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unit1 friendship


? What’s the song about?

Unit 1
Friendship

What qualities(品质) should a good friend have?

The qualities of a good friend
humorous honest kind

loyal
responsible

Good friend
patient

friendly
helpful

Are you a good friend? Let’s do a survey.

Scoring sheet for the survey 1A1 B3 C 2 2A1 B2 C3

3A1 B2 C3
5A0 B3 C 0

4A3 B2 C1

Values of friendship

Warming Up

4-7points: You are not a good friend. You either ignore your friend’s needs or just do what he/she wants you to do. You should think about what a good friend needs to do. Think more about this.

Warming Up
8-12 points: You are a good friend but you sometimes let your friendship become too important, or you fail to show enough concern for your friend’s needs and feelings. Try to strike a balance between your friend’s needs and your own responsibilities.

Warming Up
13+ points: You are an excellent friend who recognizes that to be a good friend you need to balance your needs and those of your friends. Well done!

To have a good friend, you need to be a good friend.

谚语

Some proverbs about friendship
A friend in need is a friend indeed. 患难之交真朋友。 Make new friends and keep the old; one is silver and the other is gold. 交了新朋友,不忘老朋友; 新朋友是银,老朋友是金。

Pre-reading

Does a friend always have to be a person? What else can be your friend? Do you think a diary can become your friend? Why or why not?

Anne
Born on June 12, 1929, Anne Frank was a GermanJewish teenager who was forced to go into hiding during the Holocaust(大屠杀)

Anne ’s diary

纳粹逼迫犹太人离开他们的家园

Polish Jews on their way to a Nazi death camp

Jews in a concentration camp (集中营)

Victims of the gas

chambers
(毒气室)

A mass grave
The remains of Jews (幸存者)

被毒死的犹太人的 衣服和鞋子
纳粹屠 杀犹太 人的真 实场景

纳粹正对着 屠杀后幸存 的妇女进行 扫射

安妮日记
安妮在自己生日那天收到了一份礼物 ——一本日记本,并将其化名为Kitty,以 书信的形式记日记。从日记的内容我们可 以知道,安妮与朋友相处融合,是一个很 普通的女孩子,日记上还记录着她在过着 隐秘生活时与彼得得以接近,并喜欢上彼 得的过程,以及她对战争的看法,从侧面 表现出安妮的成熟与乐观。

终于,不幸的事情发生了,他们被盖世太 保们发现,被分散收容了。安妮于1945 年3月在纳粹集中营永远地闭上了眼睛。 安妮· 弗兰克的 《安妮日记》后被译成55 种文字,它的文学价值得 到了世界各国读者的认同, 并被改编成电影和话剧。

Reading

Anne’s Best Friend

Reading method
when who
why how

where what

How many parts it contains?
It contains_____ parts. two
? The first part is about the background knowledge about Anne and her diary. ?The second part is about how Anne felt after being in the hiding place since July 1942. (Anne's diary)

Skimming
1. Read the first part of the reading section and answer these questions:

? Who was Anne’s best friend? Her diary―Kitty. ? When did the story happen? During World War II.

Scanning
Fill in the form below
The time of the story The place of the story The heroine of the story Anne’s best friend

World War 2 Netherlands

Anne
her diary--Kitty two years Thursday 15,June,1944

The length of time they hid away
The date of the diary

1.Anne kept a diary because
2.She felt very lonely because 3.They have to hide because 4.Anne named her diary Kitty because

A.She couldn’t meet her friends. B.Jews were caught by Nazis and put away. C.She could tell everything to it. D.she thought it was her best friend.

Part 2 1. Why was she so crazy about things to do with nature?(pra.3)
Because she had been indoors too long, she was so eager to see the outdoor world --- the blue sky, the singing birds, the beautiful flowers, the bright moon.

2. Why did she stay awake on purpose until very late one evening? (pra.4) Because she wanted to have a good look at the bright moon.

3. Why didn’t she dare open the window when the moon was too bright?(pra.4)

Because she was afraid that she might be discovered by the German Nazis.

4.What was Anne's feeling?Why?(para.5)
?

She was lonely and sad. Because she was only able to look at nature through dirty curtains hanging before very dusty windows.

Read the diary carefully and fill in the table. Time Nature Feeling

Before hiding

blue sky, songs of birds,moonlig ht, flowers darkness, rain,wind, thundering clouds

never felt spellbound

After hiding

attractive,held in their power

discussing
Suppose you four have to hide yourselves for 2 months. During the two months, you will be offered the basic food, water and clothes. Your group can take 5 things with you.

What will you take? Why? How will you spend the 2 months? How will you treat each other?

Add up 1. ___________ your score and see how many points you get.(回归课本P1)

①add…to… ②add to ③add up ④add up to

给…加上 增加,添加 合计,加起来 总计达,总共有

to (1)Will you add more sugar ___ the coffee? (2)His whole school added up to education___________ only one year. added to (3)His illness _________the family’s trouble. add up (4)Please _________ all the money I should pay.

2.upset
Your friend comes to school very (回归课本P1) .

? be upset about/over/at sth.为某事烦心 ? upset one’s stomach 使(肠胃)不适? ? It upsets sb.that... 让某人烦心的是...

3.concern

? be concerned with sth.和??有关 ? be concerned about/for sth. 担心关心某事

You will tell your friend that you are about him/her and you will meet after class and talk then.(回归课本P1)

? As/So far as sb.be concerned=in
one's opinion 就某人而言,在某人

即学即用
This novel was concerned ___ are more concerned ___ love story.? A.with;about C.for;about B.with;at? D.about;with the

Second World War,while most teenagers the hero’s

4.ignore
You’ll the bell and go somewhere quiet to calm your friend down.(回归课本P1)

? ignore

vt.不理睬;忽视;不顾?

? ignore sb./sth.不理睬某人/某事?
? ignorance n.无知;愚昧;不知道? ? be in ignorance of/about sth.不知道某事? ? ignorant adj.无知的;愚昧的;不知道的? ? be ignorant that...不知道某事? ? be ignorant of/about sth.不知道某事?

? 即学即用? ? (1)我们不能忽视他们的劝告。? We can't ignore their advice .

? (2)他对现代科技一无所知。?
ignorant He’s completely ______ about

modern technology.

5.go through
? ...,or would not understand what you are

?(回归课本p2)

1 These countries have gone through too many wars. 经历,经受 2 It took us a whole week to go through the forest. To my joy, she has gone through all the exams. 穿过,通过 3 I had just gone through the work when the telephone 完成,做完 rang. 4 You must go through your papers before you hand 仔细检查 them in.

? go after ? go against ? go ahead ? go by

追赶? 违反,与??不符? 先走;开始做,着手干?

逝去;过去?

? go off
? go on ? go over

离开;爆炸?
上场;继续;流逝? 检查?

6.set down
I don’t want to _______a series of facts in a diary...

(回归课本P2)
set down 意为__________________。 放下,记下;登记 set about (doing sth.) 着手(做某事)? set out (to do sth.) 开始,着手(做某事)?

set aside 留出;不顾?
set back(把钟等)往回拨;推迟? set off 动身,出发(去某地);使爆炸?

7.settle
She found it difficult to _____down in the hiding place,...(回归课本P4)

归纳总结??
settle down 定居;安静/平静下来? 决定(做)......? settle on (doing) sth.

settle to do ? 决定(做)......

考题回扣?
(1)With a lot of difficult problems A.settled C.to settle B.answered D.to answer ,the

manager felt like a cat on hot bricks.?

(2)The voyage was completed,so James Cook made up his mind to ______ down in London. A.settle C.set B.write D.sit

8.suffer
She _____from loneliness,... (回归课本P4) suffer+痛苦/损失/失败/惩罚/苦难/饥饿/贫穷等名 词 pain/loss/defeat/punishment/hardship/hunger/ poverty(遭受......) suffer from +疾病的名称或造成不幸、痛苦的事 情的名称 (受......折磨,受......之苦,患病)

即学即用

suffered (1)The party _________ a huge defeat in

the last election.
该党在上次选举中遭到惨败。

(2)She was taken to hospital
suffering from _______________ shock.

她因休克被送到医院。

重点句型 1.I wonder if it’s because I haven’t

been able to be outdoors for so long that I’ve grown so crazy about everything to do with nature.
我不知道这是不是因为我长久无法出门的缘故,

我变得对一切与大自然有关的事物都无比狂热。

It is / was …….that / who ………
E.g. Jack broke a glass yesterday afternoon at his uncle’s home. 1) It was Jack that / who broke a glass yesterday afternoon at his uncle’s home.(强调主语) 2) It was a glass that Jack broke yesterday afternoon at his uncle’s home.(强调宾语) 3) It was yesterday afternoon that Jack broke a glass at his uncle’s home.(强调时间状语)

4) It was at his uncle’s home that Jack broke a glass yesterday afternoon. (强调地点状语)

考题回扣
(1)It

was from only a few supplies that she had bought in the
B.that C.when D.which weeks

village_______the hostess cooked such a nice dinner. A.where (2)It _____ we had stayed together for a couple of

______ I found we had a lot in common.?

A.was until; when
C.wasn’t until; when

B.was until; that?
D.wasn’t until; that? you want

(3)I have nothing to confess. _________

me to say??
A.What is it that C.How is it that B.What it is that? D.How it is that

2.It /This is the first/second time that +句子 (现在完成时) It /That was the first/second time that+句子 (过去完成时) 这是某人第几次做某事
1.这是我第一次来北京。

This is the first time that I ______(be) in Beijing.
2.那是他第二次上班迟到。

It was the third time that the man _____(be) late for work.

考题回扣
This is the first time we ______

a film in the cinema together as a
family.

(陕西高考)
A.see B.had seen?

C.saw

D.have seen?

3.It's no pleasure looking through these any longer because nature is one thing that really must be experienced. (回归课本p2)

It is/was no use doing sth. 做某事是没用的 It is/was no good doing sth. 做某事是没有好处的 It is/was a waste of time/money doing sth. 做某事是浪费时间、金钱

考题回扣

? It's no pleasure _____ the film because it's the third time that I have seen it. A. see B.seen C.seeing D.to see

4.课文原文
She and her family hid away for nearly twenty-

five months________ they were discovered. before
eg.You can’t borrow books from the school library card. _______you get your student

(上海高考)
A.before B.if?

C.while

D.as?

III. 选用方框内词组的正确形式填空。 on purpose; no longer; hide away; set down; in order to; face to face

1. I don’t know why they had to hide away ___________ for such a long time. 2. You make it sound as if I did it on purpose ___________! no longer 3. I think it is ___________ a secret. It is being talked everywhere in the town.

4. Why dare you not speak to face to face Harry ______________? set down 5. You needn’t __________ everything that the teacher says in class. In order to 6. ____________ earn enough money, he often works late into the night.

强调划线部分 1.Mary gave me the new book. It was Mary who (that) gave me the new book. (改为一般疑问句) 2.We went to Beijing the day before yesterday. It was the day before yesterday that we went to Beijing.

改为强调结构 3.Why did he come late for the meeting? Why was it that he came late for the meeting? 4.How did you find his house? How was it that you found his house? 5.The meeting will not begin until everyone is seated. It is not until everyone is seated that the meeting will begin.

C It was _____ who respected all their teachers. A. them B. their C. they D. themselves B _____ electricity plays an important part in our daily life ? A. Why was it that B. Why is it that C. Why is it D. Why it is that

1.get along with
I’m getting along well with class.(回归课本P6) ? a boy in my

get along (well/nicely/badly) with sb. 与某人相处 get along (well/nicely/badly)with sth.? 某事进展... eg.I’m not getting along very fast with this job.? 我这个工作进展不太快。 eg.He doesn’t get along well with anybody in the office.?他和办公室的人相处得不好。

? get away 离开;逃离(from+n.)
? get on 上(车、马、飞机等);相处,进展

? get off下(车、马、飞机等);脱下,取下
? get up 起床,站起来

? get down 下来,取下,写下
? get in 进入;收割(庄稼等)?

? get out 出去;(秘密等)泄露
? get through?通过;做完,读完,写完;用光

e.g. I used to ____ very well with my cousin and we used to be very good friends. A.get in B.get through C.get along D.get away

2.fall in love e.g. We fell in love with each other at the first sight eight years ago, so we have been in love with each other for eight years.

3.join in
...to ______ discussions and show interest in other people’s ideas.(回归课本P7) 易混辨异 join,join in,take part in,attend (1)join表示“加入党派、组织、社团、俱乐部”等, 如join the Party/Youth League/army/club/organization入党/入团/参军/加入俱 乐部/加入组织。 (2)join in表示“参加正在进行的活动”,如join in a

game/discussion/conversation/walk参加游戏/讨论/谈
话/散步。亦可说:join sb.in (doing) sth.表示“加入某

人一起做某事”。

? (3)take part in表示“参加会议、活动”,侧重

说明主语参加并发挥一定作用,part前若有修饰语,
要用不定冠词,如take (an active) part in a

party/school activities/physical labour (积极)参
加聚会/学校活动/体力劳动。? ? (4)attend表示“出席或参加会议、仪式、婚礼、 葬礼、典礼,上课,上学,听报告”,如attend a meeting/a sports meeting/a concert/a show/school/a lecture参加会议/运动会/出席音乐 会/出席展览会/上学/听演讲。?

e.g. My sister ____ the League last month and she has decided to _____ the activity to help the aged next week. A.joined;join in B.joined in;join C.joined;join D.joined in;join in e.g.We're going to play basketball.Would you like to _____? A.join B.join in C.attend D.take part in

The shoes are too big for me.

He said the shoes were too big for him.

Grammar
Direct and indirect speech

基本概念
直接引述别人的原话。 通常都用引号“”括起 来。 用自己的话把别人的 话转述出来。间接引 语在多数情况下都构 成一个宾语从句。

直接引语

间接引语

She said that

come here to I Ivisited the at I am books Thesegood see the doctor Great Wall dancing. are interesting. tomorrow. yesterday.

Shewas good came there She had visited the She Those books Great Wall the day to see the at dancing. were interesting. before. the next doctor day.

结论一
直接引语是陈述句,变为间接引 语时用连词 that 引导宾语从句. 从句中的 人称,时态,指示代词, 时间状语,地点状语等相应变化.

1、人称的变化
直接引语
She said,“ I like tennis.”

间接引语
She said that she liked tennis.

He said to me,“ I've left my book in your room.”

He told me that he had left his book in my room.

She said to me ,“ They want to help him.”

She told me that they wanted to help him.

2.时态的变化:
1. 主句谓语动词为一般过去时的时候,

从句谓语动词要发生相应的变化。 一般过去时 一般现在时 现在进行时
现在完成时

过去进行时 过去完成时 过去完成时 过去完成时 过去将来时

一般过去时
过去完成时 一般将来时

2.当主句动词为一般现在时的时候,从句 动词时态不变。

e.g. She often says, “ All men and women are equal under the law.” 变为:She often says that all men and women are equal under the law.

注意:下列情况时态不变

1)不变的真理 The teacher said,”Light travels much faster than sound.” The teacher said that light travels much faster than sound. 2) 历史事件
The teacher said ,” World War II ended in 1945.”

The teacher said that World
War II ended in 1945.”

3
、 指示代词 其 他 特 时 殊 间 变 状 化 语
地点状语 方向性动词
now,

直接引语
this, these today

间接引语
that, then, those that day

this week
yesterday

that week
the day before the week before four days before two days before the next day the next month

last week
four days ago the day before yesterday tomorrow next month

here
come, bring go,

there
take

直接引语中的助动词 间接引语中的助动词
shall should will should Should(不变) would

would
may might can

Would(不变)
might Might(不变) could

could
must

Could(不变)
Must/had to

解题步骤: 1.陈述句:
Sarah said to her friends,“I don’t like computers.”
Sarah said to her friends that I don’t like computers. she didn’t

Sarah said to her friends that she didn’t like computers.

Related exercises:

1. He said to me,“I wrote to my father yesterday. ” He told me he had written to his father ____. A. the yesterday B. before today C. the day before D. the next day
2.The professor said that light ____ faster than sound. A. travels B. traveled C. travel D.traveled

3. The lady said,“I shall go there on time. ” The lady said that ____. A. she would come there on time B. she would come here on time C. she would got here on time D. he would got here on time 4. He said he ___ in 1993. A.has born C. had born B. had been born D. was born

Where are Do you you going for like your holiday?

flowers?

She asked me She asked me whether/if I where I were liked flowers. going for my holiday.

2.一般疑问句: Is it easy to improve the condition of the soil?

( They asked him )
It is easy to improve the condition of the soil. They asked him asked

if

it is easy to improve the condition of the soil. is was

They asked him if it was easy to improve the condition of the soil.

3.特殊疑问句:
When do you harvest the wheat ? ( They asked him )

you harvest the wheat
They asked him When you harvest the wheat. he

harvested

They asked him when he harvested the whea

结论二
直接引语是疑问句,变间接引语时, 要从疑问语序变为陈述语序。

直接引语是一般疑问句,变为间接引语 时,用连词if或whether连接。 直接引语是特殊疑问句,变为间接引语 时,仍用原来的疑问词作连词来引导。

Related exercises: 1. He asked her,“Where are you going?” He asked her ____. A. where she were going B. where she was going to C. where she was going D. where she is going 2. The teacher asked,“Are you waiting for the bus?” The teacher asked ____ for the bus. A. if I was waiting B. was I waiting C. you are waiting D. if was I waiting

3. He asked, “How are you getting along?” →He asked _______. A. how I am getting along B. how are you getting along C. how I was getting along D. how was I getting along 4. He asked me ________ with me. A. what the matter is B. what the mater was C. what’s the matter D. what was the matter

Follow me, Don’t Be quiet! please! make noise!

He ordered/told He asked me He me not to make ordered/told to follow him. noise.

me to be quiet!

结论三
直接引语是祈使句,变成间接引语,把动 词原形变成动词不定式,否定句在动词不 定式前加not或never.

tell/ask/order sb. (not) to do sth.

Related exercises: 1.The teacher said,“Don’t be late, Mary. ” The teacher told ____. A. Mary not to be late B. Mary to be not late C. Mary are not late D. not to be late 2.“Please close the window,” he said to me. →He ______ me _____ the window. A. said to; to close B. told to; closing C. asked ; to close D. said to; please close

3.He said, “Don’t do that again.” → He _____ me _______ that again. A. said to; not to do B. said to; don’t do C. told; don’t do D. told; not to do

体验高考: 1. He asked ____ for the violin.
A. Did I pay how much B. I paid how much

C. how much did I pay D. how much I paid
2. Someone is ringing the doorbell. Go and see _____. A.who is he B. who he is

C. who is it

D. who it is

3. Can you tell me ____?

A.how good is his spoken English
B. how well his spoken English is

C. how well he speaks English
D. how good he can speak English 4. Please tell me ____ from. A. where do you come B. where you come C. where you will come D. there you come

5. Ask her ____ come with us.

A.if she will
C. that if she will

B. if or not she will
D. whether will she

6. Can you make sure ___________? A. that he will come here today B. when he will come here today C. will he come here today D. whether will he come here today

6. Can you make sure ___________? A. that he will come here today B. when he will come here today C. will he come here today D. whether will he come here today
7. Do you happen to know ________? A. where is her address B. in which place is her address C. what her address is D. the place her address is

8. Excuse me, but can you tell me ___________? A. where can I get to the library B. where I can get to the library C. how can I get to the library D. how I can get to the library
9. I’d like to know ________ Chinese. A. when he began to learn B. when did he begin to learn C. when did he begin learning D. for how long he began to learn


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