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2014高考英语文章阅读类:2013暑假练习题(3)及答案解析


2014 高考英语文章阅读类:2013 暑假练习题(3)及答案解析
第二部分:阅读理解(本题有两小节,第一节共 20 小题;每小题 2 分,第二节共 5 小题;每 小题 2 分;满分 50 分) 第一节:阅读下列材料,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答 题纸上将该选项标号涂黑。 A My newly-rented small apartment was far away from the centre of London and it was becoming essential for me to find a job, so finally I spent a whole morning getting to town and putting my name down to be considered by London Transport for a job on the underground. They were looking for guards, not drivers. This suited me. I couldn’t drive a car but thought that I could probably guard a train, and perhaps continue to write my poems between stations. The writers Keats and Chekhov had been doctors. T.S. Eliot had worked in a bank and Wallace Stevens for an insurance company. I’d be a subway guard. I could see myself being cheerful, useful, a good man in a crisis. Obviously I’d be overqualified but I was willing to forget about that in return for a steady income and travel privileges — those being particularly welcome to someone living a long way from the city centre. The next day I sat down, with almost a hundred other candidates, for the intelligence test. I must have done all right because after about half an hour’s wait I was sent into another room for a psychological test. This time there were only about fifty candidates. The interviewer sat at a desk. Candidates were signaled forward to occupy the seat opposite him when the previous occupant had been dismissed, after a greater or shorter time. Obviously the long interviews were the more successful ones. Some of the interviews were as short as five minutes. Mine was the only one that lasted a minute and a half. I can remember the questions now: “Why did you leave your last job?” “Why did you leave your job before that?” “And the one before that?” I can’t recall my answers, except that they were short at first and grew progressively shorter. His closing statement, I thought, revealed a lack of sensitivity which helped to explain why as a psychologist, he had risen no higher than the underground railway. “You’ve failed the psychological test and we are unable to offer you a position.” Failing to get that job was my low point. Or so I thought, believing that the work was easy. Actually, such jobs — being a postman is another one I still desire — demand exactly the sort of elementary yet responsible awareness that the habitual dreamer is least qualified to give. But I was still far short of full self-understanding. I was also short of cash.
[来源:Z,xx,k.Com]

41.The writer applied for the job chiefly because _________. A.he wanted to work in the centre of London B.he could no longer afford to live without one C.he was not interested in any other available job D.he had received some suitable training 42.The writer thought he was overqualified for the job because _________. A.he often traveled underground B.he had written many poems C.he could deal with difficult situations D.he had worked in a company 43.The length of his interview meant that _________. A.he was not going to be offered the job B.he had not done well in the intelligence test
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C.he did not like the interviewer at all about

D.he had little work experience to talk

44.What does the writer realize now that he did not realize then? A.How unpleasant ordinary jobs can be. B.How difficult it is to be a poet. C.How unsuitable he was for the job. D.How badly he did in the interview. 45.What’s the writer’s opinion of the psychologist? A. He was very aggressive(有进取心的). B. He was unhappy with his job. C. He was quite inefficient. D. He was rather unsympathetic.

参考答案 41-45 BCACD ***************************************************************结束 B (根据 浙江省绍兴市 2011 学年第一学期高中期末调测高三英语试卷 B 篇 改编) Have you got a Facebook account? Are you thinking of getting one? Jamie Simmonds has just signed up. Let’s see how she’s getting along. My Diary MONDAY:I’m officially a Facebooker. I find a few people I used to know and I’ve soon got seven friends. I’ve never felt so popular! I wonder if my old university flatmate Steve is on here…What do you know! He is! Maybe Facebook has its uses. TUESDAY:I’ve received lots of nice welcoming messages on my wall. Later, I meet up with Steve for a drink after not seeing him for five years. We get on really w ell! Then, he uses his Facebook app for iPhone to suggest me as a friend to some other former classmates. Some of them even come to the pub and it’s just like old times – possibly a bit too much like old times. During the night, photos are uploaded to Facebook. WEDNESDAY:Disaster! My mum’s on Facebook! Has she seen the photos of me dancing on the table from last night? Has she shown them to dad? Oh. And I have a friend request – mum again! THURSDAY: There’s a message from my boyfriend, “so, it’s over then, is it?” Evidently I haven’t changed my settings to show I’m “in a relationship”, and I haven’t even added him as a friend. Ah, well, I wonder what my ex-boyfriend is doing… Whoops! I accidentally type his name into my status box instead of the search ‘oox, and now every one can see it on their news feed. FRIDAY:rime to update my status:“Work is boring. Can’t wait for the weekend!” Yeah, that about sums it up. Oh, look, I’ve received a comment! Someone must feel the same way. Lots of my friends now“1ike” this status. SATURDAY: Good news! I’ve got 100 friends but wait! Someone’s“un-friended” me! I look through my“friend list” to try to work out who it was. Why did they do that? Am I really such a terrible person? I never knew Facebook could be this cruel. SUNDAY: Wake up. Check my Facebook page. Make coffee. Check my Facebook page again. Get ready to leave. Change my mind and check my Facebook page … again. I am becoming addicted to it! I think it’s time to end it all before it takes over my life. I delete my account. Back to good, old, simple e-mails. Oh, look, I’ve got a message: A friend invited you to join Twitter. . . In July 2010, Facebook had more than 500 million active users. The average Facebook user has

130 friends. Facebook is translated into more than 70 different languages. The world spends 700 billion minutes a mon th on Facebook. Facebook creator Mark Zuckerberg’s Facebook page says he’s a Harvard graduate, even though he actually dropped out to focus on Facebook. The site is valued at between $7.9 and $11 billion. 46. Why did Jamie’s boyfriend ask her whether she had broken up with him? A. He had seen photos of Jamie dancing on the table. B. She showed in her facebook that she was still not dating anyone. C. Her boyfriend was angry that she refused to add him as her friend. D. He saw the name of her ex-boyfriend on his news feed. 47. Which of the following is conveyed in this article? A. Visiting Facebook website took up a large part of Jamie’s time and energy. B. Jamie is enthusiastic about her present job. C. Facebook was created by a Harvard graduate, Mark Zuckerberg. D. Compared with Facebook, Twitter is a better choice for Jamie. 48. What does the word“un-friend” mean in“Someone’s ‘un-friended’ me!”? A. Be unfriendly to others. B. Have a quarrel with somebody. C. Remove a name from the friend list. D. End friendship with somebody. 49. It can be learned from the passage that the writer’s attitude towards Facebook is _▲_ . A. approval B. objective C. negative D. positive

参考答案 46-49 BACC
[来源:学+科+网]

**********************************************************结束 第二节:下面文章中有 5 处(第 61~65 题)需要添加小标题。请从以下选项(A、B、C、D、E 和 F)中选出符合各段意思的小标题,并在答题纸上将相应选项的标号涂黑。选项中有一项是 多余选项。 A. Learn to Evaluate Data Correctly B. Learn to Speak Clearly and Persuasively C. Learn to Make Decisions Quickly and Properly D. Learn to Relax Timely E. Learn to Use Internet Efficiently F. Learn to Express Yourself Effectively
【文章改编自《海外英语》2012 年 1 月的“Top Tips on How to Succeed in Life” 】

Top Tips on How to Succeed in Life What does it take to succeed in life? Author Dustin M. Wax has compiled a list of the top five skills you need for a successful life. 61. _________【原创】 Good writing skills are essential for today’s competitive job market. But writing well isn’t just a

case of producing grammatically correct sentences – it involves an ability to organize your thoughts, as well as being able to target your ideas to an audience in the most effective way possible. 62. __________【原创】 With so much information out there, you need to be able to sort the potentially valuable data from the trivial, to analyze its relevance and meaning, and to relate it back to other information. 63. ___________【原创】 Analyzing information is all very well, but at some stage you also need to make a decision. Over-analyzing can lead to hesitation, so you need to learn how to respond quickly and effectively, and to know what to do based on the information available. 64. __________【原创】 You don’t have to know everything, but you should be able to find out what you need to know quickly and painlessly. This means learning how to use the internet effectively, how to read productively, and how to draw on your network of contacts efficiently. 65. __________【原创】 Being able to switch off is extremely hard for some people, but you need to find time for exercise or ways of relieving stress and tension, or the pressure could end up literally killing you!

参考答案 6 1-65 FACED ************************************************************************结束

第二节、书面表达(满分 30 分)
【原为原创】

最近许多学校在校园里安装了监视器。班会课上你们班就“学校是否有必要安装监视器” 进行了讨论。请你根据下表提供的信息,为校报写一篇英语短文,客观介绍讨论的结果,并 发表你自己的看法。 理由 支持 1. 实时显示,及时处理 2. 记录异常情况,事后提供证据 反对
[来源:学#科#网 Z#X#X#K]

1. 侵犯隐私 2. 浪费钱财

你的看法 注意:

……

1. 词数在 120-150 之间。

2. 可适当加入细节,使行文连贯。 3. 开头已给出,不计入总词数。 参考词汇: 安装:install 监视器:monitoring equipment

With the rapid development of science and technology, more and more monitoring equipment has come into campus. ____________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________

参考答案及评分标准
第二节(30 分) One possible student version: With the rapid development of science and technology, more and more monitoring equipment has come into campus. Recently, our class has had a discussion on whether it’s necessary for schools to install monitoring equipment in campus. Opinions vary from person to person. Many students think it’s necessary to install monitoring equipment. Monitors can provide teachers with the latest campus circumstances so as to help them deal with the problems immediately in case of emergency. Furthermore, monitors play an important part in recording the unusual cases, which will become the evidence of disorder and crime. However, some students are against the installation. They fear that their privacy will be offended and exposed to the public. Besides, too much of the equipment is a waste of money, as most of the record will be of no use at all. As far as I’m concerned, we should take an open mind to monitors as long as we make proper use of them. In a word, monitors can ensure us the campus safety and create a harmonious environment for us students.
[来源:学科网 ZXXK]


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