语境活用 [用所给词的正确形式填空] 1.That young man is honest，cooperative，always there when you need his help.In short，he’s reliable (rely).(2019·浙江) 2.We should overcome our weakness and fears with courage and determination (determine).(2019·天津) 3.After a long delay the performance finally (final) started. 4.His lack of education was a disadvantage (advantage) when he looked for a job.
5.I work with Volunteers for Wildlife，a rescue and education organization (organize) at Bailey Arboretum in Locust Valley. (2019·全国Ⅰ) 6.Several days later，when the video was played on the _g_r_a_d_u__a_ti_o_n_ (graduate) ceremony，it was well received.(2019·北京) 7.That person personally persuaded the personnel with __p_e_r_s_u_a_si_v_e__ (persuade) words. 8.Choosing furniture is largely a matter of personal preference (prefer).
高频短语 1. ever since 自从；自……以后 2. dream about 梦想 3. graduate from 毕业于 4. be fond of 喜爱；喜欢 5. care about 关心；在意；忧虑；惦念 6. change one’s mind 改变主意 7. make up one’s mind 下决心；决定 8. give in 投降；屈服；让步 9. as usual 照常 10. at midnight 在午夜
语境活用 [用上述加颜色短语的正确形式填空] 1.Although I got up with a headache，I went to work as usual . 2.At the same time，I made up my mind to study harder rather than waste precious time on those useless things，such as playing video games and chatting online. 3.The book is especially helpful for those who care about their body shape. 4.She was/is especially fond of a little girl named Betsy.
5.Now Alia waited for the war to end and dreamed about peace and a new library.(2019·浙江) 6.—Where is Peter？I can’t find him anywhere. —He went to the library after breakfast and has been writing his essay there ever since .(2019·福建)
经典句式 1.ever since与完成时连用 Ever since middle school，my sister Wang Wei and I have dreamed about taking a great bike trip. 从高中起，我姐姐王薇和我就一直梦想做一次伟大的自行车旅行。 2.insist＋that...坚决要求……；坚持主张…… Although she didn’t know the best way of getting to places，she insisted that she organize the trip properly. 尽管她对去某些地方的最佳路线并不清楚，她却坚持要自己把这次旅行 安排得尽善尽美。
3.不定式的主动形式表示被动意义 When I told her the air would be hard to breathe and it would be very cold，she said it would be an interesting experience. 当我告诉她那里空气稀薄，呼吸会很困难而且天气很冷时，她却说这 将是一次有趣的经历。
句式仿写 1.上星期她病了，从那时起她就一直卧床不起。 She fell sick last week and has been in bed ever since. 2.我告诉她咳嗽了一晚上她不应该去游泳了，但是她拒绝放弃，坚持要去。 (2019·天津) I told her she shouldn’t swim after a whole night’s coughing，but she refused to give up and insisted (that) she (should) go .
3.在夏季，人们可以神清气爽地呼吸新鲜空气，愉悦地享受自然风光。 (2019·四川) In summer，fresh air is comfortable to breathe and natural scenery is pleasant to enjoy .
prefer v.更喜欢；选择某事物(而不选择其他事物) 拓展词：preference n.偏爱；优先权；偏爱的事物 (1)prefer to do/doing...更喜欢做…… prefer sb.to do...更喜欢让某人做…… prefer sth./doing...to sth./doing...与……相比更喜欢…… prefer to do...rather than do...宁可做……也不做…… (2)have a preference for...偏爱……
(1)Rather than talk (talk) with his mother，he prefers to be (be) always on the phone，sleep，stay in his room or go out with his friends. 他更喜欢打电话，睡觉，待在房间里或和朋友外出而不是和母亲说说话。 (2)A teacher should not show preference for any one of his pupils. 教师不应偏爱任何一个学生。
[一句多译] (3)她宁愿跟我们一起去也不愿留下来。 ① She preferred going with us to staying behind. (prefer...to...) ② She preferred to go with us rather than stay behind. (prefer...rather than...) ③ She would rather go with us than stay behind. (would rather...than...) ④ She would go with us rather than stay behind. (would...rather than...)
persuade vt.说服；劝说；使信服；使相信 拓展词：persuasion n.劝说，说服(力) persuade sb.to do sth.＝persuade sb.into doing sth.说服某人做某事 persuade sb.not to do sth.＝persuade sb.out of doing sth.说服某人不 做某事 persuade sb.of sth./that...使某人相信…… (1)It was hard to persuade him to give up/into giving up/out of smoking. 说服他戒烟很难。
(2)He tried to persuade me to accept his idea，but in vain.
→He advised me to accept his idea，but in vain.
[熟词生义] 写出句子中加颜色词的汉语意思 (3)How can I persuade you that I am sincere？
try to persuade sb.to do sth.；advise sb.to do sth.。
determine vi.& vt.决定；确定；(使)下定决心 拓展词：determined adj.坚决的；坚定的；果断的 determination n.决心；坚定；果断 (1)determine to do...决定做……(表示动作) determine on/upon决定 (2)be determined to do...决心做……(表示状态) (3)with determination坚决地；果断地
(1)This made Hannah very sad，and even more determined (determine) to do something. 这使汉娜很伤心，也更坚定了她要做点儿事情的决心。(2019·北京) [同义句改写] (2)I have determined to spend my holiday at home. →I have determined on/upon spending my holiday at home.
[句式升级] (3)Johnny broke away and ran outside and he was determined never to go to another dance.(用形容词短语作状语改写) Johnny broke away and ran outside，___d_e_t_e_rm__i_n_e_d_n_e_v_e_r__to__g_o_t_o____ another dance .
view n.看法；观点；视野；风景 v.把……看作；观看；考虑 拓展词：viewer n.观看者；观众 (1)in view of鉴于；由于；考虑到 come into view进入视野；看得见 in view在视线范围内 in one’s view/opinion在某人看来 (2)view...as...把……看作……
(1) In view of the weather，we will cancel the outing. 因天气关系，我们要取消此次郊游。 (2) In my view/opinion ，if you want to learn English well，you need to do more listening，speaking，reading and writing. 依我看来，如果你想学好英语，你需要多听、多说、多读、多写。 (3) Viewed (view) from a distance，the island looked like a cloud. 从远处看，这个岛看起来像一朵云。
care about关心；在意；忧虑；惦念 care for喜欢；照顾 take care当心 take care of照料；处理 with care小心地
(1)She thinks only of herself；she doesn’t care about other people. 她只顾自己，不顾别人。 (2)As the average age of the population increases，there are more and more old people to care for . 随着人口平均寿命的延长，越来越多的老人需要照顾。(2019·天津) [同义句改写] (3) Whatever you do，you must do it carefully. →Whatever you do，you must do it with care .
[易错点拨] care about意为“介意；在乎”；care for意为“喜欢；照顾”，两者 意义不同，不要混淆。
change one’s mind改变主意 make up one’s mind下决心；决定 read one’s mind看出某人的心思 fix/keep one’s mind on...把注意力放在……上 bear/keep sth.in mind记住某事 never mind没关系；不要紧
(1)The determined look in their eyes told us that nothing could make them change their minds . 他们坚定的眼神告诉我们任何东西都不能使他们改变主意。 (2)Williams’ two books helped Benjamin to make up his mind to be a painter. 威廉姆斯的两本书帮助本杰明下定决心成为一名画家。(2019·浙江) (3)On the Internet，we could quickly and easily locate the details，and check facts，without keeping them in mind . 在互联网上，我们可以快速方便地找到详细资料，核对事实，而不必记住 它们。(2019·江苏)
[易错点拨] change one’s mind和make up one’s mind中mind随one’s的单复数 变化而变化。
give in投降；屈服；让步；上交 give away泄露；赠送 give out分发；用完；耗尽；发出(热、光等) give off发出(气味、热等)；冒出 give up放弃 give back归还
(1)Only a coward gives in to his fate . 只有懦夫才会向命运屈服。 (2)Body language can give away a lot about your mood，so standing with your arms folded can send out a signal that you are being defensive. 身势语能够泄露很多你的情绪，因此双臂交叉站着能发送出你正在防卫 的信号。(2019·浙江) (3)We had just reached home when the petrol gave out . 我们刚好到家，汽油用光了。
Although she didn’t know the best way of getting to places，she insisted that she organize the trip properly. 尽管她对去某些地方的最佳路线并不清楚，她却坚持要自己把这 次旅行安排得尽善尽美。 句型：insist＋that...
(1)The doctor insisted that she was (be) seriously ill and that she _(_sh_o_u_l_d_) be operated (operate) on immediately. 医生坚持说她病得很重，坚决要求马上给她动手术。 [同义句改写] (2)He insisted that I (should) go with him. →He insisted on me/my going with him . [易错点拨] insist既不接不定式，也不接动名词，遇此情况要用insist on。insist后也 不接不定式的复合结构。
When I told her the air would be hard to breathe and it would be very cold，she said it would be an interesting experience. 当我告诉她那里空气稀薄，呼吸会很困难而且天气很冷时，她却 说这将是一次有趣的经历。 句型：不定式的主动形式表示被动意义
动词不定式的主动形式表示被动意义的几种情况： (1)主语＋be＋adj.＋不定式，常用于本句型的形容词包括：easy，hard， difficult ， interesting ， heavy ， pleasant ， comfortable ， safe ， dangerous ， impossible，strange等。在这种句型中，不定式与句子的主语构成逻辑上 的动宾关系，如果动词是不及物动词时，应该在不及物动词后加上适当的 介词。 (2)have/give/show/get sth.to do句型中的不定式与前面的名词有动宾关系， 又和句中另一名词或代词构成主谓关系。 (3)在“疑问词＋to do”中，不定式常用主动式。 (4)be to blame/let短语中，不定式主动形式表示被动意义。
(1)In my opinion，a man who is hard to please must be difficult to work with. 依我看来，一个很难取悦的人一定很难共事。 (2)The sentence is not easy to understand (understand). (3)Her coworker was sick so she had a lot of work to do (do) today. (4)His admission that he was to blame (blame) kept the others from being punished.
Ⅰ.单句语法填空 1.They needed to be aroused(激发) one way or the other，and they preferred good news to bad.(2019·全国Ⅲ) 2.If you don’t speak good English，you’ll be at a big disadvantage when you try to get a job. 3.We have made up our minds (mind) to overcome this difficulty. 4.My husband and I insisted that our children were (be) old enough to make their beds. 5.She is scheduled to give (give) a speech tonight，hoping all of us will attend it.
6.I hold a positive attitude towards/to online voting.(2019·江苏) 7.She left school three years ago and has been working (work) as a nurse ever since. 8.This machine is very easy to operate (operate).Anybody can learn to use it in a few minutes. 9.Mr Black，who is a very organized person，works as the president of a large international organization .(organize) 10.My brother graduated from Beijing University last year.He has been working in a famous company after graduation .(graduate)
Ⅱ.单句改错(每小题仅有1处错误) 1.The government insisted that plans∧made to help those out of work. be 2.The man is very stubborn and difficult to get along wel∧l . with 3.Having worked for two days，Steve managed to finish his report on the schedule.
4.He persuaded her to stop smoking but failed. advised 5.Determining，Dad filled our plates with steaming stew and passed Determined them around.
Ⅲ.教材与语法填空 Wang Kun and Wang Wei are brother and sister.They have dreamed about 1. taking (take) a great bike trip.After graduating from college，they finally got the chance 2. to take (take) a bike trip.It was Wang Wei 3. who/that first had the idea to cycle along the entire Mekong River， whose source is in Qinghai Province.Despite all the difficulties，Wang Kun and Wang Wei were 4. determined (determine) to begin their journey at an altitude of 5. more (much) than 5,000 metres in Qinghai Province.Before their trip，they found a large atlas 6. with good maps 7. showing (show)
details of world geography.From it they were surprised to learn that half of the Mekong River is in China.When it enters Southeast Asia，it travels 8. slowly (slow) through low valleys to the plains 9. where rice grows.At last，the river delta enters 10. the South China Sea.
Although it was autumn，the snow was already beginning to fall in
Tibet.Along the way children who were dressing in long wool coats stop to
look at us.The lakes shone like glass in the setting sun and looked
wonderfully.To climb the mountains was hard work but as we found
wonderful myself cycling through clouds，we were surprising.It was a great fun to
go down the hills.In the valleys colourful butterflies flew around us and we
saw many sheeps eating green grass. sheep
In the early evening we always stop to make camp.At midnight the
sky became clear and the stars grew brighter.We can hardly wai∧t reach
Dali in Yunnan Province，there our cousins will join us.
连句成篇(将以上句子连成一篇50词左右的英语短文) Our neighbor Tom ， prefers travelling to staying at home.Last month，he persuaded us to join in his journey.He was quite reliable and cared about every detail of the preparation work.He chose the route， found the transport and made the schedule.The journey organized by him made us happy. 答案