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靖远一中 2013-2014 学年度第二学期期中考试

32. A. point 33. A. take notes 34. A. loaned 35. A. dropping 36. A. negative 37. A. win 38. A. result from 39. A. success 40. A. reasons

B. success B. take risks B. owed B. pointing B. active B. defend B. fight for B. failure B. money

C. situation C. take action C. borrowed C. shooting C. possible C. overcome C. bring back C. illness C. energy

D. difficulty D. take charge D. offered D. hiding D. expensive D. ban D. lead to D. happiness D. confidence

总分:150 分 时间:120 分钟 第一卷(选择题)共 90 分;答案请写在答题卡上 二、完形填空, (20× 1.5 分=30 分) 阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从 21—40 各题所给的四个选项中选出最佳选项。 Overcoming Laziness Laziness is a state of inaction 无作为,不活跃. It is something that you do, not something that you are. Being lazy means you have no 21 to do anything. This is obvious but the mistake that many people make is as someone who is lazy. In this article, I am going to in a different way. Lazy people are often seen as useless. 26 25 , are they really being lazy or are they acting lazy? There is a huge 27 23 22 themselves 24

with you something that will help you see this state of

一、语法和词汇知识。从 A.B.C.D 四选项中选出可填入空白处的最佳选项。

(20× 1 分=20 分)

1. Days later, my brother called to say he was all right, but ____ say where he was. A. mustn’t B. shouldn’t C. wouldn’t D. mightn’t

between saying you act lazy sometimes and you are a lazy person. One is suggesting that your laziness is

while the other suggests that it’s permanent 永恒的,持久的. This is the myth of laziness. People who are lazy aren’t lazy; they 28 are people who are temporarily acting that way. 30

2. Towards night I found myself ______ out to sea by a strong wind. A. carry B. carrying C. to carry D. carried

So what 29 a person to be inactive? The answer is a lack of goals. If you give someone a good enough

3. Festivals _______ celebrate important times of year. A. are intended to B. are meant to C. are going to D. are willing to

to do something, he will do it. People who don’t seem to do anything just haven’t found a good enough reason to do anything. 31 students don’t study because they don’t see the 32 in studying. If you give them a reason, a strong . For example, if you are too lazy to go to the gym, would you go if someone 34 35 a gun to your head help you

4. —Why are your eyes so red? You _______ have slept well last night. —Yeah, I stayed up late writing a report. A. can’t B. mustn’t C. needn’t D. won’t

enough reason, they will 33

you a million dollars? If you are too lazy to clean out the garage, would someone take action? The reason can be positive or 36 The bottom line of how to 37

as long as it’s strong enough to induce (引起)action. 38

5. —____you interrupt 打断 now? Can’t you see I’m on the phone? —Sorry Sir, but it’s urgent. A. Can B. Should C. Must D. Would

laziness comes down to finding enough reasons to take action. Action will

success while inaction will result in

39 . Before you take action though, you need a compelling(令人信服的)reason 40 to work towards a

to do so. To motivate someone who is lazy, what you need to do is help him find enough certain goal. 21. A. motivation 动力 B. question 22. A. agreeing 23. A. argue 24. A. inaction 25. A. Otherwise 26. A. mistake 27. A. correct 28. A. simply 29. A. stops 30. A. excuse 31. A. Hard-working B. denying B. share B. attitude B. Besides B. similarity B. false B. occasionally B. causes B. gift B. Lazy C. money C. refusing C. show C. improvement C. However C. change C. temporary C. often C. discourages C. chance C. Young D. courage D. identifying 使等同于 D. report D. mind D. Therefore D. difference

6. Suddenly he saw his friend Li Chang ____ by. A. hurry B. hurrying C. to hurry D. hurried

7. His cola was sugary and cold and his ice cream was made of milk, cream and delicious fruit. “Nothing could be better.” The sentence means _______ A. He thought his food is the best B. None of his food are good

C. It will be OK if all his food can be sold out D. he was hungry and want some food to eat. 8. Don’t scold him. ______ he is only a child. A. at all B in all C. after all D. above all

D. inspirational 有灵感的 D. hardly D. makes D. purpose D. Confused

9. It was 10 o’clock ____ he came back last night. A. that B. who C. since D. when

10. The fact ______ women can work as well as men is clear. A. what
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B. that

C. which

D. why

11. I don’t think you are right. ______?

A. do I

B. don’t I

C. are you

D. aren’t you

42. The teacher’s job is to teach ___________. A. everything the students want to know B. the students everything that they know D. the students how to learn

12. Autumn is the season _________ melons and fruits get ripe. A. that B. what C. which D. when

C. the students some facts of formulas

13. When will the marriage _______? A. happen B. break out C. take place D. occur

43. Einstein, Newton and Galileo did so many things for mankind because_____. A. they learned a lot at school B. they knew how to learn new things outside class by themselves C. they were so useful D. they went to college and learned form professors D. to remain 44. Who does the article say didn’t waste a single moment? A. Great scientists C. The great scientist-Newton B. Persons who work as teachers D. Great people

14. Amphibians 两栖动物 are able to live on land ______ in the water. A. as well B. as well as C. as D. as good as

15. Why the dinosaurs suddenly disappear _____ a mystery. A. remains B. remaining C. is remained

16. ____ take the aeroplane all the way, they decided to fly to Vancouver and then take the train from west to east across Canada. A. Rather than B. Other than C. Would rather D. More than

45. From the passage we know that if we want to be successful, we should________ . A. Only learn more at school B. needn’t go to school

17. I am looking forward to _____ you. A. see B. seeing C. saw D. seen

B. Only learn science subjects D. learn to learn at school and learn more outside school (B) A car needs gas to run and your body also needs food to work for you. Eating the right kind of food is very important. It can help your body grow strong . so take care of what you eat. There are four main food groups altogether. The dairy group has food like milk, cheese and sour milk. The other

18. In this way they _____ the fat and increased the fiber in the meal. A. cut in B. cut off C. cut across D cut down

19. You think you are clever, _____, I assure that you are very foolish. A. above all B. what’s more C. On the country D. as a result

20. It’s getting dark. We’d better find a hotel and ______. A. settle down 三、阅读理解(20× 2 分=40) (A) Many people go to school for an education. They learn languages, history, geography, physics, chemistry and mathematics. Others go to school to learn a skill so that they can make a living. School education is very important and useful. Yet no one can learn everything from school. A teacher,no matter how much he knows can not teach his students everything they want to know. The teacher’s job is to show his students how to learn. He teaches them how to read and how to think. So much more is to be learned outside school by the students themselves. It is always more important to study by oneself than to memorize some facts or a formula(公式). It is actually quite easy to learn a certain fact in history or a formula in maths. But it is very difficult to use a formula in working out a maths problem. Great scientists, such as Einstein,Newton and Galileo didn’t get everything from school. But they were all so successful. They invented so many things for mankind. The reason for their success is that they worked hard all their lives, wasting not a single moment. They would ask many questions as they read and they did thousands of experiments. Above all, they knew how to use their brains. 41. The subject which is not spoken of in the article is _____ A. maths B. history C. physiology(生理学) D. physics B. set out C. make out D. slow down

three groups are the meat and fish group, the fruit and vegetable group, and the bread and rice group. Each meal should have at least one food from all four main groups. With all these food together, you will be given enough energy during the day. It is easy to get into bad eating habits. You may eat your breakfast in a hurry to get to school on time. Or you may not have time for a good lunch. It may seem easy to finish your supper with fish and chips all the time. But you will find yourself tired in these days and you can not think quickly. Watching what you eat will help keep your body healthy and strong. It is also good to take some exercise. It will help you eat more if you take a walk or play games in the open air. Having a good eating habit with some exercise is the key to your health. 46. Which of the following diets do you think is the best one? A. milk, bread, cabbages and beef. C. corn, fish, cream and pork. 47. Which of the following is a good eating-habit? A. Going to school without any breakfast B. Eating fish and chips for supper all the time. C. Having at least one food from all four groups each meal. D. Having different food from all four food groups. 48. In this passage the writer mainly tells us that _____.
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B. eggs, tomatoes and chicken. D. rice, beancurd(豆腐), apples, fish and chicken.

A. the right kind of food with exercise will keep you healthy B taking exercise can keep your body strong C. enough energy helps people think more quickly D. every person needs food to grow well 49. The underlined word “dairy” in the second passage means _____. A. a place where milk products are made. C. a farm where cows are kept 50. The best title for this passage is _____. A. A Healthy Diet C. Your Body And Food B. The Four Food Groups D. Food And Your Health (C) GAOMI, Shandong, October 11(Xinhua)—Chinese writer Mo Yan 莫言 said on Thursday that he was “very surprised” at winning the Nobel Prize in Literature. Speaking to reporters at a hotel in his hometown Gaomi City in east China’s Shandong Province, Mo said “(I was)very surprised upon winning the prize because I felt I was not very senior in terms of qualification(among Chinese writers). There are many good writers and my ranking was not so high. ” “I am very happy, ” he said, “I was having dinner when I received the news. I was surprised. ” “Thank you for coming all the way to Gaomi. This should be a season of red sorghum, but no such crop is planted any more. I believe none of you have seen the crop, ” he said. “The Nobel Prize in Literature is a very important literature prize, but not the top award. It represents the opinions of the jury(评审团). I am satisfied with my major works and I still keep writing by hand. ” “My works are Chinese literature, which is part of world literature. They show the life of Chinese people as well as the country’s unique culture and folk customs. Meanwhile, my novels described human beings in the broad sense. I wrote in the perspective of a human being. These works stand beyond regions and ethnic groups, ” he said. “The folk arts and folk culture accompanied my growth and I was influenced by the cultural elements I witnessed through my childhood. When I picked up the pen for literature creation, the folk cultural elements inevitably entered my novels and affected and even determined the artistic styles of my works, ” he added. Mo’s win brought joy to other writers and readers throughout the country as he is the first Chinese national to win the Nobel Prize in Literature in its century-long history. Born into a farmer’s family in a village in Gaomi, Mo has been known since the late 1980s for his novels such as Red Sorghum, which was later adapted into a film by director Zhang Yimou. 51. Mo Yan was surprised at winning the Nobel Prize in Literature because he felt A. he was not as famous as other writers C. he was born in a farmer’s family 52. According to Mo Yan, . B. the Nobel Prize represents the opinions of the public D. his novels described human beings of all regions . B. the shop that sells milk and butter D. the food made out of cows such as milk and butter

53. By reading Mo Yan’s works, we can A. increase our sense of national pride C. form a vivid picture of his childhood

. B. learn a lot about the Chinese folk culture D. learn more about the history of the Nobel Prize

54. Which of the following words can best describe Mo Yan? A. Romantic 浪漫的. B. Humorous. C. Modest. D. Self-confident

55. Where might you find the article? A. In a novel. C. In a student book B. In a travel book. D.. In a newspaper. (D)七选五 根据短文内容, 从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。 “Look it up in the dictionary” is the usual comment when people are in doubt about the meaning or spelling of a word. Dictionaries are considered the final authority on these matters as well as on pronunciations and other facts about a word. Until a few hundred years ago, however, people could not “look it up” because there were no English dictionaries. The ancient Greeks and Romans and the scholars of the Middle Ages had made lists of Latin and Greek words. 56

The first great English dictionary listing both common and uncommon words was written by Samuel Johnson in 1755. In America, the most famous name in dictionary writing is that of Noah Webster. He stressed American rather than British ways of speaking. His great dictionary, which first appeared in 1828, has been republished many times. 57

The latest edition is still considered “the” dictionary. It defines over 450, 000 words, including radar, television and many others undreamed-of by Webster. 58 The huge ones that rest on stands in libraries are called unabridged, meaning “not shortened” . They tell not only a word’s meaning and spelling but also its pronunciation, origin, history, part of speech, grammatical forms and ways of use. The smaller ones do not provide all the information. 59 A bilingual(两种语言的)dictionary, such as a Spanish-English dictionary, translates words from one

language into another. A thesaurus(分类词典)lists other words that mean the same as each listed word. A gazetteer lists place names, and a glossary (书尾的)词汇表 is a small dictionary in a book defining technical words in that book. There are also dictionaries of scientific terms and ones on many other topics. There is even a dictionary of slang 俚语. 60 The dictionary is one of our most valuable language tools. A. Thus there are many kinds of special dictionaries. B. Each time, it has been updated. C. General dictionaries are not the only kind. D. Dictionaries that list all kinds of words are known as general dictionaries. E. In a general dictionary, each word may have multiple meanings. F. But it was not until 1604 that a book of uncommon English words appeared. G. Over the previous 150 years more than 20 dictionaries had been published.

B. he didn’t have good education D. he was not the best writer in China

A. he still keeps the habit of writing by hand C. red sorghum should be planted in his hometown

高一英语期中试卷——第 3 页 共 5 页

注意:涂满涂黑各题答案所对应选项,打“√”者不得分。 1 [A] [B] [C] [D] 21 [A] [B] [C] [D] 题 41 [A] [B] [C] [D] 一、单选(1× 20=20 分) 2 3 4 5 6 [A] [A] [A] [A] [A] [B] [B] [B] [B] [B] [C] [C] [C] [C] [C] [D] [D] [D] [D] [D] 7 [A] [B] [C] [D] 8 [A] [B] [C] [D] 28 [A] [B] [C] [D] 9 [A] [B] [C] [D] 29 [A] [B] [C] [D] 49 [A] [B] [C] [D] 10 [A] [B] [C] [D] 30 [A] [B] [C] [D] 50 [A] [B] [C] [D] 11 [A] [B] [C] [D] 31 [A] [B] [C] [D] 51 [A] [B] [C] [D] 12 [A] [B] [C] [D] 32 [A] [B] [C] [D] 52 [A] [B] [C] [D] 13 [A] [B] [C] [D] 33 [A] [B] [C] [D] 53 [A] [B] [C] [D] 14 [A] [B] [C] [D] 34 [A] [B] [C] [D] 54 [A] [B] [C] [D] 15 [A] [B] [C] [D] 35 [A] [B] [C] [D] 55 [A] [B] [C] [D] 16 [A] [B] [C] [D] 36 [A] [B] [C] [D] 56 [A] [B] [C] [D] [E] [F] [G] 17 [A] [B] [C] [D] 37 [A] [B] [C] [D] 57 [A] [B] [C] [D] [E] [F] [G] 18 [A] [B] [C] [D] 38 [A] [B] [C] [D] 58 [A] [B] [C] [D] [E] [F] [G] 19 [A] [B] [C] [D] 39 [A] [B] [C] [D] 59 [A] [B] [C] [D] [E] [F] [G] 20 [A] [B] [C] [D] 40 [A] [B] [C] [D] 60 [A] [B] [C] [D] [E] [F] [G]

74. The new policy will ________(使受益)the farmers a lot. 75. The supermarket has thousands of ________(顾客). 76.They still follow the ________ (风俗)of their fathers. 77. Have you checked 托运 all your ________(行李)? 78. Not all snakes are ________(有毒的). 79. Many of his victims find it impossible to ________(原谅)and forget. 80. She travelled the world in search of ________(冒险、刺激). 六、单句改错 (10× 1.5 分=15 分)

74. _________ 75. _________ 76. _________ 77. _________ 78. _________ 79. _________ 80. _________


二、完形填空(1.5× 20=30 分) 22 23 24 25 26 27 [A] [A] [A] [A] [A] [A] [B] [B] [B] [B] [B] [B] [C] [C] [C] [C] [C] [C] [D] [D] [D] [D] [D] [D]

该行多一个词:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉,在该行右边横线上写出该词,并也用斜线划掉; 该行缺一个词:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧) ,在该行右边横线上写出该加的词; 该行错一个词:在错的词下划一横线,在该行右边横线上写出改正后的词; 81. I was just about to give myself up while I was spotted by a ship. 82. Why don’t you explain that it is all about? 83. My car broken down halfway. That is because I come late. 84. This produced a chain reaction, that made it possible for life to develop. 85. Some people have the idea what you can cross Canada in less than five days. 81. __________ 82. __________ 83. __________ 84. __________ 85. __________


三、阅读理解&七选五(2× 20=40 分) 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 [A] [A] [A] [A] [A] [A] [A] [B] [B] [B] [B] [B] [B] [B] [C] [C] [C] [C] [C] [C] [C] [D] [D] [D] [D] [D] [D] [D]

86. As we know, books are the sources of Knowledge. I benefit from a lot from reading. 86. __________ 87. People love to get together and have a fun with each other. 87. __________ 88. __________ 89. __________ 90. __________

第二卷(非选择题)共 60 分;直接在试卷上作答 内 四、语篇完型(10×1 分=10) 阅读下面短文, 按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求, 在空格处填入一个适当的词或短语 (根据括号内提示) 。 We have plenty of festivals. Some festivals are 61. ______ _________ _________ (为纪念)the 62. _______________ 姓名: 封 (祖先). People light lamps, play music on an important feast day, offering good things to the dead. People hold festivals as an 63. h_______________ (尊敬,敬意)to famous people or to the gods. These festivals have their 64. _______________ (起源; 由来)as an event, like the Dragon Boat Festival which honours the famous 65. _______________ Qu Yuan. Harvest and Thanksgiving festivals are held in many countries. People 66. _______________ (装饰)churches, get together, have meals or win 67. a_______________ ( 奖 品 , 奖 金 )for competitions. On Mid-Autumn Festival people 68. a_______________ (欣赏)the moon and enjoy moon-cakes. Chinese New Year is an energetic and important festival. People 69. ________ ___________ _________(期盼)dressing up, eating dumplings, giving children lucky money in red paper, playing dragon dances. The celebration of the Lunar New Year may 70. ________ _______ (举行)throughout the country, day and night. 班级: 五、单词拼写: 用所给词的适当形式填空 (10× 1 分=10 分) 71. _________ 72. _________ 73. _________

88. He won’t have his child tell lies. 89. Mark Twain is best known as his novels set in his boyhood. 90. I don’t doubt whether I will succeed. 七、写作 (满分 25 分)


保持健康的方法 1. 健康对我们任何人来说都是最为重要的。为了保持健康,我们需要一些常识。 2. 首先,保持平和的饮食:多吃水果、蔬菜, 因为它们富含 be rich in 纤维 fibre 和维生素 vitamin。少吃含 太多糖或脂肪的食物 3.其次,锻炼是必需的;锻炼能使我们保持身材 figure;通常,每天跑步的人比那些不跑步的人更健康 4. 最后,养成良好的生活习惯:充足的睡眠, 不要过度劳累, 不抽烟等等。 __________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________

71. She ________ (留下印象)us with both the depth and range of her knowledge. 71. He ________ (道歉)to his teacher for coming late. 73. Sugar ________ (溶解)easily in water.

高一英语期中试卷——第 4 页 共 5 页

2013-2014 学年度第二学期期中考试 高一英语试卷参考答案
一、单选(1× 20=20 分) 1-5 CDBAC 6-10 BACDB 11-15 CDCBA 16-20 ABDCA

二、完形填空(1.5× 20=30 分) 21-25 ADBAC 26-30 DCABD 31-35 BACDB 36-40 ACDBA

本文向大家揭示了克服懒惰的要旨,即找到达到某一目标的足够的理由。 三、阅读理解&七选五(2× 20=40 分) 41-45 CDBAD 46-50ACADA 51-55DABCD 56~60.FBDCA

四、语篇完型(10× 1 分=10) 61.in honour of 66. decorate 62. ancestors 67. awards 63. honour 68. admire 64. origins 65. poet

69. look forward to 70. take place/be held

五、单词拼写 (10× 1 分=10 分) 71. impressed 76. customs 72. apologized 77. baggage 73. dissolves 78. poisonous 74. benefit 79. forgive 75. customers 80. adventure

六、改错 (10× 1.5 分=15 分) 81. while→when 86. 去 from 82. that→what 87. 去 a 83. because →why 88. tell →telling 84. that →which 89. as→ for 85. what →that 90. whether→that

七、写作 (满分 25 分) The Way to Stay Healthy Health is most important for any of us. In order to stay healthy, we need some common knowledge. Firstly, keep a balanced diet. It is better to eat fresh fruit and vegetables because they have a lot of fibre and vitamins. Don’t eat the food which contains too much sugar or fat. Secondly, exercise is necessary. Regular exercise can help us keep from getting fat. People who do running every day are usually stronger than who don't. Finally, form good living habits. We should sleep for about 8 hours at night, and never work too hard. Over work and little sleep will lead to illness. What's more, stay away from cigarettes. In a word, healthy food and good living habits are good ways to keep healthy.

高一英语期中试卷——第 5 页 共 5 页



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