伤城文章网 > 其它课程 > 【推荐精选】2018届中考英语复习 课时17 九全 Units 9-10备考精编(含解析) 冀教版

【推荐精选】2018届中考英语复习 课时17 九全 Units 9-10备考精编(含解析) 冀教版


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课时 17 九年级(全)Units 9-10

Ⅰ.语法与情景对话

1.[2017 襄阳改编]He speaks so fast that I can __________ understand him.

A. nearly

B. hardly

C. probably

D. exactly

2.[2017 襄阳]—What’s your __________ to English learning,Lin Tao?

—I think watching English movies is helpful.

A. place

B. age

C. time

D. secret

3.[2017 深圳改编]—Anne,the information you gave me is really__________ .Thank you very

much.

—Not at all.I am happy I can help you.

A. useless

B. ordinary

C. valuable

D. special

4.The country is rich in oil. And most of its __________ comes from oil.

A. wealth

B. health

C. culture

D. lifestyle

5.It’s easy to make a __________ but hard to keep it.So try to be a man of your word.

A. secret

B. advice

C. promise

D. purpose

6.Sign language is a major way of __________for deaf people.

A. suggestion

B. vacation

C. production

D. communication

7.Not everyone is in the classroom. Tom is__________, because he is ill in hospital.

A. present

B. absent

C.stupid

D.unhealthy

8.We have to__________ the sports meeting because of the heavy rain.

A. cancel

B. examine

C. start

D. burn

9.Everyone was surprised at the photos __________were taken by Mr Thomas in the deep sea.

A. who

B. /

C. what

D. which

10.The car looks nice.__________, it’s much greener because it uses electricity.

A. However

B. Otherwise

C. Therefore

D. Besides

11.—How are you getting along with your English study?

—Much better. I don’t feel it was as __________ as before.

A.interesting

B.exciting

C.difficult

D.easy

12.Dreams are beautiful.However, to __________ them needs lots of time and work.

A.discover

B.find

C.achieve

D.stop

13.—I passed the math exam yesterday.

—__________

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A.Good luck!

B.Thank you.

C.Congratulations!

D.You’re welcome.

Ⅱ.完形填空

This is really a perfect day, neither hot nor cold. I decide to work 1 my yard. I

love sitting on the earth, pulling grass and keeping my little space clean, and I feel that

it makes my heart and soul 2 .

Today, two special things happened, which really 3 my day.

Since I am getting older now and have slowed down, I decided early what I was going to

finish today. Later I felt tired and decided to lie on the ground for a minute. To my surprise,

I 4 someone ask me, “Are you OK?” A stranger saw me and cared for me. “Yes, I just want

to take a nap (小憩).” I 5 . “Well, if you have something wrong, I will help you. But

I think you should lie in bed. ” What a 6 soul!

In the afternoon a car stopped and a stranger said, “I want to thank you.” I had not

left my 7 all day. What could I have done to get the thanks?

He came to tell me that some of the grass I had just cleaned up was long enough to spread

around the road, which 8 made his little son fall down. It meant a lot to him. I was so

moved that I bowed to 9 .

These are small things of life. But the unexpected care from strangers can really warm

our 10 . We do not have to be great, only kind.

1.A. from

B. to

C. in

D. on

2.A. comfortable

B. forgettable

C. available

D. valuable

3.A. broadened

B. brightened

C. awakened

D. busied

4.A. smelt

B. heard

C. saw

D. asked

5.A. made

B. took

C. replied

D. told

6.A. relaxing

B. beautiful

C. happy

D. handsome

7.A. yard

B. kitchen

C. bedroom

D. house

8.A. seldom

B. never

C. often

D. hardly

9.A. him

B. her

C. it

D. they

10.A. hands

B. hearts

C. heads

D. body

Ⅲ.阅读理解

Early August, 2016, Xi’an was reported to start a “sponge city” (海绵城市)program.

The program aims to effectively collect and use rainfall. According to it, by 2030, nearly

70 percent of excess (过度的) rain water will be recycled and reused for greenery, street

cleaning and fire-fighting.

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Five areas including Xi’an High-tech Zone, Changning New Area, Qujiang New Area, Chanba

Ecological District and Hongqing New Town will be first piloted (试点) from 2017. Under the

program, sponge-like buildings, rooftop gardens, parks and green lands will become everywhere

through the city.

Rainfall in most cities usually makes its way to the nearest rivers and lakes through

the local drainage system (排水系统). But direct drainage canals(管) may make plenty of rain

water go to a lower place in a very short time, which is a disaster for the place where rainfall

gathers. So new “sponge city” will avoid the problem and create more efficient chances to

hold the water for a long time. Certainly more grass and trees and colorful water-permeable

(可蓄水的) bricks will be used to cover the city roads and streets.

Anyway the floods in 2016 have reminded people to protect environment and take more

effective measures to live a greener life!

1.The “sponge city” program will be made to __________.

A. pure waste water

B. collect rain water

C. reduce pollution

D. protect children

2.Which place is not included in the first piloted “sponge city” program?

A. Xi’an High-tech Zone.

B. Chanba Ecological District.

C. Hongqing New Town.

D. Xixian New Area.

3.Most cities make their rainfall away from the city centers through __________ in the past.

A. direct drainage canals

B. rivers and lakes

C. curly steel canals

D. straight roads and streets

4.We can learn from the passage that __________.

A. excess rain water is useful

B. Changning New Area is not in Xi’an

C. sponge-like buildings can hold water

D. more trees will been cut down

5.What’s the best title for this passage?

A. A city with a long story

B. Floods in 2016

C. How to fight with a disaster

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D. Xi’an will build a “Sponge City” Ⅳ.任务型完形填空[2017 凉山州改编]
others, real, it, sometimes, have, be, one, than, like, help
Share your feelings when you need help. Sharing a problem is like cutting it in half. However, maybe it’s 1.__________ hard to tell someone that you are feeling sad or worried. If you think you are too shy and want to be a little braver 2.__________before, just try the following things.
Talk with your dad or mom, who cares a lot about you, you may feel much better. But 3.__________the communication between parents and children is also a problem. So it’s better to find another you trust to talk to, 4.__________ a teacher or a friend.
If you think it’s difficult for you to say what you think, write it down on a piece of paper. Perhaps it’s more 5.__________. If the person can’t understand what you mean right away, try to say 6.__________ in a different way or give an example.Build confidence gradually by taking 7.__________ small step every time.
Then try to 8.__________ a good talker. If you find it hard to start a conversation, say something nice about people around you. Think about how great you feel when someone says something nice to you. Doesn’t it make you want to keep talking to that person?It is worth 9.__________ a try!
Problems and worries are normal in life. If you keep them in your heart and don’t talk about them with 10.__________, you will even fall ill at last. It is the best not to run away from your problems. Just talk to someone about a problem, you are halfway to solving it. Ⅴ.任务型阅读理解[2017 绥化改编] Ladies and gentlemen,
Thank you for coming today to attend the graduation ceremony at No.3 Junior High School. First of all, ②I’d like to congratulate all the students who are here today. I remember ①_________(meet) all of you when you were just starting Grade 7 at this school. You were all so full of energy and thirsty for knowledge. And yes, some of you were a little difficult to deal with! But today I see a room full of talented young adults who are full of hope for the future. You’ve all grown up so much and I’m so proud of you. Although you’ve all worked very hard over the last three years, none of you did it alone. I hope you’ll remember the important people in your lives who helped and supported you—your parents, your teachers and your friends. Please consider what they’ve done for you and what they mean to you. Never fail to be thankful to the people around you.
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Lastly, the end of junior high school is the beginning of a new life. I don’t need to tell you that life in senior high school will be harder and that you have many difficult tasks ahead of you. You’ll make mistakes along the way,but the key is to learn from your mistakes and never give up. But along with difficulties, there will also be many exciting things waiting for you. Behind each door you open are chances to learn new things, and you have the ability to make your own choices. ③ Choose wisely and be responsible for your decisions and actions. Although you have to go your separate ways now, I hope that in a few years’ time, you’ll come back to visit our school. As you set out on your new journey, you shouldn’t forget where you came from. The future is yours.
Good luck and hope to see you again sometime soon! 1.用文中①处括号中所给单词的适当形式填空。 ______________________________________________________________________________ 2.写出文中②处画线句子的同义句。 I __________ to congratulate all the students_____________are here today. 3.将文中③处句子译成汉语。 ______________________________________________________________________________ 4.在文中找出 choose 的名词复数__________,talent 的形容词__________。 5.Why will you come back to visit your school after graduation? ______________________________________________________________________________ Ⅵ.口语交际 A: Hello, Bob. You look so bad. 1._________ B: Hello, Frank. I had a quarrel with my good friend—David. I don’t know how to deal with it. A: I’m sorry to hear that. 2._________ B: Because I broke his favorite rabbit toy. Now we don’t talk with each other. Can you give me some advice? A: 3._________ In my opinion, you’d better visit him and say sorry to him. B: It is a good idea. A: And you can sit down and communicate with him. Since you are friends, he will not remember these things forever. 4._________ B: Thank you. A: 5._________ A. Why did you quarrel with him? B. Of course.
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推荐精选 K12 资料 C. Certainly not. D. What can I do for you? E. Hope you will be better soon. F. What’s wrong with you? G. It’s my pleasure. Ⅶ.书面表达[2017 黄石改编]
某英文报纸的英语论坛发起主题为“How to get on well with classmates”的讨论,呼吁大家 关注同学之间的和谐关系,友好相处,建设和谐校园。假如你是李华,请你根据以下提示发表自己的 看法。 提示:1.What do you think of good relationship between classmates?
2.What do you do to get on well with others? 要求:1.短文须包括所给提示内容,并作适当发挥;
2.文中不得涉及真实的人名、校名和地名; 3.词数:80 词左右。
How to get on well with classmates ________________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________
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Ⅰ.语法与情景对话 1.B【解析】考查副词词义辨析。句意:他讲得如此快以至于我________能理解他。nearly 几乎,将 近;hardly 几乎不,表否定含义;probably 很可能,表示推测;exactly 正确地,准确地。根据句 中的“speaks so fast”可知我几乎听不懂演讲者的话。故选 B。 2.D【解析】考查名词词义辨析。句意“林涛,你学英语的________是什么?”“我认为看英语电影非 常有帮助。”place 地方;age 年龄;time 时间;secret 秘诀,诀窍。根据答语可知应是在问学英语 的诀窍。故选 D。 3.C【解析】考查形容词词义辨析。句意“安妮,你给我的信息真的________。非常感谢。”“不用谢。 我很高兴我能帮到你。”useless 没用的;ordinary 普通的;valuable 有价值的;special 特殊的。 由语境可知选 C。 4.A【解析】考查名词词义辨析。句意为:这个国家盛产石油,它的大部分________来自于石油。wealth 财富;health 健康;culture 文化;lifestyle 生活方式。根据语境可知此处表示:它的大部分财富 来自于石油。故选 A。 5.C【解析】考查名词词义辨析。句意:作出________很容易但是遵守它很难。所以努力做一个信守承 诺的人。secret 秘密,秘诀;advice 建议;promise 承诺;purpose 目的。根据句意可知应是作出承 诺。故选 C。 6.D【解析】考查名词词义辨析。句意:手语对聋哑人来说是一种重要的交流的方式。suggestion 建 议;vacation 假期;production 产品,生产;communication 交流。根据句意可知选 D。 7.B【解析】考查形容词词义辨析。句意:不是每个人都在教室。汤姆不在,因为他生病住院了。be absent “缺席的,不在的”,根据句意可知此处选 B。 8.A【解析】考查动词词义辨析。句意:由于下大雨,我们不得不________运动会。cancel 取消;examine 检查;start 开始;burn 燃烧,烧毁。根据句意可知此处表达取消运动会,故选 A。 9.D【解析】考查定语从句的关系词。句意:每个人都对托马斯先生在深海里拍的照片感到很惊讶。分 析句子结构可知此句为定语从句,先行词为 the photos,因此用 which。故选 D。 10.D【解析】考查连词词义辨析。句意:这辆汽车看起来很漂亮。________它更环保,因为它使用电。 根据句意可知此处表示递进关系。Besides 而且,故选 D。 11.C【解析】考查形容词词义辨析。句意:“你的英语学习进展如何?”“好了许多。我感觉它不像 以前那么________。”interesting 有趣的;exciting 令人兴奋的;令人激动的;difficult 困难的; easy 容易的。结合语境可知 difficult 符合语境,故选 C。 12C【解析】考查动词词义辨析。句意:梦想是美好的。然而,________它们需要许多的时间和工作。 discover 发现;find 找到;achieve 实现;stop 停止。结合语境可知 achieve 符合语境,故选 C。 13.C【解析】考查情景交际。句意:“我昨天通过了数学考试。”“________”Good luck!祝你好运! Thank you 谢谢你。Congratulations! 祝贺你!You’re welcome 不用谢。结合语境可知选 C。 Ⅱ.完形填空
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【主旨大意】本文是一篇记叙文。作者在家清理院子时,一个陌生人在他累的时候关心他,另一个陌 生人对他的行为表示感谢。来自陌生人的意想不到的温暖总是能温暖人心。 1.C【解析】考查介词词义辨析。句意:我决定________我的院子工作。from 来自;to 向;in 在…… 里;on 在……上。根据句意可知,此处指我决定在我的院子里工作。故选 C。 2.A【解析】考查形容词词义辨析。句意:……我感到它让我的内心和灵魂________。comfortable 舒 适的;forgettable 容易被忘的,可忘记的;available 可获得的,有空的;valuable 宝贵的。根据 语境可知此处指打扫干净小院子让我的内心和灵魂舒适,故选 A。 3.B【解析】考查动词词义辨析。句意:今天发生了两件特别的事,它们确实________我的一天。broadened 拓宽;brightened(使)发亮,使高兴;awakened 唤醒;busied 忙碌。根据句意可知此处指两位陌生 人的关心使我高兴了一整天,故选 B。 4.B【解析】考查动词词义辨析。句意:令我惊讶的是,我________有人问我:“你还好吗?”smelt 闻到;heard 听到;saw 看到;asked 问。根据常识并结合语境可知此处指我听到有人问我。故选 B。 5.C【解析】考查动词词义辨析。句意:我________:“是的,我仅仅想小憩一下。”made 做,制成; took 拿;replied 回复;told 告诉。由前面的问句“Are you OK?”,可知此处应为我回答道,故选 C。 6.B【解析】考查形容词词义辨析。句意:多么________灵魂!relaxing 令人放松的;beautiful 美丽 的;happy 高兴的;handsome 帅气的。根据语境可知此处指陌生人误以为我身体不舒服想帮助我,因 此我感叹这个陌生人有美好的灵魂,故选 B。 7.A【解析】考查名词词义辨析。句意:我一整天都没有离开我的________,我做了什么能够得到谢意 呢?yard 院子;kitchen 厨房;bedroom 卧室;house 房子。联系上下文可知,我在我的院子里干了一 天活,因此我一天都没有离开院子。故选 A。 8.C【解析】考查副词词义辨析。句意:他过来告诉我,我刚才清理的一些足够长,能够延伸到马路上 的杂草,这些杂草________使他的小儿子摔倒。seldom 很少;never 从不;often 经常;hardly 几乎 不。根据语境推测陌生人的小儿子经常因为延伸到路边的杂草摔倒,因此这位陌生人感谢我的行为, 故选 C。 9.A【解析】考查代词词义辨析。句意:我如此的感动,以至于向________鞠躬。him 他;her 她;it 它;they 他/她/它们。由本段句首“He”可知此处应用代词 him,故选 A。 10.B【解析】考查名词词义辨析。句意:但是来自陌生人出其不意的关心真的可以温暖我们的________。 hands 手;hearts 内心;heads 头;body 身体。根据语境可知此处指陌生人的关心可以温暖我们的心 灵,故选 B。 Ⅲ.阅读理解 【主旨大意】本文是一篇新闻报道。2016 年,西安选取高新区、常宁新区、曲江新区、浐灞生态区和 洪庆新城作为“海绵城市”建设试点区域。到 2030 年,接近 70%的多余的雨水将被回收利用。
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1.B【解析】细节理解题。题干意为:制定“海绵城市”项目是为了________。A 项:净化废水;B 项: 收集雨水;C 项:减少污染;D 项:保护孩子。由第一段第二句“The program aims to effectively collect and use rainfall.”可知,建设“海绵城市”旨在收集并利用雨水。故选 B。 2.D【解析】细节理解题。题干意为:哪个地方不是“海绵城市”计划的第一批试点地区?A 项:西安 高新区;B 项:浐灞生态区;C 项:洪庆新城;D 项:西咸新区。由第二段第一句“Five areas including Xi’an High tech Zone, Changning New Area, Qujiang New Area, Chanba Ecological District and Hongqing New Town will be first piloted (试点) from 2017.”可知,“海绵城市”计划的第 一批试点地区有:西安高新区、常宁新区、曲江新区、浐灞生态区和洪庆新城,没有西咸新区。故选 D。 3.A【解析】细节理解题。题干意为:过去大多数城市通过________从市中心排雨水。A 项:直排水管 道;B 项:河流和湖泊;C 项:弯曲的钢管管道;D 项:笔直的道路和街道。由第三段第一、二句“Rainfall in most cities usually makes its way to the nearest rivers and lakes through the local drainage system(排水系统). But direct drainage canals(管) may make plenty of rain water…”可知, 大多数城市的排水系统是一种直排管道,这会使雨水集中在低洼的地方,带来灾难。故选 A。 4.C【解析】推理判断题。题干意为:从这篇文章我们了解到________。A 项:过度的雨水非常有用; B 项:常宁新区不在西安;C 项:海绵类建筑物可以蓄水;D 项:更多的树将被砍伐。由第一段可知, “海绵城市”项目目的是收集利用过度雨水,说明其有害,排除选项 A;由第二段第一句可知,常宁 新区在西安,排除选项 B;选项 D 观点错误。由第二段最后一句“Under the program, sponge like buildings, rooftop gardens, parks and green lands will become everywhere through the city.” 可知,在“海绵城市”项目中,海绵类建筑物,屋顶花园,公园以及绿地将到处都是,说明海绵类建 筑物可以蓄水。故选 C。 5.D【解析】标题归纳题。题干意为:这篇文章最好的标题是什么?A 项:一个历史悠久的城市;B 项: 2016 年的洪水;C 项:如何战胜灾难;D 项:西安将建成海绵城市。本文主要介绍了西安将建成海绵 城市的具体情况。故选 D。 Ⅳ.任务型完形填空 【主旨大意】本文是一篇说明文。主要介绍了我们要学会分享问题和感受,要找一个合适的倾诉对象, 并成为一名好的交谈者。 1.really【解析】句意:然而,也许告诉别人你觉得难过或担心________很难。空格后的 hard 为形容 词,意为“困难的”,其前应用副词修饰形容词;根据句意可知,告诉别人你很悲伤或担心真的很困 难。故填 really。 2.than【解析】句意:如果你认为你很害羞,想要________之前勇敢些,可以试试下面的方法。句中 的 shy 与 braver 形成对比,此处应用比较级。故填 than。 3.sometimes【解析】句意:但________父母和孩子之间的交流也是个问题。分析句子结构可知,空格 处需用副词作状语,再结合句意及备选词汇可知填 sometimes。
推荐精选 K12 资料

推荐精选 K12 资料
4.like【解析】句意:因此最好是找一个你信任的人谈谈,________老师或朋友。根据前半句句意可 知,空格后“举例”说明。故填 like。 5.helpful【解析】句意:也许它更________。根据上句句意可知,如果你认为说出你所想的是困难的, 那么把它写在一张纸上,这种方法会“更有用的”。空格前的 be 动词和 more 都提示,空格处应用形 容词。故填 helpful。 6.it【解析】句意:当与你交谈的人不能立刻明白你所说的话,试着以另外一种方式说或举个例子。 分析句子结构可知需用代词指代所说的内容。故填 it。 7.one【解析】句意:通过每次________小步逐渐地树立信心。此处为固定搭配:take one small step every time“每次一小步,慢慢来”。故填 one。 8.be【解析】句意:然后努力________一位好的健谈者。空格后的 a good talker 为名词短语,可跟 在 be 动词之后。故填 be。 9.having 【解析】句意:它值得________一试!固定搭配:have a try 试一试。be worth doing sth. “值得做某事”。故填 having。 10.others【解析】句意:如果你把它放在心里,不跟________说,最后你会生病的。other+复数名词 = others。故填 others。 Ⅴ.任务型阅读理解 【主旨大意】本文是一篇演讲稿。是一位老师在初三学生毕业典礼上发表的讲话。回顾了三年来同学 们各方面的成长和进步,同时对学生们的新生活提出要求和希望。 1.meeting【解析】remember doing sth.表示“记得做过某事”,所以空格填 meeting。 2.want;that 【解析】would like 表示想要,相当于 want;引导定语从句的指人的关系代词 who 作 主语或宾语时可与 that 互换。 3.明智地做出选择,并且对你的决定和行为负责任。【解析】be responsible for 表示“对……负责 任”。 4.choices;talented【解析】在第三段第五句中可找到 choices;在第一段倒数第二句中可以找到 talented。 5.Because we shouldn’t forget where we came from./Because I (will) miss my teachers and school./Because we should be thankful to the people around us./Never fail to be thankful to the people around us.【解析】题干意为:你毕业后为什么会回来拜访母校?本题为开放性试题,答 案不唯一。言之有理即可。 Ⅵ.口语交际 1.F 2.A 3.B 4.E 5.G Ⅶ.书面表达
How to get on well with classmates
推荐精选 K12 资料

推荐精选 K12 资料 In my opinion, it’s very important to get on well with our classmates. It can give us
a better studying environment and it can also help us improve our social skills. But how to get along well with our classmates?
First, we must be friendly to our classmates, try to help them when they are in trouble. Second, if we have different opinions, we should discuss and try to find out ways instead of quarreling. Third, we can take part in after-school activities together which can help us understand each other better and improve the relationship.
In a word, getting on well with others makes us study and live better.
推荐精选 K12 资料


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