伤城文章网 > 其它课程 > 教育最新K122019年高考英语一轮复习 专题05 Nelson Mandela-a modern hero(教学案)新人教版必修1

教育最新K122019年高考英语一轮复习 专题05 Nelson Mandela-a modern hero(教学案)新人教版必修1


小学+初中+高中

专题 05 Nelson Mandela-a modern hero

【考纲解读】 1. 了解 Nelson Mandela 的生平事迹,了解伟人所应具备的优秀品质,学习他们在艰苦的环境下为人 类做贡献、不追求享乐的高尚精神,以提高自身素质。 2. 能用恰当的语言简单地描述人物,并简单地表达自己的意见。 【高频单词】 1.quality (n.) 质量;品质;性质 2.mean (adj.) 吝啬的;自私的;卑鄙的→(vt.) 意味着;计划→meaning (n.) 意思;含义 →meaningful (adj.) 严肃的;重大的;意味深长的→means (n.) 方式;手段 3.active (adj.) 积极的;活跃的→actively (adv.) 积极地→activity (n.) 活动 4.generous (adj.) 慷慨的;大方的 5.selfish (adj.) 自私的→selfless (adj.) 无私的;忘我的 6.devote (vt.) 献身;专心于→devoted (adj.) 忠实的;深爱的→devotion (n.) 关爱;奉献; 忠诚 7.found (vt.) 建立;建设→founded (过去式/过去分词) 8.principle (n.) 法则;原则;原理 9.peaceful (adj.) 和平的;平静的;安宁的→peacefully (adv.) 和平地→peace (n.) 和平;平 静;和睦 10.mankind (n.) 人类 11.lawyer (n.) 律师→law (n.) 法律 12.guidance (n.) 指导;领导→guide (vt.) 指引;指导→guided (adj.)有指导的;有导游的 13.legal (adj.) 法律的;依照法律的→illegal (adj.) 非法的;违法的 14.hopeful (adj.) 怀有希望的;有希望的→hope (n.&v.) 希望;愿望→hopeless (adj.) 没有希 望的;无望的 15.youth (n.) 青年;青年时期→young (adj.) 幼小的;青少年的 16.stage (n.) 舞台;阶段;时期 17.vote (vt. & vi.) 投票;选举(n.) 投票;选票;表决

小学+初中+高中

小学+初中+高中 18.attack (vt.) 进攻;攻击;抨击 (n.) 攻击;抨击;疾病发作→attach (形近词) (vt.) 把…… 附(在……上);重视 19.violence (n.) 暴力;暴行→violent (adj.) 暴力的;猛烈的 20.equal (adj.) 相等的;平等的→equality (n.) 平等;相等→equally (adv.) 同样地;相等地; 公平地→unequal (adj.) 不平等的;不公平的 21.willing (adj.) 乐意的;自愿的→unwilling (adj.) 不自愿的;不乐意的 22.unfair (adj.) 不公正的;不公平的→fair (adj.) 公平的;合理的 (n.) 展销会→fairness (n.) 公正性;公平合理性 23.escape (vt. & vi.) 逃脱;逃走;避开;泄露→escaped (adj.) 逃跑了的 24.educate (vt.) 教育;训练→educated (adj.) 受过教育的;有教养的→education (n.) 教育 →educator (n.) 教育工作者→educational (adj.) 教育的;有关教育的 25.beg (vi.) 请求;乞求→begged (过去式/过去分词)→beggar (n.) 乞丐 26.relative (n.) 亲属;亲戚 (adj.) 相关的→relation (n.) 关系 27.terror (n.) 恐怖;可怕的人;恐怖时期;恐怖活动→terrorist (n.) 恐怖主义者;恐怖分子 →terrible (adj.) 非常严重的;令人不愉快的→terribly (adv.) 非常;很 28.cruelty (n.) 残忍;残酷→cruel (adj.) 残暴的;冷酷的 29.reward (n.) 报酬;奖金(vt.) 酬劳;奖赏→rewarding (adj.) 值得的;有益的;有回报的 30.opinion (n.) 意见;看法;主张 【重点短语】 1.out_of_work 2.as_a_matter_of_fact 3.in_trouble 4.turn_to 失业 事实上

在危险/受罚/痛苦/忧虑等处境中

求助于;致力于

5.lose_heart 丧失勇气/信心 6.come_to_power 7.set_up 上台;当权

建立;设立 被判处……(徒刑)

8.be_sentenced_to 9.blow_up 10.die_for 11.fight_for 小学+初中+高中

使充气;爆炸 为……死去 为……而战

小学+初中+高中 12.believe_in 信任 对……有希望

13.be_hopeful_about 14.beg_for 乞求

15.be_free_from/of 【热点句型】

摆脱

1.“the first(+n./pron.)+to do”结构中不定式作后置定语 He was the_first_man_to_land_on_the_moon(第一位登上月球的人)in July 1969.(教材 P33) 2.This was a time when...“这是一个……的时期” However, this_was_a_time_when(这是一个……的时期) one had got to have a passbook to live in Johannesburg.(教材 P34) 3.stage 表示抽象的地点时,常接 where 引导的定语从句 The last thirty years have seen the greatest number of laws stopping our rights and progress, until today we have reached a_stage_where (……的阶段) we have almost no rights at all.(教材 P34) 4.only 修饰状语置于句首引起的倒装句 Only_then_did_we_decide_to (直到那时我们才决定)answer violence with violence.(教材 P34) 5.the first time 引导时间状语从句 I felt bad the_first_time_I_talked_to_a_group (我第一次给一个小组作讲解时).(教材 P38) 【写作句型】核心句型升级 (2017·全国卷Ⅰ)假定你是李华,正在教你的英国朋友 Leslie 学习汉语。请你写封邮件告知下次上 课的计划。内容包括: (1)时间和地点; (2)内容:学习唐诗; (3)课前准备:简要了解唐朝的历史。 注意:1.词数 100 左右; 2.可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。 【参考范文】 Dear Leslie, I am writing to tell you my plan for the coming Chinese lesson. I’ve decided to teach you Tang poetry in Room 101 Building 1 at 8 am on Wednesday, ①which will last two hours. Tang poetry 小学+初中+高中

小学+初中+高中 is a symbol of Chinese traditional literature and it plays ②so important a part in Chinese culture that it’s necessary for you to have a good knowledge of it. Besides, in order to learn Tang poetry well, you’d better get some information about Tang Dynasty before class. Would you tell me if it’s convenient for you? Furthermore, when you meet with some puzzling questions, don’t hesitate to turn to me. Yours, Li Hua

高频考点一、单词冲关 例 1、devote vt.(与 to 连用)献身;专心于

A great person is someone who devotes his/her life to helping others.(P33) 一个伟人是一个致力于帮助别人的人。 【归纳拓展】 (1)devote oneself to 献身于;致力于;专心于 devote...to...把……奉献于…… (2)devoted adj.忠实的;深爱的 be devoted to 深爱;致力于 (3)devotion n.关爱;关照;奉献;忠诚 【名师点睛】 在短语 devote...to...中,to 为介词,其后接名词或动名词,类似短语还包括: look forward to 期盼;get down to 开始着手做;be/get used to 习惯于;be/get accustomed to 习惯于;lead to 导致;pay attention to 注意;object to 反对;be addicted to 对……上瘾;contribute to 有助于,促进;adapt to 适应;be attached to 附属于;stick to 坚持;be opposed to 反对;adjust to 调整以适应。 【语境助记】 ①[2016·北京高考]Neighbors devoted_their_spare_time_to helping others rebuild. 邻居们利用他们的空闲时间帮助他人重建家园。 ②You will never gain success unless you are fully devoted_to your work. 小学+初中+高中

小学+初中+高中 除非你全心全意地去工作,否则你将永远不会获得成功。 ③He is highly thought of because of his devotion_to duty. 由于忠于职守他被高度评价。 例 2、equal adj.相等的;平等的;胜任的 vt.等于;抵得上 n.同等的人;相等物

But I was happy to help because I knew it would help us achieve our dream of making black and white people equal.(P34) 但我非常乐意帮忙,因为我知道这会帮助我们实现使黑人和白人平等的梦想。 【归纳拓展】 (1)be equal to sth./doing sth.等于/胜任某物/做某事 A equals B in...A 在……方面比得上 B/与 B 相匹敌 without equal 无与伦比 have no equal 无与伦比;首屈一指 (2)equality n.平等 equally adv.相等地;同等地;均等地;同样地 【语境助记】 ①Little pleasure can be_equal_to that of a cool drink in hot summer. 在炎热的夏天几乎没有任何乐趣能与饮一杯冷饮的乐趣相比。 ②In fact, when it comes to the art of war, ants have_no_equal. 事实上,论及战争的艺术,蚂蚁简直是无与伦比的。 ③He is a player without_equal.

他是个无与伦比的运动员。 ④Men and women must be treated equally in education and employment. 在教育和就业方面,男女必须得到平等的对待。 ⑤[2016·北京高考]Learning to deal with the social world is equally_important. 学习与社交界打交道是同等重要的。 例 3、escape vi.& n.逃脱;逃走;泄露 vt.逃脱;逃走;避开;被遗忘

It was a prison from which no one escaped.(P38) 那是一座任何人都逃不出去的监狱。 【归纳拓展】 (1)escape doing sth. 逃避做某事 小学+初中+高中

小学+初中+高中 escape from 从……逃脱;逃避 escape one's attention/notice 逃避某人的注意 (2)fire escape 太平梯;安全梯,安全出口 a narrow escape 九死一生 (3)escaped adj. 逃跑了的 【语境助记】 ①He escaped_from prison this morning. 他今天早上从监狱里逃跑了。 ②It is said that he narrowly_escaped_being_killed in the traffic accident the other day. 据说前些天他在交通事故里死里逃生。 ③Compared with the_escaped_driver,_I am proud of what I did. 和逃逸的司机相比,我为我所做的事情感到自豪。 ④Last year I had a_narrow_escape,_and I don't want to risk my life a second time. 去年我死里逃生,因此我不想再去冒生命危险了。 ⑤写出下列句子中 escape 的含义 a.So sudden was the attack that the enemy had no time to escape.逃离 b.Bob looked back only to find an old classmate whose name escaped 被遗忘 例 4、reward n.& vt.报酬;奖金;酬劳;奖赏 him for the moment.

They said that the job and the pay from the new South African government were my reward after working all my life for equal rights for the Blacks.(P38) 他们说来自新南非政府的那份工作和薪水是对我一生为黑人的平等权利而奋斗的回报。 【归纳拓展】 (1)as a reward for 作为(对某事的)报酬/奖赏 get/receive your reward 获得回报 in reward (for...)作为(对……的)报答/奖赏 (2)reward sb. for sth./doing sth.为(做)某事而报答某人 reward sb. with sth.用某物奖赏某人 (3)rewarding adj. 值得的;有益的;有回报的 【语境助记】 小学+初中+高中

小学+初中+高中 ①[2016·江苏高考]She was highly rewarded_for her efforts. 因为努力,她颇受嘉奖。 ②She started singing to the baby and was_rewarded_with a smile. 她开始给孩子唱歌,孩子则报以微笑。 ③He rewarded_us_with a lot of money for helping him. 他重金酬谢我们对于他的帮助。 ④As_a_reward_for/In_reward_for his bravery, the soldier was given a medal. 为奖励他的勇敢,这个士兵被授予一枚奖章。 ⑤It is unfair that he gets very little reward_for his hard work. 他工作很辛苦,报酬却很少,这不公平。 ⑥[一言辨异]Mo Yan was awarded the Nobel Literature Prize for writing. In his spare time, he has always been ready to help young writers. How can we reward his kindness? 莫言被授予了诺贝尔文学奖。在他的业余时间,他总是乐意帮助年轻作家。我们该如何回报他的好意 呢? 高频考点二、短语冲关 例 1、in trouble 有麻烦;处于困难中 Elias went to see Nelson Mandela when he was in trouble.(P35) 伊莱亚斯在有麻烦时去见纳尔逊·曼德拉。 【归纳拓展】 get into trouble 陷入困境;惹麻烦 _get sb. into/out of trouble 使某人陷入/摆脱困境
? doing sth. ? have trouble/difficulty? ?with sth. ?

做某事有困难

ask/look for trouble 自找麻烦;自讨苦吃 take (the) trouble to_do sth. 费力/不辞辛苦地做某事(也可根据语境在 trouble 前加上 a lot of/a little/great 等) 【语境助记】 ①You can't imagine the trouble I_had_persuading_him_to change his mind. 你无法想象我说服他改变主意有多么困难。 ②Please don't hesitate to turn to us for help whenever you have_trouble_with your study. 小学+初中+高中

小学+初中+高中 不论什么时候学习遇到困难,请马上找我们帮忙。 ③As is known to us all, if we are in_trouble,_it is not our phone, but our friends that can really help us out. 众所周知,如果我们有困难,是朋友而不是手机可以真正地帮助我们摆脱困境。 ④They take_a_lot_of_trouble to find the right person for the right job. 他们竭力寻找合适的人选。 ⑤If you play with dangerous chemicals like that you're just asking_for_trouble. 如果你像那样摆弄危险的化学品,你简直是在自讨苦吃。 例 2、turn to 转向;求助于…… Why did Nelson Mandela turn to violence to make black and white people equal? (P35) 为什么纳尔逊·曼德拉使用暴力以使黑人和白人平等呢? 【归纳拓展】 (1)turn away 离开;转变……的方向 turn down 拒绝;调小 turn off/on 关掉/打开 turn out 证明是;结果是;生产 turn (...) into (使……)变成 turn over 翻身;翻转;移交 turn up 露面;出现;开大 (2)in turn 反过来,转而;轮流 take turns to_do/doing sth. 轮流做某事 【语境助记】 ①When in trouble, you should turn_to_your_parents for help. 有麻烦的时候,你应该向父母求助。 ②They take_turns to look after their sick father in the hospital. 他们轮流照顾生病住院的父亲。 ③Tom had to turn_down the invitation to the party last weekend because he was too busy. 上周末汤姆不得不拒绝宴会的邀请,因为他太忙了。 ④Don't worry, I'm sure your missing glasses will turn_up sooner or later. 别担心,我相信你丢失的眼镜迟早会出现的。 小学+初中+高中

小学+初中+高中 ⑤The car skipped and turned_over. 汽车打滑向一侧翻倒了。 ⑥Despite our worries everything turned_out well. 尽管我们都很担心,结果一切都顺利。 ⑦[2016·浙江高考]Don't let gossip turn_into lies. 不要让谣言变成谎言。 ⑧写出下列句中 turn to 的含义 a.Follow the main road until it branches and then turn to the left.转向 b.While in trouble, you can turn to her for help.求助于 c.If you turn to page 40, you will find it.翻到 d.After he left university he became a teacher, but later turned to journalism.开始从事 例 3、lose heart 丧失勇气/信心;灰心;泄气 The scientist from whom we heard the good news never lost heart when he was in trouble.(P37) 这位科学家遇到困难时从不灰心,我们从其口中获得好消息。 【归纳拓展】 lose one's heart to sb.爱上某人 put one's heart into 一心扑在……上 learn sth. by heart 背诵;记牢…… strike...into one's heart 使……刻骨铭心 open your heart to sb. 向某人敞开心扉;倾诉衷肠 heart and soul 全心全意 from the bottom of one's heart 从某人的心底,真心实意地 【名师点睛】 短语 lose heart 中 heart 前不能有任何修饰、限定成分,heart 也不用复数形式。 【语境助记】 ①[2016·天津高考]We should not lose_heart in face of difficulties. If we work hard, we will find a way out. 在面对困难的时候我们不应该丧失勇气,如果我们努力,我们就会找到出路。 ②As a matter of fact, nothing is too difficult if you put_your_heart_into_it. 事实上,世上无难事,只怕有心人。 小学+初中+高中

小学+初中+高中 ③Thank you from_the_bottom_of_my_heart for your generous donations. 我从心底感谢你的慷慨捐赠。 高频考点三、句型冲关 例 1、The last thirty years have seen the greatest number of laws stopping our rights and progress, until today we have reached a stage_where we have almost no rights at all.(P34) 过去 30 年来所出现的大量法律剥夺我们的权利,阻挡我们的进步,一直到今天,我们还处在几乎什么 权利都没有的阶段。 【归纳拓展】 (1)本句中 where 引导定语从句,修饰先行词 stage。 (2)当先行词是 stage, situation, case, position, point, family 等词,且从句中不缺少主语和宾 语时,将以上词看作地点,因而关系词常为 in which 或 where。 【名师点睛】 occasion 作先行词, 且从句中不缺主语和宾语时, 若意为“时刻”, 则选用关系副词 when; 若意为“场 合”,则选用关系副词 where。 【语境助记】 ①[2016·天津高考]Having gone through the long process with art, rock climbing, and reading and writing, now I've got to a point in my life where I know I am smart enough to dive into an area that is totally unknown, hard, but interesting. 在经历了漫长的学习旅途——艺术、爬山、读书、写作——之后,现在我到了人生的这样一个阶段—— 我知道自己足够聪明可进入一个完全不熟悉的、艰难的,却有趣的领域。 ②The project aims to get kids to a stage called “deep reading”, where they can read to learn. 这一项目旨在使孩子们进入深度阅读的阶段,在这一阶段他们可以为了学习而读书。 ③You could get into a situation where you have to decide immediately. 你可能遇上一种情况,使你不得不立刻作出决定。 ④I can think of various cases where students obviously know the problems but can't work them out. 我可以想出多种情况,在这些情况下,学生们显然知道问题所在,却不能解决它们。 ⑤Sales director is a position where communication ability is just as important as sales skills. 小学+初中+高中

小学+初中+高中 销售经理是一个交流能力与销售技能同等重要的职位。 例 2、I felt bad the_first_time I talked to a group.(P38) 我第一次向一个(参观)小组谈论(罗本岛监狱的情况)时,心里觉得很不好受。 【归纳拓展】 (1)名词短语作连词,引导时间状语从句的有: the moment ? ? the minute ?=as soon as 一……就…… the instant? ?

? ?each time 每当 (2)?next time 下次 any 在 任何时间 ? ?the last time 最后一次
every time 每次/回…… (3)有时副词也可充当连词,引导时间状语从句,它们是:instantly,_immediately,_directly 等,都 相当于 as soon as。 (4)hardly/scarcely...when...以及 no sooner...than...意为“一……就……”,从句常用一般过去 时态,主句用过去完成时,且 hardly/scarcely/no sooner 位于句首时,要用部分倒装。 【语境助记】 ①The_first_time I interviewed him, he looked a bit nervous. 我第一次去采访他时,他看起来有点紧张。 ②[2016·浙江高考]Every_time he arrived home at the end of the day, we'd greet him at the door. 每次他忙碌一天回到家,我们都会在门口相迎。 ③[2016·全国卷Ⅱ]I remember you showed me some photos on that theme the_last_time you visited our school. 我记得上次你参观我们学校的时候给我看过一些关于这一主题的照片。 ④[2016·全国卷Ⅲ]By_the_time the group got up to leave, it was pouring outside. 当这群人起身要走的时候,外边正在下着倾盆大雨。 ⑤Immediately/As_soon_as/Directly/Instantly she'd gone, I remembered her name. 她刚走开我就想起了她的名字。

小学+初中+高中

小学+初中+高中 ⑥No_sooner had we arrived at the station than the train left. 我们刚到车站,火车就离开了。 【易混辨析】 the first 用作连词,引导时间状语从句,意为“第一次……” time for the first time ⑦单句改错 Naturally, you were nervous when you went on the platform the first time. platform 后加 for 例 3、 ...only_then did we decide to answer violence with violence.(P34) ……只有到这个时候,我们才决定用暴力反抗暴力。 【归纳拓展】 本句中 only then 放句首,句子使用了部分倒装结构 副词 ? ? ? ? only+状语?介词短语?+部分倒装 ? ? ?从句 ? 【名师点睛】 (1)“only+从句”放在句首时,倒装的是主句,从句不倒装; (2)only 放在句首修饰主语时不用倒装。 【语境助记】 ①Only recently have I allowed myself to think of that again. 只有到了最近,我才允许自己再次考虑那个问题。 ②Only by saying polite words can_you get on well with others. 只有说话礼貌你才能和其他人相处得好。 ③Only after we'd had the car for a few days did_we_realize we'd been taken in by the dealer. 车子到手几天后,我们才明白我们被经销商骗了。 ④Only_I know him here. 在这里,只有我认识他。 高频考点四、语法冲关 小学+初中+高中 是介词短语,只能用作状语,不可用来引导状语从句,意为“第一 次”

小学+初中+高中 定语从句(Ⅱ) 定语从句除了由关系代词引导外,还可由关系副词 when, where, why 引导,它们在从句中作状语。 关系副词 when 代替先行词在从句中作时间状语 其先行词往往是表示地点的名词,如:place, room, house, street, area where 等, where 在从句中代替先行词作地点状语 常用在先行词 reason 后,代替先行词在从句中作原因状语,也可用 for why which 来代替 【名师点睛】 选择关系副词作关系词的原则是:从句中不缺少主语、宾语和表语,然后根据先行词表示的时间,地 点和原因来确定 when, where, why。 用法 其先行词常常是表示时间的名词,如:time, day, hour, year 等,when

【2018·天津卷】阅读下列短文,从每题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出最佳选项。 A Fire Prevention Information The University of Adelaide employs a full-time staff of fire prevention professionals. They inspect all campus buildings and test and maintain all sprinkler(喷水灭火装置)systems fire alarms and fire extinguishers (灭火器). They also provide educational programs or fire safety in the residence hall. Whenever you move to a new area, you should locate the fire alarm pull stations and the two exits nearest your room. Fire Alarms The floors of all campus buildings are equipped with manual(手动的)fire alarm systems which include fire alarm pull stations and pipes. Most are also equipped with automatic fire alarm systems consisting of heat detectors, smoke detectors and sprinklers. For your safety, never tamper with(胡 乱摆弄)these systems. False fire alarms are illegal and may lead to imprisonment. Fire Drills A fire drill will be conducted in your residence hall every semester. During a fire drill, 小学+初中+高中

小学+初中+高中 please do the following: ·Take your room key and ID, close and lock the door to your room. ·Exit immediately from the nearest emergency exit do not use a lift. ·Meet outside of your residence hall and wait for further instructions. Fire Extinguishers Fire extinguishers are located on each floor and in each apartment. Use a fire extinguisher only if you have been trained to do so. Irresponsible use of a fire extinguisher can create a dangerous situation for other residents and could result in damage to personal property. Misuse of a fire extinguisher will result in fines. Smoke Detector A smoke detector is on the ceiling in your room. Some buildings also have heat detectors on the ceilings. Do the following to ensure the safe operation of your smoke detector: ·If your smoke detector is working properly, the red light should be on. If the red light is not blinking(闪动) ,contact residence hall staff immediately. ·Do not cover or block your smoke detector in any way. ·If a smoke detector sets off an alarm and there is no fire or smoke, inform your hall staff. 36. What is the main duty of the fire prevention professionals? A. To provide part-time jobs for students. B. To lead the students to the nearest exits. C. To check and maintain fire prevention equipment. D. To train teachers to be fire prevention professionals. 37. What do the automatic fire alarm systems include? A. Pipes and smoke detectors. B. Smoke detectors and sprinklers. C. Fire alarm pull stations and pipes. D. Sprinklers and fire alarm pull stations 38. In a fire drill, the students should ________. A. rush quickly to a lift B. gather at the nearest exit. C. shut the door and leave at once 小学+初中+高中

小学+初中+高中 D. wait for instructions in the hall 39. What do we know about the use of fire extinguishers? A. Using them wrongly results in punishment. B. Irresponsible use of them can damage them. C. Improper use of them can destroy the apartment. D. Using them without a trainer present is forbidden. 40. To ensure the safe operation of the smoke detector, one should_________. A. contact the hall staff regularly B. cover the things that burn easily C. start the smoke detector in a fire D. make certain the red light is working 【答案】36. C 37. B 38. C 39. A 40. D

37. 细节理解题。根据文章 Fire Alarms 中的句子 Most are also equipped with automatic fire alarm systems consisting heat detectors, smoke detectors and sprinklers.可知,火灾自动报警系统由热 探测器、烟雾探测器和喷头组成。故选 B。

39. 细节理解题。根据文章 Fire Extinguishers 中的句子 Misuse of a fire extinguisher will result in fines.可知,误用灭火器会导致罚款。故选 A。 40. 细节理解题。根据文章 Smoke Detector 中的句子 If your smoke detector is working properly, the red light should be on. If the red light is not blinking(闪动) ,contact residence hall staff immediately.可知,烟雾探测器是否安全运行,看红灯是否闪动。故选 D。 B 小学+初中+高中

小学+初中+高中 When I was 17, I read a magazine article about a museum called the McNay, once the home of a watercolorist named Marian McNay. She had requested the community to turn it into a museum upon her death. On a sunny Saturday, Sally and I drove over to the museum. She asked, "Do you have the address? ""No, but I'll recognize it, there was a picture in the magazine. " "Oh, stop. There it is!” The museum was free. We entered, excited. A group of people sitting in the hall stopped talking and stared at us. "May I help you?" a man asked. "No, "I said. "We're fine.” Tour guides got on my nerves. What if they talked a long time about a painting you weren't that interested in? Sally had gone upstairs. The people in the hall seemed very nosy(爱窥探的), keeping their eyes on me with curiosity. What was their problem? I saw some nice sculptures in one room. Suddenly I sensed a man standing behind me. "Where do you think you are? " he asked. I turned sharply. "The McNay Art Museum!" He smiled, shaking his head. "Sorry, the McNay is on New Braunfels Street." "What’s this place?” I asked, still confused. "Well, it's our home." My heart jolted(震颤). I raced to the staircase and called out, "Sally! Come down immediately! " "There's some really good stuff(艺术作品) up there." She stepped down, looking confused. I pushed her toward the front door, waving at the family, saying, "Sorry, please forgive us, you have a really nice place." Outside, when I told Sally what happened, she covered her mouth, laughing. She couldn't believe how long they let us look around without saying anything. The real McNay was splendid, but we felt nervous the whole time we were there. Van Gogh, Picasso. This time, we stayed together, in case anything else unusual happened. Thirty years later, a woman approached me in a public place. "Excuse me, did you ever enter a residence, long ago, thinking it was the McNay Museum?" "Yes. But how do you know? We never told anyone." "That was my home. I was a teenager sitting in the hall. Before you came over, I never realized what a beautiful place I lived in. I never felt lucky before. You thought it was a museum. My feelings about my home changed after that. I've always wanted to thank you." 41. What do we know about Marian McNay? A. She was a painter. B. She was a community leader. 小学+初中+高中

小学+初中+高中 C. She was a museum director. D. She was a journalist. 42. Why did the author refuse the help from the man in the house? A. She disliked people who were nosy. B. She felt nervous when talking to strangers. C. She knew more about art than the man. D. She mistook him for a tour guide. 43. How did the author feel about being stared at by the people in the hall? A. Puzzled. C. Frightened. B. Concerned. D. Delighted.

44. Why did the author describe the real McNay museum in just a few words? A. The real museum lacked enough artwork to interest her. B. She was too upset to spend much time at the real museum. C. The McNay was disappointing compared with the house. D. The event happening in the house was more significant. 45. What could we learn from the last paragraph? A. People should have good taste to enjoy life. B. People should spend more time with their family. C. People tend to be blind to the beauty around them. D. People tend to educate teenagers at a museum. 【答案】41. A 42. D 43. A 44. D 45. C

【解析】本文是一篇记叙文。文章作者和朋友原想参观 McNay 博物馆,到了之后参观的时候,发现很 多人奇怪的看着她,最后才发现自己误将一个私人住宅当成 McNay 博物馆。30 年后,一位女士认出误撞入 自己住宅的作者,指出正是因为作者的误撞入才让她意识到自己住的地方有多么美丽。 41. 细节理解题。根据文章第一段 When I was 17, I read a magazine article about a museum called the McNay, once the home of a watercolorist named Marian McNay.可知,Marian McNay 是一名水彩画 家。故选 A。

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小学+初中+高中

44. 推理判断题。根据全文可知,作者着墨点主要在叙述参观误当成 McNay 博物馆的私人住宅上,故 这才是文章的重心,所以将真正的 McNay 博物馆叙述一带而过。故选 D。 45. 推理判断题。根据文章最后一段 Before you came over, I never realized what a beautiful place I lived in.可知,在作者未造访她家之前,这位女士从未意识到自己住的地方多么美丽,从而可以推断出, 人们往往对周围的美而不见。故选 C。 C There’s a new frontier in 3D printing that’s beginning to come into focus: food. Recent development has made possible machines that print, cook, and serve foods on a mass scale. And the industry isn’t stopping there. Food production With a 3D printer, a cook can print complicated chocolate sculptures and beautiful pieces for decoration on a wedding cake. Not everybody can do that — it takes years of experience, but a printer makes it easy. A restaurant in Spain uses a Foodini to “re-create forms and pieces” of food that are “exactly the same,” freeing cooks to complete other tasks. In another restaurant, all of the dishes and desserts it serves are 3D-printed,rather than farm to table. Sustainability(可持续性) The global population is expected to grow to 9.6 billion by 2050, and some analysts estimate that food production will need to be raised by 50 percent to maintain current levels. Sustainability is becoming a necessity. 3D food printing could probably contribute to the solution. Some experts believe printers could use hydrocolloids (水解胶体) from plentiful renewables like algae(藻类) and grass to replace the familiar ingredients(烹饪原料). 3D printing can reduce fuel use and emissions. Grocery stores of the future might stock "food" that lasts years on end, freeing up shelf space and reducing transportation and storage requirements. Nutrition Future 3D food printers could make processed food healthier. Hod Lipson, a professor at 小学+初中+高中

小学+初中+高中 Columbia University, said, “Food printing could allow consumers to print food with customized nutritional content, like vitamins. So instead of eating a piece of yesterday’s bread from the supermarket, you’d eat something baked just for you on demand.” Challenges Despite recent advancements in 3D food printing, the industry has many challenges to overcome. Currently, most ingredients must be changed to a paste(糊状物) before a printer can use them, and the printing process is quite time-consuming, because ingredients interact with each other in very complex ways. On top of that, most of the 3D food printers now are restricted to dry ingredients, because meat and milk products may easily go bad. Some experts are skeptical about 3D food printers, believing they are better suited for fast food restaurants than homes and high-end restaurants. 46. What benefit does 3D printing bring to food production? A. It helps cooks to create new dishes. B. It saves time and effort in cooking. C. It improves the cooking conditions. D. It contributes to restaurant decorations. 47. What can we learn about 3D food printing from Paragraphs 3? A. It solves food shortages easily. B. It quickens the transportation of food. C. It needs no space for the storage of food. D. It uses renewable materials as sources of food. 48. According to Paragraph 4, 3D-printed food ________. A. is more available to consumers B. can meet individual nutritional needs C. is more tasty than food in supermarkets D. can keep all the nutrition in raw materials 49. What is the main factor that prevents 3D food printing from spreading widely? A. The printing process is complicated. B. 3D food printers are too expensive. C. Food materials have to be dry. 小学+初中+高中

小学+初中+高中 D. Some experts doubt 3D food printing. 50. What could be the best title of the passage? A. 3D Food Printing: Delicious New Technology B. A New Way to Improve 3D Food Printing C. The Challenges for 3D Food Production D. 3D Food Printing: From Farm to Table 【答案】46. B 47. D 48. B 49. C 50. A

【解析】本文是一篇科普类短文阅读。文章主要介绍了 3D 打印技术在食物上的应用取得了进展,但目 前仍面临着许多方面的挑战。

47. 细节理解题。根据文章第三段 Some experts believe printers could use hydrocolloids (水解 胶体) from plentiful renewables like algae(藻类) and grass to replace the familiar ingredients(烹 饪原料).可知,3D 打印机可以使用可再生材料作为食物来源。故选 D。 48. 推理判断题。根据文章第四段 Food printing could allow consumers to print food with customized nutritional content, like vitamins.(食品打印可以让消费者打印定制营养的食物) ,从而 可以推断出 3D 打印出来的食物可以满足个人营养需求。故选 B。

50. 主旨大意题。文章主要介绍了 3D 打印技术在食物上的应用取得了进展,但目前仍面临着许多方面 的挑战。所以用标题 3D Food Printing: Delicious New Technology,故选 A。

D Give yourself a test. Which way is the wind blowing? How many kinds of wildflowers can be seen from your front door? If your awareness is as sharp as it could be, you’ll have no trouble answering these questions. Most of us observed much more as children than we do as adults. A child’s day is filled with fascination, newness and wonder. Curiosity gave us all a natural awareness. But distinctions that

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小学+初中+高中 were sharp to us as children become unclear; we are numb(麻木的)to new stimulation(刺激), new ideas. Relearning the art of seeing the world around us is quite simple, although it takes practice and requires breaking some bad habits. The first step in awakening senses is to stop predicting what we are going to see and feel before it occurs. This blocks awareness. One chilly night when I was hiking in the Rocky Mountains with some students, I mentioned that we were going to cross a mountain stream. The students began complaining about how cold it would be. We reached the stream, and they unwillingly walked ahead. They were almost knee-deep when they realized it was a hot spring. Later they all admitted they’d felt cold water at first. Another block to awareness is the obsession(痴迷) many of us have with naming things. I saw bird watchers who spotted a bird, immediately looked it up in field guides, and said, a "ruby-crowned kinglet" and checked it off. They no longer paid attention to the bird and never learned what it was doing. The pressures of "time" and "destination" are further blocks to awareness. I encountered many hikers who were headed to a distant camp-ground with just enough time to get there before dark. It seldom occurred to them to wander a bit, to take a moment to see what’s around them. I asked them what they’d seen. "Oh, a few birds," they said. They seemed bent on their destinations. Nature seems to unfold to people who watch and wait. Next time you take a walk, no matter where it is, take in all the sights, sounds and sensations. Wander in this frame of mind and you will open a new dimension to your life.z.xxk 51. According to Paragraph 2, compared with adults, children are more ____________. A. anxious to do wonders B. sensitive to others’ feelings C. likely to develop unpleasant habits D. eager to explore the world around them 52. What idea does the author convey in Paragraph 3? A. To avoid jumping to conclusions. B. To stop complaining all the time. C. To follow the teacher’s advice. D. To admit mistakes honestly. 小学+初中+高中

小学+初中+高中 53. The bird watchers’ behavior shows that they __________. A. are very patient in their observation B. are really fascinated by nature C. care only about the names of birds D. question the accuracy of the field guides 54. Why do the hikers take no notice of the surroundings during the journey? A. The natural beauty isn’t attractive to them. B. They focus on arriving at the camp in time. C. The forest in the dark is dangerous for them. D. They are keen to see rare birds at the destination. 55. In the passage, the author intends to tell us we should __________. A. fill our senses to feel the wonders of the world B. get rid of some bad habits in our daily life C. open our mind to new things and ideas D. try our best to protect nature 【答案】51. D 52. A 53. C 54. B 55. A

51. 推理判断题。根据文章第二段 Most of us observed much more as children than we do as adults. 可知,与成人相比较,孩子观察得更多,从而可以推断出孩子更急于探索他们周围的世界。故选 D。

53. 细节理解题。根据文章第四段全段及首句 Another block to awareness is the obsession(痴迷) many of us have with naming things.可知,鸟观察者发现鸟后只关心鸟的名字,并不关心它在做什么。 故选 C。 54. 细节理解题。根据文章第五段 I encountered many hikers who were headed to a distant camp-ground with just enough time to get there before dark. It seldom occurred to them to wander a bit, to take a moment to see what’s around them.可知,徒步旅行者只关心能够及时到达目的地,

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小学+初中+高中 而很少关心周围的事物。故选 B。 55. 推理判断题。文章作者想要通过此文要告诉我们:大自然只展现给那些善于观察和等待的人,带 着我们所有的感官来感受周围世界的奇妙。 5. 【2017·浙江卷】完形填空(共 20 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的 A、B、C 和 D 四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并 在答题纸上将该项涂黑。 Alia Baker is a librarian in Iraq. Her library used to be a 36 place for all who loved books and liked to share knowledge. They 37 various matters all over the world. When the war was near, Alia was 38 that the fires of war would destroy the books, which are more 39 to her than mountain of gold. The books are in every language — new books, ancient books, the history of Iraq that is seven hundred years old. She had asked the government for 41 to move the books to a 42 place, but they refused. So Alia took matters into her own hands. 43 , she brought books home every night, 44 her car late after work. Her friends came to 46 45 her when the war broke out. Anis who owned a restaurant 40 a book on

to hide some books. All through the 47 , Alia, Anis, his brothers and neighbours took the

books from the library, 48 them over the seven-foot wall and 49 them in the restaurant. The books stayed hidden as the war 50 . Then nine days laters, a fire burned the 51 to the ground. One day, the bombing stopped and the 52 left. But the war was not over yet. Alia knew that if the books were to be safe, they must be 53 again while the city was 54 . So she hired a

truck to bring all the books to the houses of friends in the suburbs(郊区). Now Alia waited for the war to end and 55 peace and a new library. 36. A. meeting 37. A. raised 38. A. worried 39. A. practical 40. A. then 41. A. permission 42. A. large 43. A. Fortunately 44. A. starting 小学+初中+高中 B. working B. handled B. angry B. precious B. still B. confirmation B. public B. Surprisingly B. parking C. personal C. reported C. doubtful C. reliable C. even C. explanation C. distant C. Seriously C. filling D. religious D. discussed D. curious D. expensive D. rather D. information D. safe D. Secretly D. testing

小学+初中+高中 45. A. stop 46. A. intended 47. A. war 48. A. put 49. A. hid 50. A. approached 51. A. restaurant 52. A. neighbours 53. A. sold 54. A. occupied 55. A. dreamed of 【解析】 B. help B. pretended B. night B. opened B. exchanged B. erupted B. library B. soldiers B. read B. bombed B. believed in C. warn C. happened C. building C. passed C.burnt C. continued C. city C. friends C. saved C. quiet C. cared about D. rescue D. agreed D. way D. threw D. distributed D. ended D. wall D. customers D. moved D. busy D. looked for

37.考查动词。A.raised 举起、抬高;B.handled 应付、处理;C.reported 报道;D.discussed 讨论。 根据“They___various matters all over the world”,根据语境,应该是他们讨论世界大事。故选 D。 38.考查形容词。A.worried 担心;B.angry 生气;C.doubtful 怀疑的;D.curious 好奇的。根据后文 “So Alia took matters into her own hands” ,Alia 用双手搬书,可知“Alia was ___that the fires of war would destroy the books”,Alia 担心战火会破坏书。故选 A。 39.考查形容词。A.practical 实践的;B.precious 珍贵的;C.reliable 可靠的;D.expensive 昂贵的。 根据后文“which are more__to her than mountains of gold”,由 more 可知,是将书与金山作比较,可 见书的珍贵性。故选 B。

41.考查名词。A.permission 许可;B.confirmation 确认;C.explanation 解释;D.information 信息。 根据“She had asked the government for__to move the books to a__place”,可知她想获得政府的许 可,将书转移到安全的地方。故选 A。 小学+初中+高中

小学+初中+高中 42.考查形容词。A.large 大的;B.public 公共的;C.distant 遥远的;D.safe 安全的。根据“She had asked the government for permission to move the books to a__place”,她想获得政府的许可,将书 转移到( )的地方。故选 D。 43.考查副词。A.Fortunately 幸运地;B.Surprisingly 惊奇地;C.Seriously 严重地;D.Secretly 秘 密地。根据“she brought books home every night”,可知她是在秘密地转移书籍。故选 D。 44.考查动词。A. Starting 开始;B.parking 停车;C.filling 装满;D.testing 测试。根据“__her car late after work”,可知,在工作之后,她的车都被书装满的。故选 C。 45.考查动词。A.stop 停止;B.help 帮助;C.warn 警告;D.rescue 营救。根据后文“Anis who owned a restaurant 46 to hide some books.”可知,她的朋友们都过来帮她转移书。故选 B。 46.考查动词。A. intended 打算;B. pretended 假装;C. happened 发生;D. agreed 同意。根据

“Anis who owned a restaurant 46 to hide some books”根据语境分析,Anis 同意把书藏在她的饭店 里面。故选 D。 47.考查名词。 A. war 战争; B. night 夜晚 C. building 楼房; D. way 方法。 根据前文 “she brought

books home every night,”所以与之相对应“All through the 47 ” ,故选 B。 48. 考查固定词组。 A. put 放; B. opened, 打开; C. passed , 通过; D. threw 扔。 根据“the seven-foot wall”七英尺高的墙,可知,他们是越过 pass over 七英尺高的墙。故选 C。 49.考查动词。A. hid ,隐藏;B. exchanged,交换;C.burnt ,燃烧;D. distributed ,分发。 根据“pass them over the seven-foot wall and 49 them in the restaurant”由 and 可知前后两句 为并列关系,他们越过七英尺高的墙,把书藏起来。故选 A。 50.考查动词。A. approached 接近;B. erupted 爆发;C. continued D. ended 结束。由后文 “Then nine days laters, a fire burned the 51 to the ground.”可知,战争仍在继续。故选 C。 51.考查名词。A. restaurant 饭店;B. library 图书馆;C. city 城市;D. wall 墙壁。根据

后文“Now Alia waited for the war to end and 55 peace and a new library”可知原来的图书馆已 经损毁,所以“a fire burned the 51 to the ground.”战火蔓延到了图书馆。故选 B。 52.考查名词。A. neighbours 邻居;B. soldiers 士兵;C. friends 朋友;D. customers 顾

客。 “the bombing stopped and the 52 lef” ,and 连接两个并列句,轰炸停止,与之相对应的是,士兵 离开了。故选 B。 53.考查动词。A. sold 卖;B. read 阅读;C. saved 救;D. moved 移动。根据“So she hired a

truck to bring all the books to the houses of friends in the suburbs(郊区)” ,可知,她决定要再 次移动书。故选 D。 小学+初中+高中

小学+初中+高中

小学+初中+高中


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