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必修三Module6-Reading and vocabulary


水调歌头【游泳】毛泽东 一九五六年六月 才饮长沙水,又食武昌鱼。万里长江横渡 ,极目楚天舒。不管风吹浪打,胜似闲庭信步 ,今日得宽馀。子在川上曰:逝者如斯夫! 风樯动,龟蛇静,起宏图。一桥飞架南北 ,天堑变通途。更立西江石壁,截断巫山云雨 ,高峡出平湖。神女应无恙,当惊世界殊。

Walls of stone to hold back clouds and rain till a smooth lake rises in the narrow gorges

The three Gorges Dam

Learning aims:
1. Master the new words.
canal gorge hydro-electric reservoir construction relic generate harness historical poem submerge dream of come true hold back

2.Get the main idea of the text. 3.Advantages and disadvantages of the Three Gorges Dam.

The Three Gorges Dam
Before-reading

1

Check the meaning of the words.
construction relic site temple

carvings

Decide if the sentences are true or false. F 1. Carvings are made by animals. 2. Construction is another word for building. T 3. Relics are things that were made in the last F 100 years. 4. Site is another word for location. T 5. A temple is a place of great importance to Buddhists. T

2

Check the meaning of the words.

dream (v) energy generate harness historical narrow poem power power station submerge suggest

Now answer the questions.
1. Mao Zedong wrote a poem in which he dreamed of ―walls of stone …‖. Did Mao Zedong actually see the walls of stone? No, he didn’t. 2. The power of the Yangtze River has been harnessed by the Three Gorges Dam. Does this mean that the power can be used or not? It means the power can be used . 3. Sun Yat-sen first suggested the idea in 1919. Did Sun Yat-sen think of the idea himself or hear it from someone else? He thought it himself. 4. About 800 historical relics have been submerged. Is it possible to see the relics now that they have been submerged? No, it isn’t.

The Three Gorges Dam
Fast-reading

Read the text carefully, match the paragraphs with their general ideas

para. 1 para. 2 para. 3

advantages
disadvantages brief introduction

para. 4
para. 5

Read the text and then choose the best answers.

1.Who dreamed of harnessing the power of the Yangtze River? A. Sun Yat-sen B. B Mao Zedong C. Deng Xiaoping D. A great designer 2.How many tons of coal was used for heating and generating electricity in 1993? A 1.2 billion B. 20 billion A. C. 40 billion D. About 800 billion

3. What problem does burning coal cause? A. Air pollution. B. Increasing global warming. C. Destroying the balance of nature. D. D Both A and B. 4. Which of the following famous historical sites is NOT mentioned in the passage? A. The Qu Yuan Temple. B. The Han Watchtower. C. The Grand Canal. C D. The Moya Cliff carving.

The Three Gorges Dam
Careful-reading

3

Read the passage again and write questions for the answers:

was the Three Georges Dam built Why _______________________________________ ?
To control flooding and provide hydro-electric power.

is the Dam 1. How high ______________________________ ? Two
hundred metres.

wide is the Dam 2. How _______________________________________ ?
One and a half kilometres.

3

Read the passage again and write questions for the answers:

first suggested the idea 4. Who _______________________________________ ?
Sun Yat-sen. 5. How much

Of China’s energy is produced by burning coal? __________________________________________
Three quarters.

Villages were flooded when the 6. How many__________________________________ ?
Four thousand.

dam was built

Read para.1 and 2 and finish the chart

aims
height width

controlling flooding and providing hydro-electric power for the central region of China 200 meters

1.5 kilometers

Mao Zedong wrote a poem in which he _______ dreamed of “walls of stone to _________ hold back clouds and rain till a smooth lake rises in the narrow gorges”. Now his dream has _________. come true The Three Gorges Dam, _____ which is the biggest construction project in China since the Great Wall and the Grand Canal, ____ has been completed now. The dam is nearly high 200 meters ____ and 1.5 kilometerswide ____.

Read Para.3 and fill in the blanks

Sun Yat-sen, ____ was the leader of the who suggested 1911 Revolution, first ________ the idea of a dam ______ the Yangtze River in across 1919. Three quarters of China’s energy is produced by burning coal. _______ Unfortunately _____________ burning coal causes global serious air pollution and increases ______ warming.

Read Para. 4 and 5 judge T or F
1.More than a thousand people who lived in the region have moved from their homes.( F ) 2.The Three Gorges Dam is the most beautiful areas in China. ( F ) 3.About 800 historical relics are being removed and some are being put into museums.( F )

Detailed-reading
Read the text carefully and finish the following exercise.

What are the advantages and the disadvantages of the dam? Advantages: Control flood; produce power;
cause less pollution

Disadvantages:

Cost more money; flood towns & villages; make people move away; submerge historical relics

Language points

1. dream of 向往,梦想

She dreams of becoming famous one day.

His dream of being a doctor has come true. 2. hold back 阻挡,控制(情感),隐瞒 1.The police tried to hold the crowd back. 2.We tried to hold back our laughter. 3.Tell me the truth – don’t hold anything back.

3. harness vt. 利用(河流、瀑布等)产生 动力(尤指电力) Some scientists are working hard at how tide can be harnessed to produce electricity.
4. providing/provided = suppose = if 假如,如果, 以……为条件

有些科学家正在努力研究怎样利用潮汐发电。

5. more than any other more than any 1. 超过 2. 不仅仅 3. 非常 与其…不如 more ...than no more than not more than nothing more than 只不过 more than

6. suggest

名词 n. 现在分词 V-ing that从句 + (should) do 疑问词 + to do

医生建议彻底休息。
The doctor suggested a complete rest. 他提议下一步干什么了吗? Did he suggest what to do next?

我们都建议尽快送他去医院。 We all suggested that he (should) be taken to hospital as soon as possible.

他建议去北京旅游而不是呆在家里。
He suggested making a trip to Beijing instead of staying at home. 这些美丽的花儿使人想到春天已经来了。 The beautiful flowers suggest that spring has come to the north.

7. equal to 等于,相同的,胜任的

It’s equal to me whether he comes or not. He is equal to this task. He is equal to doing this task.
equal vt. 等于,比得上,与…匹敌 Two and two equals four. None of us can equal her as a dancer. He is equaled by no one in kindness.

8. live a + adj. + life 过着…样的生活

live a hard life live a happy life live a healthy life live a quiet life live a simple life

9. historical vs historic Historic 指历史上有重要意义的,也用于形容 那些因与历史事件或人物有联系而有名或有 趣的事物: Historical是指不管重要与否而在过去存在的 所有事物,也指与历史或对过去的研究有关的 事物。 但这两个词并不是截然不同的。它们经常可 换用:historic times 或 historical times.

10. remove
Our office has removed from Qingdao to Shanghai. Remove your hand from my shoulder. He removed his hat and gloves. These reforms will not remove poverty and injustice.

1. 迁移,移居

2. 拿走,移动

3. 脱掉,摘掉

4. 除掉,排除

5. 免职,解雇
The manager was removed from his post yesterday.

D 1.How many people can this hall ________? A. be seated B. containing C. held D. accommodate 2. 1841 was a ______ year for China. C A. history B. historic C. historicalD. historian 3.— __ do you _____ this plan? D — Very practical. A. How, think of B. What, think of C. How, like D. B and C

C 4. The whole town _____ by the flood after it has been raining for 3 days nonstop. A. was buried B. had submerged C. was submerged D. flooded 5. The young must be responsible for their parents and _______ them. C A. provide B. provide to C. provide for D. provide with

6. I never dreamed of _____ such a beautiful place in such a wild area. A. there to be B. there being C. it to be D. it being 7. Mother tried to express herself in English, but it ______ all wrong. A A. came out B. work out C. gave out D. put out

B

work out 解决,努力完成 turn out 关上,证明是 come out

1.[花]开放, 2.出版 3.[消息]传出 4. [秘密]公开 5. [真相]大白

翻译句子: 1.这个大厅能够容纳200名客人。 2.如果再给我一次机会,我一定会做得 很精彩。 3.我非常乐意帮助你。 4.与其说他是位老师,倒不如说他是位 朋友。 5.他只有20岁。 6.我剩下不到20块钱。 7.他只不过是一名老师。

Homework
1. Retell the whole passage according to the table. 2. Finish exercises in workbook on pages 98-100. 3. Preview Grammar in this module.


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