北师大版必修一 Unit2 单元测试题(含答案解析)
第一部分：听力（共两节，满分 30 分） 第一节：听对话或独白（共 15 小题：每小题 1.5 分,满分 22.5 分） 听下面 5 段对话或独白，每段对话或独白后有几个小题，从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个 选项中选出最佳选项，并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前，你将有时间阅读各个 小题，每小题 5 秒钟；听完后，各个小题将给出 5 秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两 遍。 请听下面一段对话，回答第 1-3 题 1. What is wrong with woman ? A. She is wet all over. B. She has a bad headache. C. She has had a cough for three days. 2. What does the man tell the woman to do? A. Stay in bed for some time and take some medicine. B. Go around from time to time. C. Come to see him tomorrow morning. 3. Where does the conversation most probably take place? A. In a garden B. In the man’s office C. In the woman’s house 请听下面一段对话，回答 4-6 题 4. How many days does the man go to school every week in his country? A. Five days B. Five days and a half C. Six days 5. Where is the woman going? A. To a cinema B. To the school C. To her house 6. When will the woman begin to go to school? A. Friday B. Wednesday C. Monday 请听下面一段独白，回答第 7-9 题 7. When can people see how bread was baked 200 years ago? A. On Sunday afternoon B. On Tuesday morning C. On Saturday afternoon 8. Where did Sir Henry come from? A. England B. The USA C. France 9. How many historical places are mentioned here? A. Three B. Two C. Four 请听下面一段对话，回答第 10-12 题 10. Who is the woman ? A. John’s mother B. John’s sister C. John’s teacher 11. What is the possible relationship between the two speakers? A. A couple B. Classmates C. Teachers 12. What do we know about John? A. He gave his teacher a gift. B. He failed in the exam again. C. He has studied harder than before. 请听下面一段独白，回答第 13-15 题
13. Why is a bicycle sometimes better than a car in the town? A. It has a basket at the front. B. It is much cheaper than a car. C. It is often faster than a car. 14. When does the speaker ’s husband use the bicycle? A. When he goes for an outing. B. When he goes to his office. C. When he goes to see his friends. 15. What can we learn from what the speaker said? A. Riding saves her a lot of money. B. Riding does her a lot of good. C. Cycling is her favourite sport. 第二节：听取信息(共 5 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 7.5 分) 听下面一段材料。 请根据题目要求，从所听到的内容中获取必要的信息，填入答题 纸标号为 16-20 的空格中。听力材料读两遍 When Winnie the Pool turned_______16____, _____17____ was celebrated. Winnie is ____18_____ with little brain. This role was created by writer A. A. Milne, who was inspired by ____19_____ to the London Zoo with his _____20____ , Christopher Robin. The adventures of Winnie were based on stories that Milne had told Christopher Robin. 第二部分 英语知识运用 第一节：单项填空 (共 15 小题, 满分 15 分) 1. All countries, big or small, should __________each other. A.be equal to B.agree with C. be important to D.equal with 2.Great changes have taken place in China since the People’s Republic of China ____________in 1949. A.was found B.was founded C.founded D.found 3. It’s no use _______; I won’t change my mind. A. protecting B. to protect C. protesting D. to protest 4. Courage is one of the ___________ of a good soldier, especially in the field of battle. A. interests B. success C. difficulties D. qualities 5.Students should be encouraged to finish their homework _________. A. of themselves B. of their own C. for their own D. on their own 6．Mike didn’t play football yesterday because he had ___________ his leg. A. damaged B. hurt C. hit D. struck 7．When it __________ German, I know nothing. A. comes to B.goes to C.refers to D.comes across 8．The doctor had almost lost hope at one point, but the patient finally _________. A. pulled out B. pulled through C. pulled up D. pulled over 9．What shall we use for power when all the oil in the world has __________? A. given out B. put out C. held up D. used up 10．She worked hard and was soon ___________________. A. improved B. impressed C. promoted D. promised 11.Don’t ___________ their quarrel. It’s none of your business.
A. involve B. be involved in C. involved in D. involved on 12.——Are you going to the concert to be held in the hall? —— No. The ticket is __________ expensive for me. A. far too B. very much C. a lot of more D. too much 13. I________ you not to move my dictionary-now I can't find it. A. asked B. ask C. was asking D. had asked 14. — How are you today? —Oh, I ______as ill as I do now for a very long time．(NMET 2000 20) A．didn't fell B．wasn't feeling C．don't fell D．haven't felt 15. —Hey, look where you are going ! —Oh, I'm terribly sorry．___．(NMET1999, 24) A．I'm not noticing B．I wasn't noticing C．I haven't noticed D．I don't notice 第二节 完形填空 (共 20 小题, 满分 30 分) 阅读下面短文，掌握其大意，然后从 36-55 各题所给的四个选项中，选出最佳答案。 Mother Teresa’s Speech: Beautiful Smile and Love The poor ____36____very wonderful people. One evening we went out and we ____37___four people from the street. And one of them was ____38____a most terrible condition, and I told the sister: You take care of ___39__three. I take care of this one who __40___. So I did for her ____41__ my love can do. I put her in bed, and there was such a beautiful smile on her face. She_____42__ my hand ____43___ she said just the words “thank you”and she died. I could not help ___44___ my conscience before her and I asked what I would say if I was _____45___. And my answer was simple. I____46__ to draw a little attention to myself. I would have said I am hungry, that I am dying, I am cold, I am in pain, or ___47__, but she gave me ___48___——she gave me her grateful love. And she died ___49__on her face.___50___ that man whom we picked up from the drain(下水道), half __51_with worms, and we brought him to the home.“I have lived like ____52__ in the street, ____53__I am going to die like an angel, loved and cared for.”And it was so __54_ to see the greatness of that man who could speak like that ,_55_____could die like that without blaming anybody, without cursing anybody, without comparing anything. Like an angel——this is the greatness of our people. And that is why we believe what Jesus said: I was hungry,I was naked, I was homeless, I was unwanted, unloved, uncared for, and you did it to me. 36．A. was B. were C. are D. is 37．A. met B. rescued C. rushed to D. picked up 38．A. under B. with C. in D. on 39．A. other B. the other C. another D. others 40．A. seemed worse B. remained good C. appears the worst D. looked worse 41．A. something B. that C. what D. all what 42．A. shook B. took hold of C. dropped D. looked at 43．A. as B. while C. since D. though 44．A. but examine B. examine
C. to examine D. except examine 45. A. herself B. her mother C. in her place D. in her heart 46.A. would have tried B. would try C. would manage D. would have managed 47. A. anything B. something else C. nothing else D. what else 48. A. what I wanted B. the more C. everything D. much more 49. A. smiling B. with a smile C. smiled D. to smile 50. A. So was B. So died C. So did D. Neither did 51. A was eaten B. being eaten C. eaten D. to be eaten 52. A. an animal B. an angle C. Santa Claus D. a beggar 53. A. however B. but C. fortunately D. though 54. A. awful B. painful C. wonderful D. hopeful 55. A. that B. which C. whose D. who 第三节 阅读理解（共 20 小题,每小题 2 分满分 40 分） A Long long ago, a God called Ratu lived in the sky. Ratu liked to play games and make people angry. The game he liked best was to fly down into the sea and frighten all the fishes. The fishes became very tired of his game. They asked Hemi, the God of the sea, to help them. So Hemi tried to catch Ratu the next time he flew into the sea, but he was too slow. Ratu laughed at Hemi as he flew past him. This made Hemi angry and he had an idea. He asked the fishes to bring him a lot of seaweed. Hemi tied it all together and made a large net from it. Soon Ratu flew down and Hemi threw the net over him. Ratu fought and fought but could not get free. He was caught. Ratu promised (保证) never to frighten fishes again if Hemi would set him free. But Hemi did not believe him. Instead, he changed Ratu into a mountain in the sea. Ratu was so angry that when he opened his mouth to shout at Hemi, fire and smoke broke out. And that is why the Island of Ratu is a volcano (火山). 56. This story is a ________. A. joke B. humor C. true story D. fairy tale 57. The key meaning of this story is ________. A. how volcanoes are born B. how Ratu was beaten C. why some gods are good and some are bad D. why the Island of Ratu is a volcano 58. Ratu liked to fly down into the sea because ________. A. he liked to make fun of the fishes B. the fishes welcomed him C. the fishes were friendly to him D. he had too much fire in his mouth. 59. Why did Hemi not believe Ratu’s promise? A. Because Ratu was a funny god. B. Because Hemi was an honest god. C. Because Hemi was not believable. D. Because Ratu was not believable. 60. The main point of the story seems to be that ________. A. the person who makes trouble will be punished
B. some volcanoes in the sea are gods C. seaweed is a good material for making nets D. one who makes promises is not to be always believed B Today it can be said that wheels run America. The four rubber tyres of the motorcar move America through work and play. Wheels spin (旋转) and people drive off to their jobs. Tyres turn, and people shop for the week’s food at the big supermarkets. Each year more wheels crowd the highways as 10 million cars come out of the factories. One out of six Americans work at assembling (组装) cars, driving trucks, building roads, or pumping gas. America without cars? It is unthinkable. But more people have begun to realize that the motorcar is a mixed blessing (赐福). Traffic accidents are increasing and large cities are suffering from traffic jam. Worst of all, perhaps, is the air pollution caused by car engines. Some of the gases given off by cars are poisonous and dangerous to health, especially for someone with a weak heart. 61. The passage could be given a title as ________. A. America with cars B. Wheels Run America C. Cars, a Mixed Blessing D. Main Cause of Air Pollution 62. What means of transportation is more popular in America? A. cars B. Planes C. Trains D. Bicycles 63. Cars are very important to Americans because ________. A. they go to work by car B. they go shopping by car C. both A and B D. about one sixth of the Americans at work are related to cars 64. The expression “a mixed blessing” means ________ A. something that only brings discomfort B. something that brings comfort and happiness C. something that people can’t hear D. something that brings both comfort and discomfort 65. According to the passage, what’s the most terrible thing that cars bring to American people? A. Traffic accidents B. Traffic jams C. Air pollution D. Noise pollution C Welcome aboard the Luxury Cruise bus to Dallas, Rouge, and Atlanta. We plan to arrive in Dallas at 1:45 this afternoon. There will be a fifteen-minute rest stop at that time. We will give a thirty-minute dinner stop in Rouge at 6:15 for those of you who are continuing on to Atlanta. We should arrive in Atlanta at 1:15 tomorrow morning. Please remember the number of your bus for re-boarding. That number is 3224. This bus is air-conditioned for your comfort. Please remember that smoking of cigarettes is permitted only in the last six rows, and the smoking of any other material is not allowed, as is the drinking of wine. 66. The passengers will have a fifteen-minute rest stop at the city of ________. A. Atlanta B. Rouge C. Baton D. Dallas
67. Which of the following is permitted in the last six rows? A. Smoking of cigarettes. B. Smoking of any material. C. Having a thirty-minute dinner. D. Drinking of wine. 68. The number 3224 should be remembered for ________. A. telephoning B. writing a letter C. returning to the bus after a rest stop D. finding the hotel 69. The bus must be comfortable because ________. A. there will be a rest stop between the cities B. smoking of cigarettes is permitted C. the air-temperature in the bus can be controlled D. the passages will have a free dinner 70. How long will it take the passengers to go to Atlanta from the city of Rouge? A. 5 hours B. 6 hours and a half C. 17 hours D. 18 hours D For years and years people have been saying that the railways are dead. “We can do without railways.” people say, as if motorcars and planes have made the railways unnecessary. We all keep hearing that trains are slow, that they lose money, and that they’re dying. But this is far from the truth. In these days of expensive oil, the railways have become highly competitive (变得很有竞争力) with motorcars and planes. If you want to carry people or goods from place to place, they’re cheaper than planes. And they have much in common with planes. A plane goes in a straight line and so does a railway. What is more, it takes you from the heart of a city into the heart of another. It doesn’t leave you as a plane does, miles and miles from the city center. It doesn’t hold you up as a car does, in endless traffic jams. And a single train can carry goods which a plane or motorcar could never do. Far from being dead, the railways are much alive. Modern railway lines give you a smooth, untroubled journey. Where else can you eat well, sleep in comfort, feel safe and enjoy the scene while you are traveling at high speed at the same time? And we are only at the beginning, for we have just entered the age of super fast trains, trains traveling at 150 miles an hour and more. Soon we will be wondering why we spent so much on motorcars or planes. 71. Some people think the railways are unnecessary for many reasons except that ________. A. planes and motorcars have taken the place of trains B. oil is expensive today C. trains are slow D. railways lose money 72. The writer’s idea seems to be that ________. A. we can do without railways B. trains have much in common with motorcars and planes C. motorcars and planes are not as good as trains D. trains are not as good as motorcars and planes 73. According to the writer, which of the following is not true?
A. It is cheaper to travel by train than by plane. B. The railway station is usually at the center of a city. C. When you get off the plane, you’ll find yourself right in the city center. D. No motorcar or plane can carry as many goods as a train does. 74. The writer thinks that the railways, far from being dead, are much alive because ________. A. we can have a smooth and untroubled journey B. we’ll travel cheaply C. we start to travel in super--fast trains D. all of the above 75. The best title for this passage may be “________”. A. Not the End but the Beginning B. Which is the Best: Train, Motorcar or Plane C. Trains are More Competitive than Motorcars or Planes D. Oh, Super—fast Train 第三部分 非选择题（共两节 45 分） 第一节 阅读表达（共 5 小题， 每小题 3 分，满分 15 分） Everyone has got two personalities(性格)- the one that is shown to the world and the other that is secret and real. You don’t show your secret personality when you're a-wake because you can control your behaviour, but when you're asleep, your sleeping position shows the real you. In a normal night, of course, people frequently change their position. The important position is the one that you go to sleep in. ● If you go to sleep on your back, you're a very open person. You normally trust people and you are easily influenced by fashion or new ideas. You don’t like to upset people, so you never express your real feelings. You’re quite shy and you aren’t very confident. ● Oil you sleep on your stomach, you are a rather secretive person. You worry a lot and you're always easily upset. You're very stubborn, but you aren't very ambitious. You usually live for today not for tomorrow. This means that you enjoy having a good time. ●If you sleep on curling(蜷缩)up, you are probably a very nervous person. You have a low opinion of yourself and so you're often defensive. You're shy and you don't normally like meeting people. You prefer to___________________. ●If you sleep on your side, you have usually got a well-balanced personality. You know your strengths and weakness. You're usually careful. You have a confident personality. You sometimes feel anxious, but you don't often get depressed. You always say what you think even if it annoys people. 76. What is the best title of the passage? (Please answer within 10 words. ) _____________________________________________ 77. Which sentence in the passage can be replaced by the following one? You always stick to your own opinion, but you don't have far-reaching goals. ____________________________________________ 78. Please fill in the blank with proper words or phrases to complete the sentence.
(Please answer within 10 words.) _____________________________________________ 79. Which of the positions do you think is true to you? How can you improve the weakness of your personalities? (Please answer within 30 words.) __________________________________ _____________ 80. Translate the underlined sentence in the first paragraph into Chinese. _____________________________________________ 第二节 写作（满分 30） 假定你叫杨杨，家住北京市新华路 5 号，请用英语给你的美国笔友 Mike 写一封信。信 中必须包括以下内容： 1． 从上封信中得知 Mike 所在的足球队获胜的消息非常高兴，希望他能继续努力。 2． 你搬进了新家。 3． 上周邀请一些外国朋友吃饭，饭后你们谈到了 Mike 和他的父母。 注意：1. 不能逐条翻译。 2. 字数 80～100 字。 June 23rd, 2006 Dear Mike,
参考答案: 第一部分：听力 1-5 CACBB 6-10 CCABC 11-15 ACCAB 16. 80 17. a special birthday 18.a bear 19.a visit 20.four-year-old son. 第二部分 英语知识运用 第一节： 1.A 根据题干的意思，国家无论大小，都互相平等，所以用 be equal to。 2.B “成立”用动词 found，其一般过去时的被动语态为 was founded。 3.C It’s no use doing sth. “做某事是没用的” 。 句意： “抗议是没用的， 我不会改变主意的。 ” 4.D quality 表示“品格，品质” ，为可数名词。 5.D 此题考查固定短语 on their own “独自，独立，靠自己” 。该句意为“应该鼓励孩子自 己独立完成作业” 。 6.B hurt“使……受伤”该句意为“麦克昨天没有踢足球因为他的腿受伤了” 。而 damage “破坏，损害” ；hit“击打” ；strike“袭击” 7.A 此题考查短语 come to“谈到，说道，涉及” ，该句意为“说道德语，我一无所知” 。 8.B 此题考察 pull through 从（受伤）中活下来；渡过难关。该句意为“医生曾一度失去希 望，但是这个病人最终活了下来” 。 9.A 此题考查对 out 相关短语的辨析。give out 用完，耗尽。该句意为“当世界上所有的 石油都用完时我们用什么来做能源？” 10.C 此题考查本单元词汇 promote“提升，晋升，提拔” ，该句意为“她工作很努力，不 久就得到了提拔。 ” 11.B 此题考查短语 be involved in“参与，参加，被卷入” ，该句意为“不要参与他们的争 吵。那不管你的事。 ” 12.A far too“太……”,可以修饰 adj.。该句意为“对于我来说，这票太贵了。 ” 13. A。抓住关键词 now 去分析。题意为:我(刚才)叫你别动我的词典--现在我找不到了。一 般过去时可表示发生在过去的动作。过去进行时表示过去正在进行或未完成的动作,所以不 能选 C。 14. 此题结构并不算复杂。相当于“I ___(feel) well for a very long time．在基础知识“for a very long time 常与完成时连用”的前提下稍加分析, 就可得出答案为 D。 15. 就察觉自己的失误前的短暂行为致歉, 表刚才的短暂动作。答案为 B。 第二节 完形填空 36. 题中 the poor 指穷人这“一类人” ，所以谓语用复数形式。这是一篇演讲开头，用一般 现在时。 37.D 我们从街上带回四个人来救治。 38.C in...condition 表示“处于??状态/情况” 。 39.B 四个人我救了一个，特指剩下的所有的三个人。 40.D seem 有“看起来”的意思，但是以事实为基础的，从外表上看用 look；B 项与语 意不符合，C 项时态不对。 41.C 宾语从句引导词的选择，意思是“我为她做了我的爱所能做的一切” 。 42.B 她握着我的手。
as 引导时间状语从句。 我情不自禁地在她面前审视起自己的良知来。can’t help but do sth 是固定搭配，意 为“除了做某事，别无选择；忍不住做某事” 。 45.C 如果我是她的话，会说些什么呢？ in one’s place 意思是“处于某人的处境” 。 46.A 根据意思“我会尽量引起旁人对我的关注”和所使用的对过去情况的虚拟来选择。 47.B 表示“诸如此类的话” 。 48.D 但是她给我的远不止这些，却是更多更多——她给了我她的感激之情。 49.B 此题考查“with + 名词 +介词短语”的结构。 50.C 此处考查“So+did+主语”句型。我们从排水沟带回的那个男子也是如此。 51.C 过去分词作定语。 52.A 我一直像个动物一样地活着，但我将像个天使一样地死去。 53.B 转折关系。however 后应有逗号。 54.C 有人爱，有人关心，真是太好了。 55.D 非限制性定语从句，且 who 表示人，并在从句中作主语。 第三节 阅读理解 56. D. 这是一道理解题。从文章内容看，这是一则神话故事。 57. D. 这是一道总结概括题。文章主要介绍的是 the Island of Ratu 形成火山的原因。 58. A. 这是一道细节题。从文中第一段第二、三两句 “Ratu liked to play games and makepeople angry. The game he liked best was to fly down into the sea and frighten all the fishes.” 可知答案。 59. D. 这是一道推断题。从文中第三段第一句 “Ratu promised never to frighten fishes again if Hemi would set him free.” 可推断出答案。 60. A. 这是一道理解题。根据故事含意可知选项为 A。 61. B. 这是一道总结概括题。文中第一句为主题句。 62. A. 这是一道理解题。从文中第一段内容可知，美国最受欢迎的交通工具是轿车。 63. C. 这是一道理解题。从文中第一段内容可知，美国人要坐轿车上班、购物等，因此轿 车对他们来说十分重要。 64. D. 这是一道短语理解题。该短语的意思是“既有利又有弊的事情” 。 65. C. 这是一道细节题。从文中第二段“Worst of all, perhaps, is the air pollution caused by car engines.” 可知答案。 66. D. 这是一道细节题。从文中第一段一、二两句“We plan to arrive in Dallas at 1:45 this afternoon. There will be a fifteen-minute rest stop at that time.”可知答案。 67. A. 这是一道细节题。从文中第二段最后一句可作出判断。 68. C. 这是一道细节题。 从文中第一段最后两句“Please remember the number of your bus for re-boarding. That number is 3224.”可知答案。 69. C. 这是一道细节题。从文中第二段第一句 “This bus is air-conditioned for your comfort.”可知答案。 70. B. 这是一道分析题。根据文中的 “a thirty-minute dinner stop in Rouge at 6:15” 和 “arrive in Atlanta at 1:15 tomorrow morning” 这两部分计算出两地时间为 6.5 小时。 71. B. 这是一道细节题。从文中第一段可排除 A、C、D, 故选择 B 项。 72. C. 这是一道理解题。从文中第一段可判断出答案。 73. C. 这是一道细节题。从文中内容可选择出正确答案。 74. D. 这是一道细节题。从文中内容可选择出正确答案。 75. A. 这是一道总结概括题。文章主要介绍的是发展火车事业的优势及其潜力。 43.A 44.A
第三部分 非选择题（共两节 45 分） 第一节：阅读表达 76．Sleeping positions and personalities 解析: 从第一段 your sleeping position shows the real you 一句以及后文的分析可以判断, 一个人的睡觉姿势与性格有关系. 77．You’re very stubborn, but you aren’t very ambitious． 解析: 要答对该题,你要抓住两个点,一是 stick to your own opinion, 再就是 have far-reaching goals,只要搞清楚这两个点的含义,就不难得出问题答案了. 78．be on your own／stay alone 解析: 根据上文 You're shy and you don't normally like meeting people.一句很容易能够判 断出下文应该是 You prefer to be on your self / stay alone. 79．(该题为开放性问题,要求学生根据自己的情况作答,一般没有标准答案,只要考生能够自 己属于哪种睡姿,并且能够根据这种睡姿所显示的缺点提出相应的正确改正的意见即可) 80．当你醒着时，你不会表露出你隐藏的性格，因为你能控制自己的行为；但是当你睡着 时，你的睡姿会显露出真正的你。 第二节 写作（满分 25） June 23rd, 2006 Dear Mike, I have just got your letter. I was so excited to know that your football team won the game. Keep it up! My family has just moved into a new apartment, and now I have a room of my own. Last week we invited some foreign friends to have dinner in our new apartment. In the course of the dinner, we talked about you and your parents. One of the friends said he knew your father. We all wish you could soon have dinner with us again. Do write soon and let me know how you are getting on. Yours ever, Yang yang