capable assistant that he can ______ to take care of problems in his absence. A. count on B. count in C. count up D. count out 18. ______ to the extraordinary beauty of Changling is the Ling’en Palace, known for its simple design and painted ceiling. A. Added B. Adding C. Being added D. Having added 19. He left home to waste all his time and money in gambling and was finally reduced ______ to be a porter. A. to hire out B. to hire himself out C. to hiring out D. to hiring himself out 20. When the Americans ______ to the British raising the tax rates, the British increased control over their American colonies, stationing soldiers there. A. objected B. opposed C. submitted D. appealed 21. —How do you find your new boss, you guys? —Oh, I think he has earned our wide respect ______ he treats us fairly and kindly. A. in that B. so that C. even though D. as though 22. His questions concerning the preservation of the historic church at the press conference ______ his ignorance of the matters being discussed. A. symbolized B. associated C. underlined D. delivered 23. You have made outstanding contributions to the company. I’m sure that you are ______ to get promoted soon. A. possible B. bound C. necessary D. close 24. —What’s up? What’s that terrible noise from our upstairs neighbor? —The spoiled boy is yelling and screaming to ______, I guess. A. mend his way B. get his way C. push his way D. stop his way 25. The doctor began feeling inactive and powerless a couple of days ago, but not until he developed 103-degree fever, ______ Doctors Without Borders, authorities said. A. had he contacted B. he had contacted C. did he contact D. he contacted 26. My daughter is not present at this award ceremony, so I will receive the prize ______ her. A. on behalf of B. in honor of C. on account of D. in favor of 27. Now we must look forward, and turn this into the moment ______ everyone – whichever way they voted – comes together to build that better, brighter future for our entire United Kingdom.
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A. that B. which C. where D. when 28. It would mean – for any banks that remain in Scotland – if they ever got in trouble ______ Scottish taxpayers and Scottish taxpayers alone that would bear the costs. A. there will be B. it will be C. there would be D. it would be 29. —Have you heard that the Taiwan pop singer Jam Hsiao will perform in Shanghai at the end of this month? —Of course. All his fans are ______ to hear the exciting news. A. green with envy B. feeling blue C. tickled pink D. white as a sheet 30. —Since you’ve managed to sign the contract with the foreign company. You might as well begin to expand your business overseas. —Thank you for your advice. As the saying goes, ______. A. the early bird catches the worm B. make hay while the sun shines C. great minds think alike, but fools seldom differ D. don’t count your chickens until they are hatched

第二节 完形填空(共 20 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 20 分)
It was a typical Wednesday. My wife and I were speaking in a nursing home about our successful recoveries from our heart attacks. Afterwards, one of the other residents, Miriam, asked if we had a few minutes to talk. ―I’ve always thought that to be 31 I need three things: someone to 32 , something to do and something to look forward to,‖ she said. ―I’ve got people here to love, and the activities to 33 me as busy as I want, but I don’t have anything I’m looking forward to. Do you have any 34 ?‖ ―What did you look forward to before you came here?‖ we asked. ―Oh, I used to love to laugh with others,‖ Miriam said. ―What did you 35 about?‖ we asked. ―Everything I could see, hear, feel, taste or smell,‖ she said with a smile. At that very moment, we got the idea to start our 36 . We began looking for humor, and we used all of our 37 . We started with a teabag with the 38 : You are like this teabag … only in hot water do you realize how strong you are. We continued 39 and found cartoons and videos filled with humor. People brought us stickers, books, games and magazines. We 40 together humor baskets with books, tapes, greeting cards and toys for children of all ages. Of course, we 41 a humor basket for Miriam, the woman who had 42 us on this project – ―Search for a Smile and Share it‖. She told us that the 43 of her day was sharing the 44 of her basket with everyone she saw. The project was so 45 that other facilities heard of it and made special 46 . One nursing home asked us to make a humor cart, like a shopping cart. Volunteers 47 this down the

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hallways, sharing smiles and laughs with 48 . Still another nursing home requested that we 49 a humor room, complete with a projector showing fun videos. What started as a simple gesture to 50 one elderly woman turned into a lifetime project. 31. A. busy B. happy C. rich D. healthy 32. A. love B. meet C. visit D. respect 33. A. lead B. find C. keep D. encourage 34. A. ways B. opinions C. plans D. ideas 35. A. talk B. worry C. complain D. laugh 36. A. procedure B. project C. research D. preparation 37. A. efforts B. senses C. tools D. families 38. A. message B. letter C. cover D. sign 39. A. explaining B. searching C. expending D. researching 40. A. got B. came C. joined D. put 41. A. paid B. made C. filled D. applied 42. A. started B. chosen C. persuaded D. turned 43. A. highlight B. satisfaction C. project D. appointment 44. A. designs B. foods C. books D. contents 45. A. touching B. successful C. interesting D. respectful 46. A. gifts B. donations C. requests D. arrangements 47. A. walk B. push C. fix D. perform 48. A. nurses B. workers C. residents D. children 49. A. design B. organize C. decorate D. offer 50. A. save B. help C. thank D. satisfy

第三部分:阅读理解(共 15 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 30 分)
A Have you ever imagined walking through a glacier? Be it a yes or no, it is now a possibility. On October 10, Travel Alberta, the tourism organization for the province of Alberta, Canada, traveled to Beijing to promote its new project, ―Glacier Skywalk,‖ at a press conference. The project is currently under construction and is scheduled to open May 2014. The new attraction is only minutes away from the Columbia Icefield Glacier Discovery Center, and is already expected to become a new Canadian landmark. The bold concept of walking amid a glacier may seem unrealistic, but a glass corridor extending from the glacier’s cliff will make the experience a reality. The glass corridor will function as a fully accessible walkway leading to a glass-floored observation platform 280 meters (918 ft) above the Sunwapta Valley, and will allow visitors to witness the powers of glaciology. From ice-capped mountain peaks to vast glacier-formed valleys, the Glacier Skywalk will provide visitors with a front row seat to some of nature’s most grandeur beauty. The project will not only become an innovative travel spot, but will also be seen as an engineering miracle. Its main purpose will be to provide visitors with a brand-new viewing experience, in which one can go beyond nature’s edge and immerse themselves in an awe-inspiring trip in one of the world’s most unique ecosystems.
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Remember to breathe ―Remember to breathe‖ is the slogan of Travel Alberta’s global promotional campaign. Royce Chwin, one of the developers of the project and the Chief Marketing Officer of Travel Alberta, elaborated on the idea in depth at the press conference. ―Remember to breathe‖ is a key statement which serves as a reminder to stop, take a moment, refill your energy, remember to slow down, take in your surroundings, take it all in and to drink in the unique personal experience that you create.‖ For city dwellers who have a hectic life schedule for almost 365 days a year, this idea serves especially as a reminder that life resides in every breath that is inhaled and exhaled, so people should never forget to slow down and enjoy every moment. China: essential outbound tourism market As more Chinese travelers embark on foreign trips, many Western countries are wooing Chinese tourists, and Alberta is no exception. ―China is extremely important to Canada, we have seen a double-digit 18% growth of Chinese visitors year after year, which is the world’s largest outbound tourism market for Alberta,‖ said Chwin. One advantage adding to Canada’s appeal for Chinese tourists is the Approved Destination Status, a 10-year multiple-entry visa which Chinese travelers can apply for to make their travel much smoother. With more than 82 connecting flights a week between the two countries, traveling to Canada has never been easier. 51. Which of the following about Glacier Skywalk is true? A. It is promoted by a tourism organization from Beijing. B. It has no chance to become a new Canadian landmark. C. It is mainly designed to let visitors have a brand-new experience. D. It is far away from the Columbia Icefield Glacier Discovery Center. 52. The slogan of travel Alberta’s global promotional campaign ―Remember to breathe‖ is used to ________. A. warn tourists of the danger there B. describe the beauty of Glacier Skywalk C. indicate the excitement of walking through a glacier D. remind people to slow down and enjoy every moment B Popcorn at the Movies Advertising uses repetition to increase consumers’ preference for brands. Particularly for novel brands, much exposure and repetition is necessary to establish the brand name in the first place. Do you still remember your feeling when you see or hear the names YAHOO or GOOGLE for the first time? Now they are imprinted in your brain. Basic psychological research has already shown that repeatedly perceived (感知) information is easier to be remembered for the brain process. Recent research has shown that repetition effects actually are originally caused from the mouth. Each time we come across a person’s or product name, the lips and the tongue automatically simulate (模仿) the pronunciation of that name. This happens without our awareness and without actual mouth movements. During inner speech, the brain attempts to say the novel name. When names are
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presented repeatedly, this simulation happens repeatedly. However, if this inner speech is disturbed, for instance during chewing gum or whispering another word, the repetition effect vanishes. An interesting experiment was conducted in movie theaters. 96 participants were invited to a real movie theater and were presented a block of commercials and a movie later on. Half of the participants received popcorn to eat. For them, the mouth was occupied with chewing the popcorn so the mouth muscles could not engage in inner speech when watching the ads for the novel brands. The other half of the participants only received a small sugar cube, which dissolved quickly in their mouth so that the mouth muscles were free to simulate the pronunciation of the brand names. The participants were invited to the lab one week after the cinema session. They were presented with images of products. Half of these products had been advertised in the cinema session; the other half were completely novel products. Participants were asked to indicate the products that they liked, and their physiological (生理的) responses were measured. Those participants who had only received a sugar cube proved that there was a clear advertising effect. They preferred advertised novel products and also showed positive physiological responses of familiarity for advertised products. However, those participants who had eaten popcorn while watching the commercials one week before showed no such advertising effect. 53. Why does the author mention Yahoo and Google in Paragraph One? A. To remind readers of brand names. B. To prove the influence of repetition. C. To compare the effects of two brands. D. To draw readers’ attention to the research. 54. What does the underlined word ―vanish‖ probably mean? A. Disappear. B. Improve. C. Reduce. D. Occur. 55. One week after the cinema session, the participants who ate sugar cube ________. A. held positive attitude toward movies B. showed preference for advertisements C. tended to choose the advertised products D. felt familiar with the commercials and the movies 56. Where is the passage likely to have been taken from? A. A psychological report. B. An entertainment website. C. A commercial advertisement. D. A popular science magazine. C Is this happening in your neighborhood? Children, notebook computers stuck under their arms, await the yellow bus for the trip to middle school. On the surface, the question of computers in schools is a no-brainer. It would be strange to insist that today’s technology shouldn’t be used to make the classroom experience more individualized, more effective, more immediate, more exciting. Computers have been in schools more than 20 years—and probably even done some good. But the idea of a personal computer as a necessary daily tool for every American grammar school pupil is altogether a different thing. Be aware of the seemingly attractive vision of 10-year-olds doing most of their work—and homework—on a computer. It is another illusory silver bullet that promises
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to solve all of society’s ills through technology. Regardless of whether parents or taxpayers buy the machinery, it’s bad policy. Determining the proper role of computers in schools is too important to be left to computer suppliers and educators. An educated public with clear and realistic expectations needs to help determine the right track for technology. Educators forever seem to seek the ultimate in teaching tools. They are always preoccupied with innovation—junior high school, new math, whole language, open classrooms, and mastery learning, to name a few. Some ideas turned out well and over time have earned permanent positions in our education systems. Other reflected change for changes’ sake and wound up in the trash bin, where they belong. Exactly what is to be solved with computers in schools? Are we looking to improve instructional capacity and flexibility? Are we trying to make teachers and aids more productive by letting students take advantage of programmed learning tools? This all sounds good, and much has been accomplished with computer-assisted instruction. But that’s not the same as making the computer a symbol of well-tempered educational policy. There’s danger in the message that a child is not fully educated if he or she can’t surf the World Wide Web skillfully, move around in Windows or the Founder, use a word processing program, or program in Logo or Basic. These skills can be learned outside the classroom. Worse, the time it takes students to acquire them is time stolen from the teaching schedule—and that’s a bad trade. And what kind of computers should be purchased? We’re not talking brand names. Most school systems don’t have the money to replace PCs or Macs on the two-to-three-year cycle that shifting technologies demand. On the other hand, $2500—the cost of just one computer—invested in books for the school library produces wealth that has, shall we say, a longer shelf life. And who changes the factory culture of schoolrooms to allow computers to be more effective? And who teaches the teachers? These are the really tough issues—the ones that more hardware won’t solve. Children are best served when schools contribute to shaping the solid foundations on which their future will be built. The student who can read with curiosity and understanding, who has mastered basic mathematical concepts, who can evaluate ideas critically, is the one schools should aim to produce. 57. A ―no-brainer‖ in the third sentence of the first paragraph probably means ________. A. something that is taken for granted B. an idea that is brainless and foolish C. a proposal that is not worthy of serious consideration D. a machine that can never take the place of human brain 58. According to the author, teaching computer in the school classroom is bad practice because ________. A. the computer is too expensive a luxury for school pupils B. the pupils are not intelligently mature enough to master the skills
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C. it takes too much time which might have been spent on regular courses D. the pupils can learn nothing from computer-assisted instruction 59. In the last paragraph the author implies that ________. A. computer skills contribute nothing to a proper education B. computer teaching is an essential part of an education C. the fundamental purpose of an education is being ignored D. teachers should be taught how to teach computer skills D The First Hello The man from the telephone department got off the bus, and made his way to the tea stall, wiping the sweat off his head, face, then slipping his handkerchief under his shirt to wipe his neck and back. It was a year ago that the phone line had been installed, six months later men from the public works department had come to put up the phone booth—a neat box-like structure, with a glass window, and wooden ledges, yellow in colour. And days after that, a painter had taken an entire day to colour in broad, black brushstrokes, the words: STD Booth, local and STD allowded. No one could tell that the last word had been misspelled. Besides, he had taken the entire day. After he had a cup of tea, he left, waving cheerfully. And now months later, someone else was here again. Everyone watched the man as he sat on the bench. No one said a word, and soon the sound of him slurping his tea filled the hot afternoon. A few leaves fell, heavy in the heat, and sometimes a car passed, on its way to the main city farther away. When the man had finished, he tried to pay but the tea shop owner who sat behind his steaming kettle and the washed upturned cups, waved him away. ―You are our guest here.‖ So the man took his handkerchief out again and wiped his face. They crowded around him as he shut himself up in the phone booth. When the children pressed their nose against the glass, he shooed them away, as he took out a shiny black instrument and placed it on the narrow shelf. A sigh of satisfaction passed through everyone that soon changed to an excited yell as they saw him dial a number, pressing a finger into the ringed dialer of the phone and letting it go all the way in a half-circle. A while later, they hear him say into the mouthpiece, ―Hello.‖ ―Hello,‖ the children around the booth took up the cry, the teashop owner broke into a smile and the men waiting for a bus smiled and said hello to each other. The sadhu(印度的僧人) who sat under the banyan tree nodded wisely. As the sound carried, more hellos were heard. The women winnowing grain giggled as they tried the word tentatively, the shepherds feeding their flocks called out to their sheep, laughing as they used the word. ―It’s a big occasion,‖ said the headman, in an awed(敬畏的) voice. ―It is.‖ agreed those around him. The telephone man emerged and handed over a small chit of paper to the headman. ―This is the telephone number.‖
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The headman looked at it respectfully as if it were a mantra(符咒). The others around him read out the numbers slowly, digit-by-digit. The telephone man was now too tired to notice the cheering around him. He knew he had to wait long before the bus to take him back arrived. As he sipped his second cup of tea, he remembered something else. ―Oh, you can’t start using the phone now. The minister will come next month and inaugurate it.‖ No one said a word. No one was surprised. They had waited so long; a month more did not really matter. 60. In the story, fitting a working telephone booth __________. A. was a process that had already taken 12 months B. was in the charge of the headman C. was finished more than a year ago D. was an artistic challenge for a local painter 61. A misspelled word on the booth __________. A. was a joke shared by the painter and the local people B. made the painter miss his tea break C. went unnoticed by the local people D. kept everyone occupied for an entire day 62. When the man from the telephone department arrived, __________. A. the hot afternoon was filled with quiet expectation B. there was a sudden rush of activity in the village C. he was greeted like a regular customer D. he learned about the village while having a nice drink 63. What can be inferred from the story? A. The man from the telephone department had a mentally demanding job. B. Only the minister had the authority to make the first call. C. It was a distant village free from modern technology. D. Few of the local children went to school for education. 64. The examples of the children, the teashop owner, the men waiting for the bus, the women and the shepherds are given to illustrate __________. A. the local people’s curiosity for the new thing B. the ignorance of the local people C. the local people’s enthusiasm for English learning D. the popularity of the man from the telephone department 65. What words can be used to best describe the local people? A. Innocent and cooperative. B. Friendly and respectful. C. Patient and competent. D. Independent and admirable.

第四部分:词汇检测(共 5 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 5 分)
请认真阅读小列各小题,并根据上下文语境和所给首字母的提示,写出下列各句空格中的
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单词,注意保持语义和形式的一致。请将答案 的完整形式 写在答题卡上相应题号的横线上。 .. ..... 66. --- I hear that the poet likes going to the beach whenever he’s free. Do you know why? --- As I remember, he once said on TV that the beach is a rich source of i ▲ for him. 67. --- Are the two countries still at war? --- Luckily, after lengthy talks they finally reached a c ▲ . 68. --- A successful company must be one that can learn to adapt to the change of markets. --- I can’t agree more, because we all know that markets are d ▲ . 69. --- Last year I went to Luoyang and visited the first Buddhist temple in China. --- Terrific! Is the temple the one d ▲ from AD 68? 70. --- Abraham Lincoln is considered as the hero in the American history. --- Absolutely! Slavery was a ▲ in America due to the victory of the Civil War led by him.

第五部分:同义转换(共 5 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 5 分)
请认真阅读下列各小题的两句句子,在空格处填上一个单词,使两句句子语义保持不变。 请将答案写在答题卡相应题号的横线上。 (注意:不得使用第一句中的原词。 ) 71. In 1921, Ireland broke away from Britain to form an independent country, and the Irish substituted a new flag for the old one. In 1921, after ▲ off from Britain, Irish got its independence and the Irish substituted a new flag for the old one. 72. Our manager went to France on business yesterday and he will not come back until 2 weeks later. Our manager went to France on business yesterday and it will be a ▲ before he comes back. 73. Having left my hometown for many years, I find that it has changed so much that I can’t recognize it at all. Having left my hometown for many years, I find that it has changed so much, almost beyond all ▲ . 74. My sister is a store clerk. When the store has no customers, she has nothing to do. My sister is a store clerk. When the store has no customers, she has nothing to ▲ herself with. 75. In the centre of the White Horse Temple complex is a south-facing courtyard that is shaped like a rectangle. The White Horse Temple complex is ▲ around a south-facing courtyard that is shaped like a rectangle.

第六部分:任务型阅读(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分)
请认真阅读下列短文,并根据所读内容在文章后表格中的空格里填入一个最恰当的单词。 注意:每个空格只填 1 个单词。请将答案写在答题卷上相应题号的横线上。 Something strange is going on. Between 1997 and 2001, the amount of time that American children aged 8 to 10 spent on outdoor activities declined by 50%. Richard Louv, the author of Last Child in the Woods: Saving Our Children from Nature-Deficit Disorder (自然缺失症), believes this is a factor in the recent rise in childhood depression, attention-deficit disorder and obesity. What’s keeping kids indoors? Louv covers a variety of reasons, starting with the fact that 57
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million Americans now live in homes governed by homeowners’ associations or other neighborhood groups, many of which have rules that restrict outdoor free play. School free play outside is becoming a thing of the past thanks to concerns over lawsuits from parents and the increased focus on testing. Fewer children are playing alone even in their own backyards, due to parents’ fears about ―stranger danger‖. Of course, there’s always soccer, right? Unfortunately, the explosion of organized sports has only served to make matters worse, without providing much of a benefit. Many towns are choosing to destroy areas of natural parkland to make room for more playing fields. But the increase in sports has gone hand-in-hand with that famous rise in childhood obesity. Something isn’t working. Louv presents studies that show how nature can help heal traumatized (受到创伤的) children, fascinate kids who suffer from ADHD and encourage physical exercise and social interaction. He also reminds us of the value in the kind of skill-building experiences that are unique to the outdoors like camping, fishing or constructing a tree house. We’re also in danger of losing an entire generation of potential environmental activists. And guess what? Adults have nature-deficit disorder too. So don’t just send your children outside to play. Go with them! Don’t forget to grab a fishing rod, a sleeping bag or a jar to collect fireflies on your way out. Just be back in time for dinner, okay? Title: Concerns over Nature-Deficit Disorder Phenomenon Potential dangers American children are spending much (76) ▲ time on outdoor activities. It’s believed to be (77) ▲ with the increase in childhood depression, obesity and attention-deficit disorder. * Outdoor free play are (79) ▲ in many neighborhoods. * School free play outside is being reduced due to worries over lawsuits from parents and the increased focus on (80) ▲ . * Children are told not to play alone even in their own backyards to (81) ―stranger danger‖. * The explosion of organized sports makes the situation worse. (82) ▲ of getting close to nature Suggestion ● ● ● ● It can help heal traumatized children and kids who suffer from ADHD. It can (83) ▲ physical exercise and social interaction. It can help kids build many useful outdoor skills. It can help improve kids’ awareness of (84) ▲ protection. ▲ their child outside to play. ▲

(78)



Adults had better (85)

第七部分:书面表达(满分 20 分)
The Elephant and the Fly An elephant was standing and picking leaves from a tree. A small fly came,flying and buzzing near his ear. The elephant waved it away with his long ears. Then the fly came again, and the elephant waved it away once more. This was repeated several times. Then the elephant asked the fly, ―Why are you so restless and noisy? Why can’t you stay for a while in one place? ‖ The fly answered, ―I am attracted to whatever I see, hear or smell. My senses pull me constantly
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in all directions and I cannot resist them. What is your secret? How can you stay so calm and still?‖ The elephant said, ―My senses do not rule my attention. Whatever I do, I get involved in it. Now that I am eating, I am completely absorbed in eating. In this way I can enjoy my food and chew it better. I rule and control my attention. When you are in charge of your senses and attention, your mind will become calm.‖ 【写作内容】 1.以约 30 个词概括短文的内容; 2.然后以约 120 个词就“专注”这一主题发表你的看法,包括以下要点: (1)看完故事后的感受及启发; (2)描述一次你或他人因受太多干扰而使学习、生活或工作受到影响的经历; (3)你打算在高三这一年里如何保持专注。 【写作要求】 1.可以参照阅读材料的内容,但不得直接引用原文中的句子; 2.作文中不能出现真实姓名和学校名称。 【评分标准】 概括准确,语言规范,内容合适,语篇连贯。

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2014—2015 学年第一学期高三期中调研试卷 英语参考答案及听力材料 参考答案:
1- 5 BCCAB 6- 10 CBCBA 11- 15 ABCBB 16-20 CABDA 21-25 ACBBC 26-30 ADDCB 31-35 BACDD 36-40 BBABD 41-45 BAADB 46-50 CBCAB 51-52 CD 53-56 BACD 57- 59 ACC 60- 65 ACACAB 词汇检测: 66. Inspiration/imagination 67. compromise 68. dynamic 69. dating 70. abolished 说明:只要形式错,就不得分,答案必须是单词的完整、正确形式。 同义转换: 71. Splitting/breaking 72. fortnight 73. recognition 74. occupy 75. centred /centered 说明:只要形式错,就不得分,答案必须是单词的完整、正确形式。 任务型阅读: 76. less 77. linked / connected / associated 78. Reasons 79. restricted 80. testing 81. avoid / prevent 82. Benefits / Advantages 83. encourage 84. environmental 85. accompany 说明:只要形式错,就不得分,答案必须是单词的完整、正确形式。 书面表达: An elephant was constantly disturbed by a restless fly, who wondered about the secret of remaining calm. The elephant revealed that calmness would be obtained when one’s senses and attention were focused. (32 词) Inspired by what the elephant said, I realized the ability to focus one’s attention is the key to success. Any person, if easily distracted, is unable to achieve his success. This reminds me of what happened in my primary school. I once signed up for too many various after-class activities. As a result, I didn’t spend enough time on my studies. Consequently, I fell behind and failed in exams. Since then I know that one should focus on one thing before it is well done. As a Senior Three student, having set a clear goal, I will give priority to it, trying to resist any temptation. I’m fully
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aware that only with a determined mind can I achieve my goal. (120 词) 书面表达评分建议 一、评分原则 1. 本题总分为 20 分,按 5 个档次给分。 2. 评分时,可先根据文章的内容和语言初步确定其所属档次,然后以该档次的要求来衡量,确 定或调整档次,最后给分。 3. 少于 130 词或多于 170 词的,从总分中酌情减去 1-2 分。 4. 评分时,应注意的主要内容为:内容要点、运用词汇和语法结构的数量和准确性、上下文的 连贯性及语言的得体性。 5. 拼写和标点符号是语言准确性的一个方面,评分时,应视其对交际的影响程度予以考虑。英 美拼写及词汇用法均可接受。 6. 如字迹难以辨认,以致影响交际,将分数降低一个档次。 7. 书面表达的分差,设定为 4 分。 二、内容要点 1. 约 30 个词概括短文的内容: 5 分; 2 约 120 个词就“专注”这一主题发表看法: (1)看完故事后的感受及启发: 4 分; (2)描述一次你或他人因受太多干扰而使学习、生活或工作受到影响的经历: 5 分; (3)你打算在高三这一年里如何保持专注: 6 分。 三、各档次的给分范围和要求 完全完成了试题规定的任务。 ? 覆盖所有内容要点。 ? 语法结构和词汇有个别小错误,但为尽量使用较复杂结构或较高级词汇 (很好) 所致;具备较强的语言运用能力。 (18—20 分) ? 有效地使用了衔接手段,全文结构紧凑,内容连贯。 完全达到了预期的写作目的。 第五档 完成了试题规定的任务。 ? 虽漏掉一、二个次重点,但覆盖所有主要内容。 ? 应用的语法结构和词汇能满足任务的要求。 ? 语法结构和词汇方面应用基本准确,少许错误主要是因为尝试较复杂语 (好) 法结构或词汇所致。 (14—17 分) ? 应用简单的语句间的衔接手段,全文结构紧凑,内容较连贯。 达到了预期的写作目的。 第四档 基本完成了试题规定的任务。 ? 虽漏掉一些内容,但基本覆盖主要内容。 ? 应用的语法结构和词汇能满足任务的要求。 (中等) ? 有一些语法结构或词汇方面的错误,但不影响理解。 (10—13 分) ? 应用简单的衔接手段,内容基本连贯。 整体而言,基本达到了预期的写作目的。 第三档

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第二档

(较差) (6—9 分) 第一档

未恰当完成试题规定的任务。 ? 漏掉或未清楚描述某些主要内容,写了一些无关内容。 ? 语法结构单一,所用词汇有限。 ? 有一些语法结构或词汇方面的错误,影响了对所写内容的理解。 ? 较少使用衔接手段,内容缺少连贯性。 信息未能清楚地传达给读者。 未完成试题规定的任务。 ? 明显遗漏主要内容,写了一些无关内容。 ? 语法结构单一,所用词汇不当。 ? 有较多语法结构或词汇方面的错误,影响内容理解。 ? 缺乏语句间的衔接手段,内容不连贯。 信息未能传达给读者。 未能传达给读者任何信息:内容太少,无法评判;所写内容均与试题要求 内容无关或无法看清。

(差) (1—5 分)

0分

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