高 2013 级定时阅读系列训练
高 2013 级定时阅读训练 (47)
(时间 40 分钟,总分 80 分) ----By Bacon
I. 完形填空（共 20 题；每小题 1.5 分, 满分 30 分）
阅读下面短文,掌握其大意, 从每题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出最佳选项, 并在答题卡上将该 项涂黑。 Certainly dustmen prefer to be known as "Reuse Collection and Disposal Officers". You may think that this is rather 1 , and it is better to call a spade a spade. But dustmen can be as 2 as people of any other occupation, though we must 3 that their job is not a 4 one in the world. We often take dustmen for granted. Perhaps because they usually come very early in the morning, before most people are 5 . We are likely to forget their 6 . Our dustbins are 7 regularly, but we 8 stop to think about the men who do this. However, it is one of the most important jobs in the world, and when there are no dustmen to 9 the rubbish, the general 10 soon becomes aware that something is wrong. Recently, the dustmen of England went on strike for higher wages. During the first few days it was regarded as a 11 . But when the first two weeks had passed, and the dustbins were overflowing in nearly every backyard in the country, the joke did not seem so 12 any more. 13 the strike continued, people could not 14 the hills of rubbish around their dustbins, and they looked for other places in which to 15 it. Even Leicester Square, in the heart of West End of London, was 16 high with plastic bags full of smelly rubbish. This was a(n) 17 attraction that the people of London were not at all 18 to see. Even when the strike was over, it took several weeks for the country to get cleaned up completely. Perhaps now the English people appreciate the work of 19 dustmen rather more 20 and won't take them for granted any more. 1. A.silly B.clever C.interesting D.reasonable 2. A.sensitive B.careless C.hopeful D.shy 3. A.realize B.believe C.know D.admit 4. A.necessary B.difficult C.heavy D.romantic 5. A.away B.up C.down D.in 6. A.existence B.presence C.absence D.performance 7. A.cleaned B.filled C.emptied D.burned 8. A.generally B.seldom C.frequently D.sometimes 9. A.take away B.take off C.take up D.take on 10. A.society B.citizen C.public D.community 11. A.trick B.trouble C.joke D.show 12. A.pleasing B.excited C.stupid D.funny 13. A.When B.While C.As D.Because 14. A.bear B.contain C.manage D.control 15. A.get rid of B.give up C.take care of D.keep off 16. A.crowded B.piled C.fixed D.put 17. A.business B.industrial C.tourist D.agricultural 18. A.disappointed B.serious C.happy D.nervous 19. A.its B.her C.his D.their 20. A.highly B.eagerly C.lowly D.entirely
II. 阅读理解（共 20 小题,每小题 2 分,满分 40 分）
阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项（A、B、C 和 D）中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
高 2013 级定时阅读系列训练 A For almost two months Dominic York, a 23-year-old hairdresser, wandered about hospitals all night, wearing a white coat and pretending he was a doctor. Yesterday he proudly claimed in court that despite his complete lack of medical experience or qualifications, he had saved several people’s lives. He had even been allowed to assist a surgeon during an emergency operation on a patient who was about to die on something she had swallowed. “I watched one of those TV dramas about a hospital and suddenly I felt like playing one of the roles myself. So I put on a white jacket and a stethoscope(听诊器)and walked around one of the biggest hospital in London. At first I just watched. Once you learn how doctors talk to patients, nurses and others doctors, it’s easy to take people in,” he said. One of the patients he treated was Laura Kennan. She had been knocked down by a car and fainted. When she came to in hospital, York was standing over her. “He looked very professional. He told me his name was Doctor Simon. Then he gave me some sort of injection,” she said. And then he suddenly cleared off when a nurse asked who he was. She didn’t think there was anything wrong. “I would never have realized he was a fake if a policewoman hadn’t showed me his photograph a week later. When the policewoman told me who he really was, I could hardly believe my cars.” Judge Raymond Adams told York that he was. “ shocked and horrified” that he got away with his deceiving for so long, and then sentenced him to eighteen months in a special prison for criminal with mental disorders. “I can only hope that this will not lead to further problems. After all, you will have considerable opportunity to study the behaviour of the psychiatrists(精神科医生) who will look after you while you are there. If you try to persuade people that you yourself are a psychiatrist after you are set free, I shall make sure that you are given a much longer sentence.” Judge Adams warned York. 21. York was proud of the fact that ___________. A. a surgeon let him watch an operation. B. he could perform some duties of a doctor C. he had cheated doctors for so long D. people thought he could become a real doctor 22. York learned how to behave like a doctor by __________. A. watching other doctors work B. talking to doctors and nurses C. getting some training and experience D. observing doctors while he was a patient 23. Why was Laura Kennan in hospital? A. She had swallowed something and almost died. B. She had to have and emergency operation. C. She had been injured in a road accident. D. She had lost consciousness while driving. 23. The judge’s remark implied that York would be more severely punished if he _________. A. pretended to be a psychiatrist B. tried to get away from prison C. was proud of what he had done D. studied the behaviour of the psychiatrist B One thinks of princes and presidents as some of the most powerful people in the world; however, governments, elected or otherwise, sometimes have had to struggle with the financial powerhouses called tycoons. The word tycoon is relatively new to the English language. It is Chinese in origin but was given as a title to some Japanese generals. The term was brought to the United States, in the late nineteenth century, where it eventually was used to refer to magnates who acquired immense fortunes from sugar and cattle, coal and oil, rubber and steel, and railroads. Some people called these tycoons “capitals of industry” and praised them for their contributions to U.S. wealth and international reputation. Others criticized them as cruel “robber barons”, who would stop at nothing in pursuit of personal wealth. The early tycoons built successful businesses, often taking over smaller companies to eliminate competition. A single company that came to control an entire market was called a monopoly. Monopolies made a few families very wealthy, but they also placed a heavy financial burden on consumers and the economy at large.
高 2013 级定时阅读系列训练 As the country expanded and railroads linked the East Coast to the West Coast, local monopolies turned into national corporations called trusts. A trust is a group of companies that join together under the control of a board of trustees. Railroad trusts are an excellent example. Railroads were privately owned and operated and often monopolized various routes, setting rates as high as they desired. The financial burden this placed on passengers and businesses increased when railroads formed trusts. Farmers, for example, had no choice but to pay, as railroads were the only means they could use to get their grain to buyers. Exorbitant (过高的) goods rates put some farmers out of business. There were even accusations that the trusts controlled government itself by buying votes and manipulating elected officials. In 1890 Congress passed the Sherman Antitrust. Act, legislation aimed at breaking the power of such trusts. The Sherman Antitrust Act focused on two main issues. First of all, it made illegal any effort to interfere with the normal conduct of interstate trade. It also made it illegal to monopolize any part of business that operates across state lines. Over the next 60 years or so, Congress passed other antitrust laws in an effort to encourage competition and restrict the power of larger corporations. 23. The Sherman Antitrust Act_______________. A. affected only the companies doing business within state lines B. sought to eliminate monopolies in favor of competition in the market-place C. promoted trade with a large number of nations D. provides a financial advantage to the buyer 26. One might infer from this passage that lower prices _________. A. are more likely to exist in a competitive market economy B. usually can be found only in an economy based on monopolies C. matter only to people who are poor and living below the poverty level D. are regulated by the government 27. It seems likely that many Americans____________. A. believed that the trusts had little influence over government B. expected the wealthy magnates to share money with the poor C. did little to build up American business D. were worried that trusts might manipulate the government C I heard many parents complaining that their teenage children are rebelling. I wish it were so. At your age you ought to be growing away from your parents. You should be learning to stand on your own two feet. But take a good look at the present rebellion. It seems that teenagers are taking the same way of showing that they disagree with their parents. Instead of striking out boldly on their own, most of them are clutching (紧握) at one another’s hands for reassurance. They claim they want to dress as they please. But they all wear the same clothes. They set off in new directions in music. But somehow they all end up huddled (聚在一起) round listening to the same record. Their reason for thinking or acting in thus-and-such a way is that the crowd is doing it. They have come out of their cocoon (蚕茧) into a larger cocoon. It has become harder and harder for a teenager to stand up against the popularity wave and to go his or her own way. Industry has firmly carved out a teenage market. These days every teenager can learn from the advertisements what a teenager should have and be. And many of today’s parents have come to award high marks for the popularity of their children. All this adds up to a great barrier for the teenager who wants to find his or her own path. But the barrier is worth climbing over. The path is worth following. You may want to listen to classical music
高 2013 级定时阅读系列训练 instead of going to a party. You may want to collect rocks when everyone else is collecting records. You may have some thoughts that you don’t care to share at once with your classmates. Well, go to it. Find yourself. Be yourself. Popularity will come — with the people who respect you for who you are. That is the only kind of popularity that really counts. 28. In this passage, the author wants to tell _______. A. teenagers to try to pursue their real selves B. readers to try to be popular with people around C. parents to try to control and guide their children D. people to try to understand and respect each other 29. The author disapproves of rebelling teenagers _______. A. growing away from their parents B. following the popularity trend C. walking a new way on their own D. turning to their friends for help 30. The phrase “ larger cocoon” at the end of the second paragraph refers to _______. A. the distractive and variable society B. the dazzling music world C. the parental care and love D. the popularity wave in the society 31. What does the author think of advertisements? A. Convincing. B. Instructive. C. Influential. D. Authoritative. 32. According to the author, what might happen when a teenager stands up against the popularity wave and follows his/her own path? A. He/She falls behind the time. B. He/She loses good friends. C. He/She faces all kinds of criticism. D. He/She gains valuable popularity. D A person named Bernard Jackson today is a free man, but he has many bitter memories. He spent five years in prison after a jury (陪审团) wrongly convicted (判处……有罪) him of raping two women. At Jackson’s trial, although two witnesses testified that Jackson was with them in another location at the time of the crime, he was convicted anyway. Why? The jury believed the testimony (证词) of the two victims, who positively identified Jackson as the man who had attacked them. The court eventually freed Jackson after the police found the real criminal. Many factors influence the accuracy of eyewitness testimony. For instance, witnesses sometimes see photographs of several suspects before they try to identify the person they saw in a group of people. They can become confused by seeing many photographs of similar faces. The number of people in the group, and whether it is a person or a photograph, may also affect a witness’s decision. People sometimes have difficulty identifying people of other races. The questions the police ask witnesses also have an effect on them. Many people believe that police officers are more reliable than ordinary people. Psychologists decided to test this idea, and they discovered that it is not true. Two psychologists showed a film of crimes to both police officers and civilians. The psychologists found no difference between the police and the civilians in correctly remembering the details of the crimes. Despite all the possibilities for inaccuracy, courts cannot omit eyewitness testimony from a trial. American courts depend almost completely on eyewitness testimony to resolve (决定) court cases. Sometimes it is the only evidence to a crime, such as rape. Furthermore, eyewitness testimony is often correct. Although people do sometimes make mistakes, and convict innocent people, more importantly, eyewitness testimony has rightly convicted a larger number of guilty people. American courts depend on the ability of the twelve jurors, and not the judges, to determine the accuracy of the witness’s testimony. It is their responsibility to decide if a certain witness could actually see, hear and remember what happened.
高 2013 级定时阅读系列训练 33. Bernard Jackson was found guilty and sentenced 5 years’ prison because ________ . A. the police discovered evidence leading to his guilt B. the admitted the crime of raping two women C. the victims insisted that he was the attacker D. the eyewitness proved the victims’ testimony 34. The following statements may be the reasons for why sometimes the eyewitness’ testimony is not accurate EXCEPT _______. A. the eyewitness lacks the professional help from police B. the eyewitness is shown photos of many similar faces C. the eyewitness is confused by the police’s questions D. the eyewitness can’t identify people of other races clearly 35. An inaccurate eyewitness testimony may lead to_______ . A. the misunderstanding of the case B. the conviction of an innocent person C. the disrespect for the eyewitness D. the disbelief in the court 36. According to the text, we can infer that _______ . A. the jury relies on the judge than the eyewitness for a decision B. police identification is more reliable than that of the ordinary people C. crime victims often fail to give positive identification of the suspects D. eyewitness testimony is valuable, though sometimes incorrect. E A new eight-kilometre road is under construction that links the port area with the motorway system. It is expected to carry 20,000 trucks and cars a day, which greatly reduces the overcrowded traffic in the center of the city. As part of the project, two four-kilometre road tunnels are being built below the central area of the city, one for traffic to the north and the other for traffic to the south. The two tunnels are about 20 metres below the surface and are 12 metres wide, providing for two lanes of traffic in each direction. In the upper part of the tunnel two air-conditioning pipes remove the waste gas of trucks and cars and keep the quality of air inside the tunnel. The lighting is at the top of the tunnel, practically at its highest point. There will also be electronic signs at frequent intervals (间隔). They show traffic conditions ahead, and can be seen clearly by drivers. The wall is made up of four main elements, which include a waterproofing covering and , on the inside of the tunnel, a concrete lining (混凝土衬砌). Each tunnel is roughly round and the lower part of the tunnel is somewhat flat. The surface of the road lies on the base, which is made of concrete and steel. The drainage system (排水系统), just below the road surface on one side, removes any extra liquid, particularly water. In the event of fire, the fire main, which is made of steel, pipes water to many fire hydrant stations at regular intervals along the length of the tunnel. The fire main is at the side of the tunnel, and at the level of the road surface. Other systems in the tunnel will include emergency phones.
37. Each of the tunnels under construction is _______ . A. eight kilometers long and twenty metres wide B. eight kilometers long and six metres wide C. four kilometers long and twenty metres wide D. four kilometers long and six metres wide 38. Which part of the tunnel in the diagram is used to pipe out extra water ?
高 2013 级定时阅读系列训练 A. 1. B. 3. C. 5. D. 6. 39. Driving in the tunnel , one can know the traffic conditions ahead through _______ . A. the lights B. the electronic signs C. the trucks and cars D. the emergency phones 40. The passage is mainly about _______ . A. the construction of a road B. the design of a road C. the construction of two tunnels D. the design of two tunnels
III. 阅读表达(共 5 小题,每小题 2 分,满分 10 分)
阅读下列短文并回答问题,然后将答案写到答题卡相应的位置上（请注意问题后的词数要求） 。 Every country has many good people who help to take care of others. Some high school and college students in the United States often spend many hours as volunteers in a hospital, orphanage (孤儿院) or home for the aged. They read books to the people who must be in these places or they just visit them and play games or listen to their problems. Other young people volunteer to collect food or money, or they work in the homes of people who are sick or old. They paint, clean or repair their houses, do their shopping or mow their lawns. There is a group of volunteers to meet almost every need. For boys who no longer have fathers there is an organization called Big Brothers. College students and other men take these boys to baseball games or on fishing trips and help them to know about things that boys usually learn from their fathers. Every city has a number of clubs where boys and girls can go play games or to learn crafts. Some of these clubs have movies or organize short trips to the mountains, the beaches, museums or other places of interest. Most of these clubs use many high school and college students as volunteers because they still remember the problems of younger boys and girls. Volunteers believe that some of the happiest people in the world are those ________________________. 41. What does the passage mainly talk about? (within 10 words) ____________________________________________________ 42. What do volunteers usually do in the home for the aged? (within 20 words) ________________________________________________________ 43. Please fill in the blank in the last paragraph with proper words or phrases to complete the sentence. (within 10 words) ______________________________________________________________ 44. What else would you do if you got a chance to be such a volunteer? (within 10 words) _______________________________________________________________ 45. What does the underlined word “they”( in the last but two line) refer to? (within 5 words) ________________________________________________________________