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Book 10


Book 10_U2_资源库_词汇

U2 重点词汇讲解
1. edition a. 版本(出版形式) a paperback/hardback/hardcover edition 平装/硬皮/精装版 b. (报纸、杂志的)一份; (广播、电视节目的)一期,一辑 The story was in Tuesday’s edition of “The New York Times”. 这个故事在周二那期的《纽约时报》上。 c. (abbr. ed.)版次 The textbook was first published in 1858 and is now in its 39th edition. 这课本在 1858 年第一次出版,现在是第 39 版了。 limited edition 限量版 first edition 首版 d. 动词:edit 编辑;剪辑;主编 名词:editor 编辑,主编;剪辑师 2. be on the move 在迁移中,在行进中;在旅途中;在发展,在前进,变得积极,忙碌 It seems that the enemy forces are on the move. 敌军似乎正在行进中。 He was an adventurous, versatile man, always on the move. 他是一个具有冒险精神又八面玲珑的人,总在各地走动。 He’s always on the move and has no time to talk at all. 他总是忙个不停,根本没有时间说话。 tough 艰难的;艰难的;棘手的 She’s been having a tough time of it (= a lot of problems) lately. 她最近的日子一直很难熬。 He faces the toughest test of his leadership so far. 他面临迄今为止对自己的领导工作最严峻的考验。 严格;坚定~ (on/with sb/sth) It’s about time teachers started to get tough with bullies. 现在教师该对横行霸道的学生开始采取严厉措施了。 The school takes a tough line on (= punishes severely) cheating. 学校对作弊行为的惩罚很严厉。 Antonym: SOFT 强壮 He’s not tough enough for a career in sales. 他干推销这一行缺少足够的韧劲。 She’s a tough cookie/customer. 她是个有主见的人。 (人)剽悍的;粗暴的;粗野的 He plays the tough guy in the movie. 他在电影中扮演硬汉。
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3. a.

b.

c.

d.

Book 10_U2_资源库_词汇

e. f. 4. a.

Antonym: TENDER 不易损坏的 a tough pair of shoes 一双结实的鞋子 (as) tough as old boots/(as) tough as nails 坚韧不拔;不为所动 slip (slipped; slipped; slipping) vi. 滑行;滑跤;滑落,滑掉,松脱;溜;悄悄走; (时间)不知不觉地过去; (健康等) 变坏;下降;匆忙地穿(或脱) ;无意中讲出;泄漏 The ship slipped through the water. 船在水面滑行。 She slipped on the ice. 她在冰上滑倒了。 He woke to find that his quilt had slipped off the bed. 他醒来发现被子从床上滑下来了。 The student slipped out of the classroom. 那学生溜出了教室。 Standards are slipping in this hotel. 这家旅馆的水平在下降。 He slipped into his coat and went out. 他迅速穿好上衣,出去了。 I didn’t mean to say that: it just slipped out. 我不是有意说出来的,是无意中讲出来的。 Be sure not to let the truth slip. 千万别把真相泄漏出去。 n. 滑动;滑跤;失足;下降;疏忽;错误 He took a slip in the bathroom. 他在浴室里滑了一跤。 There has been a slip in the quality of your work. 你的工作质量有所下降。 That was only a slip of the pen. 那仅是笔误。 a slip of tongue 口误

b.

5. a.

cater (及物动词)提供(宴席等)的酒菜(与服务) Who will be catering the wedding? 谁将会提供婚宴服务? b. (不及物动词) (为社交活动)提供饮食,承办酒席 ~ (for sb/sth) Most of our work now involves catering for weddings. 我们现在的工作多半是承办婚宴。 c. cater for sb/sth 满足需要;迎合 TV must cater for many different tastes. 电视节目必须迎合各种人的爱好。 cater to sb/sth 满足需要;迎合
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Book 10_U2_资源库_词汇

d. 6. a. b. c.

newspapers catering to people’s love of scandal 迎合人们爱看丑闻消息的报纸 名词:caterer 承办酒席的人; (旅馆﹑ 饭店等的)老板, 经理 boom (可数名词,拟声词) (蜂等的)营营声; (炮、雷等的)隆隆声;轰轰声; (波涛的) 澎湃声 突然的好景气;声望之突然提高;繁荣 (时期) ;遽增 a boom industry 突然繁荣的工业 (不及物动词)作隆隆 [轰轰] 声;作营营声;发出低沉之声音突然繁荣起来;忽然大 得人心 His voice boomed out above the rest. 他的声音低沉,压过了其他的人。 Business is booming. 工商业正日趋繁荣。 Alaska boomed with the discovery of oil. 阿拉斯加因发现石油而突然繁荣起来。 (及物动词)以隆隆 [低沉] 声报知;高声朗读; (以广告等)大力捧红?,大肆宣传; 力捧(候选人) (竞选??) ,力促 [for] The clock boomed out the noon hour. 时钟以低沉声音报中午时刻。 He boomed out the poem. 他高声朗读那首诗。 That record boomed the singer’s popularity. 那张唱片捧红了歌手。 His families were booming him for legislator. 他的家人力捧他竞选立法委员。 elect 选举 ~ sb (to sth) They elected a new president. 他们选举出一位新总统。 We elected James (to be) chairman. 我们选出詹姆斯当主席。 He was elected to a US state governorship. 他被选为美国一个州的州长。 决定 ~ to do sth (fml) She elected to become a lawyer. 她决定当律师。 区别 choose, select, pick, elect elect:选举 ~ sb (as) president/leader/mayor etc. choose,select,pick: 用 choose 表示的是自由作出的决定,可仅指两者之间。 (不止两项时通常用 select 或 pick) :
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d.

7. a.

b.

c.

Book 10_U2_资源库_词汇

She chose the red sweater rather than the pink one. 她选中那件红毛衣而不要那件粉红的。 用 select 表示所作出的决定比用 choose 考虑得更为周到: Our shops select only the very best quality produce. 我们商店都是精选的质量最高的产品。 pick 比 select 通俗: Who are you going to pick for the team? 你打算挑选谁参加这个队? 8. a. swap (-pp-) 以某物交换他物; 以此物代替彼物~ (sth) (with sb);~ (sb) sth for sth; ~ sth (over/round) Your book looks more interesting than mine: do you want to swap (with me)? 你的书好像比我的有意思, 你愿意(和我)交换吗? They swapped stories about their army days. 他们互相讲述了他们在军队中的经历。 I’ll swap (you) my Michael Jackson tape for your Bruce Springsteen album. 我想用迈克尔·杰克逊的录音带交换你的布鲁斯·斯普林斯廷唱片集。 She swapped our chairs (round), so I had hers and she had mine. 她把我们俩的椅子对调了,因此我坐的是她的,她坐的是我的。 I wouldn’t swap places with him for anything, i.e., would not wish to be in his situation. 我说什麽也不愿意处於他的地位。 swap places 换位 n. 交换 a fair swap 一次公平交换 We can do a swap if you like. 如果你乐意我们可以换一换。 privilege n [C] 特有的权利、利益或好处 Parking in this street is the privilege of the residents. 在这条街上停车是此处居民特有的权利。 [U] (derog 贬) (有钱有势者的)特权,特别待遇 They fought against privilege in order to create a fairer society. 他们进行反对特权的斗争以便建立较为公平的社会。 She had led a life of luxury and privilege. 她过着养尊处优的生活。 [C] 特别给予的好处或待遇;特别的荣幸 Older pupils enjoy special privileges. 岁数较大的学童受到优待。 —Thank you for showing us your collection of paintings. —It’s my privilege. “感谢你让我们观赏你所收藏的画。 ” “同欢共赏, 不胜荣幸。 ” It was a privilege to hear her sing/hearing her sing.
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b. c.

9. a.

Book 10_U2_资源库_词汇

b.

能听她唱歌十分荣幸。 privileged adj 享有特权的;享受特殊待遇的;获得优待的;无须公开的;有权保守秘 密的 She came from a privileged background. 她出身於特权阶层。 We are very privileged to have Senator Dobbs with us this evening. 今晚有多布斯参议员光临,我们感到十分荣幸。 This information is privileged. 这项消息无须公开。

10. adjustment a. 调节;调整 I’ve made a few minor adjustments to the seating plan. 我对座次表作了小小的调整。 Some adjustment of the lens may be necessary. 可能有必要调节一下镜头。 make adjustments to 对??做调整 b. v. adjust 整理;整顿;安排;校准;调准;校正;使适合(新环境等) ;适应~ (sth/oneself) (to sth) She carefully adjusted her clothes and her hair before going out. 她出门之前仔细地整了整衣服和头发。 The brakes need adjusting. 制动器需要调节了。 The body quickly adjusts (itself) to changes in temperature. 身体迅速(自行)调节以适应气温的变化。 My parents had trouble adjusting to living in an apartment. 我爸妈很难才适应了住在公寓的生活。 c. adjustable adj. 可调节的;可调整的 adjustable seat-belts 可调节的座位安全带 11. word of mouth 口传的 I have informed them by word of mouth. 我已口头通知他们了。 I’m so pleased you’ve been able to come this evening, and I hope you didn’t mind getting your invitation by word of mouth. 我非常高兴你今晚能来,我希望你不要介意未给你发书面邀请,只是口头上邀请你来。 word 相关表达 Actions speak louder than words. be not the word for sth/sb eat/swallow one’s words give sb one’s word (that ...) have sb’s word for it (that ...) go back on one’s word
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事实胜于雄辩。 (infml 口)不足以形容某事物[某人] 承认自己说错话 跟某人许诺 得到某人的许诺 食言
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Book 10_U2_资源库_词汇

the last word have a word (with sb) (about sth) have words (with sb) (about sth) in a word in other words a man/woman of his/her word take sb’s word for it (that ...) without a word word for word

辨论中最后的谈话(最后决定权,定论) (对某人)说(某事) (尤指私下的或秘密的) (为某事) (与某人)争吵. 一句话;简言之 换句话说;也就是说 守信用的人 认为某人有权威性而相信他的话 什麽也没说 逐字地; (在翻译方面)一字对一字、

12. rob 抢夺;抢劫;盗窃 ~ sb/sth (of sth) ;剥夺某人[某事物] I was robbed (of my cash and cheque-book). 我(的现金和支票簿)被抢了。 Those cats robbed me of my sleep. 那些猫吵得我无法入睡。 The fact that he had lied before robbed his words of any credibility. 由於他过去说过谎话,他的话已经没有人相信了。 rob Peter to pay Paul 借新债还旧债;拆东墙补西墙 名词:robber 抢劫者;强盗;盗贼 robbery 抢劫;盗窃;偷盗;失窃 three robberies in one week 一周内的三起劫案 13 collision n. 相撞;撞坏;抵触,冲突 The collision between a car and a bus was so bad that the car was totally damaged. 小轿车和公交车(迎头)相撞,严重得小轿车完全损毁了。 The collision of the car with a bus is none big deal. 小轿车和公交车的碰撞不是什么大不了的事。 The two ships were in/came into collision with each other. 两艘轮船相撞。 Her political activities brought her into collision with the law. 她的政治活动触犯了法律。 拓展:collide v. 14. at best 充其量,至多 We can’t arrive before Friday at best. 我们无论如何星期五以前也到不了。 Don’t scold him too much; he is at best a child. 不要太责骂他; 他只不过是个孩子。 Don’t expect much of him; he is at best a student. 不要对他期望过高; 他只不过是个学生。 联想: at least 至少 at most 至多
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Book 10_U2_资源库_词汇

at worst

在最坏的情况下

15. sympathy a. [U] 同情;同情心 ~ (for/towards sb) [pl] 哀悼;慰问; (感情上的)支持,赞同 [U] 志 同道合;意气相投 ~ (between sb and sb) feel great sympathy for sb 对某人深为同情 She never expressed any sympathy when I was injured. 我受伤时她从未表示过同情。 Out of sympathy for the homeless children he gave them shelter for the night. 他怀着恻隐之心,留那些无家可归的孩子过夜。 You have my deepest sympathies on the death of your wife. 对於令夫人之去世,谨向您表示最深切的慰问。 My sympathies are with the workers in this dispute. 在这场纠纷中,我站在工人一方。 b. in sympathy (with sb/sth) 对某事业等表示支持或赞同 The steel workers came out in sympathy with the miners, i.e., went on strike to show support for them. 钢铁工人为声援矿工举行了罢工。 I’m sure she will be in sympathy with your proposal. 我确信她一定赞成你的建议。 have no, some, etc sympathy with sb/sth 不同意[同意]某人的观点等 He’s wrong I have no sympathy with him. 他错了—我不同意他的意见。 I have some sympathy with that point of view. 我比较赞成这种看法。 c. v. sympathize/-ise (with sb/sth) 同情;表示同情;赞同;支持 I sympathize with you; I’ve had a similar unhappy experience myself. 我很同情你,我自己也有过类似的不幸遭遇。 We have long sympathized with the aims of the Green Party. 我们长期以来一直支持绿党保护生态环境的目标。

练习 一、首字母填空完成句子。 1. He is r_________ next year after 30 years with the company. 2. She pays a quarter of her salary into a p_________ plan. 3. Many companies are facing t_________ competition. 4. The search for the missing child continued, but time was s_________ away. 5. The only way to satisfy the golf b_________ was to build more courses. 6. A pocket e_________ of the dictionary will come out soon. 7. Increasing car ownership has made the population more m_________. 8. A gymnast has to be f_________ above all else.
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Book 10_U2_资源库_词汇

9. Let’s do a s_________. You work Friday night and I’ll do Saturday in exchange. 10. There is a spare room for r_________ in my apartment. 二、根据中文填空完成句子。 1. As a member of the aristocracy, she enjoyed a _________ (特权) of good education. 2. A giant iceberg was on a _________ (撞击) course with the ship. 3. A _________ (有争议性的) film has set the entertainment world on its ear. 4. We all have great _________ (同情) for the victims of the flood. 5. Reporters asked him to _________ (澄清) his position on welfare reform. 6. More than a week ago, Thursday evening to be _________ (精确些), Susanne was at her evening class. 7. The place boasts a beautiful ___________ (植物园) garden with plants from all over the world. 8. He looked through his ___________ (望远镜) at the approaching ship. 9. My fingers were so ___________ (麻木的) I could hardly write. 10. If a student only pays attention to the exercises, he or she will develop ___________ (分析的) skills but not creative skills. 三、选词语填空完成句子。 be on the move turn into brain drain word of mouth cater to one’s (own) flesh and blood make sense at best rob … of … make adjustments (to)

1. Our family was __________ for five years until dad found a good job. 2. By __________, pyramid selling reaches a considerable number of customers. 3. __________, they can cover only half the journey this week. 4. You should disconnect the wireless set before you __________ the inside of it. 5. The country suffered from a continual __________ because of bad economy. 6. Hollywood discovered her and _____ her _____ a star. 7. She doesn’t talk much, but what she says __________. 8. The silly ending _____ the plot _____ any credibility. 9. The people in Taiwan are our own __________. 10. Our literature and art ought to __________ popular taste. 四、用所给词语编写故事。 用以下 10 个单词或词组编写故事,起码要用上其中 8 个。 on the move, slip, retire, edition, tough, privilege, swap, flexible, elect, sympathy,

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Book 10_U2_资源库_词汇

参考答案
一、1. retiring 2. pension 3. tough 4. slipping 5. boom 6. edition 7. mobile 8. flexible 9. swap 10. rent 二、1. privilege 2. collision 3. controversial 4. sympathy 5. clarify 6. precise 7. botanical 8. telescopes 9. numb 10. analytical 三、1. on the move 2. word of mouth 3. At best 4. make adjustments to 5. brain drain 6. turned; into 7. make sense 8. robs; of 9. flesh and blood 10. cater to 四、参考文章: The US president is always on the move. Before he retires from his 4 years’ term, he tries his best to make contributions to his edition of American history. Since Obama was elected president, he has had a tough time due to the worldwide economical crisis. He visited China in 2009 and many university students in Shanghai had the privilege of swapping ideas with the US president. Flexible as he was, the smart brains almost got him floored.

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