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ielts writing vacabulary


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培养 (v.) cultivate / foster / nurture 促进学生身心发展 promote the student’s physical, intellectual and emotional development 心理健康 psychological soundness 青少年 (n.) adolescents /youngsters /juvenile 传授知识 impart (inculcate) knowledge 适应 adapt to sth.. / adjust oneself to sth. / Become accustomed to sth. 适应能力 adaptability 责任感 a sense of obligation/responsibility 盲从 follow sth. Blindly / follow sth. indiscriminately 限制创造力的发展 extinguish(constrain) creativity 打击学生积极性 frustrate the students 产生不必要的压力 beget undue pressure 逆境 adverse circumstances/adversity 团队精神 team spirit 独立思考 think independently 鼓励学生用辨证的眼光看问题 encourage the student to think critically 课外活动 extra-curricular activities 不遵守纪律 (n) indiscipline / misbehavior / mischief 违反纪律的学生 disruptive students / unruly students 理论知识 theoretical knowledge 全面发展的 well-rounded (adj.) 基础科学 basic sciences 应用科学 applied sciences 大(中 小)学教育 primary-level( secondary-level/tertiary-level)education 职业教育 vocational education 尖端科技 cutting-edge technology 提高效率生产 augment(enhance/boost) efficiency/productivity 减少取代人力的机器 labor-saving(replacing) machinery 自动化 automation(n.)/automated(adj) 时事 current affairs 无处不在的 prevalent /ubiquitous/pervasive (adj.) 充斥着….. Be awash with / be inundated with /be saturated with sth. 审查 censor 删除 delete/eliminate/excise 充满过多的暴力与色情内容 excessive(gratuitous) violent and pornographic contents 有误导性的 misleading /misrepresented/distorted (adj.) 欺骗性的 fraudulent(adj.) 虚假的 false / bogus (adj.) 夸大事件 exaggerate things / sensationalize things / blow things out of all proportions 公正客观的 objective and balanced 揭露 expose / reveal (v.) 侵犯隐私 violate (intrude on/ infringe on) /someone’s privacy 掩盖 cover up/ gloss over/whitewash (v.) 如实描述 factual accounts

45) 46) 47) 48) 49) 50) 51) 52) 53) 54) 55) 56) 57) 58) 59) 60) 61) 62) 63) 64) 65) 66) 67) 68) 69) 70) 71) 72) 73) 74) 75) 76) 77) 78) 79) 80) 81) 82) 83) 84) 85) 86) 87)

可信的 reliable/trustworthy/dependable (adj.) 道德准则 code of ethics (conduct) 老百姓 citizens / the citizenry 实施 implement (v.) 严禁 strictly prohibit / ban altogether 政府开支 the government spending/ expenditure on sth. 削减 curtail (v.) 增加 augment (v.) 责任 responsibility /obligation (n.) 国土安全 national security /homeland security 缺乏远见的政治 short-sighted policy 扩张 expansion /aggression (n.) 恶性循环 a vicious circle 武器 weapons (n.) 下岗工人 downsized workers 失业 unemployment /joblessness (n.) 基础设施 infrastructure (n.) 民主的(民主) democratic / democracy(n.) 民主与开明的政府 a democratic and progressive government 方言 dialect / vernacular (n.) 保护 preserve (v.) / protect (v.) 少数民族 ethnic minorities 文化融合 cultural integration and synthesis 贬低 deprecate / denigrate / disparage / trivialize /discredit / (v.) minimize the importance of …不是一成不变的 sth. Is not set/carved in stone 生活节奏加速 the tempo/pace of life has accelerated 疲劳 fatigue 导致人与人的疏远 create alienation between people 交通堵塞 traffic congestion/ jams 阻碍 impede/hinder/hamper/obstruct/inhibit (v.) 贫穷的 needy/deprived/destitute/indigent/impoverished (adj.) 富裕的 affluent / wealthy (adj.) 行人 pedestrians (n.) 交通肇事者 traffic accident perpetrators 有特殊历史意义的老房子 building of historic significance 让城市更美观 enhance the cityscape 破旧的 decrepit/rundown/dilapidated (adj.) 拆除 tear down/ knock down/ demolish 摩天大楼 skyscrapers (n.) 城市化 urbanization (n.) 城乡差距 the disparity between the city and the countryside 搬迁 relocate (v.) 宽松的管理 laiseez-fair management

88) 会导致效率低的 counterproductive (adj.) 89) 抑郁证 depression (n.) 90) 失眠 sleeplessness (n.) / insomnia (n.) 91) 控制人口 birth control 92) 爱慕虚荣 pretentious / ostentatious (adj.) 93) 缺少运动的生活方式 sedentary lifestyle 94) 全球文化同一化的过程 global cultural homogenization 95) 地球村 the global village 96) 性别歧视 gender discrimination / sexism 97) 一个开明的社会 a an enlightened/progressive society 98) 母性的本能 maternal instinct 99) 老年人 elderly people /senior citizens 100) 归属感 a sense of belonging 101) 对…的依恋 an attachment to sth./ An affinity for sth. 102) 虐待 mistreat / abuse (v.) 103) 家庭暴力 domestic violence 104) 吸引 draw ( attract/appeal to/ be a magnet for sb. ) 105) 亲身体验 first-hand experience 106) 争端 discord / dissension (n.) 107) 商业化 commercialize / commodity (v.) 108) 生态平衡 ecological balance / ecological equilibrium 109) 可持续发展 sustainable development 110) 再利用 recycle /reuse (v.) 111) 增加公众关于…的意识 raise (elevate ) the public awareness of sth. 112) 短缺 shortage / scarcity /dearth / lack (n.) 113) 对资源的承受很大压力 put a strain on the resources 114) 破坏自然资源 wreak havoc on natural resources 115) 污染 pollute / contaminate (v.) 116) 有毒的 poisonous /toxic (adj.) 117) 消耗 consume / deplete (v.) 118) 用尽 exhaust (v.) 119) 严厉的措施 harsh actions/ measures (n.) 120) 污水 effluent / sewage (n.) 121) 排放 discharge (n.) 122) 温室效应 greenhouse effect 123) 严重的 severe / grave / grievous (adj.) 124) 谴责而不是纵容 condemn rather than condone sth. 125) 耕地 arable land / farmland (n.) 126) 从犯 accomplice (n.) accessory (n.) 127) 憎恨社会 resent society/ hold a grudge against society 128) 受害者 victim (n.) 129) 被绳之以法 be brought to justice 130) 宽容的 lenient (adj.) 131) 重罪 flagitious crime

132) 轻罪 petty crime / misdemeanours 133) 惯犯 hardened criminals 134) 遵守法律 comply with the law / abide by the law 135) 无视…. Disregard (v.) 136) 给某人心理造成创伤 traumatize someone 137) 抓捕 track down / hunt down /capture (v.) 138) 残忍的 cruel / merciless/ inhumane/callous/brutal (adj.) 139) 给主人以心理安慰 afford their masters consolation and comfort 140) 某一种事物是没有替代物的 there are no replacements/substitutes/alternatives for sth.


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