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高中英语全程复习方略课件:选修7 Unit 2 Robots


Unit 2 Robots 机器人

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Ⅰ. 单词盘点 根据词性和汉语意思写出词汇

desire 1. ______ (n. )
(vt. ) accompany 2. ___________ (vt. ) affair 3. ________ (n. )

渴望; 欲望; 渴求 希望得到;想要 陪伴; 伴奏 事务;事情;暧昧关系
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envy 4. ______ (vt. )
bound 5. ______ (adj. ) 6. _____ (n. ) staff junior 7. ______ (adj. ) (n. ) divorce 8. _______ (n. ) (vt. ) obey 9. ______ (vt. &vi. )

忌妒;羡慕 一定的;密切相关的 全体员工;手杖 较年幼的;资历较浅的;地位较低的 年少者; 晚辈;等级较低者 离婚;断绝关系 与??离婚; 与??脱离 服从;顺从
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satisfy satisfaction 10. ____________(n. )满意;满足; 令人满意的事物→ ______ satisfactory satisfying (vt. ) 使满足;使满意→ __________ & __________ (adj. )令人 satisfied 满意的→ ________ (adj. )满意的 alarm 11. _______ (vt. )使警觉;使惊恐;惊动 (n. ) 警报;惊恐 alarmed →_________ (adj. )担心的;害怕的 sympathetic sympathy 12. __________ (n. )同情(心)→ _____________ (adj. )同情的 favour favourable 13. ________ (n. ) 喜爱;恩惠(vt. )喜爱;偏袒→ ___________ favourite (adj. )赞成的;有利的→ _________ (adj. ) 最喜爱的 点击进入相应模块

declaration declare 14. ________ (vt. )宣布;声明; 表明;宣称→ ___________ (n. ) 宣言;公布

talent talented 15. _______ (n. )天才;特殊能力;才干→ _________ (adj. )有
才气的;有才能的

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【品词自测】根据所给词的适当形式填空
satisfaction satisfy ①To the __________ of the boss, his products could _______ the need of the customers. (satisfy) talented ②The ________ singer was popular with his fans because of his talent _______. (talent) favour ③The old blind man asked me to do him a _______ and find his favourite ________ book. (favour)

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Ⅱ. 短语回放 1.试验;考验 2.给??打电话 3. 转向;回转

test out _____________
ring up _____________ turn around _____________

4.不管;别惹;让??一个人待着;和??单独在一起 leave. . . alone _____________ 5.将??放在一边;为??节省或保留(钱或时间)

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6.一共;总计 7.一定做?? 8.认真对待某事 9.对??感到满意 10.阻止某人做某事 11.寻找;搜寻 12. 把??和??进行比较

in all _________________ be bound to _________________ take sth. seriously _________________ be pleased with. . _________________. prevent sb. (from) doing sth. ________________________ search for _________________ compare. . . with/to. . . _____________________
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Ⅲ. 句式扫描 more like a human than a 1. His name was Tony and he seemed ______________________ machine __________ (不像一台机器,更像人的样子). 2. As she turned around, there stood (站在那儿)Gladys Claffern. _________ 3. But even though Tony had been so clever,he would have to have women falling in love with be rebuilt—you cannot ______________________________

machines _________(让女人与机器相爱).

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as if you were writing to younger 4. Use a clear simple style _______________________________
students __________(好像你正在给青年学生们写信) in your school.

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【仿句自测】根据下面句式仿写句子 ①have sb. doing sth. 允许某人做某事 仿写:我不能允许你那样和你的母亲说话。 I can’t have you speaking to your mother like that. _____________________________________________ ②as if就像??似的,仿佛?? 仿写:她看起来好像年轻了十岁。 She looks as if she were ten years younger. _____________________________________
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核 心

desire

三年1考


点 turn around

三年1考

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1. desire n. 渴望;欲望;渴求 vt. 希望得到; 想要
(1) a desire for sth. a desire to do sth. 对某物的渴望 做某事的渴望/愿望

a desire that-clause [(should+)动词原形] 渴望??

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(2)desire to do sth. desire sb. to do sth. desire that-clause

渴望做某事 希望某人做某事 [(should+)动词原形] 希望??

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①Most people have a strong desire for success. 大多数人都非常渴望成功。 ②David has won the first prize in the English Competition; he is still very satisfied and proud now and feels the least desire to

go to bed.
大卫在英语竞赛中获得了一等奖。他现在仍然感到满足和骄傲, 几乎没有睡意。
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(should) be made ③He expressed a desire that the papers ________________ public. 他表示很希望这些文件能公之于众。 ④Helen desired me to get there earlier. (句型转换) I (should) get there earlier =Helen desired that _ ___________ _____ _______.

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2. alarm vt. 使警觉;使惊恐;惊动 n. 警报;惊恐 (1)in alarm fire alarm alarm clock sound/give/raise the alarm (2) alarm sb. 惊恐地 火警;火警警报器 闹钟 发出警报;敲警钟 使某人惊恐

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(3)alarmed adj. be alarmed at/by. . . be/feel/get alarmed to do. . . (4)alarming adj.

受惊的, 惊恐的 被??吓一跳,对??感到担心 做??感到惊恐 引起惊恐的;令人担忧的

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①“What’s up? ” he asked in alarm.

“出什么事了?”他惊恐地问道。
was alarmed by/at ②The little girl ____ _______ _____ the snake.

小女孩被蛇吓了一跳。

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【助记】We were alarmed at the alarming alarm as the alarm did alarm us. 我们被那令人惊恐的警报声吓了一跳,因为那警报的确使我们 感到惊恐。

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3. favour n. 喜爱;恩惠 vt. 喜爱,偏袒

(1) in favour of
in sb. ’s favour

赞同,支持
对某人有利,得某人欢心

(2) ask a favour of sb.

请某人帮忙

do sb. a favour/ do a favour for sb.

给某人以恩惠;帮某人一个忙
do sb. the favour to do sth. / do sb. a favour by doing sth.

给某人帮忙做某事 点击进入相应模块

①Do me a favour and turn the radio down while I’m on the

phone,will you?
劳驾,当我打电话的时候,把收音机关小好吗? in favour of ②Was he __ ______ ___the death penalty? 他支持死刑处罚吗?

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【熟词生义】根据语境选择句中加黑部分的最佳汉语意思

He divided the candy among the children without favour to any
one.

A. 赞同
答案:C

B. 恩惠

C. 偏爱

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4. accompany vt. 陪伴; 伴奏;附有;配有 accompany sb. =keep sb. company accompany sb. to some place accompany sb. at/on sth. accompany (sth. )with/by sth. 陪伴某人 陪伴/陪同某人到某地 用某物为某人伴奏 与??同时存在或同时发生

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①My neighbor came to accompany me/keep me company while
my parents were out. 我邻居在我父母外出时过来陪我。 ②She accompanied the singer on the piano. 她用钢琴为那个歌手伴奏。 accompanied by ③Strong winds were ____________ ____ heavy rain. 狂风夹着暴雨。
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【点津】 accompany当“陪同,伴随”讲时,本身就有go的含义,所以, 不能再与go连用。

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5. affair n. 事务;事情;暧昧关系
①Premier Wen Jiabao often deals with many affairs at home and abroad every day. 温家宝总理每天要处理许多国内外事务。 【辨析】理解下列区别并选词填空

含义最广,可以指公共或政治的事务,
affair 也可以指个人的事务。

accident

指意外事故。
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incident

指“小事件”或“政党事件”和“政治事 变”。

event

指“重大影响的事件”或体育比赛的赛事。 指“事情;问题”, 常常需要考虑和处理的

matter

事情。 指公事、商业事务、职责或需要处理的事情, 往往强调任务、职务等指派的工作。
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business

accident ②He was badly hurt in a traffic ________. incident ③A strange ________ happened in the ceremony.

events ④One of the chief ______ of 2010 was that the 16th Asian
Games were held in Guangzhou, China. matter ⑤What’s the _______ with the machine? business ⑥He is away on ________. affairs ⑦The minister is busy with important ______ of state.
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6. declare v. 宣布;声明;宣称

declare sb. /sth. to be
declare for/against

宣布某人或某事是??
声明赞成/反对??

declare war (on/against)
declare+that从句

(向??)宣战
宣告;宣称

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①This area has been declared (to be) a national park.
这个地区已被宣布为国家公园。 ②The government declared ____ ___ the drug dealers. _______ war on 政府向毒品贩子宣战。

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7. envy vt. & n. 忌妒;羡慕 (1)envy sb. sth. (2)become the envy of. . . feel envy at. . . out of envy 忌妒或羡慕某人某物 成为??忌妒(或羡慕)的目标 对??忌妒 出于忌妒

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①What a sweet victory to be envied by those women! 被那些妇女忌妒是多么甜蜜的胜利啊! ②His new house was the envy of all his friends. 他的新房成了所有朋友羡慕的对象。

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8. test out 试验;测试;考验

①They tested out the new sports car.
他们试验了那辆新跑车。 test out ②He wished to ____ ____the item before selling it. 他想在卖出此产品前先测试一下。

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【拓展】stand/bear the test

经得起考验

put. . . to the test
take a test

使??受考验;试验
接受测验

put ③This round-the-world voyage will really _____ his sailing to the ___. experience ___ ___ test

这次环球航行将使他的航海经验真正经受一次考验。

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9. turn around 转向;回转

①Turn around and let me look at your back.
转过身去让我看看你的背。

②Though the situation looks gloomy, it will eventually turn
around. 尽管形势看起来不好,但最终会有好转的。

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【拓展】补全以下短语 against turn ______ 背叛;和??敌对 把??打发走 求助于??;翻到;转到 考虑,思索;翻过来 把声音开大;出来;来临;露面 出动;生产;结果是;证明是
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away turn ______
to turn ______ over turn ______ up turn ______ turn ______ out

10. As she turned around, there stood Gladys Claffern.

她刚一转过身去,就看见格拉迪丝· 克拉芬站在那儿。
句中there stood Gladys Claffern是一个倒装句。

当副词there, here, out, in, up, down, away, back, now, then等放
在句首,谓语动词是go, come, run, lie, stand等,且主语是名词 时,用完全倒装。其中,谓语动词多用一般现在时或者一般过 去时,而不能用进行时态。

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①Here comes the bus! 公共汽车来了!

②The door opened and in rushed the audience.
门开了,观众们涌了进来。 Now comes ③_____ ______ your turn. 现在轮到你了。 【点津】在以上情况下,当主语是代词时,不用倒装句。

④There he comes. 他来了。
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【真题链接】[2010江苏,33]—Is everyone here? —Not yet. . . Look, there ______ the rest of our guests! A. come B. comes C. is coming D. are coming

【解析】选A。句意:——每个人都在这儿吗?——还没有。 看,其余的客人来了。本题考查的是副词there放在句首的倒装 句。这种结构多用一般现在时或者一般过去时,不用进行时, 所以排除C和D 项。同时根据空格后的主语,应该用谓语动词 的复数。
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【想一想】完全倒装一直是高考考查热点,除了上述情况外, 还有哪些情况下要使用完全倒装呢?

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【拓展延伸】 (1)There be 结构。如: There are many people in front of the hall. There used to be a temple in the forest. 能与there连用的动词还有exist, happen, appear, live, stand, lie 等。如: There lived a king who was cruel to his people.
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(2)当句首为副词out, in, up, down, off, here, there时,且主语为 名词。如: In came the doctor. 医生进来了。 (3)当表示地点的介词短语位于句首,且主语为名词时。如: On top of the hill stands a big tree. 山顶上耸立着一棵大树。

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(1) ring up 短语用法 (2) leave. . . alone 短语用法 (3) in all与其他短语辨析

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1. The film which was shown yesterday was very boring, and
there were only 20 people in the cinema _______. A.above all B.after all C.at all D.in all

【解析】选D。考查短语辨析。句意:昨天放映的电影很令人 厌烦,电影院里总共只有二十人。in all总共,共计,符合语境。 above all首先,尤其是;after all毕竟,别忘了;at all根本,究 竟。

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2. 完成句子

①万一发生火灾,就打电话报警。
ring up In case of fire, _______ the police.

②不要把孩子一个人留在黑暗处。
leave alone Don’ t ______ the child ______ in the dark.

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