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流量行业基本单位换算和常用参数_图文


附录 3 流量行业部分通用图表
附 3.1 常用图表 附 3.1.1 体积单位换算表
附表 3-1 体积单位换算表

注: 1964 年国际计量委员会第十二届国际计量大会决议声明, “升”词作为立方分米的专门名称, 因此, “升” 与立方分米不再有数量差别。

附 3.1.2 质量单位换算表
附表 3-2 质量单位换算表

附 3.1.3 英寸与毫米单位换算表
附表 3-3 英寸与毫米单位换算表

附 3.1.4 毫米与英寸单位换算表
附表 3-4 毫米与英寸单位换算表

附 3.1.5 体积流量单位换算表
附表 3-5 体积流量单位换算表

附 3.1.6 质量流量单位换算表

附表 3-6

质量流量单位换算表

附 3.1.7 密度单位换算表
附表 3-7 密度单位换算表

附 3.1.8 压力单位换算表
附表 3-8 压力单位换算表

注:1、1 工程大气压(at)=1 公斤力/厘米 2。 2、用水柱表示的压力,是以纯水在 4℃时的密度值为标准的。

附 3.1.9 温度单位换算表
附表 3-9 温度单位换算表

附 3.1.10 动力黏度单位换算表

附表 3-10

动力黏度单位换算表

附 3.1.11 运动黏度单位换算表
附表 3-11 运动黏度单位换算表

附 3.1.12 功、能及热量单位换算表
附表 3-12 功、能及热量单位换算表

附 3.1.13 管道内流速常用值
附表 3-13 管道内流速常用值/(m/s)

附 3.1.14 流量-管道内平均流速关系图

附图 3-1

流量-管道内平均流速关系图

附 3.1.15 ANSI(美国国家标准)和 DIN(德国国家标准)的标准管径

附表 3-14

ANSI(美国国家标准)的标准管径

附 3.1.16 常用材料的热膨胀系数 λ×106
附表 3-15 常用材料的热膨胀系数 λ×106

①采用该列数据时,工作温度下的管道内径或节流件开孔直径,应采用下式计算:D=D20[1+λD(t-25)]; d=d20[1+λd(t-25)]。 ②灰口铸铁的 20~100℃范围为 10~100℃范围。 ③采用该列数据时,工作温度下的管道内径或节流件开孔直径,应采用下式计算:D=D20[1+λD(t-0)]; d=d20[1+λd(t-0)]。

附 3.1.17 气体流量换算公式
附表 3-16 气体流量换算公式

附 3.2 气体的物理性质图表 附 3.2.1 气体性质表
附表 3-17 气体性质表
临 界 点

名称

分子式

理想相对 密度 压缩系数 比热容比 沸点 理想密度 ρn 偏心 Gi Zn κ Tb/K 相对分子质 /(kg/m3)20℃ 20℃ 20℃ 20℃ 压缩 因子 量 101.325k 101.325 101.325 101.325 101.325 温度 Tc 压力 pc 密度 ρc 系数 ω Pa /K /MPa /(kg/m3) kPa kPa kPa kPa Zc (空气=1)

空气(干) 氮 氧 氦 氢 氪 氙 氖 氩 甲烷 乙烷 丙烷 正丁烷 异丁烷 正戊烷 乙烯 丙烯 丁烯—1 顺丁烯 —2 反丁烯 —2 异丁烯 乙炔 苯 一氧化碳 二氧化碳 一氧化氮 二氧化氮 一氧化二 氮 硫化氢 氢氰酸 氧硫化碳 臭氧 二氧化硫 氟 氯 氯甲烷 氯乙烷 氨 氟里昂 —11 氟里昂 —12 氟里昂 —13

N2 O2 He H2 Kr Xe Ne Ar CH4 C2H6 C3H8 C4H10 C4H10 C5H12 C2H4 C3H6 C4H8 C4H8 C4H8 C4H8 C2H2 C6H6 CO CO2 NO NO2 N2O H2S HCN COS O3 SO2 F2 Cl2 CH3Cl C2H5Cl NH3 CCl3F CCl2F2 CClF3

28.9626 28.0135 31.9988 4.0026 2.0159 83.80 131.30 20.183 39.948 16.043 30.07 44.097 58.124 58.124 72.151 28.054 42.081 56.108 56.108 56.108 56.108 26.038 78.114 28.0106 44.00995 30.0061 46.0055 44.0128 34.07994 27.0258 60.0746 47.9982 64.0628 37.9968 70.906 50.488 64.515 17.0306 137.3683 120.914 104.4594

1.2041 1.1646 1.3302 0.1664 0.0838 3.4835 5.4582 083914 1.6605 0.6669 1.2500 1.8332 2.4163 2.4163 2.9994 1.1660 1.7495 2.3326 2.3327 2.3327 2.3327 1.083. 3.2476 1.165 1.829 1.2474 1.9121 1.8302 1.4169 11235 2.4973 1.9952 2.726 1.5798 2.9476 2.0990 2.6821 0.7080 5.7110 5.0269 4.3428

1.0000 0.9672 1.1048 0.1382 0.0696 2.893 4.533 0.6969 1.379 0.5539 1.0382 1.5224 2.0067 2.0067 2.4910 0.9686 1.4526 1.9373 1.9373 1.9373 1.9373 0.8990 2.6971 0.9674 1.519 1.036 1.588 1.520 1.1767 0.9331 2.074 1.657 2.212 1.312 2.448 1.7432 2.2275 0.5880 4.7430 4.1748/ 3.6067

0.99963 0.9997 0.9993 1.0005 1.0006

1.0005 0.9993 0.9981 0.9920 0.9834 0.9682 0.9474 0.9940 0.985 0.972 0.969 0.969 0.972 0.993 0.9326 0.9996 0.9946

1.4* 1.4* 1.397* 1.66 1.412* 1.67 1.666 1.68 1.68 1.315* 1.18* 1.13* 1.10* 1.11* 1.07* 1.22* 1.15* 1.11* 1.1214* 1.1073* 1.1058* 1.24 1.101 1.395 1.295 1.4 1.31 1.274

78.8 77.35 90.17 4.215 20.38 119.79 165.02 27.09 87.291 111.6 184.6 231.05 272.65 261.45 309.25 169.45 225.45 266.85 276.85 274.05 266.25 189.13 (升华) 353.25 81.65 194.75 (升华) 121.45 294.35 184.69 212.85 298.85 222.95 181.2 263.15 85.03 238.55 249.39 285.45 239.75 296.95 243.35 191.75

132.42 126.2 154.78 5.19 32.2 209.4 289.75 44.4 150.7 190.555 305.83 369.82 425.14 408.15 469.69 283.35 364.85 419.53 433.15 428.15 417.85 309.15

3.766 317 0.312 3.393 312 0.290 0.039 5.043 426.2 0.288 0.025 0.227 69.9 0.301 -0.365 1.297 31.04 0.305 -0.218 5.502 909 0.288 0.005 5.874 1105 0.287 0.008 2.726 483 0.311 -0.029 4.864 535 0.291 0.001 4.5998 161.55 0.288 0.0115 4.880 202.9 0.285 0.0908 4.250 216.6 0.281 0.1454 3.784 227.7 0.274 0.1928 3.648 220.5 0.283 0.176 3.364 237.9 0.262 0.2510 5.042 227 0.276 0.0856 4.611 232.7 0.275 0.1477 4.023 233.4 0.277 0.1874 4.20 3.99 3.998 6.247 198.9 234.7 234 231 302.1 300.4 468.1 52 570 457 338.5 200 537 524 473 573 353 330 235 554 558 578 0.275 0.105 0.228 0.691 0.269 0.251 0.048 0.285 0.090 0.269 0.156 0.274 0.190 0.250 0.297 0.189 0.280 0.204 0.278 0.198 0.272 0.202 0.266 0.205 0.275 0.194 0.270 0.190 0.271 0.210 0.295 0.053 0.274 0.239 0.250 0.588 0.473 0.834 0.274 0.165 0.284 0.109

562.16 43898 132.85 3.494 304.20 179.15 431.35 309.71 373.2 456.65 378.15 261.05 430.65 172.15 417.15 416.15 455.95 405.65 471.15 385.15 302.05 7.382 6.482 10.13 7.267 8.940 5.374 6.178 5.57 7.885 5.570 7.708 6.678 5.266 11.28 4.374 3.923 3.864

0.9911

1.32 1.31 (65℃)

0.980

0.989

1.25 1.358 1.35 1.28 1.19 (16℃, 0.3~ 0.5atm 1.32 1.135 1.138 1.150 10℃)

氟里昂 —113

CCl2FCClF2

187.3765

7.7900

6.4696

320.75

478.25

3.413

576

附 3.2.2 空气的压缩系数表
附表 3-18 空气的压缩系数

附 3.2.3 氮的压缩系数表
附表 3-19 氮的压缩系数表

附 3.2.4 氧的压缩系数表
附表 3-20 氧的压缩系数表

附 3.2.5 氩的压缩系数表
附表 3-21 氩的压缩系数表

附 3.2.6 氢的压缩系数表
附表 3-22 氢的压缩系数表

附 3.2.7 甲烷的压缩系数表
附表 3-23 甲烷的压缩系数表

附 3.2.8 一氧化碳的压缩系数表

附表 3-24

一氧化碳的压缩系数表

附 3.2.9 二氧化碳的压缩系数表

附表 3-25

二氧化碳的压缩系数表

附 3.2.10 水蒸气的压缩系数表
附表 3-26 水蒸气的压缩系数表

附 3.2.11 空气的压缩系数图

附图 3-2

空气的压缩系数 Z 图

附 3.2.12 氮气的压缩系数图

附图 3-3

氮气的压缩系数 Z 图

附 3.2.13 氧气的压缩系数图

附图 3-4

氧气的压缩系数 Z 图

附 3.2.14 氢气的压缩系数图

附图 3-5

氢气的压缩系数 Z 图

附 3.2.15 氩气的压缩系数图

附图 3-6

氩气的压缩系数 Z 图

附 3.2.16 甲烷的压缩系数图

附图 3-7

甲烷的压缩系数 Z 图

附 3.2.17 一氧化碳的压缩系数图

附图 3-8

一氧化碳的压缩系数 Z 图

附 3.2.18 二氧化碳的压缩系数图

附图 3-9

二氧化碳的压缩系数 Z 图

附 3.2.19 氦气的压缩系数图

附图 3-10

氦气的压缩系数 Z 图

附 3.2.20 氨气的压缩系数图

附图 3-11

氨气的压缩系数 Z 图

附 3.2.21 氯气的压缩系数图

图 3-12

氯气的压缩系数 Z 图

附 3.2.22 乙炔的压缩系数图

附图 3-13

乙炔的压缩系数 Z 图

附 3.2.23 乙烯的压缩系数图

附图 3-14

乙烯的压缩系数 Z 图

附 3.2.24 乙烷的压缩系数图

附图 3-15

乙烷的压缩系数 Z 图

附 3.2.25 n-丁烷的压缩系数图

附图 3-16

n-丁烷的压缩系数 Z 图

附 3.2.26 i-丁烷的压缩系数图

附图 3-17

i-丁烷的压缩系数 Z 图

附 3.2.27 丙烯的压缩系数图

附图 3-18

丙烯的压缩系数 Z 图

附 3.2.28 丙烷的压缩系数图

附图 3-19

丙烷的压缩系数 Z 图

附 3.2.29 一氧化氯的压缩系数图

附图 3-20

一氧化氯的压缩系数 Z 图

附 3.2.30 氢氮气体的压缩系数图

附图 3-21 氢氮气体的压缩系数 Z 图 用于 N225%,H275%(体积百分比)的气体

附 3.2.31 焦炉煤气的压缩系数图

附图 3-22

焦炉煤气的压缩系数 Z 图

附 3.2.32 天然气的压缩系数图

附图 3-23

天然气的压缩系数 Z 图

附 3.2.33 气体的压缩系数与对比参数关系图

注:最大偏差<1%,不适用于 H2、He、H2O、NH3 与含有 H2 的混合气体。 (a)

附图 3-24

气体的压缩系数与对比参数关系图

注:最大偏差<2.5%,不适合用于不适用于 H2、He、H2O、NH3、甲基氟化物 (b)

附图 3-24

气体的压缩系数与对比参数关系图(续)

注:最大偏差<5%,不适合用于不适用于 H2、He、H2O、NH3、methylfluoride 及含有 H2 的混合气体。 (c)

附图 3-24

气体压缩系数与对比参数关系图(续)

注:最大偏差<5%,不适合用于不适用于 H2、He、H2O、NH3、methylfluoride 及含有 H2 的混合气体。 (d)

附图 3-24

气体压缩系数与对比参数关系图(续)

注:最大偏差<5%,不适合用于不适用于 H2、He、H2O、NH3、methylfluoride 及含有 H2 的混合气体。 (e) 附图 3-24 气体压缩系数与对比参数关系图(续)

附 3.2.34 理想气体的比定压热容 cp
附表 3-27 理想气体的比定压热容 cp/(kJ/kg· K)

附 3.2.35 气体的比热容比 cp/cv

附表 3-28

气体的比热容比 cp/cv 表

附 3.2.36 不同压力和温度下甲烷 cp 和 cv 值表
附表 3-29 不同压力和温度下甲烷 cp 和 cv 值表

附 3.2.37 饱和气体的水分含量
附表 3-30 饱和气体的水分含量

注:f-对干气体而言的绝对湿度,0℃,101.325kPa 时的数值; f’-对湿气体而言的绝对湿度,0℃,101.325kPa 时的数值。

附 3.2.38 空气的等熵指数图

附图 3-25

空气的等熵指数 ? 图

附 3.2.39 氮气的等熵指数图

附图 3-26

氮气的等熵指数 ? 图

附 3.2.40 氧气的等熵指数图

附图 3-27

氧气的等熵指数 ? 图

附 3.2.41 氢气的等熵指数图

附图 3-28

氢气的等熵指数 ? 图

附 3.2.42 二氧化碳的等熵指数图

附图 3-29

二氧化碳的等熵指数 ? 图

附 3.2.43 氨气的等熵指数图

附图 3-30

氨气的等熵指数 ? 图

附 3.2.44 甲烷的等熵指数图

附图 3-31

甲烷的等熵指数 ? 图

附 3.2.45 水蒸气的等熵指数图

附图 3-32

水蒸气的等熵指数 ? 图 1bar=105Pa

附 3.2.46 天然气的等熵指数图

附图 3-33

天然气的等熵指数图

附图 3-33

天然气的等熵指数图(续)

附图 3-33

天然气的等熵指数图(续)

附 3.2.47 碳氢气体的比热容比 cp/cv 图

附图 3-34

碳氢气体的比热容比 cp/cv 图

附 3.2.48 天然气的声速 几种典型的天然气声速和组分如表 3-31 所示。 附图 3-35 所示为“Gulf Coast”(Gr=0.58) 天然气的声速。 附图 3-36 所示为天然气声速(t=16℃) 。
附表 3-31 天然气声速和组分

附图 3-35

“Gulf Coast”(Gr=0.58)天然气的声速

附图 3-36

天然气声速(t=16℃)

附 3.2.49 求气体黏度的 X、Y 值表(表 3.32)和一般气体在常压下的黏度 ? (图 3.37)

附表 3-32

求气体黏度 X、Y 值表

附图 3-37

一般气体在常压下的黏度图

应用示例:求空气粘度。查表空气的 X=11.0,Y=20.0 在图中找到该点, 其与左侧温度坐标的连线的延长线与右侧粘度坐标的交点即为该温度 下的粘度值。如图 3-38 所示空气在 100℃时的粘度 ? =0.021 mPa ? s ,400℃时的粘度

? =0.031 mPa ? s 。

附图 3-38

空气在常压下的黏度图的应用示例

附 3.3 液体的物理性质图表 附 3.3.1 液体的性质表
附表 3-33 液体的性质表

附 3.3.2 液体黏度的实验值和计算系数

附表 3-34

液体黏度的实验值和计算系数

附 3.3.3 求液体黏度的 X、Y 值表和一般液体在常压下的黏度图
附表 3-35 求液体黏度的 X、Y 值表

附图 3-39

一般液体在常压下的黏度图 ?

应用示例:求水的粘度。查表水的 X=10.2,Y=13.0 在图中找到该点, 其与左侧温度坐标的连线的延长线与右侧粘度坐标的交点即为该温度 下的粘度值。 如图 3-40 示水在 10℃时的粘度 ? =1.3 mPa ? s , 50℃时的粘度 ? =0.6 mPa ? s 。

附图 3-40 一般液体在常压下的黏度图 ?的应用示例

附 3.3.4 油品的黏度图

附图 3-41

油品的黏度图

附 3.3.5 甘油的动力黏度图

附图 3-42

甘油的动力黏度图

附 3.3.6 液体的膨胀系数图

附图 3-43

液体的膨胀系数图

附 3.3.7 石油的相对密度图

附图 3-44

石油的相对密度图

20 d 4 ——相对密度,表示 20℃时单位体积的石油质量与 4℃时同体积水的质量之比;G——相对密度

附 3.3.8 液体的声速

附表 3-36

液体的声速

资料来源:机械工程手册电机工程手册编辑委员会编.机械工程手册.第 1 卷第 9 篇.北京:机械工程出版社, 1996 年第 2 版。

附 3.3.9 水溶液电导率
附表 3-37 水溶液电导率

附 3.3.10 纯液体电导率
附表 3-38 纯液体电导率

附 3.4 水和水蒸气的物理性质表 附 3.4.1 水的密度 ?
附表 3-39
压力 p /MPa 0.001 0.005 0.01 0.05 0.1 0.15 0.20 0.25 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.9 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.8 1.9 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.7 2.8 2.9 3.0 3.1 3.2 0 999.8000 999.8000 999.8000 999.8000 999.8000 999.9000 999.9000 999.9000 999.9000 1000 1000 1000.1 1000.1 1000.2 1000.2 1000.3 1000.3 1000.4 1000.4 1000.5 1000.5 1000.6 1000.6 1000.7 1000.7 1000.801 1000.801 1000.901 1000.901 1000.001 1000.001 1000.101 1001.101 1001.201 1001.201 1001.302 1001.302 1001.402 10 — 999.7000 999.8000 999.8000 999.8000 999.8000 999.8000 999.9000 999.9000 999.9000 1000 1000 1000.1 1000.1 1000.2 1000.2 1000.3 1000.3 1000.4 1000.4 1000.5 1000.5 1000.5 1000.6 1000.6 1000.7 1000.7 1000.801 1000.801 1000.901 1000.901 1000.001 1000.001 1000.101 1001.101 1001.201 1001.201 1001.302 20 — 998.3028 998.3029 998.3029 998.3029 998.3029 998.4026 998.4026 998.4026 998.5022 998.5022 998.5022 998.6020 998.6020 998.7017 998.7017 998.8014 998.8014 998.9012 998.9012 999.001 999.001 999.001 999.101 999.101 999.201 999.201 999.301 999.301 999.4004 999.4004 999.5003 999.5003 999.5003 999.6 999.6 999.7 999.7 30 — —

水的密度 ? / (kg/m3)
温 度 t/℃ 40 — — 992.2604 992.2604 992.2604 992.3588 992.3588 992.3588 992.3588 992.4573 992.4573 992.5558 992.5558 992.5558 992.6544 992.6544 992.7529 992.7529 992.8515 992.8515 992.9501 992.9501 992.9501 993.0487 993.0487 993.1473 993.1473 993.2459 993.2459 993.3446 993.3446 993.3446 993.4433 993.4433 993.5420 993.5420 993.6407 993.6407 50 — — — 988.0447 988.0447 988.0447 988.1423 988.1423 988.1423 988.2399 988.2399 988.2399 988.3376 988.3376 988.4353 988.4353 988.5330 988.5330 988.6307 988.6307 988.7285 988.7285 988.7285 988.8263 988.8263 988.9241 988.9241 989.0219 989.0219 989.1197 989.1197 989.1197 989.2175 989.2175 989.3154 989.3154 989.4133 989.4133 60 — — — 983.1875 983.1875 983.1875 983.1875 983.2842 983.2842 983.2842 983.3809 983.3809 983.4776 983.4776 983.5743 983.5743 983.5743 983.6711 983.6711 983.7678 983.7678 983.8646 983.8646 983.9614 983.9614 984.0583 984.0583 984.1551 984.1551 984.1551 984.2520 984.2520 984.3489 984.3489 984.4458 984.4458 984.5427 984.5427 70 — — — 977.7083 977.7083 977.7083 977.7083 977.8039 977.8039 977.8039 977.8995 977.8995 977.9951 977.9951 978.0908 978.0908 978.1864 978.1864 978.1864 978.2821 978.2821 978.3779 978.3779 978.4736 978.4736 978.5693 978.5693 978.6651 978.6651 978.7609 978.7609 978.8567 978.8567 978.8567 978.9525 978.9525 979.0484 979.0484 80 — — — 971.6284 971.6284 971.7229 971.7229 971.7229 971.7229 971.8173 971.8173 971.9118 971.9118 972.0062 972.0062 972.1007 972.1007 972.1852 972.1952 972.2897 972.2897 972.3843 972.3843 972.4788 972.4788 972.5734 972.5734 972.5734 972.6680 972.6680 972.7626 972.7626 972.8573 972.8573 972.9519 972.9519 973.0466 973.0466 90 — — — — 965.1578 965.1578 965.1578 965.1578 965.2510 965.2510 965.3441 965.3441 965.4373 965.4373 965.5306 965.5306 965.6238 965.6238 965.7170 965.7170 965.8103 965.8103 965.9036 965.9036 965.9969 965.9969 966.0902 966.0902 966.1836 966.1836 966.2769 966.2769 966.3703 966.3703 966.4637 966.4637 966.5571 966.5571

995.7184 995.7184 995.7184 995.8176 995.8176 995.8176 995.8176 995.9167 995.9167 996.0159 996.0159 996.0159 996.1152 996.1152 996.2144 996.2144 996.3136 996.3136 996.4129 996.4129 996.4129 996.5122 996.5122 996.612 996.612 996.7109 996.7109 996.8102 996.8102 996.8102 996.9096 996.9096 997.009 997.009 997.1084 997.1084

3.3 3.4 3.5 3.6 3.7 3.8 3.9 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.6 4.7 4.8 4.9 5.0 5.2 5.4 5.6 5.8 6.0 6.2 6.4 6.6 6.8 7.0 7.2 7.4 7.6 7.8 8.0 8.2 8.4 8.6 8.8 9.0 9.2 9.4 9.6 9.8 10

1001.402 1001.502 1001.502 1001.603 1001.6025 1001.0703 1001.7028 1001.8032 1001.8032 1001.9036 1001.9036 1002.004 1002.004 1002.1044 1002.1044 1002.2048 1002.2048 1002.3053 1002.4057 1002.5062 1002.6067 1002.7073 1002.8078 1002.9084 1003.009 1003.1096 1003.2102 1003.3109 1003.4116 1003.5122 1003.613 1003.7137 1003.8145 1003.9152 1003.9152 1004.016 1004.1168 1004.2177 1004.3185 1004.4194 1004.5203 1004.6212 1004.7221

1001.302 1001.302 1001.402 1001.402 1001.5022 1001.5022 1001.6025 1001.6025 1001.7028 1001.7028 1001.8032 1001.8032 1001.9036 1001.9036 1002.004 1002.004 1002.004 1002.1044 1002.2048 1002.3053 1002.4057 1002.5062 1002.6067 1002.7073 1002.7073 1002.8078 1002.9084 1003.009 1003.1096 1003.2102 1003.3109 1003.4116 1003.5122 1003.613 1003.7137 1003.8145 1003.9152 1004.016 1004.016 1004.1168 1004.2177 1004.3185 1004.4194

999.8 999.8 999.9 999.9 1000 1000 1000 1000.1 1000.1 1000.2 1000.2 1000.3 1000.3 1000.4 1000.4 1000.4 1000.5 1000.5 1000.6 1000.7 1000.801 1000.901 1001.001 1001.1012 1001.2014 1001.3016 1001.3016 1001.4019 1001.5022 1001.6025 1001.7028 1001.8032 1001.9036 1002.004 1002.1044 1002.1044 1002.2048 1002.3053 1002.4057 1002.5062 1002.6067 1002.7073 1002.8078

997.2078 997.2078 997.2078 997.3073 997.3073 997.4067 997.4067 997.5062 997.5062 997.6057 997.6057 997.6057 997.7053 997.7053 997.8048 997.8048 997.9044 997.9044 998.004 998.1036 998.2032 998.3029 998.4026 998.4026 998.5022 998.6020 998.7017 998.8014 998.9012 999.001 999.1008 999.1008 999.2006 999.3005 999.4004 999.5003 999.6002 999.7001 999.8 999.8 999.9 999.9 1000.1

993.7394 993.7394 993.7394 993.8382 993.8382 993.9370 993.9370 994.0358 994.0358 994.0358 994.1346 994.1346 994.2334 994.2334 994.3323 994.3323 994.4312 994.4312 994.5301 994.6290 994.7279 994.7279 994.8269 994.9259 995.0249 995.1239 995.2229 995.3220 995.4211 995.4211 995.5202 995.6193 995.7184 995.8176 995.9167 996.0159 996.1152 996.1152 996.2144 996.3136 996.4129 996.5122 996.6115

989.5112 989.5112 989.5112 989.6091 989.6091 989.7070 989.7070 989.805 989.805 989.9030 989.9030 989.9030 990.001 990.001 990.099 990.099 990.1970 990.1970 990.2951 990.3932 990.4913 990.5894 990.6875 990.6875 990.7857 990.8839 990.9821 991.0803 991.1785 991.2768 991.3750 991.3750 991.4733 991.5716 991.6700 991.7683 991.8667 991.9651 992.0635 992.0635 992.1619 992.2604 992.3588

984.5427 984.6396 984.6396 984.7366 984.7366 984.8336 984.8336 984.9306 984.9306 985.0276 985.0276 985.0276 985.1246 985.1246 985.2217 985.2217 985.3188 985.3188 985.4158 985.5130 985.6101 985.7072 985.8044 985.9016 985.9016 985.9988 986.0960 986.1933 986.2906 986.3878 986.4852 986.5825 986.6798 986.6798 986.7772 986.8746 986.9720 987.0694 987.1668 987.2643 987.3618 987.4593 987.4593

979.1442 979.1442 979.2401 979.2401 979.3360 979.3360 979.4319 979.4319 979.4319 979.5279 979.5279 979.6238 979.6238 979.7198 979.7198 979.8158 979.8158 979.9118 980.0078 980.0078 980.1039 980.2 980.2960 980.3922 980.4883 980.5844 980.6806 980.7768 980.8730 980.9692 981.0654 981.0654 981.1617 981.2580 981.3543 981.4506 981.5469 981.6433 981.7396 981.8360 981.9324 982.0289 982.0289

973.1413 973.1413 973.2360 973.2360 973.3307 973.3307 973.4255 973.4255 973.5202 973.5202 973.6150 973.6150 973.6150 973.7098 973.7098 973.8047 973.8047 973.8995 973.9944 974.0892 974.1841 974.2790 974.3740 974.4689 974.5639 974.5639 974.6589 974.7539 974.8489 974.9439 975.039 975.1341 975.2292 975.3243 975.4194 975.5146 975.6098 975.7049 975.8002 975.8954 975.9906 976.0859 976.0859

966.6506 966.6506 966.7440 966.7440 966.8375 966.8375 966.9310 966.9310 967.0245 967.0245 967.1180 967.1180 967.2115 967.2115 967.3051 967.3051 967.3987 967.3987 967.4923 967.5859 967.6795 967.7732 967.8668 967.9605 968.0542 968.1479 968.2417 968.3354 968.4292 968.5230 968.6168 968.7106 968.8045 968.8984 968.9922 968.0862 969.1801 969.2740 969.3680 969.4619 969.5559 969.6500 969.7440

10.5 11 11.5 12 12.5 13 13.5 14 14.5 15 15.5 16 16.5 17 17.5 18 18.5 19 19.5 20 21 22

1005.0251 1005.2271 1005.5304 1005.7326 1006.0362 1006.2386 1006.4412 1006.7451 1006.9479 1007.2522 1007.4551 1007.7597 1007.9629 1008.1661 1008.4711 1008.6746 1008.9799 1009.1835 1009.3873 1009.693 1010.101 1010.6114

1004.6212 1004.9241 1005.1261 1005.3282 1005.6315 1005.8338 1006.0362 1006.2386 1006.5425 1006.7451 1006.9479 1007.2522 1007.4551 1007.6582 1007.8613 1008.1661 1008.3694 1008.5728 1008.7763 1009.0817 1009.4892 1009.9989

1003.009 1003.2102 1003.4116 1003.7137 1003.9152 1004.1168 1004.3185 1004.5203 1004.8231 1005.0251 1005.2271 1005.4293 1005.6315 1005.8338 1006.1374 1006.3399 1006.5425 1006.7451 1006.9479 1007.1507 1007.6582 1008.0645

1000.3 1000.5002 1000.7004 1001.001 1001.2014 1001.4019 1001.6025 1001.8032 1002.004 1002.3053 1002.5062 1002.7073 1002.9084 1003.1096 1003.3109 1003.5122 1003.7137 1004.016 1004.2177 1004.4194 1004.8231 1005.2271

996.8102 997.009 997.2078 997.4067 997.7053 997.9044 998.1036 998.3029 998.5022 998.7017 998.9012 999.1008 999.4004 999.6002 999.8 1000 1000.2 1000.4 1000.6003 1000.8006 1001.2014 1001.7028

992.5558 992.7529 993.0487 993.2459 993.4433 993.6407 993.8382 994.0358 994.2334 994.5301 994.7279 994.9259 995.1239 995.3220 995.5202 995.7184 995.9167 996.2144 996.4129 996.6115 997.009 997.4067

987.7519 987.9470 988.1423 988.3376 988.5330 988.8263 989.0219 989.2175 989.4133 989.6091 989.9030 990.099 990.2951 990.4913 990.6875 990.8839 991.0803 991.3750 991.5716 991.7683 992.1619 992.5558

982.3183 982.5113 982.7044 982.8976 983.1875 983.3809 983.5743 983.7678 984.0583 984.2520 984.4458 984.6396 984.9306 985.1246 985.3188 985.5130 985.7072 985.9988 986.1933 986.3878 986.7772 987.2643

976.3718 976.5625 976.7533 977.0396 977.2305 977.4216 977.7083 977.8995 978.0908 978.3779 978.5693 978.7609 978.7609 979.2401 979.4319 979.6238 979.8158 980.1039 980.2960 980.4883 980.9692 981.3543

969.9321 970.1203 970.4027 970.5911 970.8738 971.0623 971.2510 971.5341 971.7229 971.9118 972.1952 972.3843 972.6680 972.8573 973.0466 973.3307 973.5202 973.7098 973.9944 974.1841 974.6589 975.039

压力 p /MPa 0.001 0.005 0.01 0.05 0.1 0.15 0.20 0.25 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.9 1.0 1.1 1.2 100 — — — — — 958.1297 958.1297 958.2215 958.2215 958.2215 958.3134 958.4052 958.4052 958.4971 958.4971 958.5890 958.5890 958.6809 110 — — — — — 950.6607 950.7511 950.7511 950.7511 950.8415 950.8415 950.9319 950.9319 951.0223 951.1128 951.1128 951.2033 951.2033 120 — — — — — — 942.8625 942.8625 942.8625 942.9514 942.9514 943.0404 943.1293 943.1293 943.2183 943.2183 943.3072 943.3072 130 — — — — — — — — 934.5794 934.6668 934.6668 934.7542 934.7542 934.8415 934.9289 934.9289 935.0164 935.0164

温 140 — — — — — — — — —

度 t/℃ 150 — — — — — — — — — — 916.7583 916.8424 916.9265 916.9265 917.0105 917.00946 917.1788 917.1788 160 — — — — — — — — — — — — 907.2764 907.3587 907.4410 907.5234 907.5234 907.6057 170 — — — — — — — — — — — — — 897.3439 897.3439 897.4244 897.5049 897.5855 180 — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — 886.9966 886.9966 190 — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — —

925.9259 925.9259 926.0117 926.0974 926.0974 926.1832 926.2690 926.2690 926.3548

1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.8 1.9 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.7 2.8 2.9 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.6 3.7 3.8 3.9 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.6 4.7 4.8 4.9 5.0 5.2 5.4 5.6 5.8 6.0

958.6809 958.7728 958.7728 958.8647 958.8647 958.9567 958.9567 959.0486 959.0486 959.1406 959.1406 959.2326 959.2326 959.3246 959.4167 959.4167 959.5087 959.5087 959.6008 959.6008 959.6929 959.6929 959.7850 959.7850 959.8771 959.8771 959.9693 959.9693 960.0614 960.0614 960.1536 960.1536 960.2458 960.2458 960.3380 960.3380 960.4303 960.4303 960.5225 960.6148 960.7994 960.8917 960.9840

951.2938 951.2938 951.3843 951.3843 951.4748 951.4748 951.5653 951.6559 951.6559 951.7465 951.7465 951.8370 951.8370 951.9277 951.9277 952.0183 952.0183 952.1089 952.1996 952.1996 952.2903 952.2903 952.3810 952.3810 952.4717 952.4717 952.5624 952.5624 952.6531 952.7439 952.7439 952.8347 952.8347 952.9255 952.9255 953.0163 953.0163 953.1071 953.1980 953.2888 953.3797 953.4706 953.5616

943.3962 943.4852 943.4852 943.5743 943.5743 943.6633 943.7524 943.7524 943.8414 943.8414 943.9305 943.9305 944.0196 944.1088 944.1088 944.1979 944.1979 944.2871 944.2871 944.3762 944.4654 944.4654 944.5546 944.5596 944.6439 944.6439 944.7331 944.8224 944.8224 944.9117 944.9117 945.0009 945.0009 945.0903 945.1796 945.1796 945.2689 945.2689 945.3583 945.5371 945.6265 945.7159 945.8054

935.1038 935.1912 935.1912 935.2787 935.3662 935.3662 935.4537 935.4537 935.5412 935.6287 935.6287 935.7163 935.7163 935.8039 935.8914 935.8914 935.9790 935.9790 936.0666 936.1543 936.1543 936.2419 936.2419 936.3296 936.4173 936.4173 936.5050 936.5927 936.5927 936.6804 936.6804 936.7682 936.8559 936.8559 936.9437 936.9437 937.0315 937.1193 937.2071 937.2950 937.3828 937.4707 937.6465

926.4406 926.4406 926.5265 926.5265 926.6123 926.6982 926.6982 926.7841 926.8700 926.8700 926.9559 927.0418 927.0418 927.1278 927.2137 927.2137 927.2997 927.3857 927.3857 927.4717 927.4717 927.5577 927.6438 927.6438 927.7298 927.8159 927.8159 927.9020 927.9881 927.9881 928.0742 928.0742 928.1604 928.2465 928.2465 928.3327 928.4189 928.4189 928.5913 928.6776 928.7638 928.8501 929.0227

917.2629 917.3470 917.3470 917.4312 917.5154 917.5154 917.5996 917.6838 917.6838 917.7680 917.8522 917.9365 917.9365 918.0207 918.1050 918.1050 918.1893 918.2736 918.2736 918.3580 918.4423 918.4423 918.5267 918.6111 918.6111 918.6955 918.7799 918.8643 918.8643 918.9487 919.0332 919.0332 919.1176 919.2021 919.2021 919.2866 919.3712 919.3712 919.5402 919.6248 919.7094 919.8786 919.9632

907.6881 907.7705 907.7705 907.8529 907.9354 908.0178 908.0178 908.1003 908.1827 908.1827 908.2652 908.3477 908.4302 908.4302 908.5128 908.5953 908.6779 908.6779 908.7605 908.8430 908.9257 908.9257 909.0083 909.0909 909.1736 909.1736 909.2562 909.3389 909.3389 909.4216 909.5043 909.5870 909.5870 909.6698 909.7525 909.8353 909.8353 909.9181 910.0009 910.1666 910.2494 910.4151 910.4980

897.6661 897.6661 897.7467 897.8273 897.9079 897.9885 897.9885 898.0692 898.1498 898.2305 898.3112 898.3112 898.3919 898.4726 898.5533 898.6341 898.6341 898.7148 898.7956 898.8764 898.8764 898.9572 899.0380 899.1189 899.1997 899.1997 899.2806 899.3615 899.4423 899.5233 899.5233 899.6042 899.6851 899.7661 899.8470 899.8470 899.9280 900.009 900.09 900.2521 900.4142 900.4953 900.6575

887.0753 887.1540 887.2327 887.3114 887.3902 887.4689 887.5477 887.5477 887.6265 887.7053 887.7841 887.8629 887.9418 888.0206 888.0995 888.0995 888.1783 888.2572 888.3361 888.4151 888.4940 888.5730 888.5730 888.6519 888.7309 888.8099 888.8888 888.9679 889.0469 889.0469 889.1260 889.2051 889.2841 889.3632 889.4423 889.4423 889.5214 889.6006 889.7589 889.9172 889.9964 890.1549 890.3134

876.0403 876.1170 876.1938 876.2706 876.3474 876.4242 876.501 876.5778 876.6547 876.7315 876.8084 876.8853 876.9622 877.0391 877.1160 877.1930 877.1930 877.2699 877.3469 877.4239 877.5009 877.5779 877.6549 877.7319 877.8090 877.8861 877.9631 878.0402 878.1173 878.1944 878.2716 878.2716 878.3487 878.4259 878.5030 878.5802 878.6574 878.7346 878.8891 879.0436 879.1982 879.2755 879.4301

6.2 6.4 6.6 6.8 7.0 7.2 7.4 7.6 7.8 8.0 8.2 8.4 8.6 8.8 9.0 9.2 9.4 9.6 9.8 10 10.5 11 11.5 12 12.5 13 13.5 14 14.5 15 15.5 16 16.5 17 17.5 18 18.5 19 19.5 20 21 22

961.0764 961.1688 961.2612 961.3536 961.4460 961.5385 961.6309 961.7234 961.8159 961.9084 962.0009 962.0935 962.1861 962.2787 962.3713 962.4639 962.5566 962.6492 962.7419 962.8346 963.0200 963.2983 963.4840 963.7625 963.9483 964.2272 964.4132 964.6923 964.8784 965.1578 965.3441 965.6238 965.8103 966.0902 966.2769 966.5571 966.744 966.9310 967.2115 967.3987 967.8668 968.3354

953.6525 953.7434 953.8344 954.0164 954.1074 954.1985 954.2895 954.3806 954.4717 954.5628 954.6539 954.7451 954.8362 954.9274 955.0186 955.1098 955.2011 955.2923 955.3836 955.5662 955.7488 956.0229 956.2058 956.4802 956.7547 956.9378 957.2126 957.3959 957.6709 957.9462 958.1297 958.4052 958.5890 958.8647 959.0486 959.3246 959.5087 959.785 960.0614 960.2458 960.7071 961.1688

945.8948 945.9843 946.0738 946.1633 946.3424 946.4320 946.5215 946.6111 946.7007 946.7904 946.8800 946.9697 947.1491 947.2388 947.3285 947.4183 947.5081 947.5978 947.6876 947.7775 948.0470 948.3167 948.5866 948.7666 949.0367 949.307 949.5774 949.7578 950.0285 950.2993 950.4800 950.7511 951.0223 951.2033 951.4748 951.7465 951.9277 952.1996 952.4717 952.6531 953.1980 953.6525

937.7344 937.8224 937.9103 937.9983 938.0863 938.2623 938.3504 938.4384 938.5265 938.6146 938.7908 938.8790 938.9671 939.0553 939.1435 939.2317 939.4082 939.4964 939.5847 939.6730 939.9380 940.2031 940.4684 940.7338 940.9993 941.2651 941.4423 941.7083 941.9744 942.2406 942.5071 942.7736 943.0404 943.2183 943.4852 943.7524 944.0196 944.2871 944.4654 944.7331 945.2689 945.7159

929.1090 929.1953 929.2817 929.4544 929.5408 929.6272 929.8001 929.8866 929.9730 930.0595 930.2326 930.3191 930.4057 930.4922 930.6654 930.7520 930.8387 930.9253 931.0987 931.1854 931.4456 931.7060 931.9664 932.2271 932.4879 932.7488 933.0099 933.2711 933.5325 933.794 934.0557 934.3175 934.5794 934.8415 935.1038 935.3662 935.6287 935.8914 936.1543 936.4173 936.9437 937.4707

920.0478 920.2172 920.3019 920.3866 920.5560 920.6408 920.8103 920.8951 920.9799 921.1496 921.2345 921.3193 921.4891 921.5740 921.6590 921.7439 921.9139 921.9989 922.0839 922.2540 922.5092 922.7674 923.1053 923.3610 923.6169 923.8729 924.2144 924.4707 924.7272 924.9838 925.3262 925.5831 925.8402 926.0974 926.3548 926.6123 926.9559 927.2137 927.4717 927.7298 928.2465 928.7638

910.6639 910.7468 910.9127 910.9957 911.0787 911.2448 911.3278 911.4939 911.5770 911.7433 911.8264 911.9927 912.0759 912.1591 912.3255 912.4088 912.5753 912.6586 912.7419 912.9085 913.1586 913.4923 913.7427 914.0768 914.3275 914.6620 914.9131 915.2480 915.4994 915.8348 916.0865 916.3383 916.6743 916.9265 917.2629 917.5154 917.7680 918.1050 918.3580 918.6111 919.2021 919.7940

900.7386 900.9009 900.9821 901.1445 901.2257 901.3881 901.5507 901.6320 901.7946 901.8759 902.0386 902.1200 902.2828 902.3642 902.5271 902.6085 902.7715 902.8530 903.0161 903.0976 903.4240 903.7506 904.0774 904.3227 904.6499 904.9774 905.3051 905.5510 905.8792 906.2075 906.4540 906.7827 907.1118 907.3587 907.6881 907.9354 908.2652 908.5953 908.8430 909.1736 909.7525 910.3323

890.3927 890.5513 890.7099 890.7892 890.9480 891.1068 891.1862 891.3450 891.5040 891.5835 891.7425 891.9015 891.9811 892.1402 892.2995 892.3791 892.5384 892.6977 892.7774 892.9369 893.2559 893.5752 893.8947 894.2144 894.5344 894.8546 895.175 895.4957 895.8165 896.1376 896.4590 896.7806 897.1024 897.4244 897.7467 897.9885 898.3112 898.6341 898.9572 899.2806 899.8470 900.4953

879.5848 879.7396 879.8944 880.0493 880.1267 880.2817 880.4367 880.5918 880.7469 880.8245 880.9796 881.1349 881.2902 881.4456 881.5233 881.6787 881.8342 881.9898 882.1454 882.2232 882.6125 882.9242 883.3142 883.6264 883.9388 884.3297 884.6426 884.9558 885.3475 885.6611 885.9750 886.2891 886.6820 886.9966 887.3114 887.6265 887.9418 888.3361 888.6519 888.9679 889.6006 890.2341

压力 p /MPa 1.6 1.7 1.8 1.9 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.7 2.8 2.9 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.6 3.7 3.8 3.9 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.6 4.7 4.8 4.9 5.0 5.2 5.4 5.6 5.8 6.0 — 864.8275 864.9023 864.9771 865.0519 865.1267 865.2016 865.2765 865.3513 865.4262 865.5011 865.5760 865.6510 865.7259 865.8009 865.8758 865.9508 866.0258 866.1008 866.1758 866.4010 — — 866.4760 866.5511 866.6262 866.7013 866.7765 866.8516 866.9267 867.0019 867.0771 867.1523 867.2275 867.3027 867.4532 867.6037 867.7543 867.9049 868.1309 — — — — 852.8785 852.9512 853.0240 853.0967 853.2423 853.3151 853.3880 853.4608 853.5336 853.6065 853.6794 853.8251 853.8980 853.9710 854.0439 854.1168 854.4087 — — 854.4818 854.5548 854.6278 854.7009 854.7739 854.8470 854.9201 855.0663 855.1394 855.2125 855.2857 855.3588 855.5052 855.6516 855.8713 856.0178 856.1644 — — — — — — — — 840.4068 840.5480 840.6187 840.6894 840.8307 840.9014 840.9722 841.0429 841.1844 841.2552 841.3259 841.3967 841.6800 — — 841.7508 841.8926 841.9635 842.0344 842.1053 842.2471 842.3181 842.3890 842.4600 842.6020 842.6730 842.7440 842.9571 843.0992 843.3125 843.4548 843.6683 — — — — — — — — — — — — 827.3352 827.4036 827.5405 827.6090 827.7460 827.8146 827.8831 828.0202 828.2945 — — 828.3632 828.5004 828.5691 828.7064 828.7751 828.9125 828.9812 829.0499 829.1874 829.2562 829.3937 829.4625 829.6690 829.8755 830.0133 830.22 830.4268 200 210 220 230

温 度 t/℃ 240 250 260 270 180 290

— — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — 813.6697 813.8021 814.0671 — — 814.1996 814.3322 814.3986 814.5312 814.6640 814.7303 814.8631 814.9295 815.0624 815.1288 815.2617 815.3947 815.5942 815.7938 815.9935 816.1933 816.3932

— — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — 799.2327 799.2966 799.4244 799.5523 799.6801 799.8080 799.9360 800 800.1280 800.2561 800.3842 800.6405 800.8329 801.0895 801.2821 801.5390

— — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — 783.9448 784.0677 784.1907 784.3137 784.5599 784.8678 785.1142 785.3609 785.6077

— — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — 767.8722 768.1672 768.4623

— — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — —

— — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — —

6.2 6.4 6.6 6.8 7.0 7.2 7.4 7.6 7.8 8.0 8.2 8.4 8.6 8.8 9.0 9.2 9.4 9.6 9.8 10 10.5 11 11.5 12 12.5 13 13.5 14 14.5 15 15.5 16 16.5 17 17.5 18 18.5 19 19.5 20 21 22

868.2817 868.4325 868.5833 868.6588 868.8097 868.9607 869.1118 869.2629 869.4140 869.5652 869.7165 869.8678 870.0191 870.1706 870.3220 870.4735 870.6251 870.7767 870.9284 871.0801 871.4597 871.8396 872.1437 872.5242 872.9050 873.2862 873.5913 873.9731 874.3552 874.6611 875.0438 875.4268 875.7334 876.1170 876.4242 876.8084 877.1930 877.5009 877.8861 878.1944 878.8891 878.5848

856.3110 856.5310 856.6778 856.8246 856.9715 857.1184 857.3388 857.4859 857.6329 857.7801 857.9272 858.0745 858.2954 858.4428 858.5902 858.7377 858.8852 859.0327 859.1803 859.4019 859.7713 860.1411 860.5111 860.9557 861.3264 861.6975 862.0690 862.4407 862.8872 863.2597 863.6324 864.0055 864.3789 864.7527 865.1267 865.5011 865.8758 866.2509 866.6262 867.0019 867.6790 868.4325

843.8106 843.9531 844.1668 844.3094 844.5233 844.6659 844.8800 845.0228 845.2371 845.3800 845.5230 845.7375 845.8806 846.0953 746.2385 846.3817 846.5967 846.7401 846.8835 847.0987 847.5295 847.9607 848.3203 848.7523 849.1848 849.6177 849.9788 850.4125 850.8466 851.2087 851.6437 852.0791 852.4422 852.8785 853.2423 853.6794 854.0439 854.4087 854.8470 855.2125 856.0178 856.8246

830.6338 830.7718 830.9789 831.1861 831.3934 831.5317 831.7392 831.9468 832.0852 832.2930 832.5008 832.7088 832.8475 833.0556 833.2639 833.4028 833.6112 833.8197 833.9588 834.1675 834.5852 835.0731 835.4917 835.9806 836.4001 836.8901 837.3106 837.7314 838.2230 838.6448 839.0670 839.4896 839.9832 840.4068 840.8307 841.2552 841.6800 842.1053 842.5310 842.9571 843.8106 844.5946

816.6599 816.8600 817.0602 817.2605 817.4610 817.6615 817.8621 818.0628 818.2636 818.4646 818.6656 818.8667 819.0679 819.2692 819.4706 819.6721 819.8737 820.0754 820.2773 820.4792 821.0181 821.4902 822.0304 822.5037 822.9775 823.4519 823.9268 824.4023 824.9464 825.4230 825.9002 826.3097 826.7879 827.2667 827.7460 828.2259 828.7064 829.1186 829.6001 830.0822 830.9789 831.8775

801.7960 801.9889 802.2463 802.4394 802.6971 802.8904 803.1483 803.3419 803.6001 803.7939 804.0524 804.2464 804.5052 804.6994 804.9585 805.1530 805.4124 805.6070 805.8018 806.0616 806.5817 807.1676 807.6892 808.2114 808.7997 809.3234 809.8477 810.3728 810.8985 811.4249 811.9519 812.4797 812.9420 813.4711 814.0008 814.4649 814.9959 815.5276 815.9935 816.5265 817.4610 818.4646

785.9164 786.1635 786.4108 786.6583 786.9059 787.1537 787.4016 787.6497 787.8979 788.2084 788.4570 788.7057 788.9546 789.2037 789.4529 789.7023 789.9518 790.2015 790.3889 790.6388 791.2644 791.8910 792.4558 793.0843 793.6508 794.2812 794.8494 795.4184 796.0516 796.6223 797.1939 797.7663 798.3395 798.9135 799.4244 800 800.5764 801.0895 801.6675 802.1819 803.2774 804.3758

768.7577 769.0533 769.3491 769.6452 769.9415 770.238 770.5348 770.8317 771.0695 771.3669 771.6645 771.9623 772.2008 772.4990 772.7975 773.0963 773.3354 773.6345 773.8740 774.1736 774.8935 775.5545 776.2167 776.8801 777.5445 778.2102 778.8769 779.5447 780.2138 780.8230 781.4942 782.1054 782.7176 783.3921 784.0063 784.6214 785.2375 785.8546 786.4727 787.0298 788.2705 789.4529

— — 750.8071 751.1455 751.4842 751.8232 752.1625 752.5021 852.8420 753.1822 753.4659 753.8067 754.1478 754.4323 754.7739 755.1159 755.4011 755.7437 756.0293 756.3724 757.1742 757.9203 758.7253 759.4744 760.2250 760.9771 761.7307 762.4857 763.184 763.9419 764.6429 765.4038 766.1074 766.8124 767.5186 768.1672 768.8759 769.5860 770.2380 770.9506 772.2604 773.5747

— — — — — — — 732.3861 732.7618 733.7916 733.5681 733.9450 734.3222 734.6999 735.0779 735.4564 735.8352 736.2144 736.5397 736.9197 737.8440 738.7707 739.6450 740.5213 741.3998 742.2803 743.1629 743.9923 744.8235 745.6566 746.4915 747.3283 748.4670 748.9515 749.7376 750.5254 751.3148 752.1059 752.8987 753.6363 755.1729 756.6586

压力 p /MPa 6.2 6.4 6.6 6.8 7.0 7.2 7.4 7.6 7.8 8.0 8.2 8.4 8.6 8.8 9.0 9.2 9.4 9.6 9.8 10 10.5 11 11.5 12 12.5 13 13.5 14 14.5 15 15.5 16 16.5 17 17.5 18 18.5 19 19.5 20 21 300 — — — — — — — — — — — — 712.2507 712.7076 713.1650 713.6231 714.0307 714.4899 714.9496 715.3588 716.4864 717.5660 718.6489 719.6833 720.7207 721.7611 722.7522 723.7461 724.7427 725.7421 726.6914 727.6432 728.5975 729.5542 730.4602 731.3684 732.2789 733.1916 734.1066 734.9699 736.7025 — — — — — — — — — — — — — — 690.9895 692.3290 693.6737 694.9753 696.2819 697.5446 698.8120 700.035 701.2623 702.4445 703.6307 704.7713 705.9156 707.0636 708.1651 709.2702 710.3786 711.4400 712.5045 713.5212 714.5920 716.5890 310 — — — — 320 — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — 667.6013 669.2992 666.8890 672.4950 674.0816 675.6300 677.0939 678.6102 680.0408 681.4774 682.8735 684.2285 685.5889 686.9075 688.1839 689.4650 690.7508 691.9936 694.4444 330 — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — 641.0256 643.1695 645.2862 647.2911 649.2663 651.1688 653.0399 654.8788 656.6419 658.3712 660.066 661.7258 663.3499 664.9378 666.4889 669.5233



度 t/℃ 340 — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — 350 — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — 578.6033 582.8185 586.7512 590.3885 593.8595 597.0862 600.1680 605.9504 360 — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — 533.3333 540.8329 547.3454 558.3473 370 — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — 380 — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — 390 — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — —

612.5950 615.4604 618.1998 620.8095 623.3637 625.7822 628.1407 630.3978 632.5911 634.7191 636.7804 640.7381

22

738.3888

718.5973

696.8156

672.4045

644.496

611.2096

567.5369

491.8839





附 3.4.2 水蒸气的密度 ?
附表 3-40
压力 p /MPa 0.10 0.11 0.12 0.13 0.14 0.15 0.16 0.17 0.18 0.19 0.20 0.21 0.22 0.23 0.24 0.25 0.26 0.27 0.28 0.29 0.30 0.32 0.34 0.36 0.38 0.40 0.42 0.44 0.46 0.48 0.50 0.55 0.60 0.65 0.70 0.75 0.80 100 0.58979 — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — 110 0.57331 0.63171 0.68994 0.74850 0.80726 — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — 120 0.55783 0.61425 0.67108 0.72780 0.78492 0.84175 0.89936 0.95694 1.01443 1.07216 — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — 130

水蒸汽的密度 ? / (kg/m3)
温 140 0.52948 0.58309 0.63663 0.69013 0.74421 0.79808 0.85224 0.90662 0.96071 1.01513 1.06965 1.12435 1.17906 1.23396 1.28894 1.34409 1.39931 1.45476 1.51017 1.56568 1.62154 1.73343 1.84584 1.95879 — — — — — — — — — — — — — 度 t/℃ 150 0.51645 0.56850 0.62083 0.67295 0.72558 0.77821 0.83072 0.88339 0.93624 0.98912 1.04217 1.09529 1.14849 1.20178 1.25522 1.30873 1.36237 1.41603 1.46994 1.52393 1.57794 1.68638 1.79527 1.90461 2.01441 2.12468 2.23543 2.34666 2.45839 — — — — — — — — 160 0.50409 0.55494 0.60586 0.65703 0.70796 0.75930 0.81038 0.86207 0.91315 0.96469 1.01626 1.06792 1.11971 1.17151 1.22352 1.27551 1.32769 1.37988 1.43222 1.48456 1.53712 1.64239 1.74805 1.85409 1.96053 2.06736 2.17460 2.28225 2.39032 2.49881 2.60774 2.88184 3.15909 — — — — 170 0.49235 0.54201 0.59165 0.64144 0.69124 0.74129 0.79112 0.84104 0.89130 0.94153 0.99177 1.04210 1.09255 1.14299 1.19363 1.24425 1.29502 1.34590 1.39673 1.44760 1.49875 1.60110 1.70378 1.80679 1.91017 2.01383 2.11786 2.22225 2.32699 2.43210 2.53757 2.80269 3.07062 3.34113 3.61364 3.88954 — 180 0.48117 0.52996 0.57814 0.62657 0.67536 0.72411 0.77284 0.82169 0.87057 0.91954 0.96857 1.01771 1.06683 1.11607 1.16536 1.21477 1.26416 1.31372 1.36323 1.41283 1.46258 1.56221 1.66213 1.76233 1.86283 1.96362 2.06471 2.16610 2.26779 2.36980 2.47212 2.72926 2.98859 3.24992 3.51354 3.77929 4.04752 190 0.47051 0.51787 0.56527 0.61275 0.66024 0.70771 0.75545 0.80321 0.85088 0.89871 0.94654 0.99443 1.04243 1.09051 1.13856 1.18666 1.23493 1.28320 1.33153 1.37988 1.42838 1.52548 1.62282 1.72041 1.81826 1.91636 2.01472 2.11334 2.21223 2.31139 2.41082 2.66028 2.91214 3.16556 3.42073 3.67782 3.93701

0.54325 0.59809 0.65335 0.70872 0.76395 0.81967 0.87507 0.93110 0.98671 1.04275 1.09890 1.15513 1.21163 1.26823 1.32492 1.38179 1.43879 1.49589 — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — —

0.85 0.90 0.95 1.00 1.05 1.10 1.15 1.20 1.25

— — — — — — — — —

— — — — — — — — —

— — — — — — — — —

— — — — — — — — —

— — — — — — — — —

— — — — — — — — —

— — — — — — — — —

— — — — — — — — —

4.31779 4.59115 4.86618 5.14505 — — — — —

4.19815 4.46145 4.72590 4.99452 5.26446 5.53676 5.81148 6.08870 6.36849

压力 p /MPa 0.10 0.11 0.12 0.13 0.14 0.15 0.16 0.17 0.18 0.19 0.20 0.21 0.22 0.23 0.24 0.25 0.26 0.27 0.28 0.29 0.30 0.32 0.34 0.36 0.38 0.40 0.42 0.44 0.46 0.48 0.50 200 0.46034 0.50659 0.55298 0.59952 0.64583 0.69252 0.73888 0.78555 0.83213 0.87881 0.92558 0.97238 1.01924 1.06610 1.11310 1.16009 1.20718 1.25423 1.30146 1.34862 1.39596 1.49068 1.58561 1.68076 1.77614 1.87161 1.96773 2.06356 2.15983 2.25632 2.35294 210 0.45061 0.49603 0.54125 0.58651 0.63207 0.67751 0.72307 0.76864 0.81425 0.85992 0.90560 0.95138 0.99714 1.04297 1.08887 1.13482 1.18078 1.22684 1.27288 1.31891 1.36516 1.45764 1.55031 1.64317 1.73623 1.82949 1.92308 2.01654 2.11060 2.20459 2.29885 220 0.44130 0.48567 0.53003 0.57438 0.61891 0.66357 0.70796 0.75245 0.79717 0.84182 0.88653 0.93127 0.97606 1.02093 1.06576 1.11062 1.15562 1.20062 1.24565 1.29066 1.33584 1.42620 1.51674 1.60745 1.69833 1.78923 1.88076 1.97200 2.06356 2.15517 2.24719 230 0.43238 0.47574 0.51928 0.56275 0.60632 0.64977 0.69350 0.73692 0.78083 0.82454 0.86830 0.91208 0.95592 0.9998 1.04369 1.08767 1.13160 1.17564 1.21966 1.26374 1.30787 1.39624 1.48475 1.57342 1.66225 1.75131 1.84027 1.92976 2.01898 2.10881 2.19829

温 度 t/℃ 240 0.42382 0.46642 0.50897 0.55157 0.59425 0.63694 0.67965 0.72254 0.76518 0.80802 0.85085 0.89373 0.93668 0.97962 1.02257 1.06553 1.10863 1.15168 1.19483 1.23793 1.28116 1.36762 1.45422 1.54096 1.62784 1.71497 1.80213 1.88929 1.97668 2.06441 2.15193 250 0.41561 0.45725 0.49908 0.54083 0.58266 0.62461 0.66636 0.70822 0.75018 0.79214 0.83412 0.87612 0.91817 0.96025 1.00235 1.04450 1.08664 1.12880 1.17106 1.21330 1.25559 1.34025 1.42504 1.50994 1.59497 1.68011 1.76554 1.85082 1.93648 2.02184 2.10793 260 0.40771 0.44863 0.48957 0.53050 0.57153 0.61237 0.65360 0.69444 0.73578 0.77688 0.81806 0.85925 0.90045 0.94171 0.98295 1.02428 1.06556 1.10693 1.14828 1.18963 1.23110 1.31404 1.39709 1.48025 1.56352 1.64690 1.73040 1.81389 1.89789 1.98177 2.06569 270 0.40012 0.44033 0.48043 0.52056 0.56084 0.60096 0.64134 0.68166 0.72194 0.76225 0.80264 0.84303 0.88344 0.92387 0.96433 1.00482 1.04532 1.08589 1.12642 1.16700 1.20761 1.28890 1.37029 1.45179 1.53338 1.61499 1.69693 1.77873 1.86081 1.94288 2.02511 280 0.39277 0.43215 0.42445 0.51099 0.55066 0.58997 0.62972 0.66890 0.70872 0.74822 0.78784 0.82740 0.86708 0.90678 0.94643 0.98619 1.02585 1.06564 1.10546 1.14521 1.18511 1.26470 1.34463 1.42450 1.50444 1.58453 1.66472 1.74490 1.82548 1.90585 1.98649 290 0.38580 0.42445 0.46318 0.50176 0.54054 0.57937 0.61805 0.65703 0.69589 0.73465 0.77351 0.81241 0.85135 0.89023 0.92920 0.96815 1.00715 1.04624 1.08519 1.12423 1.16333 1.24162 1.31978 1.39821 1.47667 1.55521 1.63399 1.71262 1.79147 1.87021 1.94932

0.55 0.60 0.65 0.70 0.75 0.80 0.85 0.90 0.95 1.00 1.05 1.10 1.15 1.20 1.25 1.30 1.35 1.40 1.45 1.50 1.55 1.60 1.65 1.70 1.75 1.80 1.85 1.90 1.95 2.00 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.7 2.8 2.9 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3

2.59605 2.84091 3.08642 3.33444 3.58295 3.83436 4.08664 4.34216 4.59770 4.85673 5.11646 5.37860 5.64277 5.90904 6.17745 6.44807 6.72096 6.99615 7.27375 7.55381 7.83639 — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — —

2.53550 2.77316 3.01296 3.25309 3.49528 3.73832 3.98406 4.23012 4.47828 4.72813 4.97997 5.23308 5.48791 5.74451 6.00292 6.26318 6.52534 6.78945 7.05556 7.32370 7.59394 7.86632 8.14090 8.41774 8.69689 8.97841 9.26236 9.54880 — — — — — — — — — — — — — — —

2.47770 2.71003 2.94291 3.17763 3.41297 3.64964 3.88802 4.12712 4.36681 4.61042 4.85332 4.08832 5.34470 5.59277 5.84229 6.09339 6.34609 6.60044 6.85647 7.11422 7.37373 7.63503 7.89817 8.16318 8.43012 8.69901 8.96992 9.24288 9.51794 9.79515 10.35624 10.92656 11.50659 — — — — — — — — — —

2.42365 2.64971 2.87687 3.10559 3.33444 3.56506 3.79651 4.02901 4.26439 4.49843 4.73518 4.97283 5.21175 5.45196 5.69350 5.93640 6.18066 6.42633 6.67344 6.92200 7.17206 7.42363 7.67676 7.93146 8.18778 8.44576 8.70539 8.96675 9.22986 9.49476 10.03006 10.57297 11.12381 11.68295 12.25074 12.8271 13.41382 — — — — — —

2.37192 2.59269 2.81452 3.03767 3.26158 3.48554 3.71195 3.93856 4.16667 4.39367 4.62447 4.85540 5.08744 5.32061 5.55492 5.79040 6.02706 6.26494 6.50405 6.74441 6.98605 7.22898 7.47324 7.71884 7.96582 8.21419 8.46398 8.71522 8.96794 9.22216 9.73521 10.25462 10.78062 11.31347 11.85345 12.4008 12.95672 13.5190 14.0905 14.67086 15.26027 15.85924 16.46823

2.32288 2.53872 2.75558 2.97265 3.19081 3.41064 3.63108 3.85208 4.07332 4.29738 4.52029 4.74505 4.97077 5.19749 5.42520 5.65393 5.88369 6.11450 6.34638 6.57934 6.81341 7.04859 7.28492 7.52240 7.76105 8.00091 8.24198 8.48428 8.72784 8.97267 9.46626 9.96522 10.46974 10.98000 11.49620 12.01923 12.5471 13.0822 13.6240 14.17418 14.73089 15.29528 15.86767

2.27583 2.48694 2.69906 2.91121 3.1250 3.33890 3.55366 3.76932 3.98565 4.20345 4.42191 4.64095 4.86085 5.08162 5.30326 5.52579 5.74923 5.97359 6.19888 6.42512 6.65231 6.88048 7.10964 7.33980 7.57098 7.80319 8.03645 8.27077 8.50618 8.74268 9.21904 9.69998 10.18565 10.67620 11.17178 11.67270 12.1788 12.6904 13.2083 13.73084 14.26015 14.79576 15.33789

2.23115 2.43784 2.64480 2.85307 3.06185 3.27118 3.48068 3.69140 3.90320 4.11523 4.32872 4.54244 4.75693 4.97218 5.18821 5.40502 5.62264 5.84106 6.06030 6.28037 6.50129 6.72305 6.94568 7.16919 7.39359 7.61888 7.84509 8.07222 8.30028 8.52930 8.99024 9.45513 9.92409 10.39722 10.87466 11.35589 11.8427 12.3335 12.8304 13.33068 13.83660 14.34777 14.86435

2.18818 2.39063 2.59336 2.79720 3.00120 3.20616 3.41180 3.69822 3.82409 4.03226 4.24088 4.44840 4.65766 4.86855 5.07872 5.29101 5.50358 5.71755 5.93120 6.14251 6.35728 6.57462 6.79348 7.00771 7.22543 7.44602 7.66871 7.88644 8.1103 8.33333 8.77732 9.22765 9.68148 10.13890 10.60108 11.06562 11.5340 12.0077 12.4844 12.9668 13.4517 13.9412 14.4363

2.14684 2.34522 2.54453 2.74348 2.94377 3.14465 3.34560 3.54736 3.74953 3.95257 4.15628 4.35920 4.56413 4.77099 4.97512 5.18135 5.39084 5.59597 5.80720 6.01323 6.22665 6.34501 6.64452 6.85871 7.07214 7.28332 7.49625 7.71010 7.93021 8.14332 8.57780 9.01551 9.45537 9.89903 10.34661 10.79680 11.2499 11.7069 12.1669 12.6310 13.0993 13.5704 14.0469

3.4 3.5 3.6 3.7 3.8 3.9 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.6 4.7 4.8 4.9 5.0 5.2 5.4 5.6 5.8 6.0 6.2 6.4 6.6 6.8 7.0 7.2 7.4

— — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — —

— — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — —

— — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — —

— — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — —

— — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — —

16.44838 17.03776 17.6367 18.2448 18.8608 19.4894 — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — —

15.88676 16.44262 17.0068 17.5778 18.1554 18.7406 19.3349 19.9402 20.5550 21.1775 21.8103 22.4517 23.1054 — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — —

15.38650 15.91440 16.4474 16.9895 17.5346 18.0865 18.6463 19.2123 19.7863 20.3707 20.9600 21.5566 22.1631 22.7739 23.3973 24.0327 24.6371 25.9943 27.3598 — — — — — — — — — —

14.9365 15.4392 15.9490 16.4636 16.9837 17.5070 18.0375 18.5736 19.1168 19.6618 20.2184 20.7771 21.3447 21.9202 22.5023 23.0894 23.6855 24.9004 26.1575 27.4424 28.7687 30.1477 31.5657 33.0469 — — — — —

14.5264 15.0083 15.4967 15.9898 16.4853 16.9866 17.4917 18.0018 18.5151 19.0367 19.5618 20.0924 20.6271 21.1685 21.7155 22.2717 22.8311 23.9693 25.1319 26.3227 27.5482 28.8018 30.0933 31.4268 32.7976 34.2114 35.6888 37.2024 38.7898

压力 p /MPa 0.10 0.11 0.12 0.13 0.14 0.15 0.16 0.17 0.18 0.19 0.37893 0.41701 0.45496 0.49310 0.53107 0.56915 0.60716 0.64516 0.68353 0.72160 0.37244 0.40967 0.44703 0.48450 0.52192 0.55928 0.59666 0.63412 0.67159 0.70902 0.36603 0.40274 0.43956 0.47619 0.51308 0.54975 0.58651 0.62344 0.66007 0.69691 0.35997 0.39604 0.43215 0.46816 0.50429 0.54054 0.57670 0.61275 0.64893 0.68517 300 310 320 330

温 度 t/℃ 340 350 360 370 380 390

0.35411 0.38956 0.42499 0.46062 0.49603 0.53163 0.56721 0.60277 0.63816 0.67385

0.34831 0.38329 0.41824 0.45310 0.48804 0.52301 0.55804 0.59277 0.62775 0.66291

0.34282 0.37707 0.41152 0.44583 0.48031 0.51467 0.54915 0.58343 0.61805 0.65232

0.33738 0.37120 0.40502 0.43879 0.47281 0.50659 0.54054 0.57438 0.60827 0.64205

0.33223 0.36550 0.39888 0.43215 0.46533 0.49875 0.53220 0.56529 0.59880 0.63211

0.32723 0.35997 0.39277 0.42553 0.45820 0.49116 0.52411 0.55679 0.58962 0.62247

0.20 0.21 0.22 0.23 0.24 0.25 0.26 0.27 0.28 0.29 0.30 0.32 0.34 0.36 0.38 0.40 0.42 0.44 0.46 0.48 0.50 0.55 0.60 0.65 0.70 0.75 0.80 0.85 0.90 0.95 1.00 1.05 1.10 1.15 1.20 1.25 1.30 1.35 1.40 1.45 1.50 1.55 1.60

0.75976 0.79796 0.83619 0.87436 0.91266 0.95093 0.98922 1.02743 1.06576 1.10412 1.14247 1.21921 1.29601 1.37306 1.44991 1.52695 1.60411 1.68152 1.75871 1.83621 1.91351 2.10748 2.30203 2.49688 2.69251 2.88850 3.08547 3.28192 3.47947 3.67782 3.87597 4.07498 4.27533 4.47628 4.67508 4.87805 5.07872 5.28262 5.48546 5.68828 5.89275 6.09756 6.30120

0.74655 0.78401 0.82156 0.85911 0.89662 0.93423 0.97182 1.00939 1.04701 1.08472 1.12233 1.19775 1.27324 1.34862 1.42430 1.49993 1.57580 1.65153 1.72741 1.80343 1.87935 2.06954 2.26040 2.45158 2.64340 2.83527 3.02847 3.22165 3.41530 3.60881 3.80373 3.99840 4.19463 4.38982 4.58716 4.78469 4.98008 5.17866 5.37634 5.57724 5.77701 5.97729 6.17665

0.73373 0.77059 0.80743 0.84431 0.88121 0.91819 0.95511 0.99206 1.02902 1.06598 1.10302 1.17702 1.25109 1.32521 1.39958 1.47384 1.54823 1.62259 1.69722 1.77179 1.84638 2.03293 2.22025 2.40790 2.59605 2.78474 2.97354 3.16256 3.35233 3.54359 3.73413 3.92465 4.11692 4.30849 4.50045 4.69484 4.88759 5.08130 5.27426 5.47046 5.66572 5.86166 6.05694

0.72140 0.75763 0.79384 0.83008 0.86633 0.90261 0.93897 0.97523 1.01153 1.04789 1.08425 1.15701 1.22986 1.30276 1.37571 1.44865 1.52161 1.59490 1.66806 1.74125 1.81455 1.99800 2.18198 2.36630 2.55102 2.73598 2.92141 3.10655 3.29272 3.47947 3.66703 3.85356 4.04204 4.23012 4.41891 4.60829 4.79846 4.98753 5.17866 5.36769 5.55864 5.75043 5.94177

0.70947 0.74505 0.78070 0.81633 0.85201 0.88763 0.92336 0.95905 0.99473 1.03050 1.06621 1.13766 1.20934 1.28090 1.35263 1.42430 1.49611 1.567890 1.63988 1.71174 1.78380 1.96425 2.14454 2.32558 2.50689 2.68889 2.87109 3.05344 3.23625 3.41880 3.60231 3.78644 3.97141 4.15455 4.34028 4.52489 4.71032 4.89716 5.08388 5.27148 5.45852 5.64653 5.83431

0.69793 0.73292 0.76799 0.80302 0.83808 0.87321 0.90827 0.94340 0.97847 1.01358 1.04877 1.11907 1.18948 1.25992 1.33032 1.40076 1.47145 1.54202 1.61264 1.68350 1.75408 1.93125 2.10881 2.28676 2.46488 2.64340 2.82247 3.00120 3.18066 3.36022 3.54108 3.72162 3.90168 4.08330 4.26439 4.44642 4.62963 4.81232 4.99501 5.17866 5.36193 5.54495 5.72928

0.68677 0.72119 0.75569 0.79014 0.82467 0.85918 0.89366 0.92825 0.96274 0.99731 1.03189 1.10108 1.17028 1.23946 1.30873 1.378170 1.44760 1.51699 1.58655 1.65590 1.72563 1.89970 2.07426 2.24921 2.42424 2.59943 2.77546 2.95159 3.12793 3.30360 3.48068 3.65764 3.83583 4.01445 4.19111 4.37063 4.54959 4.72813 4.90677 5.08647 5.26870 5.44662 5.62746

0.67595 0.70987 0.74377 0.77773 0.81162 0.84559 0.87958 0.91358 0.94751 0.98155 1.01554 1.08354 1.15168 1.21981 1.28800 1.3563 1.42450 1.49276 1.56104 1.62946 1.69808 1.86916 2.04082 2.21288 2.38493 2.59943 2.73000 2.90276 3.07598 3.24992 3.42349 3.59712 3.77216 3.94633 4.12201 4.29738 4.47227 4.64900 4.82393 5.0000 5.17866 5.35619 5.53097

0.66547 0.69886 0.73228 0.76564 0.79904 0.83250 0.86588 0.89936 0.93284 0.96628 0.9997 1.06667 1.13366 1.20077 1.26791 1.33494 1.40213 1.46929 1.53657 1.60385 1.67112 1.83993 2.00844 2.17770 2.34687 2.55754 2.68601 2.85633 3.02663 3.19693 3.36814 3.53982 3.71058 3.88199 4.05351 4.22654 4.39947 4.57247 4.74383 4.91884 5.09165 5.26593 5.44070

0.65535 0.68818 0.72108 0.75398 0.78684 0.81974 0.85266 0.88558 0.918527 0.95147 0.98445 1.05031 1.11632 1.18231 1.24828 1.31441 1.38045 1.44676 1.51286 1.57903 1.64528 1.81127 1.97746 2.14362 2.31000 2.51636 2.64410 2.81136 2.97885 3.14663 3.31455 3.48311 3.65097 3.81971 3.98883 4.15800 4.32713 4.49843 4.66853 4.83793 5.00751 5.17866 5.35045

1.65 1.70 1.75 1.80 1.85 1.90 1.95 2.00 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.7 2.8 2.9 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.6 3.7 3.8 3.9 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.6 4.7 4.8 4.9 5.0 5.2 5.4 5.6 5.8 6.0

6.51042 6.71592 6.92042 7.13267 7.33676 7.54717 7.75795 7.96813 8.39067 8.81601 9.24385 9.67492 10.10816 10.54519 10.98418 11.42727 11.87225 12.32134 12.77302 13.22926 13.68738 14.14827 14.61561 15.87302 15.55694 16.0333 16.5125 16.9981 17.4856 17.9791 18.4740 18.9753 19.4780 19.9880 20.5044 21.0217 21.5471 22.0751 23.1481 24.2424 25.3614 26.4971 27.6702

6.37558 6.57895 6.78426 6.98324 7.18907 7.39098 7.59878 7.80031 8.21423 8.62813 9.04486 9.46432 9.88631 10.31034 10.73653 11.16695 11.59824 12.03369 12.47038 12.91156 13.3547 13.80072 14.25110 14.70372 15.15841 15.6177 16.0798 16.5453 17.0155 17.4856 17.9630 18.4434 18.9251 19.4137 19.9045 20.3998 20.8986 21.3995 22.4215 23.4577 24.5098 25.5885 26.6809

6.25391 6.45161 6.64894 6.84932 7.04722 7.24638 7.44602 7.64526 8.04699 0.45094 8.67905 9.26526 9.67586 10.08878 10.50420 10.92180 11.34173 11.76471 12.18918 12.61670 13.04631 13.47891 13.91401 14.35132 14.79071 15.2346 15.6814 16.1290 16.5810 17.0358 17.4948 17.9565 18.4196 18.8893 19.3573 19.8334 20.3087 20.7900 21.7628 22.7531 23.7530 24.7770 25.8131

6.13497 6.32911 6.52316 6.71592 6.91085 7.10227 7.29927 7.49625 7.88830 8.28295 8.50991 9.07771 9.47777 9.88045 10.28489 10.69176 11.1000 11.51145 11.92464 12.33959 12.75673 13.17697 13.59804 14.02328 14.44878 14.8787 15.3116 15.7456 16.1812 16.6223 17.0619 17.5070 17.9565 18.4060 18.8573 19.3162 19.7746 20.2347 21.1685 22.1141 23.0734 24.0442 25.0313

6.02410 6.21118 6.40205 6.59196 6.77966 6.96864 7.16332 7.35294 7.73694 8.12282 8.34934 8.89917 9.29023 9.68242 10.07760 10.47340 10.87193 11.27269 11.67406 12.07875 12.48439 12.89324 13.30318 13.71554 14.13028 14.5455 14.9656 15.3870 15.8103 16.2338 16.6611 17.0940 17.5254 17.9598 18.3993 18.8359 19.2790 19.7239 20.6228 21.5332 22.4517 23.3863 24.3250

5.91397 6.09903 6.28446 6.47026 6.65642 6.84297 7.0298 7.21718 7.59292 7.97020 8.34905 8.72948 9.11151 9.49487 9.88045 10.26694 10.65644 11.04650 11.43862 11.83250 12.22816 12.62562 13.02492 13.42642 13.82935 14.2349 14.6413 15.0489 15.4607 15.8730 16.2893 16.7056 17.1233 17.5469 17.9695 18.3959 18.8218 19.2530 20.1207 20.9952 21.8818 22.7790 23.6855

5.81058 5.99161 6.17284 6.35728 6.53595 6.72043 6.90131 7.08717 7.45490 7.82473 8.19538 8.56751 8.94134 9.31619 9.69274 10.07151 10.45041 10.83189 11.21453 11.59958 11.98466 12.37318 12.76161 13.15270 13.54646 13.9392 14.3369 14.7341 15.1332 15.5352 15.9388 16.3425 16.7504 17.1585 17.5685 17.9824 18.3959 18.8111 19.6502 20.5002 21.3538 22.2173 23.0947

5.71102 5.88928 6.06796 6.24610 6.42261 6.60502 6.78426 6.96379 7.32332 7.68521 8.04829 8.41255 8.77886 9.14578 9.51475 9.88435 10.25536 10.62812 11.00231 11.37786 11.75503 12.13298 12.51251 12.89491 13.27669 13.6612 14.0469 14.4363 14.8236 15.2161 15.6079 16.0026 16.3961 16.7954 17.1939 17.5932 17.9953 18.3993 19.2160 20.0361 20.8638 21.7014 22.5428

5.61482 5.78704 5.61482 5.78704 5.96303 6.13874 6.31313 6.48929 6.66667 6.84463 7.19632 7.55116 7.90764 8.26446 8.62292 8.98230 9.34317 9.70591 10.43406 10.79914 11.16695 11.53536 11.90476 12.27596 12.64862 13.02253 13.3976 13.7741 14.1523 14.5328 14.9120 15.2952 15.6789 16.0643 16.4501 16.8407 17.2295 17.6211 18.8041 19.6002 20.4040 21.2179 22.0313

5.52181 5.69152 5.86510 6.03865 6.20732 6.38162 6.55308 6.72948 7.07464 7.42280 7.77182 8.12216 8.47386 8.82613 9.18021 9.53471 9.89022 10.24800 10.60558 10.96491 11.32631 11.68770 12.05110 12.41465 12.77955 13.1475 13.5153 13.8850 14.2552 14.6263 14.9993 15.3752 15.7505 16.1264 16.5044 16.8862 17.2652 17.6491 18.4196 19.1939 19.9760 20.7641 21.5564

6.2 6.4 6.6 6.8 7.0 7.2 7.4 7.6 7.8 8.0 8.2 8.4 8.6 8.8 9.0 9.2 9.4 9.6 9.8 10 10.5 11 11.5 12 12.5 13 13.5 14 14.5 15 15.5 16 16.5 17 17.5 18 18.5 19 19.5 20 21 22

28.8600 30.0842 31.3381 32.6264 33.9443 35.3107 36.7107 38.1679 39.6668 41.2201 42.8266 44.5038 — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — —

27.7932 28.9352 30.1023 31.2891 32.5098 33.7496 35.0263 36.3372 37.6790 39.0625 40.4858 41.9463 43.4594 45.0248 46.6636 48.3325 50.1002 51.9211 53.8503 — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — —

26.8673 27.9330 29.0276 30.1386 31.2695 32.4254 33.6022 34.8068 36.0360 37.2995 38.5802 39.9042 41.2541 42.6439 44.0723 45.5581 47.0810 48.6381 50.2513 51.9211 56.4016 61.4251 — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — —

26.0349 27.0490 28.0820 29.1290 30.1932 31.2793 32.3834 33.5008 34.6500 35.8166 36.9959 38.2117 39.4477 40.7166 41.9992 43.3276 44.6828 46.0617 47.5059 48.9716 52.7983 56.9801 61.5385 66.5779 72.3066 — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — — —

25.2845 26.2536 27.2331 28.2326 29.2398 30.2663 31.3087 32.3625 33.4336 34.5304 35.6379 36.7647 37.9075 39.0778 40.2576 41.4766 42.7168 43.9754 45.2694 46.5766 50.0000 53.6481 57.5374 61.7665 66.3130 71.3776 76.9823 83.3333 90.9091 — — — — — — — — — — — — —

24.6002 25.5297 26.4690 27.4198 28.3849 29.3600 30.3490 31.3480 32.3625 33.3890 34.4353 35.4988 36.5764 37.6648 38.7747 39.9042 41.0509 42.2119 43.4028 44.6030 47.7099 50.9944 54.4662 58.1058 62.0347 66.2252 70.7714 75.7002 81.1688 87.2600 94.1620 102.4170 112.7904 — — — — — — — — —

23.9751 24.8694 25.7666 26.6809 27.6014 28.5388 29.4811 30.4321 31.3972 32.3834 33.3667 34.3761 35.3857 36.4166 37.4672 38.5208 39.5883 40.6835 41.7885 42.9000 45.7875 48.8043 51.9211 55.2181 58.6854 62.3441 66.2252 70.3730 74.7943 79.6178 84.8176 90.5797 97.0874 104.3406 112.8159 123.3959 137.6084 — — — — —

23.3973 24.2542 25.1256 26.0010 26.8889 27.7855 28.6862 29.6033 30.5250 31.4663 32.4044 33.3667 34.3289 35.3107 36.2976 37.2995 38.3142 39.3391 40.3714 41.4250 44.1306 46.9263 49.8256 52.8262 55.9537 59.2417 62.6959 66.3130 70.1262 74.1840 78.4929 83.1255 88.1057 93.5454 99.5025 106.0445 113.4173 121.8027 132.0132 144.7597 194.4769 —

22.8571 23.6911 24.5278 25.3743 26.2329 27.0929 27.9642 28.8434 29.7265 30.6279 31.5358 32.4465 33.3667 34.3053 35.2485 36.1925 37.1609 38.1388 39.1236 40.1123 42.6621 15.2899 47.9846 50.7872 53.6769 56.6893 59.8086 63.0517 66.4452 70.0280 73.7463 77.7001 81.8331 86.2813 90.9918 96.1538 101.5847 107.5500 114.0641 121.2709 138.7347 163.6393

22.3564 23.1589 23.9751 24.7954 25.6213 26.4550 27.2926 28.1373 28.9939 29.8597 30.7314 31.6056 32.4886 33.3890 34.2936 35.1988 36.1272 37.0508 37.9939 38.9408 41.3565 43.8404 46.3822 48.9956 51.7063 54.4959 57.3723 60.3500 63.4518 66.6666 69.9790 73.4754 77.1010 80.9717 84.9618 89.2061 93.6330 98.4252 103.4875 108.9206 121.1094 135.5565

压力 p /MPa 0.10 0.11 0.12 0.13 0.14 0.15 0.16 0.17 0.18 0.19 0.20 0.21 0.22 0.23 0.24 0.25 0.26 0.27 0.28 0.29 0.30 0.32 0.34 0.36 0.38 0.40 0.42 0.44 0.46 0.48 0.50 0.55 0.60 0.65 0.70 0.75 0.80 0.85 0.90 0.95 0.32237 0.35461 0.38685 0.41911 0.45147 0.48379 0.51626 0.54855 0.58072 0.61316 0.64549 0.67787 0.71023 0.74261 0.77501 0.80743 0.83984 0.87230 0.90465 0.93712 0.96956 1.03445 1.09938 1.16442 1.22941 1.29450 1.35962 1.42470 1.48987 1.55497 1.62022 1.78348 1.94704 2.11060 2.27480 2.43902 2.60281 2.76778 2.93255 3.09789 0.31756 0.34941 0.38124 0.41305 0.44484 0.47664 0.50839 0.54025 0.57208 0.60408 0.63597 0.66787 0.69974 0.73164 0.76353 0.79548 0.82740 0.85933 0.89127 0.92319 0.95602 1.01916 1.08307 1.14705 1.21109 1.27518 1.33923 1.40351 1.46757 1.53186 1.59591 1.75685 1.91755 2.07900 2.24014 2.40154 2.56345 2.72554 2.88767 3.04971 0.31299 0.34435 0.37566 0.40700 0.43840 0.46970 0.50125 0.53248 0.56402 0.59531 0.62672 0.65811 0.68956 0.72098 0.75245 0.78388 0.81533 0.84681 0.87827 0.90975 0.94118 1.00422 1.06724 1.13033 1.19332 1.25644 1.31961 1.38274 1.44592 1.50921 1.57257 1.73070 1.88929 2.04792 2.20702 2.36574 2.52525 2.68456 2.84414 3.00391 0.30855 0.33944 0.37023 0.40112 0.43215 0.46296 0.49407 0.52493 0.55586 0.58679 0.61774 0.64868 0.67967 0.71063 0.74162 0.77262 0.80360 0.83459 0.86558 0.89662 0.92764 0.98971 1.05186 1.11396 1.17606 1.23824 1.30056 1.36277 1.42491 1.48721 1.54967 1.70561 1.86185 2.01816 2.17439 2.33100 2.48818 2.64480 2.80191 2.95946 400 410 420 430

温 度 t/℃ 440 450 460 470 480 490

0.30414 0.33467 0.36510 0.39557 0.426076 0.45641 0.48709 0.51760 0.54795 0.57847 0.60898 0.63951 0.67002 0.70057 0.73110 0.76167 0.79220 0.82277 0.85332 0.88386 0.91449 0.97561 1.03681 1.09806 1.15929 1.22070 1.28189 1.34336 1.40469 1.46606 1.52742 1.68124 1.83486 1.98886 2.14316 2.29727 2.45218 2.60688 2.76167 2.91630

0.29994 0.32992 0.35997 0.39002 0.42017 0.45004 0.48031 0.51020 0.54025 0.57042 0.60049 0.63060 0.66068 0.69080 0.72088 0.75103 0.78113 0.81129 0.84140 0.87154 0.90171 0.96200 1.02229 1.08272 1.14312 1.20351 1.26390 1.32433 1.38485 1.44530 1.50602 1.65728 1.80897 1.96078 2.11282 2.26449 2.41721 2.56937 2.72183 2.87439

0.29586 0.32541 0.35511 0.38476 0.41425 0.44405 0.47371 0.50327 0.53305 0.56259 0.59224 0.62193 0.65159 0.68129 0.71098 0.74069 0.77036 0.80006 0.82981 0.85955 0.88928 0.94868 1.00817 1.06769 1.12727 1.18680 1.24642 1.30599 1.36575 1.42531 1.48500 1.63425 1.78380 1.93349 2.08290 2.23314 2.38322 2.53293 2.68384 2.83366

0.29180 0.32103 0.35026 0.37951 0.40866 0.43802 0.46729 0.49652 0.52576 0.55497 0.58421 0.61350 0.64276 0.67204 0.70131 0.73062 0.75994 0.78920 0.81853 0.84782 0.87712 0.93580 0.99443 1.05319 1.11185 1.17069 1.22941 1.28816 1.34698 1.40588 1.46456 1.61186 1.75932 1.90658 2.05423 2.20216 2.35018 2.49813 2.64620 2.79486

0.28794 0.31676 0.34566 0.37439 0.40323 0.43215 0.46104 0.48972 0.51867 0.54756 0.57640 0.60529 0.63416 0.66304 0.69195 0.72082 0.74974 0.77863 0.80756 0.83647 0.86535 0.92328 0.98116 1.03907 1.09697 1.15487 1.21286 1.27081 1.32873 1.38677 1.44488 1.59008 1.73551 1.88076 2.02634 2.17202 2.31803 2.46366 2.61028 2.75634

0.28417 0.31260 0.34106 0.36955 0.39793 0.42644 0.45496 0.48333 0.51177 0.54034 0.56883 0.59730 0.62578 0.65428 0.68283 0.71134 0.73981 0.76834 0.79688 0.82542 0.85397 0.91100 0.96815 1.02522 1.08237 1.13960 1.19674 1.25392 1.31113 1.36836 1.42572 1.56887 1.71233 1.85563 1.99920 2.14316 2.28676 2.43072 2.57467 2.71887

1.00 1.05 1.10 1.15 1.20 1.25 1.30 1.35 1.40 1.45 1.50 1.55 1.60 1.65 1.70 1.75 1.80 1.85 1.90 1.95 2.00 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.7 2.8 2.9 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.6 3.7 3.8 3.9 4.0 4.1 4.2

3.26264 3.42818 3.59454 3.75940 3.92619 4.09333 4.25894 4.42674 4.59348 4.75964 4.92854 5.09590 5.26395 5.43224 5.60077 5.76954 5.93855 6.10780 6.27730 6.44703 6.61702 6.95772 7.29941 7.64209 7.98578 8.33049 8.67604 9.02283 9.37119 9.72006 10.06949 10.42045 10.77248 11.12559 11.47980 11.83511 12.19215 12.54863 12.9082 13.2679 13.6277 13.9899 14.3534

3.21234 3.37496 3.53857 3.70233 3.86548 4.02901 4.19287 4.35730 4.52080 4.68604 4.84966 5.01505 5.18135 5.34474 5.51268 5.67859 5.84454 6.00962 6.17665 6.34518 6.51042 6.84510 7.18030 7.51710 7.85423 8.19269 8.53170 8.87233 9.21319 9.55566 9.89903 10.2428 10.58761 10.93374 11.28032 11.62926 11.97748 12.32742 12.6791 13.0310 13.3851 13.7382 14.0944

3.16456 3.32447 3.48432 3.64564 3.80662 3.96668 4.12882 4.29000 4.45236 4.61255 4.77555 4.93827 5.09944 5.26316 5.42594 5.58971 5.75374 5.91716 6.07903 6.24220 6.40615 6.73627 7.06614 7.39645 7.72798 8.05997 8.39349 8.72753 9.06208 9.39761 9.73425 10.07151 10.41016 10.7492 11.09016 11.43118 11.77302 12.11681 12.4611 12.8057 13.1510 13.4971 13.8466

3.11721 3.27547 3.43289 3.59066 3.74953 3.90778 4.06669 4.22476 4.38404 4.54339 4.70367 4.86381 5.02260 5.18135 5.34188 5.50358 5.66251 5.82411 5.98444 6.14628 6.30915 6.63130 6.95555 7.28014 7.60572 7.93210 8.25968 8.58738 8.91663 9.24642 9.57671 9.90786 10.23961 10.57306 10.90631 11.24101 11.57675 11.91327 12.2504 12.5881 12.9282 13.2679 13.6073

3.07125 3.22685 3.38295 3.53857 3.69413 3.85060 4.00641 4.16320 4.31965 4.47628 4.63392 4.78927 4.94805 5.10465 5.26316 5.42005 5.57724 5.73723 5.89623 6.05327 6.21118 6.52997 6.84838 7.16794 7.48783 7.80884 8.13074 8.45309 8.77578 9.10000 9.42418 9.74944 10.07557 10.4026 10.7308 11.0583 11.38822 11.71783 12.0482 12.3808 12.7129 13.0463 13.3797

3.02755 3.18066 3.33333 3.48675 3.64033 3.79363 3.94789 4.10172 4.25713 4.53104 4.56413 4.71978 4.87459 5.02957 5.18472 5.34003 5.49551 5.65115 5.80696 5.96293 6.11907 6.43186 6.74532 7.05545 7.37426 7.68976 8.00576 8.32293 8.64005 8.95897 9.27760 9.59727 9.91764 10.23873 10.56053 10.88305 11.20574 11.53004 11.8554 12.1803 12.5063 12.8337 13.1614

2.98507 3.13578 3.28623 3.43761 3.58809 3.73972 3.89105 4.04367 4.19463 4.34783 4.49843 4.65116 4.80307 4.95540 5.10986 5.26316 5.41419 5.56793 5.72082 5.87544 6.02773 6.33714 6.64540 6.95459 7.26427 7.57461 7.88581 8.19739 8.50919 8.82223 9.13576 9.45001 9.76467 10.0806 10.39717 10.71352 11.03144 11.34945 11.6686 11.9875 12.3077 12.6295 12.9500

2.94291 3.09119 3.24044 3.38983 3.53857 3.68732 3.83730 3.98565 4.13565 4.28633 4.43459 4.58505 4.73485 4.88520 5.035247 5.18672 5.33903 5.48847 5.64016 5.79039 5.94177 6.24493 6.54879 6.85307 7.15768 7.46324 7.76940 8.07559 8.38293 8.69036 8.99928 9.30839 9.61816 9.92753 10.23856 10.55075 10.86248 11.17443 11.4877 11.8022 12.1168 12.4316 12.7486

2.90276 3.04878 3.19591 3.34225 3.48918 3.63636 3.78358 3.93082 4.07830 4.22654 4.37254 4.52080 4.66853 4.81696 4.96524 5.11509 5.26316 5.41126 5.55864 5.70776 5.85823 6.15612 6.45494 6.75447 7.05467 7.35510 7.65638 7.95798 8.26037 8.56311 8.86682 9.17095 9.47508 9.77995 10.08573 10.39285 10.69862 11.00715 11.3148 11.6225 11.9318 12.2414 12.5518

2.86369 3.00752 3.15259 3.29707 3.44234 3.58680 3.73134 3.87747 4.02253 4.16840 4.31406 4.45831 4.60405 4.75059 4.89716 5.04286 5.18941 5.33618 5.48246 5.62746 5.77701 6.06980 6.36416 6.65912 6.95459 7.25058 7.54717 7.84437 8.14200 8.44024 8.73897 9.03751 9.33794 9.63763 9.93838 10.23961 10.54185 10.84363 11.1470 11.4508 11.7536 12.0584 12.3640

4.3 4.4 4.5 4.6 4.7 4.8 4.9 5.0 5.2 5.4 5.6 5.8 6.0 6.2 6.4 6.6 6.8 7.0 7.2 7.4 7.6 7.8 8.0 8.2 8.4 8.6 8.8 9.0 9.2 9.4 9.6 9.8 10 10.5 11 11.5 12 12.5 13 13.5 14 14.5 15

14.7189 15.0830 15.4511 15.8203 16.1891 16.5590 16.9319 17.3040 18.0538 18.8076 19.5695 20.3335 21.1060 21.8818 22.6655 23.4522 24.2483 25.0501 25.8532 26.6667 27.4876 28.3126 29.1460 29.9850 30.8356 31.6857 32.5415 33.4113 34.2818 35.1741 36.0620 36.9549 37.8644 40.1768 42.5351 44.9438 47.4383 49.9750 52.5762 55.2792 58.0383 60.9013 63.8570

14.4509 14.8082 15.1676 15.5255 15.8881 16.2496 16.6113 16.9750 17.7085 18.4434 19.1865 19.9322 20.6825 21.4408 22.1976 22.9674 23.7361 24.5158 25.2972 26.0824 26.8817 27.6778 28.4819 29.2912 30.1114 30.9406 31.7662 32.6052 33.4448 34.2936 35.1494 36.0101 36.8868 39.0930 41.3565 43.6491 46.0193 48.4262 50.8906 53.4188 56.0224 58.6854 61.4251

14.1945 14.5433 14.8943 15.2462 15.6006 15.9541 16.3079 16.6639 17.3792 18.0995 18.8218 19.5503 20.2799 21.0172 21.7581 22.5073 23.2558 24.0096 24.7709 25.5363 26.3089 27.0856 27.8629 28.6533 29.4377 30.2389 31.0366 31.8471 32.6584 33.4784 34.3053 35.1370 35.9842 38.1098 40.2739 42.4809 44.7227 47.0367 49.3827 51.7866 54.2299 56.7537 59.3120

13.9489 14.2918 14.6349 14.9790 15.3257 15.6715 16.0179 16.3666 17.3792 17.7683 18.4740 19.1865 19.9005 20.6186 21.3447 22.0702 22.7998 23.5349 24.2777 25.0188 25.7732 26.5252 27.2851 28.0426 28.8101 29.5858 30.3674 31.1429 31.9387 32.7332 33.5233 34.3289 35.1370 37.1885 39.2773 41.3907 43.5540 45.7457 48.0077 50.2765 52.6316 55.0055 57.4383

13.7155 14.0509 14.3864 14.7254 15.0625 15.4012 15.7406 16.0823 17.0648 17.4551 18.1455 18.8395 19.5389 20.2388 20.9468 21.6544 22.3714 23.0894 23.8095 24.5339 25.2653 25.9943 26.7380 27.4801 28.2247 28.9771 29.7265 30.4878 31.2500 32.0205 32.7976 33.5683 34.3525 36.3372 38.3436 40.3877 42.4628 44.5831 46.7290 48.9237 51.1509 53.4188 55.7414

13.4898 13.8198 14.1483 14.4802 14.8104 15.1423 15.4775 15.8103 16.7673 17.1527 17.8285 18.5082 19.1939 19.8807 20.5677 21.2630 21.9587 22.6603 23.3645 24.0732 24.7831 25.4972 26.2192 26.9397 27.6625 28.3930 29.1290 29.8686 30.6091 31.3578 32.1130 32.8623 33.6247 35.5366 37.4813 39.4633 41.4594 43.4972 45.5789 47.6644 49.8008 51.9751 54.2005

13.2732 13.5962 13.9198 14.2450 14.5688 14.8943 15.2207 15.5497 16.2048 16.8663 17.5285 18.1951 18.8608 19.5351 20.2102 20.8855 21.5703 22.2519 22.9410 23.6295 24.3250 25.0250 25.7268 26.4271 27.1370 27.8474 28.5633 29.2826 30.003 30.7314 31.4564 32.1958 32.9381 34.7947 36.6838 38.5951 40.5351 42.4989 44.5038 46.5116 48.5673 50.6586 52.7704

13.0651 13.3815 13.6986 14.0174 14.3369 14.6563 14.9768 15.2975 15.9413 16.5893 17.2384 17.8923 18.5460 19.2049 19.8649 20.5297 21.1954 21.8627 22.5378 23.2126 23.8892 24.5700 25.2589 25.9471 26.6383 27.3299 28.0269 28.7274 29.4291 30.1386 30.8547 31.5657 32.2789 34.0948 35.9195 37.7786 39.6511 41.5628 43.4972 45.4545 47.4383 49.4315 51.4668

12.8634 13.1752 13.4862 13.7988 14.1123 14.4279 14.7406 15.0557 15.6887 16.3239 16.9607 17.5994 18.2415 18.8857 19.5351 20.1857 20.8377 21.4915 22.1533 22.8102 23.4742 24.1429 24.8139 25.4842 26.1575 26.8384 27.5179 28.2008 28.8850 29.5770 30.2663 30.9693 31.6656 33.4225 35.2113 37.0096 38.8350 40.6835 42.5532 44.4444 46.3607 48.3092 50.2765

12.6695 12.9752 13.2820 13.5888 13.8966 14.2066 14.5138 14.8236 15.4440 16.0668 16.6945 17.3220 17.9501 18.5839 19.2197 19.8570 20.4960 21.1372 21.7817 22.4266 23.0787 23.7304 24.3843 25.0438 25.7003 26.3644 27.0343 27.7008 28.3688 29.0444 29.7177 30.3951 31.0849 32.7976 34.5304 36.2845 38.0662 39.8565 41.6666 43.5161 45.3721 47.2367 49.1400

15.5 16 16.5 17 17.5 18 18.5 19 19.5 20 21 22

66.8896 70.0771 73.3138 76.7460 80.2568 83.9631 87.7963 92.5926 96.0615 100.5328 110.2414 121.1974

64.2674 67.1592 70.1754 73.2601 76.4526 79.7448 83.1947 86.7303 90.4159 94.2507 102.4800 111.4952

61.9579 64.6831 67.4309 70.2741 73.2064 76.2777 79.3651 82.5764 85.9107 89.2857 96.5251 104.2970

59.9161 62.4610 65.0618 67.7507 70.4722 73.2601 76.1035 79.0514 82.1018 85.1789 91.7431 98.6193

58.1058 60.4961 62.9723 65.4879 68.0272 70.6215 73.3138 76.0456 78.8644 81.0373 87.6424 93.9850

56.4334 58.7199 61.0501 63.4518 65.8762 68.3060 70.8215 73.4214 76.0456 78.6782 84.2460 90.009

54.9451 57.1102 59.3472 61.6143 63.8978 66.2252 68.6342 71.0227 73.5294 76.0456 81.1688 86.5801

53.5332 55.6483 57.7701 59.9520 62.1118 64.3501 66.6223 68.9180 71.2758 73.6377 78.4929 83.5422

52.2739 54.2888 56.3380 58.4112 60.4961 62.6174 64.8088 66.9792 69.2042 71.4796 76.1035 80.8407

51.0725 53.0223 54.9753 56.9801 58.9971 61.0501 63.1313 65.2316 67.3401 69.4927 73.9098 78.4314

压力 p /MPa 0.10 0.11 0.12 0.13 0.14 0.15 0.16 0.17 0.18 0.19 0.20 0.21 0.22 0.23 0.24 0.25 0.26 0.27 0.28 0.29 0.30 0.32 0.34 0.36 0.38 0.40 0.42 0.44 500 0.28050 0.30855 0.33659 0.36470 0.39277 0.42088 0.44903 0.477100 0.50531 0.53330 0.56142 0.58952 0.61767 0.64579 0.67390 0.70205 0.73019 0.75832 0.78647 0.81460 0.84282 0.89912 0.95547 1.01184 1.06826 1.12461 1.18106 1.23747 510 0.27685 0.30460 0.33234 0.36010 0.38775 0.41545 0.44326 0.47103 0.49875 0.52645 0.55420 0.58194 0.60972 0.63747 0.66525 0.69300 0.72077 0.74856 0.77634 0.80412 0.83195 0.88755 0.94313 0.99880 1.05441 1.11012 1.16577 1.22145 520 0.27337 0.30075 0.32808 0.35549 0.38285 0.41017 0.43764 0.46490 0.49237 0.51978 0.54717 0.57458 0.60197 0.62937 0.65681 0.68423 0.71164 0.73904 0.76646 0.79390 0.82136 0.87627 0.93110 0.98610 1.04102 1.09589 1.15088 1.20584 530 0.26998 0.29700 0.32404 0.35100 0.37807 0.40502 0.43215 0.45914 0.48614 0.51327 0.54031 0.56738 0.59442 0.62150 0.64855 0.67563 0.70269 0.72977 0.75688 0.78394 0.81103 0.86520 0.91946 0.97362 1.02785 1.08213 1.13636 1.19062 540 0.26667 0.29334 0.32000 0.34674 0.37341 0.40016 0.42680 0.45351 0.48031 0.50692 0.53365 0.56035 0.58710 0.61380 0.64053 0.66729 0.69401 0.72077 0.74750 0.77423 0.80096 0.85448 0.90802 0.96154 1.01513 1.06872 1.12221 1.17592



度 t/℃ 550 0.26337 0.28977 0.31616 0.34247 0.36887 0.39526 0.42159 0.44803 0.47438 0.50073 0.52712 0.55353 0.57991 0.60632 0.63271 0.65911 0.68554 0.71195 0.73833 0.76476 0.79120 0.84402 0.89686 0.94976 1.00271 1.05552 1.10852 1.16144 560 0.26021 0.28629 0.31230 0.33841 0.36443 0.39047 0.41649 0.44248 0.46860 0.49471 0.52078 0.54684 0.57290 0.59898 0.62508 0.65117 0.67723 0.70333 0.72945 0.75552 0.78162 0.83382 0.88605 0.93826 0.99049 1.042753 1.09505 1.14732 570 0.25714 0.28289 0.30864 0.33434 0.36010 0.38580 0.41152 0.43725 0.46296 0.48881 0.51456 0.54031 0.56609 0.59186 0.61763 0.64338 0.66916 0.69493 0.72072 0.74649 0.77226 0.82386 0.87543 0.92704 0.97867 1.03029 1.08190 1.13353 580 0.25413 0.27956 0.30497 0.33036 0.35587 0.38124 0.40667 0.43215 0.45767 0.48305 0.50849 0.53396 0.55941 0.58486 0.61035 0.63581 0.66129 0.68672 0.71220 0.73768 0.76318 0.81413 0.86513 0.91609 0.96712 1.018123 1.06918 1.12020 590 0.25119 0.27632 0.30139 0.32658 0.35174 0.37679 0.40193 0.42717 0.45228 0.47744 0.50259 0.52773 0.55291 0.57807 0.60325 0.62838 0.65355 0.67875 0.70393 0.72908 0.75426 0.80463 0.85499 0.90539 0.95584 1.00624 1.05664 1.107052 600 0.24826 0.27315 0.29797 0.32279 0.34771 0.37258 0.39730 0.42230 0.44703 0.47194 0.49680 0.52168 0.54654 0.57143 0.59630 0.62116 0.64604 0.67092 0.69580 0.72067 0.74560 0.79536 0.84517 0.89493 0.94473 0.99463 1.04439 1.09433

0.46 0.48 0.50 0.55 0.60 0.65 0.70 0.75 0.80 0.85 0.90 0.95 1.00 1.05 1.10 1.15 1.20 1.25 1.30 1.35 1.40 1.45 1.50 1.55 1.60 1.65 1.70 1.75 1.80 1.85 1.90 1.95 2.00 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.7 2.8 2.9 3.0

1.29400 1.35044 1.40687 1.54823 1.68976 1.83117 1.97278 2.11461 2.25632 2.39866 2.54065 2.68312 2.82486 2.96736 3.11042 3.25309 3.39559 3.53857 3.68189 3.82409 3.96825 4.11184 4.25532 4.39847 4.54220 4.68604 4.83000 4.97408 5.11827 5.26259 5.40702 5.55156 5.69623 5.98502 6.27608 6.56672 6.85783 7.14943 7.44158 7.73395 8.02697 8.32085 8.61464

1.27714 1.33298 1.38870 1.528117 1.66778 1.80734 1.94704 2.08681 2.22717 2.36686 2.50752 2.64760 2.78785 2.92826 3.06937 3.21027 3.35121 3.49162 3.63240 3.77358 3.91543 4.05680 4.19815 4.34028 4.48229 4.62321 4.76417 4.90677 5.05051 5.19211 5.33333 5.47645 5.61798 5.90458 6.19042 6.47710 6.76361 7.05119 7.33891 7.62718 7.91578 8.20479 8.49473

1.26088 1.31596 1.37099 1.50852 1.64636 1.78412 1.92197 2.06016 2.19829 2.33645 2.47463 2.61301 2.75179 2.89017 3.02939 3.16756 3.30688 3.44590 3.58551 3.72439 3.86399 4.00320 4.14250 4.28266 4.42282 4.56204 4.70146 4.84262 4.98256 5.12295 5.26316 5.40249 5.54324 5.82547 6.10762 6.38978 6.67245 6.95555 7.23903 7.52332 7.80762 8.09258 8.37802

1.24502 1.29921 1.35355 1.48943 1.62549 1.76149 1.89753 2.03376 2.17014 2.30681 2.44320 2.57998 2.71665 2.85307 2.99043 3.12695 3.26477 3.40136 3.53857 3.67647 3.81388 3.95101 4.08831 4.22654 4.36491 4.50548 4.64037 4.77783 4.91642 5.05561 5.19481 5.33333 5.47046 5.74878 6.02664 6.30517 6.58371 6.86295 7.14235 7.42225 7.70297 7.98339 8.26446

1.22941 1.28304 1.33672 1.47080 1.60514 1.73943 1.87406 2.00844 2.14316 2.27790 2.41255 2.54712 2.68240 2.81770 2.95247 3.08737 3.22269 3.35796 3.49406 3.62976 3.76506 3.90168 4.03714 4.17188 4.30849 4.44444 4.58085 4.71698 4.85437 4.99002 5.12558 5.26316 5.39957 5.67408 5.94813 6.22278 6.49773 6.77277 7.04871 7.32440 7.60109 7.87774 8.15461

1.21433 1.26727 1.32031 1.45285 1.58529 1.71792 1.84980 1.98373 2.11640 2.24921 2.38265 2.51572 2.64901 2.78242 2.91545 3.04878 3.18269 3.31675 3.45066 3.58423 3.71747 3.85208 3.98565 4.12031 4.25351 4.38789 4.52284 4.65766 4.79157 4.92611 5.06073 5.19751 5.33049 5.60130 5.87199 6.14251 6.41396 6.68539 6.95701 7.22909 7.50188 7.77484 8.04764

1.19962 1.25188 1.30429 1.43513 1.56593 1.69693 1.82815 1.95925 2.09074 2.22173 2.35349 2.48447 2.61643 2.74801 2.87936 3.01114 3.14367 3.27547 3.40716 3.53982 3.67107 3.80373 3.93701 4.06835 4.20168 4.33463 4.46628 4.59982 4.73261 4.86381 4.99750 5.13084 5.26316 5.33067 5.79744 6.06465 6.33232 6.60022 6.86813 7.13674 7.40576 7.67460 7.94407

1.18526 1.23686 1.28866 1.41784 1.54727 1.67673 1.80603 1.93573 2.06526 2.19491 2.32504 2.45459 2.58465 2.71444 2.84495 2.97442 3.10463 3.23520 3.36587 3.49650 3.62713 3.75657 3.88802 4.01929 4.14938 4.28082 4.41112 4.54339 4.67290 4.80538 4.93583 5.06842 5.19751 5.46179 5.72508 5.98874 6.25274 6.51721 6.78196 7.04672 7.31208 7.57748 7.84314

1.17123 1.22220 1.27340 1.40095 1.52882 1.65673 1.78476 1.91241 2.04082 2.16873 2.29674 2.42552 2.55363 2.68168 2.81057 2.93945 3.06748 3.19591 3.32557 3.45423 3.58295 3.71195 3.84025 3.96983 4.09836 4.22833 4.35730 4.48632 4.61681 4.74608 4.87567 5.00501 5.13611 5.39491 5.65483 5.91506 6.17551 6.43625 6.69748 6.95894 7.22074 7.48279 7.74473

1.15754 1.20802 1.25849 1.38466 1.51080 1.63720 1.76367 1.89000 2.01654 2.14316 2.26963 2.39636 2.52334 2.65041 2.77701 2.90444 3.03122 3.15856 3.28515 3.41297 3.53982 3.66703 3.79507 2.92311 4.05022 4.17711 4.30478 4.43262 4.55996 4.68823 4.81696 4.94560 5.07357 5.32935 5.58628 5.84317 6.10016 6.35768 6.61551 6.87380 7.13165 7.39044 7.64935

1.14416 1.19403 1.24394 1.36855 1.49343 1.61812 1.74307 1.86811 1.99322 2.11819 2.24316 2.36855 2.49377 2.61917 2.74499 2.87026 2.99581 3.12110 3.24675 3.37268 3.49773 3.62450 3.74953 3.87603 4.00206 4.12814 4.25429 4.38050 4.50677 4.63311 4.75961 4.88597 5.01249 5.26573 5.51922 5.77295 6.02694 6.28118 6.53552 6.79025 7.04523 7.30087 7.55618

3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.6 3.7 3.8 3.9 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.6 4.7 4.8 4.9 5.0 5.2 5.4 5.6 5.8 6.0 6.2 6.4 6.6 6.8 7.0 7.2 7.4 7.6 7.8 8.0 8.2 8.4 8.6 8.8 9.0 9.2 9.4 9.6

8.90914 9.20413 9.49961 9.79559 10.09206 10.38853 10.68604 10.9842 11.2829 11.5821 11.8807 12.1818 12.4813 12.7828 13.0839 13.3869 13.6893 13.9919 14.2959 14.6007 15.2091 15.8228 16.4366 17.0532 17.6710 18.2916 18.9143 19.5389 20.1654 20.7943 21.4270 22.0604 22.6963 23.3372 23.9808 24.6245 25.2653 25.9134 26.5675 27.2183 27.8785 28.5388 29.1971

8.78426 9.07523 9.36593 9.65717 9.94926 10.24170 10.53408 10.8272 11.12100 11.4155 11.7096 12.0048 12.3001 12.5976 12.8932 13.1909 13.4880 13.7855 14.0845 14.3843 14.9835 15.5836 16.1865 16.7926 17.4004 18.0083 18.6220 19.2345 19.8491 20.4666 21.0881 21.7108 22.3314 22.9621 23.5905 24.2189 24.8509 25.4842 26.1233 26.7666 27.4048 28.0505 28.6944

8.66326 8.94935 9.23617 9.52290 9.81065 10.09795 10.38637 10.6758 10.9649 11.2537 11.5447 11.8343 12.1256 12.4162 12.7081 13.0005 13.2943 13.5870 13.8812 14.1743 14.7645 15.3539 15.9490 16.5426 17.1409 17.7399 18.3385 18.9430 19.5465 20.1532 20.7598 21.3721 21.9829 22.5989 23.2126 23.8322 24.4499 25.0752 25.7003 26.3227 26.9542 27.5862 28.2167

8.54628 8.82768 9.10996 9.39320 9.67586 9.96016 10.24380 10.5274 10.8131 11.0975 11.3830 11.6700 11.9560 12.2429 12.5298 12.8172 13.1062 13.3941 13.6836 13.9723 14.5518 15.1332 15.7159 16.3026 16.8890 17.4764 18.0668 18.6602 19.2530 19.8491 20.4457 21.0438 21.6450 22.2469 22.8519 23.4577 24.0674 24.6792 25.2908 25.9067 26.5182 27.1370 27.7546

8.43241 8.71004 8.98796 9.26698 9.54563 9.82511 10.1051 10.3853 10.6655 10.9469 11.2271 11.5088 11.7911 12.0744 12.3564 12.6390 12.9232 13.2066 13.4916 13.7760 14.3472 14.9187 15.4919 16.0694 16.6445 17.2236 17.8031 18.3857 18.9681 19.5542 20.1410 20.7297 21.3220 21.9106 22.5073 23.1000 23.6967 24.2954 24.9004 25.4972 26.1028 26.7094 27.3149

8.32154 8.59550 8.86997 9.144111 9.41886 9.69462 9.97009 10.2459 10.5230 10.7991 11.0767 11.3546 11.6320 11.9104 12.1892 12.4673 12.7470 13.0259 13.3067 13.5870 14.1483 14.7124 15.2765 15.8428 16.4096 16.9808 17.5500 18.1225 18.6951 19.2715 19.8491 20.4290 21.0084 21.5889 22.1729 22.7583 23.3427 23.9292 24.5218 25.1130 25.7069 26.3019 26.8962

8.21423 8.48392 8.75427 9.02527 9.29627 9.56755 9.83961 10.1112 10.3842 10.6564 10.9302 11.2032 11.4771 11.7509 12.0250 12.3001 12.5755 12.8502 13.1268 13.4030 13.9567 14.5117 15.0670 15.6250 16.1838 16.7420 17.3040 17.8667 18.4322 18.9970 19.5656 20.1329 20.7039 21.2766 21.8484 22.4266 22.9991 23.5793 24.1546 24.7402 25.3165 25.9000 26.4901

8.10898 8.37591 8.64230 8.90948 9.17684 9.44465 9.71251 9.9810 10.2491 10.5186 10.7875 11.0571 11.3263 11.5969 11.8680 12.1389 12.4100 12.6807 12.9517 13.2240 13.7703 14.3164 14.8633 15.4131 15.9617 16.5153 17.0678 17.6211 18.1785 18.7336 19.2901 19.8531 20.4123 20.9732 21.5378 22.1043 22.6706 23.2342 23.8039 24.3784 24.9501 25.5232 26.0960

8.00769 8.27061 8.53315 8.79662 9.06043 9.32488 9.58865 9.85319 10.1184 10.3831 10.6485 10.9146 11.1807 11.4469 11.7137 11.9804 12.2474 12.5156 12.7828 13.0514 13.5888 14.1263 14.6671 15.2068 15.7505 16.2920 16.8379 17.3822 17.9308 18.4775 19.0259 19.5771 20.1288 20.6825 21.2359 21.7912 22.3514 22.9095 23.4687 24.0269 24.5881 25.1509 25.7202

7.90826 8.16793 8.42744 8.68734 8.94775 9.20810 9.46880 9.72952 9.99101 10.2522 10.5141 10.7770 11.03875 11.3020 11.5647 11.8273 12.0919 12.3548 12.6199 12.8833 13.4138 13.9431 14.4760 15.0083 15.5424 16.0772 16.6141 17.1497 17.6897 18.2282 18.7688 19.3125 19.8570 20.3998 20.9468 21.4915 22.0410 22.5887 23.1374 23.6911 24.2424 24.7954 25.3550

7.81194 8.06795 8.32422 8.58074 8.83752 9.09422 9.35191 9.60984 9.86680 10.1256 10.3831 10.6417 10.9016 11.1607 11.4194 11.6795 11.9389 12.1996 12.4595 12.7194 13.2415 13.7646 14.2898 14.8148 15.3421 15.8680 16.3961 16.9262 17.4581 17.9888 18.5219 19.0549 19.5886 20.1248 20.6654 21.1992 21.7391 22.2816 22.8206 23.3645 23.9120 24.4559 25.0000

9.8 10 10.5 11 11.5 12 12.5 13 13.5 14 14.5 15 15.5 16 16.5 17 17.5 18 18.5 19 19.5 20 21 22

29.8597 30.5250 32.2061 33.8983 35.5999 37.3274 39.0778 40.9836 42.6257 44.4247 46.2535 48.0769 49.9501 51.8403 53.7346 55.6483 57.6037 59.5948 61.5764 63.5728 65.6168 67.7048 71.8907 76.2195

29.3427 29.9940 31.6356 33.2889 34.9528 36.6435 38.3436 40.0641 41.7885 43.5350 45.3104 47.1032 48.8998 50.7357 52.5762 54.4366 56.3063 58.2072 60.1323 62.0732 64.0615 66.0502 70.0771 74.1840

28.8517 29.4898 31.0945 32.7011 34.3407 35.9842 37.6364 39.3082 41.0004 42.6985 44.4247 46.1681 47.9157 49.6771 51.4668 53.2765 54.0249 56.9476 58.7889 60.6796 62.5782 64.4745 68.3527 72.3589

28.3768 29.4898 30.5717 32.1543 33.7496 35.3482 36.9686 38.6100 40.2576 41.9111 43.5920 45.2899 46.9925 48.7092 50.4541 52.1921 53.9665 55.7414 57.5374 59.3472 61.1995 63.2911 66.8003 70.6215

27.9252 28.5388 30.0752 31.6256 33.1785 34.7584 36.3372 37.9363 39.5413 41.1692 42.7899 44.4444 46.1042 47.7783 49.4805 51.1771 52.8821 54.6150 56.3698 58.1395 59.9161 61.6903 65.3168 69.0131

27.4952 28.5714 29.5946 31.1139 32.6371 34.1764 35.7270 37.2856 38.8651 40.4531 42.0521 43.6491 45.2694 46.9043 48.5437 50.2008 51.8672 53.5619 55.2486 56.9801 58.6854 60.4230 63.9386 67.5219

27.0783 27.6625 29.1375 30.6279 32.1234 33.6361 35.1494 36.6703 38.2117 39.7614 41.3223 42.9000 44.4840 46.0617 47.6644 49.2854 50.9165 52.5486 54.2005 55.8659 57.5374 59.2417 62.6566 66.1376

26.6738 27.2480 28.7026 30.1568 31.6256 33.1016 34.5901 36.0881 37.5940 39.1083 40.6339 42.1763 43.7254 45.2694 46.8384 48.4262 50.0000 51.5996 53.2198 54.8246 56.4653 58.1058 61.4251 64.8088

26.2812 26.8528 28.2725 29.7089 31.1526 32.5945 34.0599 35.5240 36.9959 38.4911 39.9840 41.4766 42.9923 44.5236 46.0405 47.5964 49.1400 50.7099 52.2739 53.8503 55.4324 57.0451 60.2773 63.5324

25.9067 26.4690 27.8629 29.2740 30.6937 32.1130 33.5458 34.9773 36.4299 37.8788 39.3546 40.8163 42.3012 43.7828 45.2899 46.7946 48.3092 49.8256 51.3611 52.9101 54.4662 56.0224 59.1716 62.3830

25.5493 26.0960 27.4725 28.8517 30.2480 31.6456 33.0469 34.4590 35.8809 37.3134 38.7447 40.1929 41.6320 43.1034 44.5633 46.0405 47.5285 49.0196 50.5051 52.0291 53.5332 55.0661 58.1395 61.2370

附 3.4.3 水和水蒸气的动力黏度 ? ?106
附表 3-41
温度 t /℃ 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 110 120 130 0.1 1 2.5 5 10 15 20

水和水蒸汽的动力黏度 ? ?10 /(Pa·s)
6

压 25

力 30 35

p/MPa 40 45 50 55 60 65 70 75 80

1750 1750 1750 1750 1750 1740 1740 1740 1740 1730 1730 1730 1720 1720 1720 1720 1710 1710 1710 1300 1300 1300 1300 1300 1300 1300 1290 1290 1290 1290 1290 1280 1280 1280 1280 1280 1280 1280 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000 999 999 998 997 997 996 996 995 994 994 993 992 991 797 651 544 463 400 351 311 797 651 544 463 401 351 311 797 652 544 563 401 351 312 279 230 230 212 797 797 797 797 797 797 797 797 797 796 796 796 796 796 796 796 652 652 652 653 653 653 653 654 654 654 654 654 655 655 656 656 545 545 546 546 547 547 548 548 549 549 550 550 551 551 554 554 464 464 465 466 467 467 468 469 469 470 471 471 472 473 473 474 401 402 403 404 404 405 406 407 408 408 409 410 411 412 412 413 352 353 354 355 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 362 363 364 365 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 326 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 212 213 214 215 216 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228

12.11 279 12.52 230 12.92 230 13.33 211

140 150 160 170 180 190 200 210 220 230 240 250 260 270 280 290 300 310 320 330 340 350 360 370 380 390 400 410 420 430 440 450 460 470 480 490 500 510 520 530 540 550 560

13.74 195 14.15 181 14.55 169 14.97 159

195 182 169 159

196 197 198 199 200 201 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 213 182 183 184 185 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 196 197 198 199 170 171 172 173 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 183 184 185 186 187 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 176 177 150 151 153 154 155 156 157 158 1259 161 162 163 164 165 166 168 142 143 144 145 147 148 149 156 151 153 154 155 156 157 158 160 135 136 137 138 139 141 142 143 144 145 146 148 149 150 151 152 128 129 130 132 133 134 135 136 138 139 140 141 142 143 145 146 122 123 124 126 127 128 129 130 132 133 134 135 136 138 139 140

15.36 14.96 150 15.77 15.40 141 16.18 15.85 134 16.59 16.29 127 16.99 16.74 122

17.40 17.18 16.79 117 118 119 120 122 123 124 125 126 1278 129 130 131 132 134 134 17.81 17.61 17.28 112 113 114 115 117 118 119 120 121 123 124 125 126 128 129 130 18.22 18.05 17.77 107 109 110 111 112 113 115 116 117 118 119 121 122 123 124 126 18.62 18.49 18.26 103 104 106 107 108 109 111 112 113 114 115 117 118 119 120 122 19.03 18.92 18.74 18.38 101 102 103 104 105 107 108 109 110 112 113 114 115 117 118 19.44 19.35 19.22 18.95 97.0 98.2 99.4 101 102 103 104 106 107 108 109 111 112 113 111 19.84 19.78 19.69 19.51 93.6 94.9 96.1 97.4 98.6 99.9 101 102 104 105 106 107 109 110 111 20.25 20.22 20.16 20.06 90.5 91.7 93.0 94.3 95.5 96.8 98.1 99.3 101 102 103 104 106 107 108 20.7 20.7 20.6 20.6 86.6 88.3 89.4 91.1 92.4 93.8 94.9 96.1 97.5 98.4 99.7 101 102 103 103 21.1 21.1 21.1 21.1 21.6 84.5 85.9 87.7 89.2 90.6 92.0 92.9 94.3 95.5 96.6 97.8 99.0 100 102 21.4 21.5 21.6 21.7 22.4 80.4 82.1 84.1 85.8 87.5 88.8 90.0 91.1 92.4 93.5 94.8 96.0 97.2 98.3 21.9 21.9 22.0 22.2 23.0 76.0 78.2 80.2 82.1 84.0 85.5 86.9 88.0 89.2 90.5 91.8 93.1 94.3 95.5 22.3 22.3 22.4 22.7 23.6 25.4 73.0 75.9 78.5 80.2 82.1 83.6 84.8 86.2 87.5 88.9 90.2 91.4 92.6 22.7 22.8 22.9 23.2 24.1 25.7 66.8 70.6 73.7 76.3 78.3 80.3 81.5 83.2 84.7 86.2 87.4 88.7 90.0 23.1 23.2 23.4 23.7 24.6 26.0 29.6 64.3 68.5 72.0 74.2 76.7 78.3 80.2 81.9 83.5 84.9 86.2 87.5 23.5 23.6 23.8 24.2 25.0 26.3 28.8 53.7 63.2 67.5 70.6 73.0 75.1 77.3 79.1 80.9 82.3 83.7 84.9 23.9 24.0 24.2 24.6 25.4 26.6 28.6 34.9 56.1 63.0 67.0 69.9 72.3 74.3 76.3 78.2 79.7 81.2 82.6 24.3 24.4 24.6 25.0 25.8 26.9 28.6 32.1 45.7 57.3 62.8 66.5 69.3 71.7 73.7 75.5 77.3 79.0 80.3 24.7 24.8 25.0 25.4 26.1 27.2 28.7 31.3 38.1 50.4 58.1 62.8 66.2 68.9 71.1 73.1 74.9 76.4 77.9 25.1 25.3 25.4 25.7 26.5 27.5 28.8 31.0 35.2 44.1 52.8 58.7 62.8 65.9 68.5 70.7 72.6 74.3 75.9 25.5 25.7 25.8 26.1 26.9 27.8 29.1 30.9 32.2 39.4 47.8 54.4 59.2 62.8 65.7 68.2 70.3 72.1 73.8 26.0 26.1 26.2 26.5 27.2 28.1 29.3 30.9 32.0 37.4 43.9 50.3 55.5 59.6 62.9 65.6 67.9 69.9 71.8 26.4 26.5 26.6 26.9 27.6 28.5 29.6 31.0 32.0 36.3 41.2 46.9 52.1 56.4 60.0 63.0 65.5 67.7 69.7 26.8 26.9 27.0 27.5 28.0 28.8 29.8 31.2 32.0 35.6 39.4 44.2 49.1 53.5 57.2 60.4 63.1 65.5 67.6 27.2 27.3 27.4 27.7 28.4 29.2 30.1 31.4 32.1 35.2 38.3 42.3 46.6 50.8 54.6 57.9 60.8 63.3 65.4 27.6 27.7 27.8 28.1 28.8 29.5 30.5 31.6 32.3 35.0 37.6 40.9 44.7 48.6 52.2 55.6 58.5 61.1 63.4 28.0 28.1 28.2 28.5 29.2 29.9 30.8 31.9 32.5 34.9 37.1 39.9 43.3 48.6 50.2 53.4 56.4 59.1 61.5 28.4 28.5 28.7 28.9 29.5 30.3 31.1 32.1 32.7 34.9 36.9 39.3 42.2 45.3 48.5 51.6 54.5 57.2 59.6 28.8 28.9 29.1 29.3 29.9 30.6 31.4 32.4 33.0 35.0 36.7 38.9 41.4 44.2 47.1 50.0 52.8 55.5 57.9 29.2 29.3 29.5 29.7 30.3 31.0 31.8 32.7 33.2 35.1 36.7 38.6 40.8 43.3 46.0 48.7 51.4 53.9 56.3 29.6 29.7 29.9 30.1 30.7 31.4 32.1 33.0 33.5 35.3 36.7 38.4 40.4 42.7 45.1 47.6 50.1 52.5 54.9 30.0 30.1 30.3 30.5 31.1 31.7 32.5 33.3 33.8 35.4 36.8 38.4 40.2 42.2 44.4 46.7 49.1 51.4 53.6 30.4 30.5 30.7 30.9 31.5 32.1 32.8 33.6 34.1 35.7 36.9 38.3 40.0 41.9 43.9 46.0 48.2 50.4 52.5 30.8 30.9 31.1 31.3 31.9 32.5 33.2 34.0 34.4 35.9 37.1 38.4 39.9 41.6 43.5 45.5 47.5 49.6 51.6

570 580 590 600 610 620 630 640 650 660 670 680 690 700

31.2 31.3 31.5 31.7 34.3 32.9 33.5 34.3 34.7 36.1 37.2 38.5 39.9 41.5 43.2 45.0 46.9 48.9 50.8 31.7 31.7 31.9 32.1 32.6 33.2 33.9 34.6 35.9 36.4 37.4 38.6 39.9 41.4 43.0 44.7 46.5 48.3 50.1 32.1 32.1 32.3 32.5 33.0 33.6 34.2 35.0 35.3 36.7 37.6 38.8 40.0 41.3 42.8 44.4 46.1 47.8 49.6 32.5 32.6 32.7 32.9 33.4 34.0 34.6 35.3 35.7 36.9 37.9 38.9 40.1 41.4 42.8 44.2 45.8 47.4 49.1 32.9 33.0 33.1 33.3 33.8 34.4 35.0 35.7 36.0 37.2 38.1 39.1 40.2 41.4 42.7 44.1 45.6 47.1 48.7 33.3 33.4 33.5 33.7 34.2 34.8 35.4 36.0 36.4 37.5 38.4 39.4 40.4 41.5 42.8 44.1 45.4 46.9 48.4 33.7 33.8 33.9 34.4 34.6 35.1 35.7 36.4 36.7 37.8 38.7 39.6 40.6 41.7 42.8 44.0 45.4 46.7 48.1 34.1 34.2 34.3 34.5 35.0 35.5 36.1 36.7 37.0 38.1 38.9 39.8 40.8 41.8 42.9 44.1 45.3 46.6 48.0 34.5 34.6 34.7 34.9 35.4 35.9 36.5 37.1 37.4 38.5 39.2 40.1 41.0 42.0 43.0 44.1 45.3 46.5 47.8 34.9 35.0 35.1 35.3 35.8 36.3 36.8 37.4 37.8 38.8 39.5 40.4 41.2 42.2 43.2 44.2 45.4 46.5 47.7 35.3 35.4 35.5 35.7 36.2 36.7 37.2 37.8 38.1 39.1 39.8 40.6 41.5 42.4 43.3 44.3 45.4 46.5 47.7 35.7 35.8 35.9 36.1 36.6 37.1 37.6 38.2 38.5 39.4 40.2 40.9 41.7 42.6 43.5 44.5 45.5 46.6 47.7 36.1 36.2 36.3 36.5 37.0 37.5 38.0 38.5 38.8 39.8 40.5 41.2 42.0 42.8 43.7 44.7 45.6 46.7 47.7 36.5 36.6 36.7 36.9 37.4 37.9 38.4 38.9 39.2 40.1 40.8 41.5 42.3 43.1 43.9 44.8 45.8 46.8 47.8

附 3.4.4 饱和水蒸汽的温度、压力和密度
附表 3-42
t /℃ 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 110 120 130 140 150 160 170 180 190 200 210 220 230 0 1

饱和蒸汽的温度 t(℃),压力 P(Pa)(绝对压力)和密度 ? (kg/m3)
2 3 4

p
610.758 1227.01 2336.92 4241.38 7374.60 12334.8 19920.2 31165.5 47356.3 70107.7 101322.3 143265.4 198545.4 270133.9 361375.1 476014.8 618113.2 791985.1 1002632 1255153 1554844 1907786 2319861 2797641

?
0.004847 0.009396 0.01729 0.03037 0.05116 0.08302 0.1302 0.1982 0.2933 0.4235 0.5977 0.8265 1.122 1.497 1.967 2.548 3.260 4.123 5.160 6.397 7.864 9.593 11.62 14.00

p
656.653 1311.64 2485.01 4491.45 7777.65 12960.5 20858.7 32538.5 49307.8 72814.4 99115.8 148149.1 204919.8 278312.7 371770.1 488861.5 633901.9 811402.28 1025972 1282906 1587697 1946228 2364579 2849224

?
0.05192 0.01001 0.01833 0.03205 0.05379 0.08697 0.1360 0.2063 0.3046 0.4388 0.6180 0.8528 1.155 1.539 2.019 2.613 3.339 4.218 5.274 6.533 8.025 9.782 11.84 14.25

p
705.490 1401.37 2641.91 4753.28 8189.36 13612.6 21839.4 33960.4 51328.0 75609.3 108775.4 153160.3 211450.9 286697.4 382263.2 502100.5 650180.9 831015.5 1049606 1311149 1621039 1985258 2409886 2901592

?
0.005558 0.01066 0.01942 0.03382 0.05652 0.09108 0.1420 0.2148 0.3163 0.4545 0.6388 0.8798 1.190 1.583 2.073 2.679 3.420 4.316 5.391 6.671 8.188 9.974 12.07 14.52

p
757.466 1496.49 2807.64 5028.85 8638.68 14293.2 22859.3 35431.4 53416.8 78492.4 112668.6 158318.5 218158.7 295278.2 393148.6 515535.6 666656.1 851119.2 1073730 1339785 1654872 2024877 2455977 2954744

?
0.005946 0.01134 0.02057 0.03566 0.05938 0.09535 0.1482 0.2235 0.3283 0.4707 0.6601 0.9075 1.225 1.627 2.129 2.747 3.502 4.415 5.509 6.812 8.354 10.17 12.30 14.78

p
812.873 1597.31 2982.20 5318.15 9099.59 15002.2 23908.6 36961.3 55574.3 81463.8 116679.5 163614.1 225043 304104.2 404230.1 529264.9 683523.5 871615.1 1098345 1369008 1689294 2065084 2502657 3008582

?
0.006358 0.01206 0.02177 0.03759 0.06236 0.09979 0.1546 0.2326 0.3407 0.4873 0.6821 0.9359 1.261 1.672 2.185 2.816 3.586 4.515 5.629 6.955 8.522 10.37 12.53 15.05

240 250 260 270 280 290 300 310 320 330 340 350 360 370

3347794 3977577 4694345 5505845 6420217 7446091 8592684 9870000 11289415 12862402 14605043 16534992 18674803 21053896

16.76 19.99 23.73 28.10 33.19 39.16 46.19 54.54 64.60 76.99 92.76 113.6 144.1 201.1

3407124 4045243 4771131 5592438 6517598 7555141 8714385 10005725 11439457 13029115 14789408 16738970 18901337 21306908

17.06 20.33 24.14 28.57 33.75 39.81 46.96 55.46 65.72 78.39 94.58 116.2 148.0 211.7

3467141 4113792 4848800 5680208 6616154 7665466 8837361 10142037 11591460 13196808 14975735 16945891 19130812 21561881

17.37 20.69 24.55 29.06 34.31 40.48 47.75 56.40 66.86 79.83 96.46 118.8 152.1 225.3

3528040 4183125 4927449 5768958 6715790 7776968 8961709 10280311 11744444 13366464 15164022 17154772 19362249 21819796

17.68 21.05 24.97 29.55 34.88 41.15 48.54 57.36 68.03 81.30 154.63 174.93 197.44 222.50

3589822 4253438 5007079 5858689 6816700 7889646 9087332 10419565 11899389 13538080 15353291 17364635 19595648 22080653

17.99 21.42 25.40 30.04 35.47 41.83 49.36 58.33 69.23 82.81 100.4 124.3 161.3 288.5

t /℃ 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 110 120 130 140 150 160 170 180 190 200 210 220 230 240 250

5

6

7

8

9

p
871.811 1703.91 3165.59 5621.17 9582.08 15740.7 25006.9 38549.9 57800.4 84523.5 120798.3 169056.8 232093.9 313028.3 415507.8 543288.4 700783.2 892405.2 1123352 1398722 1724303 2105978 2550121 3063205 3652291 4324635

?
0.006795 0.01282 0.02304 0.03961 0.06546 0.1044 0.1612 0.2419 0.3535 0.5045 0.7046 0.9650 1.298 1.719 2.242 2.886 3.671 4.618 5.752 7.100 8.694 10.57 12.76 15.33 18.31 21.79

p
934.574 1816.78 3359.76 5939.89 10086.1 16510.5 26154.3 40187.7 60104.9 87681.3 125044.6 174646.6 239370.5 322246.5 427079.6 557704.2 718337.1 913685.6 1148751 1428927 1759803 2147460 2598174 3118613 3715642 4396713

?
0.007258 0.01363 0.02437 0.04172 0.06869 0.1092 0.1681 0.2515 0.3667 0.5221 0.7277 0.9948 1.336 1.766 2.301 2.958 3.758 4.723 5.877 7.248 8.868 10.77 13.00 15.61 18.64 22.17

p
1001.16 1936.127 3563.74 6274.29 10611.7 17312.7 27331.1 41894.0 62487.9 90946.9 129408.6 180393.3 246754.9 331758.9 438945.7 572316.1 736185.2 935358.3 1174641 1459622 1795990 2189629 2647011 3174707 3779875 4469773

?
0.007748 0.01447 0.02576 0.04393 0.07206 0.1142 0.1752 0.2615 0.3803 0.5402 0.7515 1.025 1.375 1.815 2.361 3.032 3.847 4.829 6.003 7.398 9.045 10.98 13.24 15.89 18.97 22.55

p
1071.96 2062.34 3778.50 6624.39 11161.9 18147.2 28566.8 43649.4 64949.4 94300.7 133899 186287 254355 341369 451008 587222 754425 957325 1201020 1490905 1832667 2232386 2696436 3231683 3844893 4543617

?
0.008267 0.01536 0.02723 0.04624 0.07557 0.1193 0.1826 0.2718 0.3942 0.5589 0.7758 1.057 1.415 1.864 2.422 3.106 3.937 4.937 6.132 7.551 9.225 11.19 13.49 16.18 19.30 22.94

p
1147.18 2195.71 4004.06 6991.16 11735.6 19016.1 29841.6 45473.4 67489.4 97762.5 138518 192338 262151 351274 463364 602521 773058 979782 1227891 1522580 1869932 2275731 2746647 3289347 3910794 4618539

?
0.008816 0.01630 0.02876 0.04865 0.07922 0.1247 0.1903 0.2824 0.4087 0.5780 0.8008 1.089 1.455 1.915 2.484 3.182 4.029 5.048 6.264 7.706 9.408 11.41 13.74 16.47 19.64 23.33

260 270 280 290 300 310 320 330 340 350 360 370

5087690 5949596 6918592 8003697 9214328 10560781 12055314 13711658 15545501 17577439 19832969 —

25.83 30.55 36.06 42.53 50.18 59.33 70.45 84.36 102.4 127.2 166.3 —

5169379 6041583 7021758 8118926 9342697 10703958 12214182 13843067 15739673 17792205 20071270 —

26.27 31.06 36.66 43.24 51.02 60.34 71.70 85.95 104.5 130.3 171.9 —

5251951 6134549 7126100 8235429 9472439 10848116 12373050 14063716 15934825 18009912 20313494 —

26.72 31.58 37.27 43.96 51.88 61.37 72.97 87.58 106.7 133.5 177.9 —

5335504 6228694 7231522 8353206 9603554 10993254 12534860 14242197 16132919 18228601 20557680 —

27.17 32.11 37.89 44.69 52.75 62.43 74.28 89.26 109.0 136.9 184.6 —

5420135 6323916 7337434 8472357 9736140 11140354 12697650 14422640 16332975 18451212 20804808 —

27.63 32.65 38.52 45.43 53.64 63.50 75.62 90.99 111.3 140.4 192.3 —

附 3.5 前置阻流件对几种流量计的影响量
附表 3-43 孔板流量计的影响量

附图 3-45

夹持环影响

附图 3-46

孔板上游单弯管影响

附图 3-47

孔板上游同平面双弯管影响

图 3-48 孔板上游相互垂直平面内双弯管的影响 (a)角接取压和法兰取压; (b)D 和 D/2 取压

附图 3-49 孔板上游相互垂直平面内有 5~11D 间隔短管的双弯管影响

附图 3-50 孔板上游相互垂直平面内 连续 3 弯管的影响

附图 3-51

孔板上游球阀和调节阀的影响

附图 3-52 孔板上游流动整流器的效果 (a)单弯管; (b)不同平面多弯管

附图 3-53

边缘锐度对孔板流出系数的影响

附表 3-44

喷嘴和文丘里管流量计影响量

附图 3-54

文丘里管上游单弯管的影响

附图 3-55 文丘里管上游在垂直平面双弯管的影响 (a)无整直器; (b)有整直器

附图 3-56 文丘里管上游管段影响 (a)渐缩管; (b)渐扩管

附图 3-57

文丘里管油膜影响

附表 3-45

电磁流量计的影响量

附图 3-58

电磁流量计单弯管的影响

附图 3-59

电磁流量计在同平面双弯管反向流的影响——无间隔短管

附图 3-60

电磁流量计在同平面双弯管反向流的影响——有 5D 间隔短管

附图 3-61

电磁流量计在同平面内双弯管的影响——无间隔短管

附图 3-62

电磁流量计在同平面内双弯管的影响——有 5D 间隔短管

附图 3-63

电磁流量计在垂直平面内双弯管的影响——无间隔短管

附图 3-64 附表 3-46

电磁流量计在垂直平面内双弯管的影响——有 5D 间隔短管 涡轮流量计的影响

附图 3-65 液体涡轮流量计受上游凸出垫圈影响 仪表口径:50.8 mm;模拟凸出垫圈:孔板孔径 48.26 mm,厚 0.015 mm

附图 3-66

涡轮流量计上游垂直平面内双弯管影响

附图 3-67

涡轮流量计上游扰动(弯管、孔板)影响

附图 3-68

管束整直器对涡轮流量计的作用

附图 3-69 附表 3-47

旋转流下涡轮流量计整直件的效果 超声流量计的影响量

? =声道与弯管平面间夹角,▼与□意义同图 J27

附图 3-70

单声道超声流量计单弯管影响

附图 3-71

双声道超声流量计单弯管影响

附图 3-72 单声道超声流量计在垂直平面内双弯管的影 附图 3-73 双声道超声流量计在垂直平面内双弯管的影 响 响 ▼与弯管平面垂直;□与弯管平面平行 ▼与弯管平面垂直;□与弯管平面平行

附图 3-74 附表 3-48

单声道超声流量计收缩管影响

附图 3-75 涡街流量计的影响量

单声道超声流量计扩大管影响

附图 3-76

4 种涡街流量计上游单弯管的影响

附图 3-77

4 种涡街流量计在同平面内双弯管的影响——有 5D 间隔短管

附图 3-78

4 种涡街流量计在垂直平面内双弯管的影响——无间隔短管

附图 3-79

4 种涡街流量计上游渐缩管的影响

附图 3-80

4 种涡街流量计上游渐扩管的影响

附 3.6 物性参数计算式 3.6.1 液体密度计算式

3.6.2 气体密度计算式

附表 3-49

天然气各组分的理想密度、理想相对密度、求和因子和压缩因子表

附表 3-50

实际混合气体临界参数和 ? 的计算方法

3.6.3 水蒸气密度计算式

3.6.4 液体粘度计算式

3.6.5 气体粘度计算式

附图 3-81

气体粘度的压力修正系数

3.6.6 气体等熵指数计算式

附图 3-82

对于简单流体( ?

? 0 )比热容的压力修正系数 F? p

附图 3-83

实际气体的比热容修正系数 F? R

附图 3-84

等熵指数的修正系数 F?


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