Model Test Two Part Ⅰ writing Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay entitled My View on Changes of National Public Holiday. You should write at least 150 words following the outline given below: 1. 在中国实行已久的五一黄金周在 2008 年被缩短，但是新添了几个较短的法定假日 2. 这种变化带来的影响 3. 你如何看待这种变化 My View on Changes of National Public Holiday Part Ⅱ Reading Comprehension (Skimming and Scanning) Directions: In this part, you will have 15 minutes to go over the passage quickly and answer the questions on Answer Sheet 1. For questions 1--4, mark Y (for YES) if the statement agrees with the information given in the passage; N (for NO) if the statement contradicts the information given in the passage; NG (for NOT GIVEN) if the information is not given in the passage. For questions 5--10, complete the sentences with the information given in the passage. Cutting Your Own CD If your dream in life is to walk into a record store and see your very own CD on the shelf... get in line. This happens for only a very lucky few. But recent advances in technology make it pretty easy for you to achieve the dream of producing and recording your own CD. With the right equipment and software, if you can move a mouse or press a button you can record your own CD. If you have a computer, all you really have to do is buy some software. If you want to make a small investment, there are digital recorders on the market that will take care of everything for you recording, mixing, mastering and burning, all in one neat package (though you do have to play your own instruments). In this article, you'll find out the basics of CD production, from planning to recording to understanding the tools of the trade. There was a time when producing your own CD meant serious cash. You had to pay for studio time, studio engineers, studio musicians (if you're a solo artist) and duplicating your recording. In the 1970s, when cassette tapes became cheap, available and recordable, people could distribute their own music and make cheap copies of anything. But the sound quality left something to be desired. Now, even the novice musician can produce a CD with a high sound quality. Recording your own CD, unlike using a studio, is not insanely expensive. You can record your own high-quality digital CD with your own inexpensive equipment out of your own house, garage, basement, at tic ... And for the technologically impaired (弱的), there's more good news: You don't need any special skills to record your own CD. Recording machines of the past required the skills of a studio engineer. Things have changed. With the use of computers and digital recording systems, all that's required is the ability to read and follow instructions. Another benefit of doing it yourself is that you can totally control your own music. And since it costs next to nothing to burn copies of your CD, you can easily give them to friends and acquaintances--shameless self-promotion is entirely encouraged--and sell them at performances or on the Internet for a profit. There are really only four steps involved here; recording, mixing, mastering, and burning. You just need equipment that will perform these four tasks. There are three basic ways you can go about this. Component-Based Hardware System--this system involves separate pieces of recording, mixing, effect and CD-burning hardware, so you're dealing with an assortment of equipment. Computer-Based Recording System--almost any powerful computer can run recording and CD--burning software. Many of these programs will let you mix the music and create effects. The costs here are lower than for a component-based set-up. Studio Workstation--this type of equipment provides almost everything you need to cut your own CD in one
portable unit. Getting equipped, you can begin the four steps now. Recording. Whether we're talking vocals (声乐作品), guitar, drums, whatever, a recording device eaves the individual tracks and lets you play them back. Depending on the recorder, you might be saving the sound on a hard disk. a memory card, a digital tape or a CD. So you'll need a way to capture the sound and route it to the recorder (the studio workstation, mixer or computer is the recorder by the way). When you record vocals, you'll capture the sound using a microphone. The microphone will be connected to an input jack(插孔) on your computer, mixer or studio workstation. The noise you make gets into the recording equipment through this input jack. When you want to record electric instruments, the process is pretty much the same. Instead of using a microphone, you just plug your electric guitar, electric bass, drum machine or synthesizer right into the recording device. If you want to use music you’ve already recorded music on a CD or cassette tape, you can record from the CD or cassette the way you do with instruments. Just connect a tape player or CD player to your recorder and hit "Play". All you're doing is taking music from one source and making it available on another. Any program will have complete instructions on recording just about anything you've got a lot of leeway(回旋余地) here. Mixing. After you've recorded your music, you blend all the elements together. You mix the vocals with the guitar, bass, drum and other instrument tracks. The mixer gives you control over the volume and sound of each track, and you can set the volume of each track in relation to the other tracks on the recording, so for instance, you can make the vocal track louder than the guitar track in the final mix. Without mixing, the guitar track may be too loud to hear the vocal track. The main goal of mixing your music is to balance your track levels. Whatever mixer or computer mixing program you use will give you guidelines for adjusting the sound levels of the music. During mixing, you need to pan(淘选) the tracks on your CD. When you listen to music, the sound comes from two separate speakers during the panning process, you adjust each sound to make sure it comes from the ideal place. For example, lead vocals and guitar often are panned to the center, and background harmonies come out of the sides (left and right). The controls on your mixer let you experiment to find the best configuration. You can also adjust the equalization of your music. Equalization or EQ is the tone of the music. EQ is very similar to the bass and treble knobs on your home or car stereo. On your recorded tracks, you can select an element of sound and change the tone. For instance, you can make high vocals sound deeper or make the bass line pound a little harder. Depending on your mixer, you may also be able to add effects to your music (if your mixer doesn't come with this capability, you can just buy an extra program or an external effects machine). There are a lot of different effects you can use to alter the sound of your music, and the right effects can turn a homegrown CD into a professional-sounding album. Mastering. Once you're done mixing, you need to prepare the mix for the transfer to a CD. Mastering your music essentially means going over the recording one more time to make sure everything sounds the way you want it to before you put it on a CD. Mastering has three main ideas: (1) Identify and fix any problems in your music. The best way to do this is to listen very carefully to your final mix Check the overall levels. Work with the track volumes. (2)Check the overall EQ. You can make volume corrections by equalizing as well as setting your levels. Make sure the tone of the music is what you're going for. Be sure to experiment until you find the perfect spot. (3)Add track markers to your CD. Up to now, "track" referred to a part of your music, such as a vocal track or a guitar tracks it now refers to an individual song. If your CD has more than one track, you need to put a marker at the beginning of each one This is so the CD player knows where each song starts. Again, your equipment will have directions that walk you through the how-to. Burning. At last, it's time to burn your masterpiece. The CD burner may be an independent device, part of a
computer or built into a studio workstation. There are two types of CDs you can use to burn your music. Most CD burners use CD-R 'RW. CD-R discs can't be erased once you burn them (the music CDs you buy m stores are CD-R). CD-RW discs can be erased so that you can reburn them. Burning a CD is cake. The only major decision you have is whether you want to burn the entire CD in one shot or burn one song at a time. Adding one song at a time lets you burn different versions of the same song onto one CD, and you can build the album one song at a rime, burning tracks as you complete them 1. Recent development of technology makes it possible for you to produce your own CD, but it costs much. 2. The idea of using CD to replace cassette tape was driven by the low sound quality of the latter. 3. One of the advantages of recording CD oneself is that one has total control of his own music. 4. The costs of a Computer-Based Recording System are lower than that of a component-based Hardware System. 5. To record electric instruments, you just plug your ______ right into the recording device. 6. With the mixer, you can set the volume of each track of sound ______ the other tracks. 7. In the process of mixing, you should also make sure that each sound comes out of ______. 8. You can change the sound of your music to become more professional by adding ______. 9. If you want your CD player to know where each song of the album begins, you ______ to your CD. 10. Burning CD is easy, with only one important decision to make: to burn it once for all or______. Part Ⅲ Listening Comprehension Section A Directions: In this section, you will hear 8 short conversations and 2 long conversations. At the end of each conversation, one or more questions will be asked about what was said, Both the conversation and the questions will be spoken only once. After each question there will be a pause. During the pause, you must read the four choices marked A). B), C) and D), and decide which is the best answer. Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre. Questions 11 to 18 are based on the conversation you have just heard. 11. A) He doesn't hear the woman's words clearly. B) He doesn't agree with the woman. C) He isn't sure about the weather. D) He thinks it's a very hot day. 12. A) She wants to watch TV. B) She will listen to music. C) She will rest at home. D) She intends to do some shopping. 13. A) Watch TV. B) Go for a swim. C) Make better use of time. D) Follow the official procedure. 14. A) Try to help him find rooms in another hotel. B) Check to see if there are any vacancies in her hotel. C) Let him move to a room with two single beds, D) Show him the way to Imperial Hotel. 15. A) Mary is going to Hawaii. B) Mary has traveled all over the world. C) Mary likes postcards. D) Mary is going on vacation. 16. A) Husband and wife. B) Teacher and student. C) Policeman and driver. D) Mother and son. 17. A) He dislikes museums and galleries. B) He does not care about the hot weather. C) Going to the beach is the best choice. D) He doesn't want to go to Washington. 18. A) He is good at drawing pictures. B) He likes paintings very much.
C) He likes visiting the art museum very much. D) He thinks the art museum is a very quiet place Questions 19 to 22 are based on the conversation you have just heard. 19. A) The effects of caffeine. B) Some causes of headaches. C) How to do well on exams. D) Problems with the student cafeteria. 20. A) He has a headache. B) He failed his history exam. C) He is tired. D) He is too busy. 21. A) Coffee may help prevent heart disease. B) Coffee does not necessarily cause heart disease. C) Coffee has less caffeine than Coca-cola. D) The taste of regular and decaffeinated coffee is the same. 22. A) It helps people work efficiently. B) It's more refreshing than Coca-cola. C) It should not he drunk too much. D) It has less flavor than tea. Questions 23 to 25 are based on the conversation you have just heard. 23. A) A class presentation they're preparing. B) A television program the man is watching. C) Visiting a close friend of theirs. D) Studying for a test. 24. A) He's taking a break from studying. B) He has already finished studying. C) He was assigned to watch a program by his professor. D) He's finding out some information for a friend. 25. A) He and Elizabeth argued recently. B) He heard Elizabeth did poorly on the last test. C) He doesn't want to bother Elizabeth so late in the evening. D) He'd rather study in his own dormitory. Section B Directions: In this section, you will hear 3 short passages. At the end of each passage, you will hear some questions. Both the passage and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a question, you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked A), B), C) and D). Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre. Passage 1 Questions 26 to 29 are based on the passage you have just heard. 26. A) The difficulties in teaching spelling. B) The role of spelling in general language development. C) The complexities of the basic writing skills. D) The necessity of teaching spelling. 27. A) Because students will he able to express their ideas more freely. B) Because students will make less mistakes in spelling. C) Because students will learn to be independent of teachers. D) Because students will write words within his spelling range. 28. A) Unfair. B) Reasonable. C) Foolish. D) Careless. 29. A) The importance of developing writing skills.
B) The complexities of spelling. C) The correct way of marking compositions. D) The relationship between spelling and the content. Passage 2 Questions 30 to 32 are based on the passage you have just heard. 30. A) Less than 30 minutes. B) From 30 to 45 minutes. C) At least 45 minutes. D) More than 30 minutes. 31. A) He should show respect for the interview. B) He should show confidence for himself. C) He should be dressed properly. D) He should talk enthusiastically. 32. A) Speaking politely and emotionally. B) Talking loudly to give a lasting impression. C) Talking a lot about the job. D) Speaking confidently but not aggressively. Passage 3 Questions 33 to 35 are based on the passage you have just heard. 33. A) They usually leave their children alone. B) They set high standards for their children. C) They allow for failure on the part of their children. D) They control their children to a minimum degree. 34. A) Criticize him for the lower marks and praise him for the good. B) Praise him and give some suggestions for further improvement. C) Praise him for the lower marks and reward him. D) Criticize him for the lower marks and punish him. 35. A) Reward in promoting the children's study. B) Self-control and independence in child growth. C) Emotional reaction in promoting achievement. D) Praise in promoting desired behavior. Section C Directions: In this section, you will hear a passage three times. When the passage is read for the first time, you should listen carefully for its general idea. When the passage is read for the second time, you are required to fill in the blanks numbered from 36 to 43 with the exact words you have just heard. Forblanks numbered from 44 to 46 you are required to fill in the missing information. For these blanks, you can either use the exact words you have just heard or write down the main points in your own words. Finally, when the passage is read for the third time, you should check what you have written. Dr. Gregory Connolly is director of the office for non-smoking and health in the Massachusetts public health department. He said the U. S. had (36) Taiwan, Japan, Korea and Thailand with trade sanctions unless they opened up their markets to US cigarettes and tobacco (37) . "We are trading them cancer in the form of Camel cigarettes", Connolly told a world health conference. "That is something to be (38) and ashamed of. " Connolly did not say when the threats were made or by whom. U.S. tobacco company officials were not immediately (39) for comment. American Cancer Society chief (40) William Tipping said, "American corporations are the (41) of an epidemic and our government has become a willing (42) for the enforced. export of that epidemic. Those of us from America can only feel ashamed at our administration's (43) in undermining world health. " (44) . Later Wednesday, the American Cancer Society announced that its new Trade for Life campaign
would help Thailand fight what it called U. S. moves to force open the Asian country's market to American tobacco companies. (45) . Tipping said the GATT case could set a precedent in allowing international tobacco companies to force their products and advertising on developing countries, (46) . Part Ⅳ Reading Comprehension (Reading in Depth) Section A Directions: In this section, there is a passage with ten blanks. You are required to select one word for each blank from a list of choices given in a word bank following the passage. Read the passage through carefully before making your choices. Each choice in bank is identified by a letter. Please mark the corresponding letter for each item on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre. You may not use any of the words in the bank more than once. Plagiarism is the practice of dishonestly claiming or implying original authorship of material which one has not actually created, such as when a person incorporates material from someone else's work into his own work without attributing it. The United States of America Office of Research Integrity (47) plagiarism as "the appropriation of another person's idea, processes, results or words without (48) appropriate credit". Moreover, Shakespeare's appropriation of stories into his plays may be considered plagiarism except that Shakespeare (49) claimed that the stories were his own. Within academia, plagiarism is seen as (50) dishonesty and is a serious and punishable academic offense. There is little academic research into the frequency of plagiarism. Any research that has taken place has (51) on universities (high educations). Of the (52) of cheating (including plagiarism, inventing data and cheating during an exam), students admit to plagiarism more than any other. 25% to 90% of students admit to plagiarism. However, this figure (53) considerably to 20% and 10% when students are asked about the frequency of "serious" plagiarism (such as copying most of an assignment, or purchasing a (54) paper from a website). Plagiarism is not necessarily the same as copyright infringement(侵害), which occurs when one violates copyright law. The copying of a few sentences for a (55) is fair use under copyright law, but, if not attributed to the true (56) , it is plagiarism. A) increases I) never B) focused J) complete C) social K) decreases D) forms L) depended E) quotation M) author F) ever N) defined G) giving O) paragraph H) academic Section B Directions: There are 2 passages in this section. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A), B), C) and D). You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on Answer sheet 2 with a single line through the centre. Passage 1 If sustainable competitive advantage depends on work force skills, American firm shave a problem. Human-resource management is not traditionally seen as central to the competitive survival of the firm in the United States. Skill acquisition is considered an individual responsibility. Labor is simply another factor of production to be hired--rented at the lowest possible cost--must as one buys raw materials or equipment. The lack of importance attached to human-resource management can be seen in the corporate pecking order. In an American firm the chief financial officer is almost always second in command. The post of head of
human-resource management is usually a specialized job, oil at the edge of the corporate hierarchy. The executive who holds it is never consulted on major strategic decisions and has no .chance to move up to Chief Executive Officer. By way of contrast, in Japan the head of human-resource management is central usually the second most important executive, after the CEO, in the firm's hierarchy. While American firms often talk about the vast amounts spent on training their work force, in fact, they invest less in the skills of their employees than do either Japanese or German firms. The money they do invest is also more highly concentrated on professional and managerial employees. And the limited investments that are made in training workers are also much more narrowly focused on the specific skills necessary to do the next job rather than on the basic background skills that make it possible to absorb new technologies. As a result, problems emerge when new breakthrough technologies arrive. If American workers, for example, take much longer to learn how to operate new flexible manufacturing stations than workers in Germany (as they do), the effective cost of those stations is lower in Germany than it is in the United States. More time is required before equipment is up and running at capacity, and the need for extensive retraining generates costs and creates bottlenecks that limit the speed with which new equipment can be employed. The result is a slower pace of technological change And in the end the skills of the bottom half of the population affect the wages of the top half. If the bottom half can't effectively staff the processes that have to be operated, the management and professional jobs that go with these processes will disappear. 57. Which of the following applies to the human-resource management of American companies? A) They hire people with the least possible money regardless of their skills. B) They regard skill gaining as their employees' own business. C) They prefer to hire self-trained workers. D) They only hire skilled workers because of keen employment competition. 58. What is the position of the executive of human resource management in an American firm? A) He is one of the most important executives of the firm. B) His post is likely to disappear when new technologies have been introduced. C) He has no say in making important decisions of the firm. D) He is directly under the chief financial executive. 59. The money most American firms put in work force training mainly goes on ______. A) technological and managerial staff B) workers who will run new equipment C) workers who lack basic background skills D) top executives 60. Why is there a slow pace of technological change in American firms? A) New equipment in America is more expensive. B) American firms don't pay enough attention to on-the-job training of their work-era. C) The decision-making process in American firms makes them less responsive to technological changes. D) The professional staff of American firms are less paid and so less creative. 61. What is the main idea of the passage? A) American firms' human resource management strategies affect their competitive capacity. B) Human-resource management is a key factor in a firm's survival. C) The cost of Work training in America is higher than that in Japan and Germany. D) American firms are different from Japanese and German firms in human-resource management. Passage 2 The ratio between payments into and out of a country is known as the country's balance of payments. Besides the value of imports, and exports (the balance of trade), the balance of payments includes private foreign loans (and interest); loans by governments, central banks, and international organizations; and movements of gold or
reserve currencies. An international medium of exchange is required for international trade. From the late 1800s until World War Ⅰ, most countries operated on the gold standard. Gold coins of standard specifications circulated freely between countries, making gold in effect an international currency. This system provided an automatic correction for some trade imbalances, but it had little liquidity (the money supply could not expand as rapidly as required by expanding trade), and it was vulnerable to short-term changes in the gold supply. After the financial instability of the 1930s, the international monetary(货币的) system was rebuilt following World War Ⅱ on the gold-exchange standard. The values of most national currencies were fixed in relation to the U. S. dollar; reserves were kept in dollars, which could be exchanged on demand for gold at a set price (＄35 an ounce until 1968). The International Monetary Fund (IMF), a key institution set up under this system, makes international loans with capital subscribed by its members which include most noncommunist states. Voting rights are proportional to the amounts subscribed. The IMF has been able, through its loans, to stabilize fluctuating currencies and to influence the internal financial policies of recipient(接受的) countries, a frequently criticized practice. The success of the gold-exchange standard, however, depended on the superior position of the United States in world trade. In the 1960s, continual balance of payments deficits(赤字) lowered U. S. gold re serves and fatally undermined the system. In 1968 a two-tiered(两极的) system was adopted. Government banks maintained fixed gold prices, while nongovernmental buyers traded freely. Simultaneously, non-dollar special drawing rights (SDRs) were assigned to IMF members in proportion to their contributions. But these changes did not relieve strain on the U. S. dollar. In 1971 President Richard Nixon announced that dollars would no longer automatically be exchanged for gold, and since then there has been no single international monetary standard. 62. As a measure of money flow, the balance of payments differs from the balance of trade primarily because of its greater ______. A) specificity B) accuracy C) ability to predict future trends D) comprehensiveness 63. The gold standard had limited liquidity most probably because ______. A) the money supply could grow no faster than the supply of gold B) it was impossible to convert the currency from country into another C) the money supply varied independently to the gold supply D) a nation's currency could not be freely converted into gold 64. The gold exchange standard differs from the gold standard in that ______. A) it does not establish a generally accepted international medium of exchange B) it establishes no relationship between the value of a given currency and the value of gold C) the relationship it established between the value of any currency and the value of gold is indirect rather than direct D) it is a two-tiered rather than a single-tiered system 65. When saying that "The success of the gold-exchange standard, however, depended on the superior position of the United States in world trade", the author is most probably referring that ______. A) under this system, the United States was required to lend money to any country that asked B) under this system, the United States was the only country allowed to maintain gold reserves C) tying the value of most currencies to any one currency requires that the currency be Stable D) the gold exchange standard is less flexible in meeting currency demands than the gold standard 66. According to the passage, since World War I the international monetary system has shown an overall trend toward ______.
A) tying the value of world currencies to the value of gold B) greater centralized control of world trade C) substituting several different monetary standards for a single unified standard D) increasingly stable currencies Part Ⅴ Cloze Directions: There are 20 blanks in the following passage. For each blank there are four choices marked A), B), C) and D) on the right side of the paper. You should choose the ONE that best fits into the passage. Then mark the corresponding letter an Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre. Film is a medium that might have been especially made for America, a vast country which, by the beginning of the twentieth century, had a large (67) population, many of whom could (68) speak English. These people would have had (69) use for theater, (70) they lived within easy distance of one, or (71) most of the books they could buy (72) they did not have enough English. But the movies--the silent movies—these they could all understand, so (73) America had more than any European country was a huge (74) audience, a large proportion of them pretty un educated. And what these people wanted were (75) stories in which, (76) the fact they couldn't understand the captions, the action (77) all. In feeding the growing demand for (78) entertainment, America was (79) helped by the First World War. Between 1914 and 1918 the making of films was not exactly high on the list of any European country's priorities. (81) , America Films (80) be made but not to the same extent as before, and to fill the gap in foreign had to (82) its own production. By the end of the decade, (83) Hollywood now firmly established (84) the center of the industry, America was well (85) its way to (86) the world market. 67. A) emigrant B) immigrant C) alien D) foreign 68. A) hardly B) never C) as well D) fluently 69. A) much B) little C) a little D) considerable 70. A) even if B) since C) now that D) although 71. A) with B) to C) of D) for 72. A) therefore B) and C) because D) so 73. A) that B) the C) as to D) what 74. A) faithful B) active C) captive D) illiterate 75. A) moving B) subtle C) complicated D) simple 76. A) because of B) irrespective of C) provided that D) despite 77. A) told B) meant C) represented D) contained 78. A) screen B) everyday C) cinema D) theater 79. A) mainly B) greatly C) solely D) hardly
80. A) stopped to B) continued to C) were to D) remained to 81. A) efforts B) decline C) imports D) production 82. A) enhance B) increase C) stimulate D) improve 83. A) after B) because of C) with D) while 84. A) as B) in C) within D) for 85. A) by B) in C) along D) on 86. A) manipulating B) monopolizing C) owning D) influencing Part Ⅵ Translation Directions: Complete the sentences by translating into English the Chinese given in brackets, Please write your translation on Answer Sheet 2. 87. Standing in front of the children, _______________________(我的声音被喧闹声淹没了). 88. It is acknowledged that besides one's IQ, ____________________ (还有许多别的的因素与一个人的成就 有着很大的关系。) 89. The headmaster believed that ___________________________ .(为教育青年人做出再大的牺牲也不过分). 90. Faced with strong competitors, the manager _____________________ (制定并实了一新政策以调动雇员 的积极性)。 91. The singer was ______________________ (发现市面上有自己作品的盗版时十分震惊). 参考答案 Part Ⅰ Writing My View on Changes of National Public Holiday From 2008, the past national holiday pattern has changed: the previous seven-day Labor's Day has been shortened into a three-day holiday, with some new one-day holidays set up, such as Qingming Festival, Duanwu Festival, and Mid-autumn Day. And this change has become a hot topic around the country. People hold different opinions about this change. Some argue that it is of great benefit. Firstly, it can restore and consolidate Chinese traditions, for Qingming Festival can remind people of their ancestors and those who sacrifice themselves for the liberation of the country, Duanwu Festival can make people better understand nationalism, and Mid-autumn Day can make people share the happiness of family-gathering. Secondly, it's helpful to release pressure on transportation with the short holidays adopted. Since in the past, many people would go traveling during the seven day Labor's Day, it will unquestionably put much pressure on the traffic. However, other people insist it is no good news for Chinese economy, especially tourism, with more people spending less on shopping and traveling in shorter holidays. Personally, I think its benefits overweigh the demerits, since currently, with China developing at a surprising speed, it's more important to remind people of the virtues, traditions, and customs of Chinese civilization. Part Ⅱ Reading Comprehension (Skimming and Scanning) 答案精解 1．N 题干需要加以判断的是录制自己的 CD 是不是费用很高。 由关键词 Recent development of technology 和 cost 定位到第二段的内容，文中指出有了电脑，只需要买软件就行，如果要进行小小的投资，就去买数字记录 器，这都说明花费不是很高，因此本题的陈述有误。
2．NG 题干是在讨论 CD 出现的原因。通过略读，我们确实发现了 CD 的声音质量高于录音磁带这一事实，但是 至于这是不是推动了 CD 的出现，文中并没有给出相关信息。 3．Y 由题干关键词 advantages 和 total control 定位到第六段第五句 Another benefit of doing it yourself is that you can totally control your own music. 这一句基本上与本题陈述一致，因此本题陈述正确。 4．Y 由题干关键词 lower 和 component-based 定位到第八段最后一句 The costs here are lower than for a componentbased set-up.这证明本题陈述是正确的。 5．electric musical instruments 由题干关键词 To record electric instruments 定位到第十二段首句 When you want to record electric instruments，the process is pretty much the same. 接下来的第二句里提供了答案的线索” ，you just plug your electric guitar, electric bass, drum machine or synthesizer right into the recording device. 电吉他、电贝斯、电子 鼓和音响合成器可以统称为 electric musical instruments。 6．in relation to/in proportion to 由题干关键词 mixer 定位到倒数第九段第一句 The mixer gives you control over the volume and sound of each track, and you can set the volume of each track in relation to the other tracks on the recording... 这与本题陈 述的意思基本一致，所以空格部分应该填入 in relation to 或者其同义词 in proportion to。 7．the ideal speaker/the most appropriate speaker 题干关键词 mixing 和 sound comes out of 定位到倒数第七段第二句 When you listen to music, the sound comes from two separate speakers-- during the panning process, you adjust each sound to make sure it comes from the ideal place. 这与本题陈述意思相近，空格里缺的是 the ideal place。但是就本题而言，直接写下这个答案， 句意并不明确，应该结合上下文的意思，把 the ideal place 理解为 the ideal speaker 或与之相近的表达。 8．effects 由题干关键词 change the sound of your music 定位到倒数第五段末句 There are a lot of different effects you can use to alter the sound of your music, and the right effects can turn a home-grown CD into a professional-sounding album. 这与题干的意思很相近，因此空格里的词应该是 effects。 9．add track marker/ put a marker 题干关键词 CD player 可以帮助迅速定位答案的位置。方法是查读倒数第四段 Mastering 后面所有带 CD player 字样的词，这样很快就找到了 This is so the CD player knows where each song starts. 这个句子属于 (3)Add track markers to your CD. 这一部分，说明答案是 add track markers。当然，后面出现的 put a marker 也是正确的。 10．one song at a time 由题干关键词 Burning 和 decision 定位到最后一段第二句 The only major decision you have is whether you want to burn the entire CD in one shot or burn one song at a time.与此句对比， 题干的空格处应该填上 one song at a time。 Part Ⅲ Listening Comprehension Section A 11. D) W: This has to be the hottest day we've had so far this summer. M: You can say that again. I've never suffered so much from the heat. I really want to stay inside the room and do nothing. Q: What can we conclude from the man's words? 12. D) M: What should we do tonight? Watch TV or listen to music? W: There is a huge sale at the shopping mall in Baker Street. It was just opened yesterday.
Q: What does the woman mean? 13. D) M: I have too many courses this semester. I'm going to have to drop one of them W: In order to do that you have to go through the proper channels. Q: What advice does the woman give the man? 14. A) M: I wonder whether it will be possible to change this double-room to two single rooms. W: Sorry, sir. All the single rooms are occupied. But if you like I can check with Imperial Hotel to see if it has any. Q: What is the woman going to do for the man? 15. C) W: I guess I'll send Mary a postcard from Hawaii when I go there on my vacation. M: I'm sure that she'd be glad to get one. She has a collection of cards from all over the world. Q: What do we learn about Mary? 16. C) W: Why are you giving me a speeding ticket? I was going at 40 miles per hour. M: Can't you see the notice nearby? It reads "10 mph limits". Q: What is the probable relationship between the two speakers? 17. B) W: The weather is terribly hot. Shall we go to the beach for the vacation for the coming holiday? M: Oh, why? There are so many museums, art galleries and restaurants in Washington, I'd be happy there no matter what the weather is like. Q: What does the man mean? 18. B) W: Jack seems to have a fancy for paintings. On the walls of his bedroom, there are so many famous pictures. Some of them are priceless. M: However, he does not like visiting the art museum because he considers it a noisy place. Q: What can we conclude about Jack from the conversation? Conversation One W: Kevin, You are having another cup of coffee? That's your third since lunch. M: (20)Yeah. Well, I stayed up all night reviewing for my history exam. I couldn't keep my eyes open in my last class. I'm having this coffee so I can stay awake this afternoon. W: Don't you know that drinking too much coffee is harmful? M: What do you mean harmful? W: Well, for one thing it may cause heart disease. M: (21)But most of the research about the link between coffee and the heart disease is not so persuasive. The conclusion is not so definite. W: But coffee has caffeine, which is addictive. M: You can't become addicted to caffeine like other drugs. W: En, you can. Don't you know that people who are deprived of caffeine suffer with symptoms, especially, headaches? M: One cure for headaches, oddly enough, is caffeine. Haven't you ever noticed that many drugs for curing headache use caffeine as one of their ingredients? Besides, coffee helps me work faster. W: (22)Studies have shown that coffee makes you work faster but not necessarily better. You may finish your exam in a shorter period of time but you won't have fewer errors. M: You know, that Coca-Cola you are drinking has caffeine in it, too. W: But 12 ounces of coke has only half the caffeine of a 5 ounces cup of coffee. And a cup of tea has less than
that. M: But I like the taste of coffee. W: You could drink decal, which has much less caffeine. M: Decal doesn't have as much flavor as regular coffee. Besides I want something that will keep me alert in class. W: Well, you are stubborn. 19. A) What is the conversation mainly about? 20. C) What is the man's problem? 21. B) What does the man say research shows about coffee? 22. C) What does the woman probably think about coffee? Conversation Two W: Hi, Kevin. Your roommate told me that I could find you at the TV. What are you doing here? M: What does it look like I am doing? W: Well, it looks like you are watching television. (23) But we have a math mid-term tomorrow, so I thought you'd be studying for it and maybe I can study with you. M: (24)Oh, well, I was just taking a break. This math stuff gives me a headache if I work on it too long. You know I don't really like it. W: I know what you mean. I've been working on it for three hours through it already. I'm beginning to get across. I was trying to figure out mine of the sample problems. I just don't get some of them. M: But I can't believe you are coming to me. I mean you do know what I got on the last test, don't you? W: Yeah, I know. You told me. I just thought two heads might be better than one. M: Yeah, that's a nice idea. But... you know, I wish I knew that person in our class who got a hundred on the last test. She didn't miss a question. Umm... was it Elizabeth? W: Oh yeah, Elizabeth! She is a friend of mine. She'd be a big help right now. Why don't I give her a call? M: (25)What! At this hour? It's already ten thirty. I don't want to impose on her. W: Yeah, I guess you are right. But you know what; she owes me a big favor. Let's at least give her a call and see what she says. Maybe going over some of the problems with us would help her review the material. M: It's worth a try. 23. D) What are the speakers mainly discussing? 24. A) Why is the man watching television? 25. C) Why doesn't the man want to call Elizabeth? Section B Passage 1 There is a popular belief among parents that schools are no longer interested in spelling. No school I have taught in has ever ignored spelling or considered it unimportant as a basic skill. (26)There are, however, vastly different ideas about how to teach it, or how much priority it must be given over general language development and writing ability. The problem is how to encourage a child to express himself freely and confidently in writing without holding him back with the complexities of spelling. If spelling becomes the only focal point of his teacher's interest, clearly a bright child will be likely to "play it safe". He will tend to write only words within his spelling range, choosing to avoid adventurous language. (27)
That's why teachers time and again encourage the early use of dictionaries and pay attention to content rather than technical ability. I was once shocked to read on the bottom of a sensitive piece of writing about a personal experience: "This work is terrible! There are far too many spelling errors and your writing is illegible". It may have been a (28)sharp criticism of the pupil's technical abilities in writing, but it was also a sad reflection on the teacher who had omitted mention of the child's deep feelings. The teacher was not wrong to draw attention to the errors, (29)but if his priorities had centered on the child's ideas, an expression of his encouragement in the pupil's free presentation would have given him more motivation to seek improvement. 26. B) About what do teachers differ in their opinions? 27. A) Why do teachers encourage the use of dictionaries? 28. A) What does the speaker think of the teacher's judgment on that sensitive writing? 29. D) What is the major point the speaker is making? Passage 2 To be successful in a job interview, you should demonstrate certain personal and professional qualities. You need to create a good image in a limited time available, (30)usually from 30 to 45 minutes. You must talk a positive impression which the interviewer will remember while he interviews other candidates. You should especially pay attention to some qualities during the interview. First of all, you should take care to appear properly dressed. The right clothes worn at the right time can win the respect of the interviewer and his confidence in your judgment. It may not be true that clothes make the man, (31)but the first and lasting impression of you is determined by the clothes you wear. Secondly, you should pay close attention to your manner of speaking. Since speech is a reflection of personality. (32)you should reflect confidence by speaking in a clear voice, loud enough to be heard without being aggressive or over powering. You should be prepared to talk knowledgeably about the position you're applying for. Finally, to be really impressive, you must convey a sense of self-confidence and an enthusiasm for the work. The appropriately dressed job applicant indicates his sound judgment. His manner of speaking suggests his friendliness and competence. His curiosity and information about the position he is seeking demonstrate his sincerity and potential in the job. He exhibits self-confidence through his knowledge, and he shows his enthusiasm for work. If you display these characteristics with just a little luck, you'll certainly succeed in a typical personnel interview. 30. B) How long does an interview usually last according to the speaker? 31. C) How can one give an interviewer a good first impression? 32. D) What should be the best manner speaking for a job seeker during an interview? Passage 3 (35)Research indicates that parents who reward self-control and independence tend to have children with high achievement motivation. (33) Such parents set high standards for their children but allow them to work at their own level and to make their own mistakes. That is to say, they are not very critical. By contrast, parents of low need achievers typically set impossibly high goals for their children and make extreme demands, In addition, parents of high need achievers encourage good performance but do not blame their children angrily when they fail. (34)If a child comes home from school with As and one B on a report card, the parents focus on the As, while not
paying much attention to the B; parents of a potential low need achiever tend to ask, "Why the B?" Parents of high need achievers respond to middle grades with warmth and suggestions for reasonable goals and ways to reach them. They can help their children to find a way out. Parents of low need achievers would scold and punish the child. When a child is having trouble with a maths problem, the parents of high need achievers will suggest the general procedure and let the child work out the particular solution; a low need achiever's parent will solve the problem and then hand the child the answer. Closely related to motivation are emotions, which can activate and direct behavior in much the same way as physiological, social and psychological motivations do. 33. B) What is said about parents of high need achievers? 34. B) If a child gets good marks for some courses and lower marks for others, what will a parent of a high-need achiever do? 35. C) What does the speaker mainly want to tell us? Section C Dr. Gregory Connolly is director of the office for non smoking and health in the Massachusetts public health department. He said the U. S. had (36)threatened Taiwan, Japan, Korea and Thailand with trade sanctions unless they opened up their markets to U.S. cigarettes and tobacco (37)advertising. "We are trading them cancer in the form of Camel cigarettes", Connolly told a world health conference. "That is something to be (38)condemned and ashamed of." Connolly did not say when the threats were made or by whom. U.S. tobacco company officials were not immediately (39)available for comment. American Cancer Society chief (40)executive William Tipping said, "American corporations are the (41)carriers of an epidemic and our government has become a willing (42)instrument for the enforced export of that epidemic. Those of us from America can only feel ashamed at our administration's (43)role in undermining world health." (44)Connolly said cigarettes are sold and advertised in the Third World without health warnings and with higher nicotine content than in the U. S. Later Wednesday, the American Cancer Society announced that its new Trade for Life campaign would help Thailand fight what it called U. S. moves to force open the Asian country's market to American tobacco companies. (45)The society said the Thai government has resisted such imports because of fears it will lead to increases in tobacco-related diseases and deaths. Tipping said the GATT case could set a precedent in allowing international tobacco companies to force their products and advertising on developing countries, (46)he said the first goal of the U. S, ＄ 500,000-a-year campaign was to bring the moral force of world opinion to bear on American trade policy. 36. threatened 37. advertising 38. condemned 39. available 40. executive 41. carriers 42. instrument 43. role 44. Connolly said cigarettes are sold and advertised in the Third World without health warnings and with higher nicotine content than in the U. S 45. The society said the Thai government has resisted such imports because of fears it will lead to increases in tobacco-related diseases and deaths. 46. he said the first goal of the U. S, ＄ 500,000-a-year campaign was to bring the moral force of world opinion to bear on American trade policy. Part Ⅳ Reading Comprehension (Reading in Depth) Section A 47．N 此外缺少一个谓语动词。 根据后半句引号中的意思可知这里是对 plagiarism 下的一个定义。 故应填表示 “下
定义”的 defined，且 define sth. as sth. “给……下定义”为固定搭配。 48．G 该空所在的句子是宾语从句，该句缺少谓语动词。根据空前的介词 without 可知这里所填动词应是-ing 形 式。根据本句大意“剽窃是指占有另一个人的观点、方法、结果或语言，而没有给予适当的归属证明” 。 可以推断选 giving。 49．D 根据空格后的动词可以推断此空缺少一个副词。此句是对上述定义的一个例证。属于意义推理题；该句大 意是“而且，莎士比亚运用于其戏剧中的故事也可以算作剽窃，除非他从来没有说过那些故事是他的” 。 所以选 never。 50．H 由空格后名词 dishonesty 可以推断该空需要一个形容词。此空属于上下文句意推理题。由前半句给出的前 提 Within academia(在学术领域)可以推断，该空所说的 dishonesty 应该是 academic(学术的)。 51．B 介词前需要一个动词。此空涉及动词与介词的固定搭配问题。再根据句意“曾经所做的调查都是关于大学 或高等教育的” 。可以推断本题是考查 focus on 这个固定短语，所以选 focused。 52．D 定冠词 the 后面应该填名词。此空是上下文句意推理题。根据后半句括号中的列举可以推断出是关于 cheating 的各种形式，所以选 forms。 53．K 由空格前的名词主语和空格后的副词可以推断此空需要一个动词。 由句首 However 可知此句与上句意思相 对。 再根据大意可知这里是关于数据增减的。 而本句中的数据比例 20% and 10%小于上句中的 25%to 90%， 故推断应该选表示“减少”的 decreases。 54．J 根据空格前的冠词 a 和空格后名词 paper 可以推断此空需要一个形容词。该句列举了“严重”剽窃的种类。 根据一般常识，既然是属于“严重”剽窃，那么在网络上购买论文可能应该是整篇购买。所以选 complete。 55．E 根据空格前的冠词 a 和空格后谓语动词 is 可以推断该空需要一个名词。此题属于常识考查题。根据句子大 意“在著作权法规定下，抄一些句子用作……是合法的” 。及我们的写作经验可以推断是“作引语” 。所以 选 quotation。 56．M 形容词后面需要—个名词。本题属于上下文句意推理题。相对于上题句子的大意，本句大意是“但是，如 果不加注真实……的话，就是剽窃” 。与前面 a few sentences 相对应的应该是“作者” ，所以选 author。 Section B Passage 1 57．B 细节题。 由题干后半部分定位到首段第二句， 可在接下来第三句 “掌握劳动技能被认为是个人自己的责任” 中得出本题答案。B)与此句意思一致。A)干扰性较强，前半句“以低工资雇佣工人”是正确的，但后半句 “不考虑其他技能”与文章不符。 58．C 细节题。 由题干 executive 定位到第二段第四句 “担任人力资源部经理一职者在公司做重大决策时从未被咨 询过” 。这和 C)完全相符。注意 C)中的 say 是名词，意思是“发言权” 。 59．A 细节题。由题干定位到第三段第二句，意思是说美国公司的投资更多地集中在专业人员和管理人员身上， 这和 A)完全一致。D)中的“高级人员”属于 A)中的 managerial staff，因此不能入选。 60．B 推断题。由题干 a slower pace of technological change 定位到第四段倒数第三句，但论述的原因在第二、三
段。第二、三段提到几个原因，其中包括对人力管理部门不重视、对工人培训投资较少、投资面过窄(只培 训工人做下一项工作所需的技术，而不是培训工人的基本技能以便使他们能接受新知识)。因此，只有 B) 符合题意。 61．A 主旨题。全文共四段，其中前三段讲述了美国人力管理情况，第四段讲述了不重视人力管理对公司造成的 影响。A)“美国人力管理策略影响了其竞争能力”概括了全篇的内容。B)太笼统；C)只涉及员工的培训， 未涉及其影响，故内容太窄；D)是文章的一项内容，但没有展开。 Passage 2 62．D 细节题。由题干 balance of payments 定位到文章首段。该段讲到 balance of payments(收支平衡)包括 balance of trade(贸易平衡)、国外贷款、政府贷款等多项内容。因此，前者比后者内容广泛。而 D)comprehensiveness “全面的，广泛的”正合题意。 63．A 细节题。由题干 limited liquidity(流动性限制)定位到第二段末句，由该句括号中的解释：资金供养不能根据 货币需要而增加，可知 A)为正确答案。 64．C 推断题。由题干 gold-exchange standard 和 gold standard 定位到第二、三段。第二段提到金本位指多数货币 可直接与黄金挂钩；第三段第二句提到金汇兑本位制指多数货币与美元挂钩而美元与黄金挂钩，即在金汇 兑本位制下，各国货币与黄金的关系是间接的。C)“它(金汇兑本位制)在各种货币和黄金之间建立的关系 是间接的，而不是直接的”与文章内容正好相符。D)是事实，但不是二者的区别。 65．C 语义题。从文中可知 gold-exchange standard(金汇兑本位制)指多数货币与美元挂钩，因此美元必须保持稳 定。而只有美国保持其在世界贸易中的优势地位才能使美元保持稳定。故 C)为正确答案。 66．C 细节题。答案可从文中最后一句得出，即 1971 年尼克松总统宣布美元不再自动兑换黄金，从那时起已无 单一的货币单位。这和 C)意思一致。A)与第二段第二句 18 世纪末到第一次世界大战为止，多数国家采用 金本位不符； 选项 B)文中未提； 由第三段关键词 instability 和 fluctuating currencies 可以判断 D)与文章不符。 Part Ⅴ Cloze 67．B 形容词辨析。 这里是指美国是一个很大的移民国家， 故应选择 immigrant， 指从外国移居到美国的人。 emigrant 也表移民之意。 其与 immigrant 的区别在于前者表示移出国的(如中国人移民去外国)， 而后者表示外国人移 人的(如外国人移民到中国)。 68．A 逻辑衔接题。上文提到他们很多是移民，下文讨论无声电影受移民欢迎，可知他们几乎不懂英语，故应选 择 hardly。 69．B 副词辨析。本句是对前一句的具体解释，举例说明移民英语水平低。因为英语水平低，所以电影对于他们 没有什么作用，因此为 have little use for theater。 70．A 逻辑衔接题。连词引导的句子意为“即使住得离电影院很近也不去” ，说明他们不懂英语，即使有这样好 的条件，移民们也极少去，表示让步状语应用 even if。 71．D 结构衔接题。本题的理解关键在于理清句子结构，该空介词引导的介词短语修饰前面的 little use，即 have little use for the theatre... or for most of the books，故 for 是与前面并列使用的。 72．C 逻辑衔接题。不看电影不买书的原因是英语水平不高，故用原因状语连词 because。
73．D 结构衔接题。本空所在的分句有两个谓语动词，这是不正确的英语表达，只能选取一个连接代词形成主语 从句，使前面一个动词成为从句的动词。可以做连接代词的只有 that 和 what。这里是一个主语从句，且从 句的连接词在后面的从句中作宾语，因此只能使用 what。 74．C 形容词辨析。虽然英语水平不高，但这并非是该句强调的重点，而且后面的同位语从句中有 uneducated, 选 D)显得重复。由于没有其他选择，大批美国移民便乖乖成为无声电影的俘虏，故应选 captive。 75．D 形容词辨析。既然语言不通只能看无声电影，那么一般说来剧情不能是复杂(complicated)或微妙(subtle)， 而应是 simple。至于剧情(story)是否动人(moving)，与动作或言语均关系不大。 76．B 逻辑衔接题。irrespective of 相当于 regardless of，意为“虽然，不考虑”即就算他们不懂字幕，他们也能看 明白。 77．A 动词辨析。根据上下文，本句大意为：就算看不懂字幕，但动作能说明一切，故 A)为正确答案。 78．A 名词辨析。无声电影受到人们的喜爱，显然此处增长的是对“荧屏娱乐”的需求，表示这方面的娱乐时， entertainment 一般与 screen 搭配而不是与 theater 或 cinema 搭配。 79．B 副词辨析。此处副词只需要表示程度强烈，不存在与其他事件比较的意思，所以 B)正确。 80．B 固定搭配。从本句的状语 but not to the same extent as before 可以看出，战后电影产量虽大不如战前，但仍 保持着生产，并未停止。 “继续做某事”用 continue to do 表示。 81．C。 名词辨析。本句提到美国要提高自己的电影产量以缩小与大量外来影片的差距，外国电影到美国属于 imports。 82．B 动词辨析。根据上下文，本句意思为要提高美国电影的产量，故选 increase(提高)。 83．C 结构衔接题。with+ sth./sb./+-ed 的独立主格结构表示原因，虽然 because of 也可以表示原因，但本句后面 不能跟这样的结构。 84．A 固定搭配。本句大意为“确立起好莱坞作为电影业中心的地位” ，不是说这个地方建立，as 作介词用，意 思是“作为” 。 85．D 固定搭配。on one's way of 是固定搭配，表示“在……的过程中” 。 86．B 动词辨析。即使凭常识我们也可以正确解答此题，好莱坞作为电影梦工厂肯定是 monopolize(垄断)市场。 Part Ⅵ Translation 87．I couldn't make myself heard above the noise [考查点] 过去分词的用法。现在分词短语与过去分词短语常用在一些感官动词(如 see，watch， hear，feel 等)和使役动词(如 have，make，keep，let 等)所带的宾语后面作宾语补足语。本句中 heard 与 myself 之间是 被动关系，所以用过去分词作宾语补足语。 88．many other factors have much to do with one's achievements [考查点] 固定短语。have something/nothing/much＝a lot/little to do with sb. /sth.(与某人/某事有一些/毫无/很 大/几乎没有关系)。
89．no sacrifice for the education of the young was too great [考查点] 固定短语。no/not/none... +too +adj. 或者 no/not/none... +over-v. -ed 表示“再……也不过分” 。如 This is a point that has been made many times before, but it cannot be overemphasized (这一点以前提过多次， 但 再怎么强调也不过分)。 90．came up with and executed some new policies to motivate employees [考查点] ①固定短语。come up with 意思是“提出，想出”“制定政策”可译为 come up with policies;②词 ， 语的正确选用。 “实施”可译为 execute；如 execute a plan(实施计划)；execute one's duties(尽职)； “调动积 极性”可译为 motivate。 91．shocked at the pirate editions of his songs in the market [考查点] ①常用表达法。 “盗版”可译为 pirate edition 或 pirated version。相关词汇有 piracy(盗版行为，侵 犯版权)， pirate(盗版者)； ②词语的正确选用。 “震惊” 可译为 shock 或 take aback。 本句也可译成 taken aback by the pirate editions of his songs in the market。