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MTI翻译基础短语英汉对照(八)


凯程考研辅导班,中国最强的考研辅导机构,http://www.kaichengschool.com 考研就找凯程考研,学生满意,家长放心,社会认可!

MTI 翻译基础短语英汉对照(八)
甲 A 足球队 Division A soccer team 加班 overtime work 嘉宾 distinguished guest, honored guest 假唱 lip-synch 加长版 extended edition (In April, the 87-year-old Reader's Digest, the most popular general interest magazine in the United States, published its first extended edition in China to enrich the content of the magazine with pictures and words. 四月份, 美国最受欢迎的综合性人文杂志《读者文摘》在中国出版了第一辑加长版,用更多的图片和 文字使杂志内容更丰富。 《读者文摘》 至今已经走过了 87 个春秋。 ) 假钞票 fake note; phony money; stumer 假动作 deception; feint; deception 价格波动 price fluctuation 价格操 纵 price manipulation; price rigging 价格反弹 price rebound 价格浮动范围 price-float range 价格垄断 price-fixing (Illegal acts prohibited by the regulations include price-fixing agreements and excluding or limiting competition through abuse of dominant market share, according to the regulations. 根据该法规, 签订限价协议以及滥用在市场的垄断地位来排除或 限制竞争等违法行为将被禁止。) 价格欺诈 price cheating (Chen Zhijiang, an official at NDRC, said that in all the cities they investigated, Carrefour stores were suspected of price cheating. 国家发改委官员陈志江表示, 在他们调查的所有城市中, 家乐福都涉嫌价格欺诈。 ) 价格弹性 price elasticity 价 格 听 证 会 public price hearings 价格脱离价值 divergence of prices from values; divorce price from value 加工贸易 trade involving the processing of supplied raw materials 甲 骨 文 oracle bone inscriptions 假结 婚 bogus marriage (Canadian officials are becoming more skilled at spotting fake documents and bogus marriages. Some gangs use the same apartment backdrops for all of their photographs of supposed brides and grooms, and make the same mistake on all their forged documents. 加拿大官员在识 别假文件和假结婚案例时越来越熟练了。 一些犯罪团伙给假结婚的新娘和新郎使用相同的住 宅作背景,而且他们所有的假文件中所犯的错误均有雷同之处。) 架空 make somebody a mere figurehead; deprive somebody of his authority while keeping him in office 加快产业结 构升级 speed up efforts to upgrade its industrial structure 加快市场步伐 accelerate the marketization; quicken the pace of marketization 假冒伪劣产品 counterfeit and shoddy products 加盟 ally oneself to (a sports team) 加密 encrypt 加密频道 encoded channel 家 谱 family tree; family stemma; family genealogy 加 强 军 队 和 政 权 建 设 strengthen army building and the organs of political power 加强流动人口计划生育管理 strengthen the management of family planning among the floating population 加强农业基础地 位 strengthen the position of agriculture as the foundation of the economy 加强舆论监督 ensure that the correct orientation is maintained in public opinion 假球 soccer fraud 加权平均 值 weighted average 假日经济 holiday economy 加塞 jump a queue; cut a line 假释 parole 加时赛 overtime (Pau Gasol scored nine points in the overtime to lead world champions Spain to a 85-75 win over China on Tuesday in the men's basketball competitions of the Beijing Olympic Games. 在本周二进行的北京奥运会男篮小组赛上,保罗?加索尔在加时 赛中得到九分,其突出表现最终帮助世界冠军西班牙队以 85 比 75 战胜中国队。) 加速上 市 speed-to-market 加速上市 speed-to-market 家庭出身 family background 家庭经

凯程考研,考研机构,10 年高质量辅导,值得信赖! 以学员的前途为已任,为学员提 供高效、专业的服务,团队合作,为学员服务,为学员引路。

凯程考研辅导班,中国最强的考研辅导机构,http://www.kaichengschool.com 考研就找凯程考研,学生满意,家长放心,社会认可!
济困难的学生 needy student 家庭联产承包责任制 the household contract responsibility system 家庭窘照 Awkward family pics.(Set up a couple of months ago, Awkward Family Photos is getting more than 2m hits a day, attracting major publishers to line up offering potential book deals. 网站成立不足 2 月,日点击量已逾 200 万。各大知名出版商纷纷排队抢购照片 出版权。) 家庭影院 home theater 假 小 子 tomboy 夹 心 层 sandwich class (Applications commenced yesterday in response to the Hong Kong Housing Society's plans to sell sandwich-class flats in Tseung Kwan O for singles and families. The flats are priced 23 percent below market value. 香港房屋委员会计划面向单身人士和家庭出售将军澳地区的“夹心阶层 住屋”,申请已于昨日开始。这些公寓的售价比市价要低 23%。) 家用电脑 home-use PC 家用电器 household electrical appliance; home appliance 家长制作风 patriarchal style 家 政 服 务 household service 家 政 服 务 业 home services industry (Chinese government Wednesday announced guidelines designed to boost the development of home services industry across the country, vowing financial support and tax cuts. 我国本周三公布了在全国范围内促进 家政服务业发展的政策措施,并指出要对该行业提供财政支持和税收优惠。 ) 价值工程 value engineering 家族企业 family firm 家族式管理 family-run management (It is time for Chinese entrepreneurs, who are well known for their diligence and ability to handle pressure, to study Western management because their companies are growing larger and the old family-run management style is no longer suitable for the market-oriented business model. 以勤奋和强抗压 能力著称的中国企业家应该研究一下西方管理学了, 因为他们的公司正处于扩大时期, 旧的 家族式管理模式不再适应目前以市场为导向的商业模式。 ) 加大污染治理力度 strengthen pollution control 假酒 adulterated wine 加快处置不良资产 step up efforts in handling bad assets 加快努力 speed up efforts 假冒伪劣商品 counterfeit and substandard goods 兼 并 merge; annexation 见不得人的勾当 under-the-table deal 剪彩 cut the ribbon 剪彩 仪式 ribbon cutting ceremony (The day has finally come for organizers and volunteers to open the doors of Beacon of Hope on the west side of Indianapolis. There will be a ribbon cutting ceremony at 8 a.m. July 27. 组织者和志愿者们终于要揭开印第安那波利斯市西部“希望灯 塔”的神秘面纱了。剪彩仪式将在 7 月 27 日上午 8 点举行。) 建仓 open a position 检 察官 public procurator 检察机关 procuratorial organ 检察长 chief procurator 坚持不 懈地进行“扫黄打非”斗争 fight unremittingly against pornographic and illegal publications 坚持对话,不搞对抗 persist in dialogue, refrain from confrontation 坚持解放思想、实事求是 的思想路线,弘扬与时俱进的精神 adhere to the ideological guideline of emancipating the mind, seeking truth from facts, and upholds the spirit of advancing with time. 坚持统一,反对分 裂, 增加了解, 化解歧见 persist in reunification, oppose separation, increase understanding and iron out differences 剪刀差 price scissors; scissors movement of price 监督部门 watchdog 尖端产品 highly sophisticated products 尖端课题 frontline subject 减肥茶 diet tea 减 肥训练营 weight loss camp (250 traffic police offers in Bangkok, Thailand, have entered a weight loss camp to burn the fat in their plump body from June 30. 泰国曼谷市 250 名体重超标 的交通警察 6 月 30 日开始参加"交警减肥营"。) 减肥药 slimming drug; weight-loss drug (Fifteen weight-loss products containing the drug sibutramine have been recalled across the country over concern that the diet pills could lead to an increased risk of heart disease. 因担心会 增加心血管病的风险,15 种含有西布曲明的减肥产品已经在全国范围内被召回。 ) 减负 alleviate burdens on somebody 监管漏 洞 supervision loopholes (Hao's case reflected supervision loopholes in the country's coal sector. 郝(鹏俊)的案子反映出国家煤炭领域的监 管漏洞。 ) 监护权 custodial right 舰舰导弹 ship-to-ship missile 间接选举 indirect

凯程考研,考研机构,10 年高质量辅导,值得信赖! 以学员的前途为已任,为学员提 供高效、专业的服务,团队合作,为学员服务,为学员引路。

凯程考研辅导班,中国最强的考研辅导机构,http://www.kaichengschool.com 考研就找凯程考研,学生满意,家长放心,社会认可!
election 渐进式台独 gradual Taiwan independence 渐近尾声 draw to a close 检举箱 accusation letter box 健康保险 health insurance( The Bryants did not provide her with health insurance and she sustained damages of $20000 in unpaid overtime.科比夫妇没有给她提供健 康保险, 拖欠她 2 万美元薪水。 ) 健康带菌者 healthy carrier (In addition to the 19 confirmed cases, one student was diagnosed as a "healthy carrier," or a person who was infected with the cholera bacteria but displays no symptoms. However, "healthy carriers" can transmit the bacteria to others. 除了 19 个确诊病例外,还有一名学生被诊断为“健康带菌者”,也就是被感染了 霍乱病毒但是却没有表现出症状。但是,“健康带菌者”可以把病毒传染给他人。) 健康 及意外险 health and casualty insurance 健康证 health certificate (A university graduate who fought discrimination against Hepatitis B virus (HBV) carriers for two years has received a health certificate allowing him to be employed in the food industry. 在与对乙肝病毒携带者的歧 视斗争了两年之后,一位大学毕业生终于拿到了允许他从事食品行业的健康证。) 建立公 正、合理的国际政治经济新秩序 build a fair and rational new international political and economic order 建立健全国有资产管理和监督体制 establish and perfect the management and supervision system of State-owned assets 见面会 meet-and-greet 简明新闻 news in brief 减排 carbon emission reduction (China's commitment on carbon emission reduction is scientific and practical, Chinese premier Wen Jiabao said at a news conference following the China-EU summit Monday. 本周一,在中欧峰会结束后的新闻发布会上,温家宝总理称,中国所做的 碳减排承诺是科学和实际的。) 减轻农民负担 reduce farmers' burdens; lighten the burden on farmers 建设公债 public bonds for construction 建设社会主义的物质文明和精神文 明 build a socialist civilization that is advanced culturally and ideologically, as well as materially; promote socialist material progress and socialist culture and ideology 建设社会主义 法治国家 build a socialist country under the rule of law 建设稳产高产基本农田 make primary farmland capable of producing stable, high yields. 建设有中国特色的社会主义 build a socialist country under the rule of law build socialism with Chinese characteristics 监事会 board of inspectors 减速玻璃(汽车) decelerating glass 荐贤举能 recommend the virtuous and the able 减刑 have one's sentence commuted 减员增效 downsize staffs and improve efficiency 减灾 disaster reduction; disaster mitigation; reduce damages caused by disaster 舰 载 飞机 carrier-borne aircraft; carrier aircraft 简政 放权 streamline administration and delegate power; streamline administration and institute decentralization 兼职教授 adjunct Professor 建筑面积 floorage; floor space 监察合一 the integration of supervision and investigation 坚持国家绝对控股 keeping a controlling share in the state's hands 坚持正确 的政治方向 pursue a correct political direction 坚定信心,扎实工作,旗帜鲜明,毫无动摇 enhance confidence, do a solid job, take a clear-cut stand and never waver in carrying on the fight in depth 讲诚信,反欺诈 : honor credibility and oppose cheating 僵化思想 ossified thinking 将军肚 general's belly; beer belly 奖励工资制度 a bonus wages system; a system of higher pay for better performance 降落伞候选人,外来候选人(应召而来参加本人 非所在地区竞选的政党候选人) parachute candidate 江南水乡 the south of the lower reaches of the Yangze River 讲排场,摆阔气 waste and extravagance 讲求实效 stress practical results; strive for practical results 僵尸电脑 zombie computer (Malicious code such as Conficker can be triggered to steal data or turn control of infected computers over to hackers amassing"zombie" machines for criminal ends. 入侵者可激活 Conficker 蠕虫病毒等恶意代码 来窃取数据, 或使被感染的电脑受黑客控制, 进而产生大量的 “僵尸电脑” 以用于犯罪目的。 ) 僵尸粉 zombie fans ("Zombie fans" are artificial followers that can be bought and sold online

凯程考研,考研机构,10 年高质量辅导,值得信赖! 以学员的前途为已任,为学员提 供高效、专业的服务,团队合作,为学员服务,为学员引路。

凯程考研辅导班,中国最强的考研辅导机构,http://www.kaichengschool.com 考研就找凯程考研,学生满意,家长放心,社会认可!
for as little as 4 yuan (63 cents) a thousand. “僵尸粉”就是指那些可以在网上以每 1000 个 4 元 (63 美分) 的便宜价格进行买卖的虚假粉丝。 ) 僵尸手机 zombie phone (We can compare an infected cell phone to a “zombie” phone. It will secretly send virus-linked text messages to your friends and colleagues and turn their phones into “zombies”, which will later create more “zombie” phones. 我们可以把染了病毒的手机比作一部“僵尸”手机,它会向你的朋友和 同事发送带有病毒链接的信息,然后把他们的手机都变成“僵尸”,之后,这些手机又会发 展出更多的“僵尸”手机。) 降息 reduction of interest 降息 reduction of interest rate 讲义气 be loyal to friends; remain faithful to friends 降雨量 precipitation level 僵持 stand-off (Two hijackers of a Sudanese jetliner surrendered to authorities in Libya after releasing all the passengers Wednesday after a 22-hour standoff. 经过 22 个小时的僵持, 劫持苏丹客机的 两名劫机者 27 日释放了所有人质,并向利比亚当局投降。 ) 降低消耗 to reduce consumption of resources 建立促进经济社会可持续发展的机制 establish a mechanism to promote sustainable social and economic development 建立更加安全、 更加尊重多样性和更加 团结的世界 work for a safer, more diverse and united world 建立巩固的国防 build a strong national defense 健全国有资本经营预算制度 establishing a sound operating and budget system for state capital 健全国有资本经营业绩考核体系 establishing a sound performance evaluation system for state capital 健全国有资产重大损失责任追究制度 establishing a sound system for assigning responsibility for major losses of state assets for state capital 健全就业,收 入分配和社会保障制度 improve employment, income distribution and social security system 减少和规范行政审批 to reduce the number of matters requiring administrative examination and approval and standardize such procedures 建设高素质的领导干部队伍 build a contingent of high-calibre leading cardres 建设统一开放竞争有序的现代市场体系 establish a unified, open and orderly modern market system 建设完整的社会主义市场经济体系 establish a complete socialist market economic system 建设信息化军队 to build computerized armed forces “简税制、宽税基、低税率、严征管”的原则 the principle of “a more simplified taxation system, broader tax collection basis, lower tax rates and stricter tax collection” 简易过 渡房 makeshift shelter (1 million makeshift shelters for quake-hit areas must be finished in 3 and half months, according to the 11th State Council's meeting of disaster relief Tuesday.) 减员 增效 reduce staff for greater efficiency 叫板 challenge; pick a quarrel 脚踩两只船 sit on the fence 交叉报复 cross retaliation 交叉销售 cross sale (Freeman said during a roundtable discussion with Chinese bankers that he believes cross sale ― selling additional products or services to established customers―could be a core driver in increasing banks' profits. 在与中国银行家的座谈会上,Freeman 说他相信交叉销售是提高银行利润的核心驱动力,交 叉销售是指向现有客户推销新的产品及服务的销售方式。) 交割 delivery 教工 teachers and staff 铰接式公共汽车 articulated bus (World's longest articulated bus makes debut in Brazil--The bus has a capacity of 250 passengers, is 28 meters long, 2.6 meters wide, and powered with biodiesel made from soybeans. 世界最长铰接式公共汽车在巴西首次亮相――这一公 共汽车可容纳 250 名乘客,车身长 28 米,宽 2.6 米,采用的燃料是从大豆中提取的生物柴 油。) 交警 traffic police 交流学者 exchange scholar 胶囊公寓 capsule apartment (Huang is auctioning a five-year patent to his life's work - the capsule apartments that have been capturing international media attention since last April. 黄正在拍卖其胶囊公寓的五年专利使用 权。 这种公寓是他毕生的一个成就, 自去年四月以来就得到了国际媒体的关注。 ) 矫情 use lame arguments 教 书 育 人 impart knowledge and educate people 脚 踏 实 地 be down-to-earth 交通补助 travel allowance 交通规则 traffic regulation 交通文明

凯程考研,考研机构,10 年高质量辅导,值得信赖! 以学员的前途为已任,为学员提 供高效、专业的服务,团队合作,为学员服务,为学员引路。

凯程考研辅导班,中国最强的考研辅导机构,http://www.kaichengschool.com 考研就找凯程考研,学生满意,家长放心,社会认可!
road civility (The capital released a top 10 of commonly seen bad driving habits at a press conference on Saturday in the hope of raising awareness of "road civility". On the list was using a cell phone, not wearing a seat belt, throwing trash out of windows and overusing the car horn. 上 周六,北京市在新闻发布会上公布了“十大交通陋习”,希望能够提高市民的“文明交通” 意识。名单列出的陋习包括在开车过程中使用手机、不系安全带、往车窗外扔垃圾,还有乱 按喇叭等。) 交通协管员 traffic warden (The new method introduced in the city's downtown area requires traffic wardens to pull a rope across the pavement when the pedestrian's red light is on, to keep back pedestrians and bicyclists. When the light switches to green, the rope is pulled away. 这一新举措在该市城区实行,要求交通协管员在行人红灯亮起时拉起绳子阻断人行 道,以阻止行人和骑自行车的人通过。等绿灯亮的时候,就放下绳子。) 交通转盘 traffic circle 焦土政策 Scorched- Earth plan 教务处 dean's office 侥幸球 fluke 教学法 pedagogy; teaching method 教研室 teaching and research division 交钥匙工程 turn-key project 浇一瓢冷水 throw cold water on ; dampen the enthusiasm of 教育部社政司 Social Science Research and Ideological Work Department of the Ministry of Education 教育 规划纲要 national education plan (Universal preschool education and a pledge to eliminate illiteracy are among the reforms of China's education system published in the country's national education plan for the next decade. 国家发布的未来十年教育规划纲要提到的中国教育体制改 革目标包括了普及学前教育和承诺扫除文盲两项工作。 ) 教育乱收费 unauthorized collection of fees by educational institutions 教育体制 education bureaucracy (Premier Wen Jiabao on Saturday called for changes in the education bureaucracy, a problem that plagues China's development of education. 上周六,温家宝总理提出要进行教育体制改革,教育体制 问题是中国教育发展过程中的一个困扰。 ) 教育质量 quality of education 叫座 a box-office success; draw a large audience 交叉 感染 cross transmission; cross-infection 交 接 仪 式 handover ceremony 加 强 伙 伴 关 系 strengthen partnerships 加 强 水 土 保 持 reinforce the conservation of water and soil 加速科研成果向生产力的转化 facilitate a faster transition from research to actual production 家庭暴力 domestic violence 家庭装修用品 home improvement products 假文凭 fake diplomas 假帐 accounting fraud 家长会 parent-teacher conference (Then call my ex-husband and remind him the parent-teacher conference is at Dalton tonight.) 基 本 生 活 费 basic allowances 基 层 民 主 政 治 democracy at the local level 鸡蛋羹 steamed egg custard 机顶盒 set-top box (STB), set-top unit (A set-top box (STB) or set-top unit (STU) is a device that connects to a television and an external source of signal, turning the signal into content which is then displayed on the television screen.) 机读形式 machine-readable form 结党营私 form cliques for private gain 街道企业 neighborhood enterprise 借调 temporarily transfer 借读生 transient student 戒毒所 drug rehabilitation center 阶段性就业 periodic employment 阶段性政 策 interim policy 解放生产力 emancipate the productive forces 解放思想、 实事求是的思 想路线 ideological line of emancipating the mind and seeking truth from facts 解放思想、实 事求是、 与时俱进 Emancipate the mind, Seek truth from the facts, Advance with the times 结 构工资制 structural wage system (内蒙古东胜市对村干部实行结构工资制,真正把村干部的 工资与工作成绩、 村集体经济收入紧紧地联系起来。 Dongsheng City in Inner Mongolia carried out the composite wage system, closely connecting pay with village officials'work achievements and the economic revenue of the village's collective economy.) 关于凯程:

凯程考研,考研机构,10 年高质量辅导,值得信赖! 以学员的前途为已任,为学员提 供高效、专业的服务,团队合作,为学员服务,为学员引路。

凯程考研辅导班,中国最强的考研辅导机构,http://www.kaichengschool.com 考研就找凯程考研,学生满意,家长放心,社会认可!
凯程考研成立于 2005 年,国内首家全日制集训机构考研,一直致力于高端全日制辅导,由 李海洋教授、张鑫教授、卢营教授、王洋教授、杨武金教授、张释然教授、索玉柱教授、方 浩教授等一批高级考研教研队伍组成,为学员全程高质量授课、答疑、测试、督导、报考指 导、方法指导、联系导师、复试等全方位的考研服务。 凯程考研的宗旨:让学习成为一种习惯 凯程考研的价值观口号:凯旋归来,前程万里 信念:让每个学员都有好最好的归宿 使命:完善全新的教育模式,做中国最专业的考研辅导机构 激情:永不言弃,乐观向上 敬业:以专业的态度做非凡的事业 平衡:找到工作、生活、家庭的平衡点 服务:以学员的前途为已任,为学员提供高效、专业的服务,团队合作,为学员服务,为学 员引路。

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