2018----2019 学年度上学期高二第一次考试 英语科目试题
本试题分第Ⅰ卷（选择题）和第Ⅱ卷（非选择题）两部分。考试结束后，只交答题纸和 答题卡，试题自己保留。第Ⅰ卷为选择题，共 100 分；第Ⅱ卷为非选择题共 50 分。满分 150 分，考试时间为 120 分钟。 第Ⅰ卷 选择题 第一部分 听力 第一节（共5小题；每小题1.5分，满分7.5分） 听下面5段对话，每段对话后有一个小题，从题中所给的 A,B,C三个选项中选出最佳选项，并 标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后，你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小 题。每段对话仅读一遍。 1. What is the woman going to do? A. Go camping. C. Clean the room. 2. What are the speakers mainly talking about? A. The man’s hairstyle . C. Road safety on snowy days. 3. What will the girl’s present be? A. A skiing trip. C. A set of chess. 4. What does the man think of the film? A. Interesting. B. Terrible. C. Touching. B. A camera. B. The man’s colleagues. B. Fly a kite.
5. Where is the man’s mobile phone now? A. On the sofa. B. On the dinner table.
C. On the dressing table. 第二节（共15小题；每小题1.5分，满分22.5分） 听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话和独白后有几个小题，从题中所给的 A,B,C三个选项中选出 最佳选项，并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话和独白前，你将有时间阅读各个小题，每小 题5秒钟，听完后，各小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。 小学+初中+高中
小学+初中+高中 听第6段材料，回答第6-7题。 6. Where are the speakers? A. In a library. C. On a plane. 7. What will the man read? A. A newspaper. B. A sports magazine. B. In a restaurant.
C. A fashion magazine. 听第7段材料，回答第8、9题。 8. Why does Henry look unhappy? A. He failed the math exam. B. He is worried about his twin brother. C. He isn’t satisfied with the exam results. 9. What subject did Henry do best in? A. Physics. B. P.E. C. Math.
听第8段材料，回答第10至12题。 10. What are the speakers doing? A. Drawing pictures. C. Waiting for a bus. 11. What time is it now? A.10:10. B.10:30. C.10:40. B. Visiting a museum.
12. What is the probable relationship between the speakers? A. Classmates. B. Husband and wife.
C.Teacher and student. 听第9段材料，回答第13至16题。 13. When will the man start his journey? A. On September Ist. C. On September 15th. 14. How long will the man stay in Shangri-la? A. For a week. C. For three weeks. 小学+初中+高中 B. For two weeks. B. On September 8th.
小学+初中+高中 15. What does the man advise the woman to do? A. Take a vacation now. C. Go on a trip in winter. 16. What is the man going to do? A. Book a room. C. Go shopping. 听第10段材料，回答第17至20题。 17. Who is standing in the middle? A. Edwin. B. Gerard. C. Maria. B. Surf the Internet. B. Travel with him.
18. What is Maria responsible for? A. The computer room. C. The reading room. 19. How many hours is the library usually open every day? A. Eight. B. Nine. C. Ten. B. The information center.
20. What will the three librarians do next? A .Welcome the parents. C. Sort out the books. 第二部分 阅读理解 （共两节，满分40分） 第一节（共15小题；每小题2分，满分30分） 阅读下列短文，从每题所给的四个选项A,B,C,D中，选出最佳选项。 A From writers to scientists, here are the amazing stories of women you may not know about, but certainly should. Murasaki Shikibu You may be familiar with lots of novels by male writers, from Mark Twain to Charles Dickens. But their works may not even have existed if it hadn’t been for Murasaki Shikibu, a Japanese woman widely considered to be the world’s first novelist. In addition to a two-part novel called The Tale of Genji, Shikibu also wrote a book of poems. Maria Sibylla Merian 小学+初中+高中 B. Introduce the library.
小学+初中+高中 Today, children as young as preschool age can happily explain how a caterpillar (毛虫) turns into a butterfly. But there was a time when no one knew this — not even scientists. Until the 1670s, scientists thought that caterpillars and butterflies were two totally different creatures. Thanks to Maria Sibylla Merian, we know the truth about these beautiful insects Ada Lovelace Ada Lovelace, born in 1815, was the daughter of famous British poet Lord Byron, but she wasn’t a poet herself. She was the world’s first computer programmer. Lovelace’s mathematical (数学的) talent was obvious at a young age and caught the attention of Charles Babbage. Babbage designed the early computing machine that he hoped would be able to quickly solve math problems. In addition to helping Babbage design the early computer program, Lovelace was also the first to recognize that the machine might be able to do more than calculation. Tu Youyou Tu Youyou, born in 1930, became the first Chinese scientist to win the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine. In the 1970s, Tu worked to find a way to prevent the spread of malaria (疟疾). She discovered artemisinin (青蒿素) ,which is used in life-saving, malaria-fighting drugs around the world today. 21. What can we learn about Murasaki Shikibu? A. She was a famous poet. B. She was highly educated. C. She was an award-winning writer. D. She was a pioneer in novel writing. 22. What is Ada Lovelace best known for? A. Her family background. B. Her mathematical talent. C. Her work on computer programming. D. Her invention of computing machines. 23 Who made a great contribution to the prevention of a common disease? A. Murasaki Shikibu. 小学+初中+高中
小学+初中+高中 B. Maria Sibylla Merian. C. Ada Lovelace. D. Tu Youyou. B “Dad, I need your help. Come here!” My 5-year-old girl pulled me towards the computer. “Dad, please buy everything I have in the Amazon shopping cart(购物车) . Here, take this cash from my savings!” The shopping cart showed ten items for a total of about 130 dollars. “ Wait!” I replied . “That’s too much money! Why do you need all these thi ngs?” “Please, Dad! These items will get here before Christmas. I have a surprise for everyone. No peeking( 偷看 ) ! ” she explained, and I bought everything . A couple of days later, she got everything. I saw her then wrapping(包装) all her gifts. “Can I help you?” I asked. “No, Dad. I told you these are special surprises. No peeking!” she replied. Her excitement was obvious. The day came. She was all around her gifts, planning, protecting , arranging. Everything had to be perfect. As soon as dinner was over, She jumped from her chair and took her gifts. She went around giving each one of us her piece of love. These were small items, but it was the meaning of giving her heart that we were really feeling. As she gave the gift to each person, she watched the expression on our faces. Our smiles were her greatest reward. Her last gift was for my 2-year-old boy — a toy car. It was hard to describe my little boy’s delight at getting this gift! For several minutes, everyone’s attention was focused on watching him go all around the house happily Seeing these acts of my 5-year-old helped me understand the power of giving — giving from the heart. Later that day, my girl received some gifts, but she didn’t need them. She focused on others. not on herself. It was clear that she was the one feeling true joy. 24. Why did the girl ask her father for help? A. She didn’t have enough money. B. She needed him to keep the secret. 小学+初中+高中
小学+初中+高中 C. She wanted to get his opinions on gifts. D. She couldn’t make the online payment. 25. How did the girl feel when wrapping the gifts? A. She felt proud. C. She felt cautious. B. She felt delighted. D. She felt satisfied.
26. What did other family members think of the girl’s acts? A. Pleasant. C. Reasonable. B. Creative. D. Surprising.
27. What is the author’s purpose in writing the text? A. To praise his daughter for her generosity. B. To share his experience of raising his kids. C. To discuss how to find happiness in daily life. D. To share the lesson learned from his daughter. C
Back to the Future Part II , which came out in 1989, made a series of predictions
( 预言 ) about 2015. However, the world of 2015 didn’t see flying cars and power clothing as predicted, and instead we got Snapchat, selfies and man buns. Recently, Richard Watson, futurist, writer and founder of online magazine What’s Next, gives his ideas about the world of 2045: By 2045 machines can sense human feelings. This can be done by “harvesting” facial expressions, body language, heart rates, voice and so on. If you are typing text into a computer, the computer might consider the speed you are typing, decide you are stressed and conclude that this isn’t the best time to allow you to read depressing emails. If you are driving a car, the car might consider how you are driving and come to certain conclusions. If the car decides you are angry and in danger of driving unsafely it might adapt(使适应) itself to make things safer. By 2045 we should see insect-sized robotic insects. They might be used for crop pollination(授粉) purposes or as crowd control cameras. These flying robots could be used to test air quality, search for pollution or give early warning about biological or gas attacks. 小学+初中+高中
小学+初中+高中 By 2045 many kitchens will feature a 3-D printer that can turn out a printed pizza, biscuits, cakes and so on. Unlikely to put any restaurants out of business, a 3-D printer does make your life more convenient. 28. What can we learn about Back to the Future Part II? A. It is based on ideas of many futurists. B. It shows deep concern for power clothing. C. It is right about Snapchat, selfies and man buns. D. It makes some wrong predictions about the year 2015. 29. What does Para. 2 tell us about the machines in 2045? A. They will take over our jobs. B. They will be everywhere in our lives. C. They will make it hard for us to hide our feelings. D. They will read our feelings and adapt accordingly. 30. According to Richard Watson, which of the following will be a reality in 2045? A. Air pollution has been controlled B. Robots are used to benefit agriculture C. Printed food is available on the market D. Driverless cars can reduce traffic problems 31. The author develops the ideas of the text by A. listing examples B. following time order C. making comparisons D. describing processes D Year in year out, many high school graduates go to college to continue their education and pursue (追求) their lifelong dreams. College has many advantages for the later life. When I look back on the years I spent in college, I don’t regret even a bit. As a matter of fact, I believe they were the most important years of my life. I came out of Saint Martin’s College being a bright graduate, ready to take charge of my life and pursue all my dreams with a clear focus. Apart from education, 小学+初中+高中 .
小学+初中+高中 the kind of life I experience in college teaches me a lot about life outside school. There are many differences between my pre-college years and the post-college years. To start with, I grew up in the countryside, so I was not used to talking with strangers. I was comfortable with my small world and could not see it changing. However, all this changed the day I stepped into Saint Martin’s College. Though shy at first, I was amazed by my new surroundings: I met and communicated with people from all over the world. I made friends with students from other states and other countries. After four years in college, I was inclined to embrace (拥抱) the world. I didn’t mind working in Asia or Africa for I was prepared. College also prepared me well for employment, because I didn’t know what to pursue while in high school. I pursue d a degree in business and I am working my way to being a CEO at the moment. It really improved my chances of getting a job and my earning potential(潜力). I want to encourage everyone out there to pursue education to the highest level. Anyway, higher education helps increase knowledge about life; it provides an insight into how to embrace various opportunities in life and thus makes one achieve his/her goals 32. What does the author mainly want to tell us in the first paragraph? A. He really wanted to go to college B. His college life was busy and happy C. The college education benefited him a lot. D. The college education helped realize his dreams. 33. What does the underlined word“inclined” in Para. 2 probably mean ? A. Free. B. Curious. C. Proud. D .Willing. 34. According to the text, which of the following is the advantage of college? A. It contributes to one ’s success. B. It makes one an expert in his field. 小学+初中+高中
小学+初中+高中 C. It helps reduce the unemployment rate. D. It lets one no longer fear the new surroundings. 35. What is the author’s purpose in writing the text? A. To introduce his college life. B. To encourage people to go to college. C. To explain how college changed his life. D. To show what to expect from college life . 第二节 （共5小题；每小题2分，满分10分） 根据短文内容，从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。 It takes time to re ally get to know someone, but first impressions often determine whether someone is willing to spend more time learning about you. In fact, peop le’s first impressions are made within seven seconds of meeting someone new. 36
Show respect. People want to feel respected before they show you the same respect. 37 are. Be enthusiastic. 38 Don’t be afraid to show that you are interested in someone. In fact, people often see passion (激情) as a charming sign of strength and inspiration. Showing your enthusiasm by smiling or using friendly humor will make you seem easygoing. 39 Body language is as important as your words to first impressions. Make sure Be sure to treat everyone around you well, because it shows a lot about who you
your posture is good, make strong eye contact( 眼神接触 ) and try to express your interest in others. Try to avoid the bad days. If something unfortunate happens, you don’t have to follow a scheduled meeting on the day. 40 Let them know you don’t want unfavorable things to affect them. It’ ll show your ability to communicate effectively. A. Make others comfortable B. Instead, you can set another time C. Pay attention to your body language D. Show interest in the person you meet E. When you go out for dinner, be polite to waiters 小学+初中+高中
小学+初中+高中 F. Be polite and show manners with“please and thank you’’. G. Here are some tips on how to make a good first impression. 第三部分 语言知识运用 （共两节，满分 45 分） 第一节（共 20 小题；每小题 1.5 分，共 30 分） 阅读下列短文，从每题所给的四个选项 A,B,C,D 中，选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。 第一节完形填空(共20小题;每小题1.5分，满分30分) A few weeks ago, Warren was writing the invitation cards for her coming marriage ceremony with Jones. She mistakenly used an old 41 of Jones’s aunt and uncle in nearby Eugene. But when a stranger 42 the mail, she didn’t just 43 it into the garbage like many people would have done. She carefully opened the 44 and saw the content of the card. Then the lady took time to return the 45 , along with＄20 and a sweet note, “I wish I 46 you. This is going to be my congratulations — go and have a 47 on me. I’ve been married for 40 years — it gets better with age.’’ There were also some 48 ,“Live long and be happy” on the corner of the card. 49 confused by the returned wedding 50 that
Warren told her local reporter that she was
invitation card when opening it. “ But after I saw the note, I was just
she would do that for a stranger, ” Warren said. “Jones 51 why someone was sending us 52 . Then I read the message to him, and he was 53 .” Thinking that the 54 stranger also included ＄20 as a little gift for the 55 , the young couple decided to put the money to good use by going out to eat as the lady said. Warren and Jones still d on’t know the 56 of the kind lady, but Warren sent a
thank-you note to the 57 address to let the sender know how much her genero sity was 58 .The young couple plan to 59 in June and thanks to the kindness of the 60 start.
stranger, their marriage has a(n)
41. A. photo 42. A. opened 43. A. throw
B. address B. searched B. push
C. date C. received C. change
D. custom D. discovered D. mix
小学+初中+高中 44. A. door 45. A. suggestion 46. A. forgot 47. A. lesson 48. A. words 49. A. gradually 50. A. happy 51. A. believed 52. A. flowers 53. A. regretful 54. A. generous 55. A. meeting 56. A. job 57. A. secret 58. A. appreciated 59. A. travel 60.A. early B. bag B. gift B. knew B. trip B. choices B. slightly B. disappointed B. realized B. money B. peaceful B. honest B. wedding B. age B. correct B. understood B. marry B.formal C. garbage C. invitation C. stayed with C. dream C. praise C. firstly C. worried C. considered C. notes C. powerful C. lovely C. party C. name C. new C. ignored C. move C.sweet D. envelope D. book D. played with D. dinner D. advice D. finally D. ashamed D. wondered D. food D. grateful D. successful D. festival D. location D. same D. doubted D. work D.fresh
第二节 (共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分) 阅读下面短文，在空白处填入1个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。 Who is smarter? A human being or artificial intelligence (AI)? The question 61 (sweep) across the world a few weeks ago when a Google- developed program called AlphaGo defeated the best player in the world. So, what comes next? Some people are worried, saying that the rapid development of artificial intelligence could mean the end 62 the human race. So are we really about to live in the world 63 (show) in the movies? “Not quite,” answered John Mark off of The New York Times, 64 is optimistic
about the future. “ We think that, for the human being, things like sight and balance are natural 65 ordinary in our life. Also, we humans are better at making 66
(adjust) to the surroundings. We have a long way to go before AI can 67 (true) begin 小学+初中+高中
小学+初中+高中 to be similar to the human brain, even though the technology can be great.” “Our fate (命运) is in our own 68 (hand),” he added. “Since technology depends on the value of world.’’ 第四部分 写作（共两节，满分35分） 第一节 短文改错（共10小题；每小题1分，满分10分） 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文，请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10 处语言错误。每处错误只涉及一个单词的增加，删减或修改。 增加：在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在下面写出该加的词。 删除：把多余的词用斜线（＼）划掉。 修改：在错的词下面划一横线，并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意：1．每处错误及其修改均仅限一词。 2．只允许修改10处，多者（从第11处起）不计分。 There are various interested ways for students to celebrate their graduation. Some have a dinner 69 (it) creators, we can use technology 70 (improve) the
party, some travel to faraway places, and others bought expensive gifts for themselves. As for me,
I will choose travel as a way celebrate my graduation. My reason are as follows. First, I have
plenty of time to travel as long as we like. Second, I can learn to live a very independently life on
the journey. Beside, it is a good chance for me to think about my past life and future while travel.
It’s obvious what I can benefit a lot of from traveling.
小学+初中+高中 第二节 书面表达（满分25分） 假定你是李华。你在英国参加国际交流活动期间,打算参观大英博物馆。你在网上看到一 则相关的广告,但有一些信息不明确。请给大英博物馆的负责人发一封邮件,询问有关情况。 注意 1.词数100左右; 2.可适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。
Visit the British Museum The Museum is closed on 1 January and 24,25 & 26 December ,but open other day of the year. Open times Open daily 10:00-17:30. Open late on Friday until 20:30
2018 -2019 学年度上学期高二第一次考试英语科目答案
6-10 CBCAB 11-15 AACBA 16-20 CACBB
31-35 ACDAB 36-40 GFDCB
63. shown 68. hands
64. who 69. its
65. and 70. to improve
短文改错 第一句: interested →interesting 第二句: bought→buy 第三句 celebrate 前加 to 第四句 reason →reasons 第五句:we →I 第六句: independently→independent 小学+初中+高中
小学+初中+高中 第七句: Beside→ Besides; travel→ traveling 第八句: what→that;去掉 of
One possible version: Dear Sir/Madam， Your advertisement on the Internet has caught my attention. I am planning to visit the British Museum. Now I am writing to find out more information about it. Firstly, I am just wondering whether it is open on the weekend and when it is open on Fridays Secondly, could you tell me how much the visitor has to pay for the admission? Besides, I want to know how long it takes to visit the museum I would be grateful if you could provide more information for me. I am looking forward to your early reply Yours, Li Hua