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2009年6月大学英语四级真题


2009 年 6 月 真题 Part Ⅰ Writing Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay entitled Free Admissions to Museums? You should write at least 120 words following the outline given below. 1.越来越多的博物馆现在免费向公众开放,目的是?? 2. 有人认为这样做会带来一些问题 3. 在我看来 Free Admissions to Museums? Part Ⅱ Reading Comprehension (Skimming and Scanning) Directions: In this section you will have 15 minutes to go over the passage quickly and answer the questions on Answer Sheet 1. For questions 1-7, choose the best answer from the four choices marked A), B), C) and D). For questions 8-10, complete the sentences with the information given in the passage. How Do You See Diversity? As a manager, Tiffany is responsible for interviewing applicants for some of the positions with her company. During one interview, she noticed that the candidate never made direct eye contact. She was puzzled and somewhat disappointed because she liked the individual otherwise. He had a perfect ré suméand gave good responses to her questions, but the fact that he never looked her in the eye said "untrustworthy," so she decided to offer the job to her second choice. "It wasn't until I attended a diversity workshop that I realized the person we passed over was the perfect person," Tiffany confesses. What she hadn't known at the time of the interview was that the candidate's "different" behavior was simply a, cultural misunderstanding. He was an Asian-American raised in a household where respect for those in authority was shown by averting (避开) your eyes. "I was just thrown off by the lack of eye contact; not realizing it was cultural," Tiffany says. "I missed out, but will not miss that opportunity again." Many of us have had similar encounters with behaviors we perceive as different. As the world becomes smaller and our workplaces more diverse, it is becoming essential to expand our understanding of others and to reexamine some of our false assumptions. Hire Advantage At a time when hiring qualified people is becoming more difficult, employers who can eliminate invalid biases (偏见) from the process have a distinct advantage. My company, Mindsets LLC, helps organizations and individuals see their own blind spots. A real estate recruiter we worked with illustrates the positive difference such training can make. "During my Mindsets coaching session, I was taught how to recruit a diversified workforce. I recruited people from different cultures and skill sets. The agents were able to utilize their full potential and experiences to build up the company. When the real estate market began to change, it was because we had a diverse agent pool that we were able to stay in the real estate market much longer than others in the same profession. " Blinded by Gender Dale is an account executive who attended one of my workshops on supervising a diverse workforce. "Through one of the sessions, I discovered my personal bias," he recalls. "I learned I had not been looking at a person as a whole person, and being open to differences." In his case, the blindness was not about culture but rather gender. "I had a management position open in my department; and the two finalists were a man and a woman. Had I not attended this workshop, I would have automatically assumed the man was the best candidate because the position required quite a bit of extensive travel. My reasoning would have been that even though both candidates were great and could have been successful in the position, I assumed the woman would have wanted

to be home with her children and not travel, " Dale's assumptions are another example of the well-intentioned but incorrect thinking that limits an organization's ability to tap into the full potential of a diverse workforce. "I learned from the class that instead of imposing my gender biases into the situation, I needed to present the full range of duties, responsibilities and expectations to all candidates and allow them to make an informed decision." Dale credits the workshop, "because it helped me make decisions based on fairness." Year of the Know-It-All Doug is another supervisor who attended one of my workshops. He recalls a major lesson learned from his own employee. "' One of my most embarrassing moments was when I had a Chinese-American employee put in a request to take time off to celebrate Chinese New Year. In my ignorance, I assumed he had his dates wrong, as the first of January had just passed. When I advised him of this, I gave him a long talking to about turning in requests early with the proper dates. "He patiently waited, then when I was done, he said he would like Chinese New Year off, not the Western New Year. He explained politely that in his culture the new year did not begin January first, and that Chinese New Year, which is tied to the lunar cycle, is one of the most celebrated holidays on the Chinese calendar. Needless to say, I felt very embarrassed in assuming he had his dates mixed up. But I learned a great deal about assumptions, and that the timing of holidays varies considerably from culture to culture. "Attending the diversity workshop helped me realize how much I could learn by simply asking questions and creating dialogues with my employees, rather than malting assumptions and trying to be a know-it-all," Doug admits. "The biggest thing I took away from the workshop is learning how to be more 'inclusive' to-differences." A Better Bottom Line An open mind about diversity not only improves organizations internally, it is profitable as well. These comments from a customer service representative show how an inclusive attitude can improve sales. "Most of my customers speak English as a second language. One of the best things my company has done is to contract with a language service that offers translations over the phone. It wasn't until my boss received Mindsets' training that she was able to understand how important inclusiveness was to customer service. As a result, our customer base has increased. " Once we start to see people as individuals, and discard the stereotypes, we can move positively toward inclusiveness for everyone. Diversity is about coming together and taking advantage of our differences and similarities. It is about building better communities and organizations that enhance us as individuals and reinforce our shared humanity. When we begin to question our assumptions and challenge what we think we have learned from our past, from the media, peers, family, friends, etc. , we begin to realize that some of our conclusions are flawed (有缺 陷的) or contrary to our fundamental values. We need to train ourselves to think differently, shift our mindsets and realize that diversity opens doors for all of us, creating opportunities in organizations and communities that benefit everyone. 1. What bothered Tiffany during an interview with her candidate? A) He just wouldn't look her in the eye. B) He was slow in answering her questions. C) His ré sumédidn't provide the necessary information. D) His answers to some of her questions were irrelevant. 2. Tiffany's misjudgment about the candidate stemmed from______. A) racial stereotypes B) invalid personal bias C) cultural ignorance D) emphasis on physical appearance 3. What is becoming essential in the course of economic globalization according to the author?

A) Hiring qualified technical and management personnel. B) Increasing understanding of people of other cultures. C) Constantly updating knowledge and equipment. D) Expanding domestic and international markets. 4. What kind of organization is Mindsets LLC? A) A real estate agency. B) A personnel training company. C) A cultural exchange organization. D) A hi-tech company. 5. After one of the workshops, account executive Dale realized that______. A) he had hired the wrong person B) he could have done more for his company C) he had not managed his workforce well D) he must get rid of his gender bias 6. What did Dale think of Mindsets LLC's workshop? A) It was well-intentioned but poorly conducted. B) It tapped into the executives' full potential. C) It helped him make fair decisions. D) It met participants' diverse needs. 7. How did Doug, a supervisor, respond to a Chinese-American employee's request for leave? A) He told him to get the dates right. B) He demanded an explanation. C) He flatly turned it down. D) He readily approved it. 8. Doug felt______ when he realized that his assumption was wrong. 9. After attending Mindsets' workshops, the participants came to know the importance of______ to their business. 10. When we view people as individuals and get rid of stereotypes, we can achieve diversity and benefit from the______ between us. Part Ⅲ Listening Comprehension Section A Directions: In this section, you will hear 8 short conversations and 2 long conversations. At the end of each conversation, one or more questions will be asked about what was said. Both the conversation and the questions will be spoken only once. After each question there will be a pause. During the pause, you must read the four choices marked A), B), C) and D), and decide which is the best answer. Then mark the eorresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre. Questions 11 to 18 are based on the conversation you have just heard. 11. A) She expected more people at her party. B) She enjoys entertaining small children. C) She threw a surprise party for her friend. D) She has always enjoyed great popularity. 12. A) They are not used to living in a cold place. B) They feel lucky to live in Florida. C) They are going to have a holiday. D) They have not booked their air tickets yet. 13. A) He was pleased to get the medal. B) He was very courageous. C) He used to be a firefighter. D) He was accused of causing fire. 14. A) Make a profitable investment. B) Buy a new washing machine. C) Get parts for the machine from Japan. D) Have the old washing machine fixed. 15. A) He is pleased with his exciting new job. B) He finds the huge workload unbearable. C) He finds his office much too big for him. D) He is not so excited about his new position. 16. A) The woman is going to hold a big party tomorrow. B) The man has no idea what the right thing to do is. C) The woman doesn't know how to get to the party. D) The man offers to drive the woman to the party. 17. A) Drawing up a business plan. B) Discussing a term paper.

C) Finalizing a contract. D) Reviewing a co-authored article. 18. A) She ordered some paper. B) She had the printer repaired. C) She chatted online with a friend. D) She filled in an application form. Questions 19 to 22 are based on the conversation you have just heard. 19. A) His health is getting worse. B) He can no longer work at sea. C) His past life upsets him a good deal. D) He has not got the expected pension. 20. A) She passed away years ago. C) She has been working at a clinic. B) She used to work as a model. D) She has been seriously ill for years. 21. A) She has made lots of money as a doctor. B) She is going to take care of her old dad. C) She has never got on with her father. D) She is kind and generous by nature. 22. A) He dines out with his wife every weekend. B) He is excellent but looks bad-tempered. C) He does not care about his appearance. D) He is not quite popular with his patients. Questions 23 to 25 are based on the conversation you have just heard. 23. A) The man has sent the order to the woman by mistake. B) Some of the telephone systems don't work properly. C) Some of the packs do not contain any manuals. D) The quality of the goods is not up to the standard. 24. A) Send a service engineer to do the repairs. B) Consult her boss about the best solution. C) Pass the man's order to the right person. D) Solve the problem at her company's cost. 25. A) Ideal. B) Temporary. C) Partial. D) Creative. Section B Directions: In this section, you will hear 3 short passages, at the end of each passage, you will hear some questions. Both the passage and questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a question, you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked A), B), C) and D). Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre. Passage One Questions 26 to 28 are based on the passage you have just heard. 26. A) It is entertaining. B) It is a costly hobby. C) It takes lots of time. D) It requires training. 27. A) They can harm nearby plants. B) They may catch some disease. C) They fight each other for food. D) They may pollute the environment. 28. A) Place the food on warmer spots. B) Use prepared feed mixtures only. C) Avoid using any contaminated food. D) Continue the feeding till it gets warm. Passage Two Questions 29 to 31 are based on the passage you have just heard. 29. A) He will betray even his best friends. B) He is able to make up good excuses. C) He will lie whenever he wants. D) He tries to achieve his goal at any cost. 30. A) She made him apologize. B) She readily forgave him. C) She broke up with him. D) She refused to answer his calls. 31. A) Buy her a new set of tires. B) Help clean her apartment. C) Lend her his batteries. D) Move furniture for her. Passage Three Questions 32 to 35 are based on the passage you have just heard. 32. A) The atmosphere they live in is rather unreal.

B) Their parents put too much pressure on them. C) It's hard for them to get along with other kids. D) They have to live in the shadow of their parents. 33. A) He always boasts about his rich father. B) He will grow up to be good for nothing. C) He has too much to know the value of things. D) He is too young to manage his inherited property. 34. A) She wants Amanda to get professional care. B) She has no experience in raising children. C) She wants to show off her wealth. D) She has no time to do it herself. 35. A) The lifestyle depicted in Hollywood movies. B) The worship of money, beauty and pleasure. C) The attention the media focuses on them. D) The pursuing of perfection in performance. Section C Directions: In this section, you will hear a passage three times. When the passage is read for the first time, you should listen carefully for its general idea. When the passage is read for the second time, you are required to fill the blanks numbered firm 36 to 43 with the exact words you have just heard. For the blanks numbered from 44 to 46 you are required to. fill in the missing information. For these blanks, you cart either use the exact words you have just heard or write down the main points in your own words. Finally, when the passage is read for the third time, you should check what you have written. Around 120 years ago, Ebbinghaus began his study of memory. He (36) on studying how quickly the human mind can remember (37) . One result of his research is known as the total time hypothesis (假设), which simply means the amount you learn (38) on the time you spend trying to learn it. This can be taken as our first rule of learning. Although it is usually true that studying for four hours is better than studying for one, there is still the question of how we should use the four hours. For example, is it better to study for four hours (39) or to study for one hour a day for four days in a (40) ?The answer, as you may have (41) , is that it is better to spread out the study times. This (42) through which we can learn more (43) by dividing our practice time, is known as the distribution of practice effect. Thus, (44) . But we're not finished yet. We haven't considered how we should study over very short periods of time. (45) . Should you look at the same word in rapid succession, or look at the word and then have some delay before you look at it again? (46) . Part Ⅳ Reading Comprehension (Reading in depth) Section A Directions: In this section, there is a passage with ten blanks. You are required to select one word for each blank from a list of choices given in a word bank following the passage. Read the passage through carefully before making your choices. Each choice in the bank is identified by a letter. Please mark the corresponding letter for each item on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre. You may not use any of the words in the bank more than once. Every year in the first week of my English class, some students inform me that writing is too hard. They never write, unless assignments (47) it. They find the writing process (48) and difficult. How awful to be able to speak in a language but not to write in it-- (49) English, with its rich vocabulary. Being able to speak but not write is like living in an (50) mansion (豪宅) and never leaving one small room. When I meet students who think they can't write, I know as a teacher my (51) is to show them the rest of the

rooms. My task is to build fluency while providing the opportunity inherent in any writing activity to (52) the moral and emotional development of my students. One great way to do this is by having students write in a journal in class every day. Writing ability is like strength training. Writing needs to be done (53) , just like exercise; just as muscles grow stronger with exercise, writing skills improve quickly with writing practice. I often see a rise in student confidence and (54) after only a few weeks of journal writing. Expressing oneself in writing is one of the most important skills I teach to strengthen the whole student. When my students practice journal writing, they are practicing for their future academic, political, and (55) lives. They build skills so that some day they might write a great novel, a piece of sorely needed legislation, or the perfect love letter. Every day that they write in their journals puts them a step 56 to fluency, eloquence (雄 辩), and command of language. A) closer F) especially K) profession B) daily G) hinder L) remarkably C) emotional H) mission M) require D) enhance I) painful N) sensitive E) enormous J) performance O) urge Section B Directions: There are 2 passages in this section. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A), B), C) and D). You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre. Passage One The January fashion show, called FutureFashion, exemplified how far green design has come. Organized by the New York-based nonprofit Earth Pledge, the show inspired many top designers to work with sustainable fabrics for the first time. Several have since made pledges to include organic fabrics in their lines. The designers who undertake green fashion still face many challenges. Scott Hahn, cofounder with Gregory of Rogan and Loomstate, which uses all-organic cotton, says high-quality sustainable materials can still be tough to find. "Most designers with existing labels are finding there aren't comparable fabrics that can just replace what you're doing and what your customers are used to," he says. For example, organic cotton and non-organic cotton are virtually indistinguishable once woven into a dress. But some popular synthetics, like stretch nylon, still have few eco-friendly equivalents. Those who do make the switch are finding they have more support. Last year the influential trade show Designers & Agents stopped charging its participation fee for young green entrepreneurs (企业家) who attend its two springtime shows in Los Angeles and New York and gave special recognition to designers whose collections are at least 25% sustainable. It now counts more than 50 green designers, up from fewer than a dozen two years ago. This week Wal-Malt is set to announce a major initiative aimed at helping cotton farmers go organic. It will buy transitional (过渡型的) cotton at higher prices, thus helping to expand the supply of a key sustainable material. "Mainstream is about to occur," says Hahn. Some analysts(分析师) are less sure. Among consumers, only 18% are even aware that ecofashion xists, up from 16% four years ago. Natalie Hormilia, a fashion writer, is an example of the unconverted consumer. When asked if she owned any sustainable clothes, she replied: "Not that I'm aware of. " Like most consumers, she finds little time to shop, and when she does, she's on the hunt for "cute stuff that isn't too expensive". By her own admission, green just isn't yet on her mind. But--thanks to the combined efforts of designers, retailers and suppliers--one day it will be. 57. What is said about FutureFashion? A) It inspired many leading designers to start going green. B) It showed that designers using organic fabrics would go far.

C) It served as an example of how fashion shows should be organized. D) It convinced the public that fashionable clothes should be made durable. 58. According to Scott Hahn, one big challenge to designers who will go organic is that______. A) much more time is needed to finish a dress using sustainable materials B) they have to create new brands for clothes made of organic materials C) customers have difficulty telling organic from non-organic materials D) quality organic replacements for synthetics are not readily available 59. We learn from Paragraph 3 that designers who undertake green fashion______. A) can attend various trade shows free B) are readily recognized by the fashion world C) can buy organic cotton at favorable prices D) are gaining more and more support' 60. What is Natalie Hormilia's attitude toward ecofashion? A) She doesn't seem to care about it. B) She doesn't think it is sustainable. C) She is doubtful of its practical value. D) She is very much opposed to the idea. 61. What does the author think of green fashion? A) Green products will soon go mainstream. B) It has a very promising future. C) Consumers have the final say. D) It will appeal more to young people. Passage Two Scientists have devised a way to determine roughly where a person has lived using a strand (缕) of hair, a technique that could help track the movements of criminal suspects or unidentified murder victims. The method relies on measuring how chemical variations in drinking water show up in people's hair. "You're what you eat and drink, and that's recorded in your hair," said Tilure Cerling, a geologist at the University of Utah. While U. S. diet is relatively identical, water supplies vary. The differences result from weather patterns. The chemical composition of rainfall changes slightly as rain clouds move. Most hydrogen and oxygen atoms in water are stable, but traces of both elements are also present as heavier isotopes (同位素). The heaviest rain falls first. As a result, storms that form over the Pacific deliver heavier water to California than to Utah. Similar patterns exist throughout the U. S. By measuring the proportion of heavier hydrogen and oxygen isotopes along a strand of hair, scientists can construct a geographic timeline. Each inch of hair corresponds to about two months. Cerling's team collected tap water samples from 600 cities and constructed a map of the regional differences. They checked the accuracy of the map by testing 200 hair samples collected from 55 barber shops. They were able to accurately place the hair samples in broad regions roughly corresponding to the movement of rain systems. "It's not good for pinpointing (精确定位) ," Cerling said. "it's good for eliminating many possibilities. " Todd Park, a local detective, said the method has helped him learn more about an unidentified woman whose skeleton was found near Great Salt Lake. The woman was 5 feet tall. Police recovered 26 bones, a T-shirt and several strands of hair. When Park heard about the research, he gave the hair samples to the researchers. Chemical testing showed that over the two years before her death, she moved about every two months. She stayed in the Northwest, although the test could not be more specific than somewhere between eastern Oregon and western Wyoming. "It's still a substantial area," Park said. " But it narrows it way down for me. " 62. What is the scientists' new discovery? A) One's hair growth has to do with the amount of water they drink. B) A person's hair may reveal where they have lived.

C) Hair analysis accurately identifies criminal suspects. D) The chemical composition of hair varies from person to person. 63. What does the author mean by "You're what you eat and drink" ( Line 1, Para. 3 ) ? A) Food and drink affect one's personality development. B) Food and drink preferences vary with individuals. C) Food and drink leave traces in one's body tissues. D) Food and drink are indispensable to one's existence, 64. What is said about the rainfall in America's West? A) There is much more rainfall in California than in Utah. B) The water it delivers becomes lighter when it moves inland. C) Its chemical composition is less stable than in other areas. D) It gathers more light isotopes as it moves eastward. 65. What did Cerling's team produce in their research? A) A map showing the regional differences of tap water. B) A collection of hair samples from various barber shops. C) A method to measure the amount of water in human hair, D) A chart, illustrating the movement of the rain system. 66. What is the practical value of Ceiling's research? A) It helps analyze the quality of water in different regions. B) It helps the police determine where a crime is committed. C) It helps the police narrow down possibilities in detective work. D) It helps identify the drinking habits of the person under investigation. Part Ⅴ Cloze Directions: There are 20 blanks in the following passage. For each blank there are. four choices marked A), B), C) and D) on the right side of the paper. You should choose the ONE that best fits into the passage. Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre. Kimiyuki Suda should be a perfect customer for Japan's car-makers. He's a young, successful executive at an Internet-services company in Tokyo and has plenty of disposable (67) . He used to own Toyota's Hilux Surf, a sport utility vehicle. But now he uses (68) subways and trains. " It's not inconvenient at all," he says. (69) , "having a car is so 20th century. " Suda reflects a worrisome (70) in Japan; the automobile is losing its emotional appeal, (71) among the young, who prefer to spend their money on the latest electronic devices. (72) minicars and luxury foreign brands are still popular, everything in between is (73) . Last year sales fell 6.7 percent, 7.6 percent (74) you don't count the mini-car market. There have been (75) one-year drops in other nations: sales in Germany fell 9 percent in 2007 (76) a tax increase. But experts say Japan is (77) in that sales have been decreasing steadily (78) time. Since 1990, early new-car sales have fallen from 7.8 million to 5.4 million units in 2007. Alarmed by this state of (79) , the Japan Automobile Manufacutures Association (JAMA) (80) a comprehensive study of the market in 2006. It found that a (81) wealth gap, demographic (人中结构) changes and (82) lack of interest in cars led Japanese to hold their (83) longer, replace their cars with smaller ones (84) give up car ownership altogether. JAMA (85) a further sales decline of 1.2 percent this year. Some experts believe that if the trend continues for much longer, further consolidation (合并) in the automotive sector is (86) . 67. A) profit B) payment C) income D) budget 68. A) mostly B) partially C) occasionally D) rarely

69. A) Therefore B) Besides C) Otherwise D) Consequently 70. A) drift B) tide C) current D) trend 71. A) remarkably B) essentially C) specially D) particularly 72. A) While B) Because C) When D) Since 73. A) surging B) stretching C) slipping D) shaking 74. A) unless B) if C) as D) after 75. A) lower B) slighter C) broader D) larger 76. A) liable to B) in terms of C) thanks to D) in view of 77. A) unique B) similar C) mysterious D) strange 78. A) over B) against C) on D) behind 79. A) mess B) boom C) growth D) decay 80. A) proceeded B) relieved C) launched D) revised 81. A) quickening B) widening C) strengthening D) lengthening 82. A) average B) massive C) abundant D) general 83. A) labels B) cycles C) vehicles D) devices 84. A) or B) until C) but D) then 85. A) concludes B) predicts C) reckons D) prescribes 86. A) distant B) likely C) temporary D) immediate Part Ⅵ Translation Directions: Complete the sentences by translating into English the Chinese give in brackets. Please write your translation on Answer Sheet 2. 87. Soon after he transferred to the new school, All found that he had__________(很难跟上班里的同学) in math and English. 88. If she had returned an hour earlier, Mary__________(就不会被大雨淋了). 89. It is said that those who are stressed or working overtime are__________(更有可能增加体重). 90. __________(很多人所没有意思到的) is that Simon is a lover of sports, and football in particular. 91. The study shows that the poor functioning of the human body is__________(与缺乏锻炼密切相关). 答案与精解

Part Ⅰ Writing [写作点拨] ①审题及布局。 根据提示这篇文章依然延续传统三段式文体。 从题材上可以归为现象型议论文这一类。 从文章的提示要求上看,要首先描写现象,然后阐述意义。在布局上,根据题目中给出的提纲来展开即可。 第一段描写当前越来越多的博物馆对公众免费开放这一现象, 并说明这样做的目的; 第二段这样做的弊端, 例如,容易损坏陈列品,给博物馆造成经济负担;第一段阐述自己的观点,比如博物馆对公众免费开放是 必要可行的,然后阐述原因,并提出希望等等、②语言。语言上力求准确与多样性,长短句结合,能够体 现对语言的把握程度。就结构而言,注意主题句的使用,避免过多描述,主要阐述问题和观点。从时态上 看使用一般现在时即可。 [范文] Free Admissions to Museums? Recently, more and more museums are open to the public free of charge. By doing so. they can attract more visitors, and offer the visitors more opportunities to explore and get easy access to the world of history. culture and knowledge. However, some people view that the practice also brings problems and concerns. They are right in a sense. For one thing, their main concern is that with more visitors. is possibility that objects exhibited can get damaged it more easily. For another. it becomes a huge economic burden for museums to run as usual without any profits from the visitors. In my opinion, I am absolutely in favor of this practice. The reason lies in the fact that the government should provide more opportunities for citizens to explore and get access to the knowledge world. Moreover,kids and teenagers can acquire knowledge in a more vivid way in the museums. I hope all the people can share the game national treasures in more free museums. Part Ⅱ Reading Comprehension(Skimming and Scanning) 1. A)。 [定位] 由题干中 Tiffany, During art interview, bother 定位到第一段第二、 三句: "During an interview, she noticed that the candidate never made direct eye contact. She was puzzled and somewhat disappointed because she liked the individual otherwise. ” 。 [精解] 段末处设题。文章提到,Tiffany 存对应聘者进行面试的时候注意到,应聘者没有跟她进行目光的交 流,根据文章中的 puzzle disappointed 两个词的提示可以联想到题干中的 bother 一词。A)与文章内容完全 一致,本题关键在于定位答案。 2.C)。[定位] 该题比较难以定位,由题干中 misjudgment 一词可勉强将答案锁定在第三段第二句: “What she hadn't known at the time of the interview was that the candidate's 'different' behavior Was simply a cultural misunderstanding. " [精解] 段中设题,该题主要是考查对题干中短语 stem from(源自于)的辨认和理解,实际上这里考查的是 Tiffany 判断错误的原因。而选项中的 ignorance 与 misunderstanding 意思相近,因此选项 C)正确。 3.B)。[定位] 由题干的 becoming essential 定位到第五段最后一句: “As the world becomes smaller and our workplaces more diverse, it is becoming essential to expand our understanding of others and to reexamine some of our false assumptions. ” 。 [精解] 段末设题。文章指出“由于地球变得越来越小,因此增进彼此的了解变得十分必要” ,题干中的 economic globalization 正是 the world is becoming smaller 所表达的含义。 选项 B)中的 increasing 是文中 expand 的同义转述,B)为正确答案。 4.B)。[定位] 由题干中的 Mindsets LLC 定位到第一个小标题下第一段最后两句: “My company,Mindsets LLC, helps organizations and individuals see their own blind spots. A real estate recruiter we worked with illustrates the positive difference such training can make.” [精解] 段末处设题。根据原文中 training 一词不难判断,该机构是一个培训机构。B)与此相符 5. [定位] 由题干 Dale 定位到第二个小标题下第一段最后三句: D)。 "Through one of the sessions, I discovered my personal bias. ' he recalls. 'I learned I had not been looking at a person as a whole person, and being open to

differences.' In his case. the blindness was not about culture but rather gender." [精解] 段落整体意思设题。该小标题的主要内容是在说明因性别的原因而造成对人认识的盲点。文章以 Dale 为例说明参加这种学习班的作用,并且从后面一段中 Dale 的亲身经历了来说明,参加该班的作用对 于 Dale 来讲就是消除了他存性别上的偏见。D)与此相符。 6.C)。[定位] 因为第二个小标题下通篇都在讲 Dale,都在讲 workshop,答案没有明确的出处,所以比较 难以定化。 [精解] 段落整体意思设题。该题是在考查 Dale 对 Mindsets LLC's workshop 的认识。根据第二个小标题下 最后一段最后一句“Dale credits the workshop,'because it helped me make decisions based on fairness.'"可以 锁定答案为 C)。 7.A)。[定位] 由题干中的 Chinese-American employee 定位到第三个小标题下第二段最后两句话: “In my ignorance. I assumed he had his dates wrong. as the first of January had just passed. When I advised him of this, I gave him a long talking-to about turning in requests early with the proper dates.” 。 [精解] 文章提到当一个华裔美国人向 Doug 请假去欢度新年时, 他认为这个华人弄混了日期, “I gave him 从 a long talking-to about turning in requests early with the proper dates.”一句可以看出“当时 Doug 对他的反应 就是 A)所表达的意思,因此 A)正确 8.embarrassed [定位] 由题干中的 Doug 定位到第三个标题下第三段第三句:Needless to say, I felt very embarrassed in assuming he had his dates mixed up. [精解] 段末处设题。题干与根据定位词锁定的文章中的句子几乎一样,可直接定位答案。 9.inclusiveness [定位] 此题无法通过信号词来定位。 [精解] 题干考查的是参加完 Mindsets' workshop 的收获, 根据文章最后一个小标题下第一段后半部分对 my boss 参加 Mindsets' workshop 的作用的描述,根据“It wasn't until my boss received Mindsets' training that she was able to understand how important inclusiveness was to customer service. ”可以得出答案为 inclusiveness。 10.differences and similarities [定位] 由题干中的 view people as individuals and get rid of stereotypes 定位到全文倒数第二段第一、二句: Once we start to see people as individuals, and discard the stereotypes, we can move positively toward inclusiveness for everyone. Diversity is about coming together and taking advantage of our differences and similarities. [精解] 题干中的 benefit from 和文章中的 take advantage of 为同义转述,可以直接得出答案。 Part Ⅲ Listening Comprehension Section A 11.D) W: There were more than a hundred people at Kate's birthday party. How come she's got so many friends? M: It's really no surprise。 You know she was popular even when she was a child. Q: What does the man imply about Kate! [听前猜测] 由选项 party, friend 和 enjoy 等词可以推测该对话可能与聚会有关, 同时根据选项中提到的 she 可以推测侧重点应在女士身上。 [精解] 关键字眼处设题。女士对 Kate 能邀请如此多的朋友参加她的聚会提出疑问,而男士的回答表明, Kate 从小就很有朋友缘。D)与此一致。 12.C) M: They say there'll be a snow-storm tonight. and the cold weather will last quite a few days. W: Oh! We're so lucky. We'll be getting away for a while, and having a holiday in Florida. But let's call right now to confirm our flight. Q: What do we learn about the two speakers? [听前猜测] 由选项中的 Florida,holiday,tickets 等词猜测对话内容可能与出行度假有关,因此需要注意对

话叶的类似信息 [精解] 细节处设题。对话中男士首先说到了天气的糟糕情况,而且还将持续一段时间,随后女士说到了他 们的幸运,因为他们要去 Florida 度似,从而可以躲避糟糕的天气,并且要确认机票等,可以推断他们是要 去度假。 13.B) W: Tony was awarded a medal for rescuing several families from the forest fire. M: I really admire his courage. Q: What do we learn about Tony from the conversation? [听前猜测] 四个选项都是在表述 He 的一些情况,从 firefighter 和 fire 等词猜测可能与火灾有关。 [精解] 细节处设题。女士提到 Tony 因从火中挽救多个家庭而得奖,男士则对 Tony 的勇气表示敬佩,因此 可以推断出 Tony 在救灾中是非常勇敢的,B)符合题意。 14.B) M: My washing machine is more than fifteen years old and it had worked just fine until last night. W: You'll never be able to get parts for it, even from Japan. So it might be time to invest in a more recent model. Q: What does the woman suggest the man do? [听前猜测] 选项中有两次提到 washing machine,因此要重点听这方面的信息。 [精解] 细节处设题。男士说用了 15 年的洗衣机昨天晚上坏了,女士说这个机器的零件不好更换,建议买 一款型号更新的洗衣机,因此 B)符合题意。 15.D) W: I heard about your promotion. You must be thrilled. M: Not really. The new office is huge, but the work load has doubled. Q: What do we learn about the mall from the conversation? [听前猜测] 由选项中提到的 new job 和 new position 可知,对话中涉及到新工作岗位的内容。 [精解] 关键字眼处设题。女士认为男士得以晋升后肯定很欣喜,而男士却说新办公室很大,但是任务加倍 了,由此判断男士对自己的晋升不是很高兴,因此 D)为答案。 16.D) W: I can't decide what to do about the party tomorrow. M: You don't have to go if you don't want to, but I'll be glad to give you a ride if you do. Q: What do we learn from the conversation? [听前猜测] 选项多次提到了 party,并且选项主要在表达两个人的行为动作,因此重点掌握两人的动作行 踪。 [精解] 细节处设题。 女士对于明天的聚会犹豫不决, 男士则表明去不去由她而定, 并且说如果去参加的话, 他可以顺便捎她一程。因此从对话内容中不难得出选项 D)正确。 17.C) M: Now if you have any questions about the contract, I'll be happy to answer them. W: Nothing comes to mind fight now, but I'd like to go over all the articles of the contract once more before signing it. Q: What are the speakers doing right now? [听前猜测] 选项均出现现在分词结构,因此此题注重对行为动作的考查。 [精解] 关键字眼处设题。男士表示,如果对方对合同的条款有疑问,他乐意回答,而女士则表明她在签署 合同前要重新看一下条款。因此他们谈话的内容主要是关于一个合同的签署问题,因此 C)为答案。 18.A)。 M: We are out of paper for the printer. Can you please order some? W: I completed{he order from online yesterday and it will be here by noon. I'll let you know when it comes in. Q: What did the woman do? [听前猜测] 选项提到了 She 做的几项工作,因此把重点放存 she 的信息上。

[精解] 关键字眼处设题,男士说没有打印纸了,让女士帮着购买,而女士说她已经从网上订购了,货到即 刻通知他。由此可见女士刚刚买了打印纸。A)为答案。 Conversation One W: Bob, do you know who I saw the other day? Old Jake. Looking terribly depressed. (19)Did he get pensioned off at last? M: Yes. (19)They made him retire after 50 years at sea. He is pretty upset about it, but what can you do? He really is past it. W: He is all alone, isn't he? M: (20)Yes, his wife's been dead for years. They had one daughter, Doris. But she went off to town as soon as she left school. And he hasn't heard from her since. I hear she is making good money as a model. W: Maybe someone could get in touch with her. Get her to come back for a while to help? M: I don't suppose she come. (21)She never got on with her father. He is a bit of a tough character and she is rather selfish. Oh. I expect old Jake will get by. He is healthy at least, comes into the clinic for a check regularly. W:Are you his doctor? M: No, my partner doctor Johnson is. W: That bad-tempered old thing? M: (22)Oh, he isn't really bad-tempered. He just looks it. He is an excellent doctor, taught me a lot, and he has a very nice family. His wife invites me over there to supper every week. Very pleasant. W: Yes. I teach their daughter Pen at school. She is a bit careless and lazy about her school work, but a bright little thing and very popular with her age group. 19.B) Why does old Jake look terribly depressed? [听前猜测] 选项中出现了 past life, pension, health getting worse 等,并都在讲述与 He 有关的内容,由此推 断该题考查 he 的现状。 [精解] 本题关键句为:Did he get pensioned off at last? 其中 pension off 为“辞退,使退休”之意。正是由 于退休而使 Jake 的情绪低落。 20.A) What do we learn about Jake's wife? [听前猜测] 四个选项都是对 she 的状况进行描述,关键要听清问题中 she 指代的是谁。 [精解] 对话中谈到 Jake 的妻子已经去世多年。 其中 been dead for years 是 passed away years ago 的同义转述。 21.C) What does the man say about Jake's daughter? [听前猜测] 选项还考查 she 的一些信息,从“照料老父亲”“与父亲相处”等猜测,该题很可能会考查对 、 老人的态度,当然关键还要听清 she 指代的是谁。 [精解] 当对话中提到 Jake 的妻子已去世多年还有一个女儿时,他们想联系 Jake 以模特为职业的女儿来照 顾 Jake,但很快否定了这一提议,因为她与自己的老父亲关系不好。 22.B) What does the man say about Jake's doctor? [听前猜测] 从选项中的“坏脾气”“外貌”等词推测,这个问题必定考查对 he 品质和外貌的表述。 、 [精解] 在对话最后女士用 “bad-tempered” 来形容 Jake 的医生 Johnson, 男士做出否定, 并说明尽管 Johnson 貌似脾气不好,其实是一个优秀的医生。 Conversation TWO W: Hello, Mr. Summerfield. How are you today? M: Very well. Thank you, Ms. Green. W: What can I do for you? M: Well, unfortunately. there is a problem with the order we received from you yesterday. (23)It seems we've not

received the right quantity of manuals to support the telephone system. W: Oh, dear, that's bad news. I'm very sorry to hear that, and you don't know how many packs are without. manuals? M: No, because we haven't opened every pack. But in several of those that have been opened there are none. No manuals. W: I'm very sorry about this inconvenience. Mr. Summerfield. (24)We'll send out the manuals this afternoon by express mail entirely at our cost, and the manuals should arrive tomorrow or the day after at the latest. M: All of them, right? W: Yes. It may be that some have them already, but we cannot be sure. So the best thing is to send out the manual for every pack. M: Yes. Yes, I see. That would be great. W: Please accept our apologies for this mix-up. I assure you we will do everything possible to find out why the mistake happened. M: (25)Right. Thanks for your swift action. W: Not at all. Thank you and goodbye for now. Do call if there is anything else. M: All right. Thank you. Goodbye, Ms. Green. W: Goodbye. 23.C) What problem are the speakers discussing? [听前猜测] 选项均与产品的订货与质量有关,涉及到订单问题和产品质量问题等。 [精解] 本题关键词是“manuals” ,出现的问题并非在于产品的质量,而是缺少使用手册,故 C)正确。 24.D) What does the woman promise to do? [听前猜测] 四个祈使句都是对出现的问题的处理办法,重点把握对事故的处理办法。 [精解] 当 Ms.Green 详细了解情况后,便立刻提出了解决办法:We'll send out the manuals this afternoon by express mail entirely at our cost, entirely at our cost 意为“完全由我们出钱” 。 25.A) What does the man think of the solution? [听前猜测] 联系上面两个题目的选项,从四个形容词来看,该题考查对事件结果的表述。 [精解] 本题是细节推断题。关键句是 Right. Thanks for your swift action.,由此推断他对这一解决方案是满 意的。 Section B Passage One Attracting and (26)feeding wild birds are entertaining activities that have long been enjoyed by people ail over the world. Feeding birds has become so popular that prepared feed mixtures are readily available. We feed birds for many reasons. Many pleasant hours can come from watching birds. A hobby often develops into a serious study of their habits. Accurate identification of birds is usually the first, goal.But observations that an amateur bird. watcher can make are really limitless.(27)There is, however, responsibility associated with bird feeding. including a disease hazard. Attracting numbers of birds continually to the same spot can be harmful to them, particularly species that pick food from the ground contaminated by the droppings of other birds. In winter feeding efforts are most satisfying to people and are of greatest benefit to birds. During this time when fewer natural foods are available and air temperatures are lower.extra feeding can keep a bird warm and well.Once begun, feeding should never stop during these lean months. you start a local increase of birds. prepared to do ff be what may be required to eliminate hazards to those you want to be friend. (28)A constant supply of food should be given until the cold is over and spring has come. If feeding is stopped during severe weather, birds used to relying upon the feeders might starve.

26.A) What does the speaker say about bird watching? [听前猜测] 本题四个选项均为 it 引导的陈述句, 同时根据选项中的 entertaining, takes a lot of time, hobby 等 词推测,该题很可能考查陈述对象 it 的某些特性。 [精解] 录音一开始就点明了本段听力材料的大意, 也就是文中的第一句话: Attracting and feeding wild birds are entertaining activities that have long been enjoyed by people all over the world.,根据选项 A)中的 entertaining 很容易锁定答案为 A), 27.B) What does the speaker say about birds fed continually on the sonic spot? [听前猜测] 选项中提供了 they 的一些可能的行为动作。推测考查某些情况下 they 会做出的行为动作,或 由此带来的影响等。 [精解] 文中提到 feeding birds 还存在一定的 responsibility, 甚至会带来 a disease hazard, 在后而的录音中又 提到了问题中的 on the saine spot,可知鸟类在啄食被其他鸟的排泄物污染的食物时,会造成疾病的交叉传 播本题属于细节推断题,B)符合题意。 28.D)。 what does the speaker suggest we do when feeding birds in winter? [听前猜测] 选项均为祈使句,综合 food,mixtures 和 feeding 等词,推测跟喂食有关。 [精解] 此题询问的是冬季喂食时应该遵循的原则。本题属于细节辨认题,关键词是 in winter,录音中提到 在食物相对匮乏的冬季,喂食要遵循一定的规律,否则会导致鸟类挨饿致死。D)与原文意思一致。 Passage Two (29)My friend Leo makes up weak and poor excuses whenever there is something he doesn't want to do. Just two weeks ago. he was at my house when he decided he didn't want to go into work. He called his boss and said he had to get a new set of tires put on his truck. Then he sat down and watched TV with me. Not only had he lied but his excuse wasn't a very convincing one. Another time, he cancelled a date with his girlfriend at the last minute telling her he had to get a new battery for his truck. (30)She was angry and refused to go out with him again until he apologized. Last weekend. Leo offered the poorest excuse yet. (31)He'd promised he'd help me move some furniture, from my parents 'house to my new apartment. He was supposed to bring his truck over about 8 o'clock Saturday morning. I waited.and then called and left a message on his machine. About 11:30. he called and said he was sorry but he'd been getting a new set of tires put on his truck. I guess he'd forgotten he used the same excuse when he called his boss from my house. I think I need a new set of mends. I'm beginning to get tired of Leo's excuses. 29.C) What does the speaker tell us about her friend Leo? [听前猜测] 选项中出现的 betray,lie,excuse 等词都与人的品质相关,推测此题可能考查主语的品质与为 人。 [精解] 解答该题的关键是对 make up weak and poor excuses 的理解,其实就是 tell lies 的意思,这样根据文 章开始部分的人名 Leo 的提示,可选出答案为 C)。 30.A) what did his girlfriend do when Leo canceled a date with her at the last minute? [听前猜测] 从选项推测该题考查 she 对 him 的态度。 [精解] 细节推断题。该题答题的关键在于把握 his girlfriend 一词,根据文章中提示:Leo 说谎而不跟女友 约会,导致女友生气,最后 Leo 道歉后才和好,可推断 A)为正确答案。 31.D) What favor did the speaker ask Leo to do last weekend? [听前猜测] 根据选项中动词短语的提示,该题考查某人的动作行为。 [精解] 问题中的 favor 提示将答案定位在“He'd promised he'd help me move some furniture.” ,因此 D)正确。

Passage Three In Hollywood. everybody wants to be rich, famous and beautiful. Nobody wants to be old, unknown and poor. (32)For Hollywood kids, life can be difficult because they grow up in such an unreal atmosphere. Their parents are ambitious and the children are part of the parents' ambitions. Parents pay for wasteful grand parties, expensive cars and designer clothes. (33)When every dream can come true, kids don't learn the value of anything because they have everything. A thirteen-year-old boy, Trent Maguire, has a driver, credit cards and unlimited cash to do what he wants when he wants to. "One day. I'll earn more than my dad!" he boasts. (34)Parents buy care and attention for their children because they have no time to give it themselves. Amender's mother employs a personal trainer, a bodyguard, a singing coach and a councilor to look after all her fifteen-year-old daughter's needs. Often, there is no parent at home most days, so children decide whether to make their own meals or go out to restaurants, when to watch television or do homework. They organize their own social lives. They play no childhood games. They become adults before they're ready. Hollywood has always been the city of dreams. (35) The kids there live unreal lives where money, beauty and pleasure are the only gods. Will children around the world soon start to think the same? Or do they already? 32.A) Why is life said to be difficult for Hollywood kids? [听前猜测] 四个选项均与 parents 和 kids 相关,因此推断本题与父母或孩子有关。 [精解] 细节辨认题。根据问题中的 difficult for Hollywood kids 很快能捕捉到原文中的信息,由于是 why 进 行提问,所以锁定答案在 because they grow up in such an unreal atmosphere.,所以答案为 A)。 33.C) What does the speaker say about Trent Maguire, a thirteen-year-old boy? [听前猜测] 四个选项均为对 he 的描述,要仔细把握 he 指代的是准。 [精解] 细节推断题。关键句是 A thirteen-year-old boy, Trent Maguire, has a driver, credit cards and unlimited cash to do what he wants when he wants to.。以 Trent Maguire 为例意在支持自己的观点:kids don't learn the value of anything because they have everything.,因此 C)正确。 34.D) Why does Amender's mother employ other people to look after her needs? [听前猜测] 选项均为 she 的目的与企图,所以重点把握问题中 she 指代的是准。 [精解] 细节判断题。 文中提到 Amender 的母亲花重金雇佣别人来照顾自己的孩子, 其原因不是对孩子特别 照顾, 而是她无暇顾及, 作者还是通过例子来证明自己的观点: Parents buy care and attention for their children because they have no time to give it themselves.。 35.B) What will probably have negative effects on the lives of Hollywood kids? [听前猜测] 选项均为名词短语,并且出现了 Hollywood, worship 等词,注意把握问题。 [精解] 该题考查对好莱坞儿童的生活产生负面影响的因素, 联系以上几个题目, 尽管他们的生活非常奢华, 无所不有,但是文章最后提到:The kids there live unreal fives where money, beauty and pleasure are the only gods.,这种环境自然导致孩子产生了拜金主义思想,B)与此相符。 Section C 36.concentrated [听前猜测] 此处缺少谓语动词,且此动词能够与后而的介词 on 搭配。 37.information [听前猜测] 此处缺少名词作动词 remember 的宾语。 38.depends [听前猜测] 此处缺少谓语动词,且此动词能够与后面的介词 on 搭配。 39.straight [听前猜测] 此处缺少副词作句子的状语。

40.row [听前猜测] 空格前有不定冠词 a,所以推测此处缺少名词。 41.suspected [听前猜测] 此处缺少谓语动词,由前面的 have 推测为现在完成时。 42.phenomenon [听前猜测] 此处缺少名词,作句子的主语。 43.efficiently [听前猜测] 此处缺少副词,在句中作状语。 44.our second rule of learning is this: it is better to study fairly briefly but often 45.Let's say you are trying to learn some new and rather difficult English vocabulary using a stack of cards 46.The answer is it is better to space up the presentations of the word you are to learn Part Ⅳ Reading Comprehension(Reading in Depth) Section A 47.M)。 [精解] 空格位于从句主语 assignments 和宾语 it 之间,因此需要一个及物动词作谓语,故选 M)require“要 求” 。选项中的另三个动词 D)enhance“推动” 、G)hinder“阻碍”和 O)urge“敦促” ,均与上下文意不符。 48.I)。 [精解] 空格处为连叫 and 连接的两个并列成分之一,根据 and 之后的 difficult 可以判断,此处需要一个与 difficult 同义或近义的形容词,故 I)painful“痛苦的”为正确答案。选项中其他形容词 A)closer“更近” ; B)daily“每人的” ;C)emotional“感情的” ;E)enormous“巨大的” ;N)sensitive“敏感的” ,均不符合句意, 故排除。 49.F)。 [精解]空格处缺少副词,上句提到 language,空格之后的 English 为语言的一种,因而此处的意思是:英语 尤其如此(或:特别是英语)。故选 F)especially。选项中另一个副词 L)remarkably“不同寻常地”不符合句 意,故排除。 50.E)。 [精解]空格位于不定冠词 an 与名词 mansion 之间,显然需要一个形容词,而且需要以元音字母开头,故选 E)enormous“巨大的” 。选项中不是元音开头的形容词可以全部排除,而另外一个以元音开头的形容词 C)emotional“感情的”词义不符,也排除。 51.H)。 [精解]空格位于形容词性物主代词 my 和 be 动词 is 之间, 需要一个名词作宾语从句的主语, 而且根据句意, 此处的名词意思应为 “工作” “任务” 故选 H)mission 或者 , “任务” 选项中另外两个名词 J) performance “表 。 现” 、K)profession“职业”都可以与 my 搭配,但不符合句意,故排除。 52.D)。 [精解]空格前出现了动词不定式符号 to, 此处缺少动词原形, 而且要与后面的 development 搭配。 根据句意, enhance development “促进发展” 为正确搭配, D)。 选 选项中其他动词原形, G)hinder “阻碍” 可与 development 搭配,但与句意相反,需要排除;O)urge“敦促”不能与 development 搭配,所以排除 53.B)。 [精解] 句子结构完整,所以此处缺少修饰成分。根据上下文推断,需要表示“每天”的副词作状语,因此 可以 A 接选定答案 B)。 54.J)。 [精解] 空格位于连词 and 之后,根据 and 前面的成分判断,此处需要一个名词。选项中另外两个名词 H) mission“任务”和 K) profession“职业”均不符合句意,所以排除。 55.C)。 [精解] 空格缺少形容词与 academic,political 作并列成分,共同修饰后面的名词 lives,根据下文一一对应 的举例,此处的形容词应与下文的 love letter 对应,故直接选定答案 C)emotional“感情的” 。

56.A)。 [精解] 空格处缺少与 step 搭配的形容词作后置定语,而且要与介词 to 搭配、根据句意,这里表示“向?? 更近一步” 。选项中其余形容词均不能与介词 to 搭配,故全部排除。 Section B Passage One 57.A).[定位] 由题干中所提及到的“FutureFashion”可以将答案迅速定位到文章第一段。通过浏览第一 段, 发现第二句话提到: ...the show inspired many top designers to work with sustainable fabrics for the first time. [精解] 段首处设题。根据文章第一句话得知,FutureFashion 是一场时装秀,紧接着从第二句话中便找到对 其详细的介绍。选项 A)中的 It inspired many leading designers to start going green.(它鼓励许多顶级时尚设计 师使用绿色环保材料),与原文中的“the show inspired many top designers to work with sustainable fabrics for the first time”意义一致。因此答案为 A)。 58.D)。[定位] 由题干中提到的人物 Scott Hahn 定位到第二段第二句:Scott Hahn,...says high-quality sustainable materials can still be tough to find. "Most designers with existing labels are finding there aren't comparable fabrics that Can just replace what you're doing and what your customers are used to"... [精解] 根据第二段的 Scott 的说话内容可知,很多设计师部发现很难找到现有材料的环保替代品。选项 D) quality organic replacements for synthetics are not readily available(人造纤维的高质量有机替代品现在还无法 获得)与文章中提到的原因相符,所以确定答案为 D)。 59.D)。[定位] 由题干中的 We learn from paragraph 3 that...定位到第三段第一句 Those who do make the switch are finding they have more support. [精解] 结合上下文,从第三段第一句中便可以看出,那些已经转换了服装材料的设计师正在受到越来越多 的支持。选项 D)中 are gaining more and more support(正获得越来越多的支持)与原义的意思完全相符,故选 D)。 60.A)。[定位] 由题于中的人物“Natalie Hormilla”定位到原文最后一段中间的例子, “Natalie Hormilla, a fashion writer, ...green just isn't on her mind." [精解] 从文中的例子可以看出,当被问及是否拥有使用耐久材料的服装时,Natalie 给出了否定的回答,而 后面她又自己承认对绿色时尚并不关注。A)选项 She doesn't seem to care about it. (她似乎对此并不关心)与 文章的意思相符,故确定答案为 A)。 61.B)。[定位] 根据题干定位到原文的总结句:But--thanks to the combined efforts of designers, retailers and suppliers--one day it will be. [精解] 作者认为,在多方努力下,绿色时尚总有一天会被广大民众关注和接受,即相信它有一个很美好的 未来。选项 B)中 It has a very promising future. (它的未来充满希望)与文意最贴近,故选 B) Passage Two 62.B) [定位] 根据题干中 the scientists' new discovery 定位到原文第一段第一句: Scientists have devised a way to determine roughly where a person has lived using a strand of hair, a technique that could help track the movements of criminal suspects or unidentified murder victims. [精解] 科学家已经找到一种办法,用一缕头发大体判断出一个人生活的地方,这种技术能够追踪出犯罪嫌 疑人或身份不明的受害者的活动情况。选项 B)A person's hair may reveal where they have lived.(一个人的头 发会揭示他们居住的地力)和文章的意思最为接近,故选 B)。 63 C)。 [定位]根据题干中的 You are what you eat and drink 定位到原文第三段: are what you eat and drink. You and that's recorded in your hair... [精解] 你就是你所吃的和所喝的东西, 这些都记录在你的头发里。 C)Food and drink leave traces in one's body tissues(食物和水会在人体组织中留下痕迹),最接近文章中的意思,故选 C)。 64. [定位] 根据题干中的 rainfall in America's West 定位到原文第五段第一句: a result, storms that form B) As over the Pacific deliver heavier Water to California than to Utah. [精解] 在太平洋上形成的风暴给加利福尼亚州带来的雨水要比犹他州的比重更大一些。 选项 B)The water it delivers becomes lighter when it moves inland(雨水由沿海进入内陆地区时比重会变小),加州属滑海地区,犹

他是内陆地区,因此这个选项是对原文的概括,贴近文章的意思,故选 B)。 65. [定位] 根据题干中 Cerling's team 定位到原文第七段第一句: A)。 Cerling's team collected tap water samples from 600 cities and constructed a map of the regional differences. [精解] Cerling 的团队从 600 个城市收集了自来水样本, 并且绘制出一张地区差异图。 题干中问的是 Cerling 团队的研究成果之一,选项 A)A map showing the regional differences of tap water(一副显示不同地区自米水 差异的地图)最符合题意,故选 A)。 66. [定位] 根据题干中的 practical value 定位到原文第九段: not good for pinpointing, Cerling said. It's C)。 It's good for eliminating many possibilities. [精解] Ceding 团队的研究成果的现实意义就是, 能够缩小众多的可能性, 而根据下文的举例可以看到在犯 罪侦察中的实践应用,即帮助警察缩小侦察范围。选项 C) It helps the police narrow down possibilities in detective work(帮助警察缩小侦破工作的范围)与文章内容完全吻合,故本题选 C)。 Part Ⅴ Cloze 67.C)。[精解] 名词辨析。根据上下文,此处意为“他有各种可供其自由支配的开支,而且十分充裕” 。 income“收入,所得”符合文意。profit“利润” ;payment“支付” ;budget“预算” 。 68. A)。 [精解] 副词辨析。 文章此处要表达的是虽然他有车, 但他大部分时间都是乘坐地铁和火车出行的。 mostly 是“大多数情况下的意思。符合句意。occasionally“有时候” ;partially“部分地” ;rarely“很少, 几乎不” 。 69.B)。[精解] 副词辨析。根据句意,空格前说地铁和火车这样的交通方式很便捷,空格后说买车已经是 上个世纪的事了,前后是递进关系,故 besides“此外”符合句意。therefore 意为“因此” ,表因果关系; otherwise 意为“否则” ,表条件关系;consequently 意为“结果” 。 70.D)。[精解] 名词词义辨析。根据句意,Suda 交通方式的转变也反映出了日本国内一种令人担忧的动 向,trend 意为“动向,趋势” ,符合句意。drift“漂流” ;current“潮流,流行趋势” ,通常为褒义;tide“潮 水” 。 71.D)。[精解] 副词词义辨析。根据句意,汽车正失去其以往的吸引力,对于年轻一族来说更是如此。 particularly 表示“特别是, 尤其是” ,符合句意。remarkably “明显地” ;specially “特地,专门地” essentially ; “本质上” 。 72.A)。[精解] 连词词义辨析。根据句意,迷你汽车和豪华外国品牌汽车仍然十分受欢迎,夹在两者之间 的其他车型的销售额却正在下滑,while 表示两种情况的对比,符合句意。when 意为“当??的时候” ,引 导时间状语;because 意为“由于” ,表因果关系;since 主要是指“既然”或者“自从” 。 73.C)。[精解] 动词词义辨析。句意同上题解析,这里表达的是“正在下滑” ,故使用 slipping。surging“起 伏” ;shaking“摇动” ;stretching“拉伸” 。 74. B)。 [精解] 连词辨析。 根据句意, 如果不算上迷你汽车的销售额, 全国销售量的下滑幅度将更大。 意 If 为“假设,如果” ,引导条件从句,符合句意。unless 意为“除非” ;as 意为“正如” ;after 意为“在?? 之后” ,引导时间状语。 75.D)。[精解] 形容词词义辨析。根据下文全球范同汽车销售额的下滑幅度更大,larger 表示“更大”的 意思,larger drops 表示“更大幅度的下降” ,符合句意。lower“更低” ;broader“更宽” ;slighter“更轻微” 。 76.C)。[精解] 固定短语辨析。根据句意,由于应付税收在不断增长,2007 年德国汽车销售降低了 9%。 thanks to 此处表示“由于” ,符合句意。liable to 表示“容易??的” terms of 表示“以??的形式” ;in ;in view of 表示“鉴于,考虑到” 。 77.A)。[精解] 形容词词义辨析。根据文意,专家认为,日本在汽车销售上情况比较特殊。unique 表示“特 别的,独一无二的”的意思,符合句意。mysterious“神秘的” ;similar“相似的” ;strange“奇怪的” 。 78.A)。[精解] 介词词义辨析。根据上下文可以看出,文章在这里要表达的是,由于日本汽车销售的特殊 性,其下滑趋势是逐步缓慢的。over time 意为“随着时间的过去” ,符合句意。此题四个选项都可以与 time 搭配,构成词组,但词义都不相同。behind time 意为“迟到” ;on time 意为“准时” ;against time 意为“争 分夺秒” 。 79.D)。[精解] 名词词义辨析。根据句意,汽车市场的衰退敲响了警钟,JAMA 开始采取行动。decay 表

示“衰弱,疲软”的意思,符合句意。mess“一团糟” ;growth“增长” ;boom“迅速发展” 。 80. C)。 [精解] 动词词义辨析。 根据句意, 这里是指 JAMA 发起了一项对汽车市场的全面调查研究, launch 表示“开始,发起” ,符合句意。proceed 表示“进行” ,但为不及物动词;relieve“减轻负担” ;revise“校 订,修正” 。 81.B)。[精解] 动词词义辨析。根据句意,接上题解析,此次调查研究发现,日益扩大的贫富差距、人口 结构的变化和对汽车兴趣的缺失都使日本人已不再准备购买新车。 widen 表示 “加宽, 拉大”widening wealth , gap 表示逐渐拉大的贫富差距,符合句意。quicken 意为“加快” ;strengthen 意为“增强” ;lengthen 意为“加 长” 。 82.D)。[精解] 形容词词义辨析。根据句意,人们普遍对汽车失去兴趣,这是造成汽车销售下滑的原因之 一,general 在这里指“普遍的” ,符合文意。average“平均的” ;abundant“充足的” ;massive“大量的” 。 83.C)。[精解] 名词词义辨析。根据上下文,此处意思是,很多人准备用小一些的汽车代替现有的汽车, vehicle 此处指的是汽车,符合句意。label“商标,标签” ;cycle“自行车” ;device“仪器,装置” 。 84.A)。[精解] 连词辨析。根据句意,多个原因导致日本人或者已不再准备购买新车,或者选择用迷你汽 车代替已有汽车,更有甚者彻底放弃拥有私家车。or 意为“或者,甚或” ,表递进关系,符合句意。but 表 示转折;until 表示“直到” ;then 表示“然后,那么” 。 85.B)。[精解] 动词同义辨析。根据句意,日本汽车制造商协会预计,2008 年的汽车销售额还会进一步 下滑 1.2%。predict 表示“预计,预测”的意思,符合句意。conclude“得出结论” ;reckon“认真思考” ; prescribe“开处方,规定” 。 86.B)。[精解] 形容词词义辨析。根据上下文可以判断卅,文章得出的结论为:一些专家认为,如果现在 的这股潮流延续更长时间的话,汽车行业很有可能面临进一步合并的命运。likely 表示“可能的”的意思, 符合题意。distant“遥远的” :temporary“暂时的” ;immediate“立即,迅速的” 。 Part Ⅵ Translation 87.difficulty (in) catching up with his classmates [考点] ①词组 have difficulty (in) doing something 表示“做某事很困难” ;②词组 catch up with somebody 表 示“跟上某人” 。 88.wouldn't have been caught by the rain [考点] ①be caught by 表示“被困于??之中” ;②虚拟语气的用法,从句为 if 引导的条件句,表示对已发 生事情的虚拟,且与事实相反,主句应使用 would (not) have done。 89.more likely to put on weight [考点] ①be likely to do sth.表示“有可能做某事” ;② put on weight 表示“增加体重” 。 90.What many people don't realize [考点] ①What 引导的名词性从句作主语;②“意识到”用 realize 表示。 91.closely related to the lack of exercise [考点] ①be related to 表示“与??相关” ;②“缺乏??”的表达方式为“the lack of...” 。

2009 年 12 月大学英语四级考试试题 Part I Writing Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay entitled Creating a Green Campus. You should write at least 120 words following the outline given below in Chinese. 1.建设绿色校园很重要 2.绿色校园不仅指绿色的环境?? 3.为了建设绿色校园,我们应该?? Creating a Green Campus ________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ Part Ⅱ Reading Comprehension (Skimming and Scanning) Directions: In this part, you will have 15 minutes to go over the passage quickly and answer the questions on Answer Sheet 1. For questions 1-7, choose the best answer from the four choices marked A), B), C) and D). For questions 8-10, complete the sentences with the information given in the passage. College taking another look at values of merit-based aid Good grades and high test scores still matter—a lot—to many colleges as they award financial aid. But with low-income students projected to make up an ever-larger share of the college-bound population in coming years, some schools are re-examining whether that aid, typically known as "merit aid", is the most effective use of precious institutional dollars. George Washington University in Washington, D.C. , for example, said last week that it would cut the value of its average merit scholarships by about one-third and reduce the number of recipients(接受者), pouring the savings, about $2.5 million, into need-based aid. Allegheny College in Meadville, Pa., made a similar decision three years ago. Now, Hamilton College in Clinton, N.Y., says it will phase out merit scholarships altogether. No current merit-aid recipients will lose their scholarships, but need-based aids alone will be awarded beginning with students entering in fall 2008. Not all colleges offer merit aid; generally, the more selective a school, the less likely it is to do so. Harvard and Princeton, for example, offer generous need-based packages, but many families who don't meet need eligibility (资格) have been willing to pay whatever they must for a big-name school. For small regional colleges that struggle just to fill seats, merit aid can be an important revenue-builder because many recipients still pay enough tuition dollars over and above the scholarship amount to keep the institution running. But for rankings-conscious schools in between, merit aid has served primarily as a tool to recruit top students and to improve their academic profile. "They're trying to buy students," says Skidmore College economist Sandy Baum. Studies show merit aid also tends to benefit disproportionately students who could afford to enroll without it. "As we look to the future, we see a more pressing need to invest in need-based aid," says Monica Inzer, dean of admission and financial aid at Hamilton, which has offered merit scholarships for 10 years. During that time, it rose in US News & World Report's ranking of the best liberal arts colleges, from 25 to 17. Merit aid, which benefited about 75 students a year, or about 4% of its student body, at a cost of about $1 million a year, "served us well," Inzer says, but "to be discounting the price for families that don't need financial aid doesn't feel right any more." Need-based aid remains by far the largest share if all student aid, which includes state, federal and institutional grants. But merit aid, offered primarily by school and states, is growing faster, both overall and at the institutional level. Between 1995-1996 and 2003-2004, institutional merit aid alone increased 212%, compared with 47% for need-based grants. At least 15 states also offer merit aid, typically in a bid to enroll top students in the state's public institutions. But in recent years, a growing chorus(异口同声) of critics has begun pressuring schools to drop the practice. Recent decisions by Hamilton and others may be "a sign that people are starting to realize that there's this destructive competition going on." says Baum, co-author of a recent College Report that raises concerns about the role of institutional aid not based on need. David Laird, president of the Minnesota Private College Council, says many of his schools would like to reduce their merit aid but fear that in doing so, they would lose top students to their competitors.

"No one can take one-sided action," says Laird, who is exploring whether to seek an exemption (豁免) from federal anti-trust laws so member colleges can discuss how they could jointly reduce merit aid. "This is a merry-go-round that's going very fast, and none of the institutions believe they can sustain the risks of trying to break away by themselves." A complicating factor is that merit aid has become so popular with middle-income families, who don't qualify for need-based aid, that many have come to depend on it. And, as tuitions continue to increase, the line between merit and need blurs. That is one reason Allegheny College doesn't plan to drop merit aid entirely. "We still believe in rewarding superior achievements and know that these top students truly value the scholarship," says Scott Friedhiff, Allegheny's vice president for enrollment. Emory University in Atlanta, which boasts a $4.7 billion endowment (捐赠), meanwhile, is taking another approach. This year, it announced it would eliminate loans for needy students and cap them for middle-income families. At the same time, it would expand its 28-year-old merit program. "Yeah, we're playing the merit game," acknowledges Tom Lancaster, associate dean for undergraduate education. But it has its strong points, too, he says. "The fact of tile matter is, it's not just about the lowest-income people. It's the average American middle-class family who's being priced out of the market." A few words about merit-based aid: Merit-based aid is aid offered to students who achieve excellence in a given area, and is generally known as academic, athletic and artistic merit scholarships. Academic merit scholarships are based on students' grades, GPA and overall academic performance during high school. They are typically meant for students going straight to college right after high school, However, there are scholarships for current college students with exceptional grades as well. These merit scholarships usually help students pay tuition bills, and they can be renewed each year as long as the recipients continue to qualify. In some cases, students may need to be recommended by their school or a teacher as part of the qualification process. Athletic merit scholarships are meant for students that excel (突出) in sports of any kind, from football to track and field events. Recommendation for these scholarships is required, since exceptional athletic performance has to be recognized by a coach or a referee (裁判). Applicants need to send in a tape containing their best performance. Artistic merit scholarships require that applicants excel in a given artistic area. This generally includes any creative field such as art, design, fashion, music, dance or writing. Applying for artistic merit scholarships usually requires that students submit a portfolio(选辑) of some sort, whether that includes a collection of artwork, a recording of a musical performance or a video of them dancing. 1. With more and more low-income students pursuing higher education, a number of colleges are ______. A) offering students more merit-based aid B) revising their financial aid policies C) increasing the amount of financial aid D) changing their admission processes 2. What did Allegheny College in Meadville do three years ago? A) It tried to implement a novel financial aid program. B) It added $ 2.5 million to its need-based aid program. C) It phased out its merit-based scholarships altogether. D) It cut its merit-based aid to help the needy student's. 3. The chief purpose of rankings-conscious colleges in offering merit aid is to ______. A) improve teaching quality B) boost their enrollments C) attract good students D) increase their revenues 4. Monica Inzer, dean of admission and financial aid at Hamilton, believes ______.

A) it doesn't pay to spend $1 million a year to raise its ranking B) it gives students motivation to award academic achievements C) it's illogical to use so much money on only 4% of its students D) it's not right to give aid to those who can afford the tuition 5. In recent years, merit-based aid has increased much faster than need-based aid due to ______. A) more government funding to colleges B) fierce competition among institutions C) the increasing number of top students D) schools' improved financial situations 6. What is the attitude of many private colleges toward merit aid, according to David Laird? A) They would like to see it reduced. B) They regard it as a necessary evil. C) They think it does more harm than good. D) They consider it unfair to middle-class families. 7. Why doesn't Allegheny College plan to drop merit aid entirely? A) Rising tuitions have made college unaffordable for middle-class families. B) With rising incomes, fewer students are applying for need-based aid. C) Many students from middle income families have come to rely on it. D) Rising incomes have disqualified many students for need-based aid. 8. Annual renewal of academic merit scholarships depends on whether the recipients remain ______. 9. Applicants for athletic merit scholarships need a recommendation from a coach or a referee who ______ their exceptional athletic performance. 10. Applicants for artistic merit scholarships must produce evidence to show their ______ in a particular artistic field. Part Ⅲ Listening Comprehension Section A Directions: In this section, you will hear 8 short conversations and 2 long conversations. At the end of each conversation, one or more questions will be asked about what was said. Both the conversation and the questions will be spoken only once. After each question there will be a pause. During the pause, you must read the four choices marked A), B), C) and D), and decide which is the best answer. Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre. 11. A) Get some small change. B) Find a shopping center. C) Cash a check at a bank. D) Find a parking meter. 12. A) Shopping with his son. B) Buying a gift for a child. C) Promoting a new product. D) Bargaining with a salesgirl. 13. A) Taking photographs. B) Enhancing images. C) Mending cameras. D) Painting pictures. 14. A) He moved to Baltimore when he was young. B) He can provide little useful information. C) He will show the woman around Baltimore. D) He will ask someone else to help the woman. 15. A) He is rather disappointed. B) He is highly ambitious. C) He can't face up to the situation. D) He knows his own limitations. 16. A) She must have paid a lot for the gym. B) She is known to have a terrific figure. C) Her gym exercises has yielded good results. D) Her effort to keep fit is really praiseworthy. 17. A) Female students are unfit for studying physics.

B) He can serve as the woman's tutor. C) Physics is an important course at school. D) The professor's suggestion is constructive. 18. A) Indifferent. B) Doubtful. C) Pleased. D) Surprised. Questions 19 to 22 are based on the conversation you have just heard. 19. A) He prefers the smaller evening classes. B) He has signed up for a day course. C) He has to work during the day. D) He finds the evening course cheaper. 20. A) Learn a computer language. B) Learn data processing. C) Buy some computer software. D) Buy a few coursebooks. 21. A) Thursday evening from 7:00 to 9:45. B) From September 1 to New Year's Eve. C) Every Monday, lasting for 12 weeks. D) Three hours a week, 45 hours in total. 22. A) What to bring for registration. B) Where to attend the class. C) How he can get to Frost Hall. D) Whether he can use a check. Questions 23 to 25 are based on the conversation you have just heard. 23. A) A training coach. B) A trading adviser. C) A professional manager. D) A financial trader. 24. A) He can save on living expenses. B) He considers cooking creative. C) He can enjoy healthier food. D) He thinks take-away is tasteless. 25. A) It is something inevitable. B) It is frustrating sometimes. C) It takes patience to manage. D) It can be a good thing. Section B Directions: In this section, you will hear 3 short passages. At the end of each passage, you will hear some questions. Both the passage and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a question, you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked A), B), C) and D). Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre. Passage One Questions 26 to 28 are based on the passage you have just heard. 26. A) There were no planets without moons. B) There was no air or water on Jupiter. C) Life was not possible in outer space. D) The mystery of life could not be resolved. 27. A) It has a number of active volcanoes. B) It has an atmosphere like the earth's. C) It has a large ocean under its surface. D) It has deep caves several miles long. 28. A) Light is not an essential element to it. B) Life can form in very hot temperatures. C) Every form of life undergoes evolution. D) Oxygen is not needed for some life forms. Passage Two Questions 29 to 31 are based on the passage you have just heard. 29. A) Whether they should take the child home. B) What Dr. Myer's instructions exactly were. C) Who should take care of the child at home. D) When the child would completely recover. 30. A) She encourages them to ask questions when in doubt. B) She makes them write down all her instructions. C) She has them act out what they are to do at home.

D) She asks them to repeat what they are supposed to do. 31. A) It lacks the stability of the printed word. B) It contains many grammatical errors. C) It is heavily dependent on the context. D) It facilitates interpersonal communication. Passage Three Questions 32 to 35 are based on the passage you have just heard. 32. A) Job security. B) Good labour relations. C) Challenging work. D) Attractive wages and benefits. 33. A) Many tedious jobs continue to be done manually. B) More and more unskilled workers will lose jobs. C) Computers will change the nature of many jobs. D) Boring jobs will gradually be made enjoyable. 34. A) Offer them chances of promotion. B) Improve their working conditions. C) Encourage them to compete with each other. D) Give them responsibilities as part of a team. 35. A) They will not bring real benefits to the staff. B) They concern a small number of people only. C) They are arbitrarily set by the administrators. D) They are beyond the control of ordinary workers. Section C Directions: In this section, you will hear a passage three times. When the passage is read for the first time, you should listen carefully for its general idea. When the passage is read for the second time, you are required to fill in the blanks numbered from 36 to 43 with the exact words you have just heard. For blanks numbered from 44 to 46 you are required to fill in the missing information. For these blanks, you can either use the exact words you have just heard or write down the main points in your own words. Finally, when the passage is read for the third time, you should check what you have written. In the humanities, authors write to inform you in many ways. These methods can be (36) into three types of informational writing: factual, descriptive, and process. Factual writing provides (37) information on an author, composer or artist, or on a type of music, literature, or art. Examples of factual writing include notes on a book jacket or (38) cover, and longer pieces such as an article describing a style of music, which you might read in a music (39) course. This kind of writing provides a (40) for your study of the humanities. As its name (41) , descriptive writing simply describes, or provides an (42) of a piece of music, art or literature. For example, descriptive writing might list the colors an artist used in a painting or the (43) a composer included in a musical composition, so as to make pictures or sounds in the reader's mind by calling up specific details of the work. (44) . Process writing explains a series of actions that bring about a result. (45) . This kind of writing is often found in art, where understanding how an artist created a certain effect is important. (46) . Part Ⅳ Reading Comprehension (Reading in Depth) Section A Directions: In this section, there is a passage with ten blanks. You are required to select one word for each blank from a list of choices given in a word bank following the passage. Read the passage through carefully before making your choices. Each choice in the bank is identified by a letter. Please mark the corresponding letter for each item on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre. You may not use any of the words in the bank

more than once. Questions 47 to 56 are based on the following passage. In families with two working parents, fathers may have more impact on a child's language development than mothers, a new study suggests. Researchers 47 92 families from 11 child care centers before their children were a year old, interviewing each to establish income, level of education and child care arrangements. Overall, it was a group of well-educated middle-class families, with married parents both living in the home. When the children were 2, researchers videotaped them at home in free-play sessions with both parents, 48 all of their speech. The study will appear in the November issue of The Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology. The scientists measured the 49 number of utterances (话语) of the parents, the number of different words they used, the complexity of their sentences and other 50 of their speech. On average, fathers spoke less than mothers did, but they did not differ in the length of utterances or proportion of questions asked. Finally, the researchers 51 the children's speech at age 3, using a standardized language test. The only predictors of high scores on the test were the mother's level of education, the 52 of child care and the number of different words the father used. The researchers are 53 why the father's speech, and not the mother's, had an effect. "It's well 54 that the mother's language does have an impact," said Nadya Pancsofar, the lead author of the study. It could be that the high-functioning mothers in the study had 55 had a strong influence on their children's speech development, Ms. Pancsofar said, "or it may be that mothers are 56 in a way we didn't measure in the study." A) already B) analyzed C) aspects D) characters E) contributing F) describing G) established H) quality I) quoted J) recording K) recruited L) total M) unconscious N) unsure 0) yet Section B Directions: There are 2 passages in this section. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements, For each of them, there are four choices marked A), B), C) and D). You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre. Passage One Question's 57 to 61 are based on the following passage. Throughout this long, tense election, everyone has focused on the presidential candidates and how they'll change America. Rightly so. But selfishly, I'm more fascinated by Michelle Obama and what she might be able to do, not just for this country, but for me as an African-American woman. As the potential First Lady, she would have the world's attention. And that means that for the first time people will have a chance to get up close and personal with the type of African-American woman they so rarely see. Usually, the lives of black women go largely unexamined. The prevailing theory seems to be that we're all hot-tempered single mothers who can't keep a man. Even in the world of make-believe, black women still can't escape the stereotype of being eye-roiling, oversexed females raised by our never-married, alcoholic (酗酒的) mothers. These images have helped define the way all black women are viewed, including Michelle Obama. Before she ever gets the chance to commit to a cause, charity or foundation as First Lady, her most urgent and perhaps most complicated duty may be simply to be herself. It won't be easy. Because few mainstream publications have done in-depth features on regular African American women, little is known about who we are, what we think and what we face on a regular basis. For better or worse, Michelle will represent us all.

Just as she will have her critics, she will also have millions of fans who usually have little interest in the First Lady. Many African-American blogs have written about what they'd like to see Michelle bring to the White House—mainly showing the world that a black woman can support her man and raise a strong black family. Michelle will have to work to please everyone—an impossible task. But for many African-American women like me, just a little of her poise (沉着), confidence and intelligence will go a long way in changing an image that's been around for far too long. 57. Why does Michelle Obama hold a strong fascination for the author? A) She serves as a role model for African-America women. B) She possesses many admirable qualities becoming the First Lady. C) She will present to the world a new image of African-America. D) She will pay closer attention to the interests of African-America. 58. What is the common stereotype of African-American women according to the author? A) They are victims of family violence. B) They are of an inferior social group. C) They use quite a lot of body language. D) They live on charity and social welfare. 59. What do many African-Americans write about in their blogs? A) Whether Michelle can live up to the high expectations of her fans. B) How Michelle should behave as a public figure. C) How proud they are to have a black woman in the White House. D) What Michelle should do as wife and mother in the White House. 60. What does the author say about Michelle Obama as a First Lady? A) However many fans she has, she should remain modest. B) She shouldn't disappoint the African-American community. C) However hard she tries, she can't expect to please everybody. D) She will give priority to African-American women's concerns. 61. What do many African-American women hope Michelle Obama will do? A) Help change the prevailing view about black women. B) Help her husband in the task of changing America. C) Outshine previous First Ladies. D) Fully display her fine qualities. Passage Two Questions 62 to 66 are based on the following passage. When next year's crop of high-school graduates arrive at Oxford University in the fall of 2009, they'll be joined by a new face: Andrew Hamilton, the 55-year-old provost (教务长) of Yale, who'll become Oxford's vice-chancellor—a position equivalent to university president in America. Hamilton isn't the only educator crossing the Atlantic. School in France, Egypt, Singapore, etc. have also recently made top-level hires from abroad. Higher education has become a big and competitive business nowadays, and like so many business, it's gone global. Yet the talent flow isn't universal. High-level personnel tend to head in only one direction: outward from America. The chief reason is that American schools don't tend to seriously consider looking abroad. For example, when the board of the University of Colorado searched for a new president, it wanted a leader familiar with the state government, a major source of the university's budget, "We didn't do any global consideration," says Patricia Hayes, the board's chair. The board ultimately picked Bruce Benson, a 69-year-old Colorado businessman and political activist (活动家) who is likely to do well in the main task of modern university presidents: fund-raising. Fund-raising is a distinctively American thing, since U.S. schools rely heavily on donations. The fund-raising ability is largely a product of experience and necessity. Many European universities, meanwhile, are still mostly dependent on government funding. But government

support has failed to keep pace with rising student numbers. The decline in government support has made fund raising an increasingly necessary ability among administrators, and has hiring committees hungry for Americans. In the past few years, prominent schools around the world have joined the trend. In 2003, when Cambridge University appointed Alison Richard, another former Yale provost, as its vice-chancellor, the university publicly stressed that in her previous job she had overseen (监督) "a major strengthening of Yale's financial position." Of course, fund-raising isn't the only skill outsiders offer. The globalization of education means more universities will be seeking heads with international experience of some kind to promote international programs and attract a global student body. Foreigners can offer a fresh perspective on established practices. 62. What is the current trend in higher education discussed in the passage? A) Institutions worldwide are hiring administrators from the U. S. B) A lot of political activists are being recruited as administrators. C) American universities are enrolling more international students. D) University presidents are paying more attention to fund-raising. 63. What is the chief consideration of American universities when hiring top-level administrator? A) Their political correctness. B) Their ability to raise funds. C) Their fame in academic circles. D) Their administrative experience. 64. What do we learn about European universities from the passage? A) The tuitions they charge have been rising considerably. B) Their operation is under strict government supervision. C) They are strengthening their position by globalization. D) Most of their revenues come from the government. 65. Cambridge University appointed Alison Richard as its vice-chancellor chiefly because ______. A) she was known to be good at raising money B) she could help strengthen its ties with Yale C) she knew how to attract students overseas D) she had boosted Yale's academic status 66. In what way do top-level administrators from abroad contribute to university development? A) They can enhance the university's image. B) They will bring with them more international faculty. C) They will view a lot of things from a new perspective. D) They can set up new academic disciplines. Part Ⅴ Cloze Directions: There are 20 blanks in the following passage. For each blank there are four choices marked A), B), C) and D) on the right side of the paper. You should choose the ONE that best fits into the passage. Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre. Older people must be given more chances to learn if they are to contribute to society rather than be a financial burden, according to a new study on population published recently. The current approach which 67 on younger people and on skills for employment is not 68 to meet the challenges of demographic (人口结构的) change, it says. Only 1% of the education budget is 69 spent on the oldest third to the population. The 70 include the fact that most people can expect to spend a third of their lives in 71 , that there are now more people 72 state pension age. " 73 needs to continue throughout life. Out historic concentration of policy attention and resources 74 young people cannot meet the new 75 ," says the report's author, Professor Stephen Mcnair. The major 76 of our education budget is spent on people below the age of 25. 77 people are changing their jobs, 78 , partners and lifestyles more often than 79 , they need opportunities to learn

at every age. 80 , some people are starting new careers in their 50s and later. People need opportunities to make a "midlife review" to 81 to the later stages of employed life and to plan for the transition (过度) 82 retirement which may now happen 83 at any point from 50 to over 90, says McNair. And there should be more money 84 to support people in establishing a 85 of identity and finding constructive 86 for the "third age", the 20 or more years they will spend in healthy retired life. 67. A) operates B) focuses C) counts D) depends 68. A)superior B) regular C) essential D) adequate 69. A)currently B) barely C) anxiously D) heavily 70. A)regulations B) obstacles C) challenges D) guidelines 71. A) enjoyment B) retirement C) stability D) inability 72. A) over B) after C) across D) beside 73. A) Identifying B) Learning C) Instructing D) Practicing 74. A) at B) by C) in D) on 75. A) desires B) realms C) needs D) intentions 76. A) measure B) ratio C) area D) portion 77. A) When B) Until C) Whether D) Before 78. A) neighbors B) moods C) homes D) minds 79. A) ago B) ever C) previously D) formerly 80. A) For example B) By contrast C) In particular D) On average 81. A) translation B) yield C) adjust D) suit 82. A) within B) from C) beyond D) to 83. A) unfairly B) unpredictably C) instantly D) indirectly 84. A) reliable B) considerable C) available D) feasible 85. A) sense B) conscience C) project D) definition 86. A) ranks B) assets C) ideals D) roles

Part Ⅵ Translation Directions: Complete the sentences by translating into English the Chinese given in brackets. Please write your translation on Answer Sheet 2. 87. You would not have failed if_____________________________ (按照我的指令去做). 88. Despite the hardship, he encountered, Mark never_____________________________ (放弃对知识的追 求). 89. Scientists agree that it will be a long time before_____________________________(我们找到治愈癌症 的方法). 90. Production has to be increased considerably to_____________________________ (与消费者不断增长 的需求保持同步). 91. The more exercise you take,_____________________________(你越不大可能感冒). 参考答案及解析 Part Ⅰ 写作 [解析] 本次写作试题要求对“创建绿色校园”进行阐述分析。这种题目沿袭了近几年来四六级考试的作文题 目主要围绕校园生活这一特点。写作提纲也跟以往相似:先阐述现象,然后就此现象的产生原因或应对措 施或危害进行分层次分析,最后在第三段发表个人见解,一般是预测未来趋势或者进行呼吁。在第一部分 中, 考生可以先描写创建绿色校园是非常重要的(It is of great importance to make and maintain a green campus in our university or college.),并说明越来越多的人意识到了这一点;接着在第二段中阐述绿色校园的理念 不仅仅是指绿色的环境(The idea of“a green campus” is beyond a green environment.) 还指出学校的可持续 发展(the development on the campus is to be sustainable and recyclable), 此段在进行问题阐述的时候用了句型 To begin with?What’s more,?最后一段按照要求谈一谈对于创建绿色环境我们应该做些什么。作者提出 应该采取一些有效的措施来保护我们的校园不被污染(It is necessary that effective actions should be taken to protect our campus from waste and pollution.), 在未来也要对我们的绿色校园有更多的思考(Certainly, there is little doubt that further consideration must be paid to our green campuses.)。 关键词:a green campus;green environment;development;waste and pollution;protect; effective actions [范文] Creating a Green Campus It is of great importance to make and maintain a green campus in our university or college. Obviously, a growing number of people are beginning to realize that it is our duty to do that in the present days, since the concept of "a green world" has become the focus of the society. The idea of "a green campus" is beyond a green environment. To begin with, the development on the campus is to be sustainable and recyclable. Some of the authorities' budget should be put on how to reduce the waste. What's more, we'd better be aware of the seriousness of pollution around us. Thus the idea of environmental protection may become a common occurrence in our daily life. It is necessary that effective actions should be taken to protect our campus from waste and pollution, and hence these activities are to play an increasingly important role in our day-to-day life. Certainly, there is little doubt that further consideration must be paid to our green campuses. Part Ⅱ 快速阅读 1.B 判断推埋题。 根据题干中的关键词 more and more low-income students 将目光锁定在文章的第二段 with low-income students projected to make up an ever-larger share of the college-bound population in coming years, some schools are re-examining whether that aid,typically known as“merit aid” ,is the most effective use of precious institutional dollars.(随着大量低收人家庭的孩子在未来的大学教育中占据越来越大的比例,一些 学校在重新审视他们所实施的奖学金制度是否能够使珍贵的教育经费得到充分利用。 )后面又举出若干大学 减少奖学金发放的例子以证明这个观点。本题中的 A 和 C 与文章的观点和示例相反,因此可以排除;D 在

文章中没有提及,可排除。只有 B 是对于这部分内容的正确归纳,因此 B 是答案。 2.D 判断推理题。 根据关键词 Allegheny College in Meadville 锁定文章第三段的最后一句 Allegheny College in Meadville,Pa. ,made a similar decision three years ago.(阿勒格尼大学三年前就有类似决定。)在这里这 个类似决定是什么呢?从上下文可以看出,它的决定和乔治·华盛顿大学一样,即:减少奖学金的获奖人 数和总数。并将结余用在那些闪家庭贫困而申请助学金的人身上。答案是 D。 3.C 细节题。根据 rankings-conscious colleges 找到文章的第七段 But for rankings-conscious schools in between, merit aid has served primarily as 9 tool to recruit top students and to improve their academic profile. (对 于很看重排名的学校,奖学金是一种选拔优等生的很好的手段,从而能够提高这些学校的学术面貌。)答案 C 就是对原文 recruit top students 的原意引申。因此答案是 C。 4.D 判断推理题。根据人名 Monica Inzer 锁定答案在文章的第九和十段,根据上下文知道这一部分主要说 明奖学金极大地有利于那些不能负担得起大学教育的人。他说 As we look to the future,we see a more pressing need to invest in need-based aid(当我们面向未来时,我们看到一个更紧迫的任务就是多投入一些钱 在助学金上面), 同时他还认为” be discounting the price for families that don’ need financial aid doesn’ feel to t t right any more. ”(给那些不需要资金资助的家庭奖学金看来是不正确的),这和答案 D 的意思是统一的,因 此答案是 D。 5.B 判断推理题。沿着上一道题的思路继续往下读就能找到本题的答案。文章在第十二、三段讲到奖学金 的迅猛发展,比例之大甚至是助学金的 4 倍之多。学校提供奖学金主要就是为了招收优等学生。根据题干 中的关键词 In recent years 找到文章的第十三段,这一段说明人们对于这种盲目扩大奖学金的看法:a growing chorus of critics has begun pressuring schools to drop the practice.Recent decisions by Hamilton and others may be“a sign that people are starting to realize that there’s this destructive competition going on.”(越 来越多的批评者开始给学校施加压力以遏制这种行为。汉密尔顿及其他大学的做法“表明人们开始意识到 这种破坏性的竞争的存在。 ”)做对这道题要抓住对原文 destructive competition going on 的理解。因此选 B。 6.B 判断推理题。根据题干中的关键词找到文章的第十四段,明尼苏达州私立学校联合会主席 David Laird 说到 many of his schools would like to reduce their merit aid but fear that in doing so,they would lose top students to their competitors.(许多学校愿意减少奖学金的数量,但是担心这样做会将那些优等学生拱手让 给他们的竞争对手), 所以他们对于奖学金这件事情是一种矛盾的心理, 即认为有必要减少它, 但又有担心。 对比四个选项.A 只是片面地理解了文章这部分的含义,可排除;C 和 D 在文章中没有这样的结论。做这 道题要注意题干中限定的范围,即私立学校们对于这件事情的看法。答案是 B。 7.C 细节题。 虽然题干中有关键词 Allegheny College, 但目光要锁定在文章的第十六段 A complicating factor is that merit aid has become so popular with middle-income families,who don’t qualify for need-based aid,that many have come to depend on it. (一个非常重要的因素是奖学金在中产家庭中是非常普遍的,他们没有资格 申请助学金,并且会很依赖奖学金。)这就是为什么阿勒格尼大学没有完全取消奖学金的原因。答案是 C。 8.qualified 根据关键词 academic merit scholarships 找到文章的倒数第三段,本题是对原句 These merit scholarships usually help students pay tuition bills,and they can be renewed each year as long as the recipients continue to qualify. 的原意转述。 本题的难度在于题目一句话中出现了三个原文同组的同义转换: 第一, 原文中的 “each year”被转换成了“annual” ;第二,原文中出现的过去分词“renewed”被转换成了名词“renewal” ;第三, 原文中的“continue”被转换成了“remain” 。本题空格处对应文章部分应该是“continue to qualify” ,因此 有的同学填写的答案就是“to qualify” ,或者“qualify” ,结果是前功尽弃。题目中的第三个同义转换是 “remain” ,其主语是“recipients” ,后面应该出现“qualify”的被动形式.因此本题答案应该是“qualified”

才准确。 9.recognizes 答案在文章的倒数第二段,本题是对原句 Recommendation for these scholarships is required,since exceptional athletic performance has to be recognized by a coach or a referee.的原意转述。但是本题要填 recognizes.因为这个动词在定语从句中做谓语,而且语态是主动语态,注意动词数的变化。 10.portforlio 答案在文章的倒数第一段。Artistic merit scholarships require that applicants excel in a given artistic area. This generally includes any creative field such as art, design, fashion, music, dance or writing. Applying for artistic merit scholarships usually requires that students submit a portfolio of some sort,whether that includes a collection of artwork, recording of a musical performance or a video of them dancing. a (艺术类的奖学金要求 申请者在某个特定的领域有所特长。它包括:艺术、设计、时装、音乐、舞蹈或写作。申请艺术类奖学金 要求学生递交某种艺术形式的选辑,无论是艺术品的锦集,还是一张有关音乐表演的录音或舞蹈的光碟都 可以。)通过对整段话的理解,结合这道题的题干,需要填的词是 portforlio。 Part Ⅲ 听力理解 Section A 11. [原文] M: Excuse me,do you have change for a ten-dollar note? I need to pay the parking meter. W: I'm sorry.But l think you can get it through the money changer in the shopping center across the Q: What is the man trying to do? [答案] A 推理判断题。对话开始男士就问女士 Excuse me,do you have change for a ten-dollar note?(请问你能找 开 10 美元的零钱吗?)所以男士是要换零钱。B 是说找购物中心;C 是说在银行兑现支票;D 是说找停车计 时器,对话中均未提及,因此选择答案 A。 12 [原文] M: Can you recommend something that n school boy of seven or eight will really like? W: I'd suggest this toy train,sir.It's an excellent brand.Very popular all over the world these days. Q: What is the mall doing? [答案] B 推理判断题。对话中男士向女士问到 Can you recommend something that a school boy of seven or eight will really like?(你能向我推荐一些七八岁男孩真正喜欢的东西吗?)女士建议 toy train(玩具火车),证明男士 是想给小孩买礼物。A 是说给他儿子买东西;C 是说促销新产品;D 是说与售货员讨价还价,对话中均未 提及,因此选择答案 B。 13. [原文] W: Do you let people know when you are taking pictures of them? M: I try not to.You know,any picture of a person who poses for the camera would look dull and unnatural. Q: What are the speakers talking about? [答案] A 细节题。对话开始,女士向男士问到 Do you let people know when you are taking pictures of them?(你给 人照相时让他们知道吗?),男士回答尽量不,解释摆姿势拍出来的照片看起来单调、不自然。B 是提高形 象;C 是修理相机;D 是给图片上颜色,对话中均未提及。正确答案是 A。 14. [原文] W: I need to talk to someone who knows Baltimore well.I'm told you lived there.

M: Oh,but I was really young at the time. Q: What does the man mean? [答案] B 推理判断题。 女土想了解关于巴尔的摩的情况, 而她被告知男士以前住在那儿。 男士回答 but I was really young at the time(但我当时住在巴尔的摩的时候非常小),暗含的意思是他也记得不太清楚,或者是差不多 都忘了,与答案 B 他提供不了太多有用信息相对应。听对话时要注意 but 一词表转折,其后内容往往是听 力重点。A 是说他小的时候搬到了巴尔的摩,陈述事实,并不是男士要表达的意思;C 是说他将带女士转 15. [原文] W: Aren't you disappointed that you didn't get the promotion? M: Maybe a little. But I know I need more experience before I’m ready for that kind of responsibility. Q: What do we learn about the man from this conversation? [答案] D 推理判断题。女士问男士没有被升职是否失望,男士回答 Maybe a little.But I know I need more experience before I'm ready for that kind of responsibility.(或许有一点。但是我知道承担责任前需要学习更 多经验。)A 是说他非常失望,与男士的回答意思相反;B 是说他非常有抱负,对话中未提及;C 是说他不 能面对现实,对话中也未提及。D 事正确答案。 16. [原文] W: I've been working out the gym since January. I was a bit out of shape. M: You look terrific! It seems that your effort has paid off. Q: What does the man imply about the woman? [答案] C 推理判断题。 女士说从一月份开始她就在健身房锻炼了, 那时她的身材不是很好。 但是男士说 You look terrific! It seems that your effort has paid off.(你现在看起来很棒,看来你的努力是有回报的。)与答案中 C “她的锻炼产生了好的结果” 相对应。 听时注意对话中的词组 work out(锻炼身体), of shape(身材不好), out pay off(取得成功,得到好结果),以便理解对话。A 是说她一定在健身房花了很多钱,对话中未提及,B 是说她以身材好而出名, 对话中只是男士夸她,与对话内容不符; 是说她为保持健康做的努力值得称赞, D 对话中也未提及。C 是正确答案。 17. [原文] W: Prof.Clark suggested I get a tutor for advanced physics. M: Well,that might help.Advanced physics is a pretty difficult course. Q: What does the man mean? [答案] D 推理判断题。女士说 Clark 教授向她建议找个家教学高级物理课。男士回答 Well,that might help.(那 可能会有帮助。)并解释说高级物理是个相当难的课程。A 是说女学生不适合学物理,与对话语义不符;B 是说他可以做女士的教师,对话中没有提及;C 是说物理在学校是门很重要的课程,对话中未提及。正确 答案是 D。 18. [原文] W: Bill, have you heard the latest news? It appears we two won't be laid off after all. M: Oh, I'm somewhat tired of working here. I've been wondering whether I should resign. Anyway, the news seems to be good for you. Q: How does the man feel about the news? [答案] A

推理判断题。 女士听说她和男士两个好像都不会失业, 很高兴。 而男士则表现冷淡, 说到 I'm somewhat tired of working here.I've been wondering whether I should resign.(我有点厌倦在这工作了。我一直在考虑 是否应该辞职。)对话中 lay off 是“失业”的意思。B 意为“怀疑的” ;C“高兴的” ;D“吃惊的” ,均与对 话内容语义不符。正确答案是 A。 长对话 1: [原文] W: Hello, Parkson college. May I help you? M: Yes. I'm looking for information on courses in computer programming. I would need it for the fourth semester. W: Do you want a day or evening course? M: Well, it would have to be an evening course since I work during the day. W: Aha. Have you taken any courses in data processing? M: No. W: Oh. Well, data processing is a course you have to take before you can take computer programming. M: Oh, I see. Well, when is it given? I hope it's not on Thursdays. W: Well, there's a class that meets on Monday evenings at seven. M: Just once a week? W: Yes. But that's almost three hours from seven to nine forty-five. M: Oh. Well, that's all right. I could manage that. How many weeks does the course last? W: Mmmm, let me see. Twelve weeks. You start the first week in September, and finish…, oh, just before Christmas, December 21st. M: And how much is the course? W: That's three hundred dollars including the necessary computer time. M: Aha. Okay. Ah, where do I go to register? W: Registration is on the second and third of September, between 6 and 9 in Frost Hall. M: Is that the round building behind the parking lot? W: Yes. That's the one. M: Oh, I know how to get there. Is there anything that I should bring with me? W: No, just your checkbook. M: Well, thank you so much. W: You are very welcome. Bye! M: Bye! Questions: 19. Why does the man choose to take an evening course? 20. What does the man have to do before taking the course of computer programming? 21. What do we learn about the schedule of the evening course? 22. What does the man want to know at the end of the conversation? [答案解析] 19.C 细节题。对话开始,男士向女士咨询计算机编程(computer programming)课程报名信息。女士问他想白 天上课还是晚上上课,男士回答 Well, “would have to be an evening course,since I work during the day,(既 然我白天工作,所以只能上晚课。)A 是说他更喜欢小班的夜课,对话中未提及;B 是说他已经注册选了白 天的课,与男士的话事实相反;D 是说他认为上夜课更便宜。因此 C 是正确答案。 20.B 细节题。对话中女士问男士是否上过数据处理课程(data processing course),并且说到 data processing is a course you have to take before you can take computer programming. (数据处理是学计算机编程之前必须要上

的课程。)A 是说学习计算机语言;C 是说买些电脑软件;D 是说买些教材,对话中均未提及。所以 B 是正 确答案。 21.C 细节题。对话中提到课程时间为 on Monday evenings at seven,once a week,almost 3 hours from 7:00 to 9:45,12 weeks,the first week in September,and finish just before Christmas,December 21st.(每周一晚七 点钟,每次将近 3 个小时,晚 7:00 到 9:45,课程时长为 12 个星期,起止时间为 9 月的第一个星期到圣诞 节前的 12 月 21 日。)A 是说周四晚 7:00 到 9:45,与男士说的 not on Thursdays 正相反;B 是说从 9 月 1 号 到新年前夕,而对话中说的是到圣诞前,与对话内容不符。D 是说每周 3 小时,共 45 小时。而对话中说 的是每次将近 3 个小时,持续 12 星期,与对话内容不符。因此 C 是正确答案。 22.A 推理判断题。 此题是问对话末尾男士想知道什么。 对话最后男士问道 Is there anything that I should bring with me?(去登记注册课程时需要携带什么东西?)对方告知携带支票簿(check book)即可。B 是说去哪上课, 此问题在问需带什么东西之前已提出;C 是说怎样到达 Frost Hall,男士知道这个地方;D 是说是否应该用 支票,是在女士回答中提及,并不是男士所问。因此 A 是正确答案。 长对话 2: [原文] W: So, why exactly does your job have a reputation for being stressful? M: Stress is generally driven by the feeling of being out of control of a situation, and the feeling of a situation controlling you. Trading in financial markets combines both. W: How do you relax in the evening? M: I very rarely do anything work related. So it's easy to escape the markets. I generally go to the gym or go for a run, especially if I've had a bad day. I always cook a meal rather than have a take-away. To do something my brain would regard as creative. W: Do you think what you do to relax is an effective way to beat stress? M: I don't think there's a specific rule about how to beat stress. I generally find that what I do is effective for me. W: Would you consider changing your job because of the high stress factor? M: I have considered leaving my job due to stress related factors. However, I do think that an element of stress is a good thing, and if used the right way, can actually be a positive thing. W: What do you enjoy about the stressful aspects of your job? M: Having said all that, I do actually enjoy an element of uncertainty. I enjoy a mental challenge. Trading generates a wide range of emotions second by second. How you deal with and manage those emotions dictates short, medium and long term trading performance and success. Questions: 23. What is the man's job? 24. Why does the man prefer to cook a meal rather than have a take-away? 25. What does the man say about an element of stress in his job? [答案解析] 23.D 细节题。对话开始,女士问男士,为什么他的工作以压力大闻名,男士回答压力主要来源于无法人为 控制各种局面(out of control of a situation)以及被各种局面控制(a situation controlling you)的感觉。接着男士 说自己的工作 Trading in financial markets combines both. (在金融市场交易结合了这两方面。 )由此说明男士 做金融交易工作。A 是说教练;B 是说交易顾问;C 是说职业经理,均与对话不符。因此 D 是正确答案。 24.B 细节题。 男士说他通过去健身房、 自己做饭而不是叫外卖等方式来放松自我。 紧随其后解释原因 To do something my brain would regard as creative(做一些创造性的事情来减压), “creative”是听力的关键 同。

A 是说节省生活费用;C 是说享受更健康的食物;D 是说外卖的东西食之无味,对话中均未提及。因此 B 是正确答案。 25.D 细节题。注意问题中的关键词 element of stress。在对话中,男士说 I do think that an element of stress is a good thing(我认为压力对人有益),与答案 D 相符。A 是说它是不可避免的;B 是说它有时候令人沮丧; C 是说需要耐心来控制压力,对话中均未提及。因此 D 是正确答案。 Section B Passage One [原文] Since early time. people have been fascinated with the idea of life existing somewhere else besides earth. Until recently, scientists believed that life on other planets was just a hopeful dream. But now they are beginning to locate places where life could form. In 1997, they saw evidence of planets near other stars like the sun. But scientists now think that life could be even nearer in our own solar system. One place scientists are studying very closely is Europa, a moon of Jupiter. Space probes have provided evidence that Europa has a large ocean under its surface. The probes have also made scientists think that under its surface Europa has a rocky core giving off volcanic heat. Water and heat from volcanic activity are two basic conditions needed for life to form. A third is certain basic chemicals such as carbon, oxygen and nitrogen. Scientists believe there might be such chemicals lying at the bottom of Europa's ocean. They may have already created life or may be about to. You may wonder if light is also needed for life to form. Until recently, scientists thought that light was essential. But now, places have been found on earth that are in total blackness such as eaves several miles beneath the surface. And bacteria, primitive forms of life. have been seen. there. So the lack of light in Europa's sub-surface ocean doesn't automatically rule out life forming. Questions: 26. What did scientists once believe according to the passage? 27. What have scientists found about Europa, a moon of Jupiter? 28. What have scientists come to know recently about the formation of life? [答案解析] 26.C 细节题。本题询问“科学家曾经(once)相信什么事实?”根据问题关键词 once 可以定位到文章第二句的 关键词 until recently.意为曾经如何,过去一直认为如何。原文是 Until recently,scientists believed that life on other planets was just a hopeful dream.(过去科学家一直认为其他星球上存在生命只是个美好的愿望。) 也就是他们认为外太空不可能存在生命,与答案 C 相符。A 是说所有星球都会有卫星,B 是说木星上没有 空气或水;D 是说生命的奥秘不能被解开。所以 C 为正确答案。 27.C 细节题。 本题询问 “科学家在 Europa 这个星球上找到什么?” 根据问题关键词 Europa, moon of Jupiter a 锁定到文章中语句 Space probes have provided evidence that Europa has a large ocean under its surface.(航空 观测镜发现了此星球表面下有个大的海洋。)选项 C 与之相一致。A 是说它有许多活火山;B 是说它的大气 层和地球的相像;D 是说它有好儿英里长的洞穴。所以 C 为正确答案。 28.A 细节题。本题询问”科学家关于生命的形成最近发现了什么?”文章末尾提到 Until recently,scientists thought that light was essential. now, But places have been found on earth that are in total blackness such as caves several miles beneath the surface.And bacteria.primitive forms of life,have been seen there.(科学家一直以 为光对生命的存在是很重要的.但是现在他们发现在地球上深达数英里深的洞里是完全黑暗的,们也有细 菌这种初级生命存在。)与选项 A 表述一致。B 是说生命可以在很高的温度下形成;C 是说每种生命形式都 在经历进化;D 是说氧气对于有些生命形式来说是不需要的。所以 A 为正确答案。 Passage Two

[原文] In her early days as an emergency room physician, Doctor Joanna Myer treated a child who had suffered a second degree burn. After the child had been treated and was being prepared for discharge, Doctor Myer talked to the parents about how they should care for the child at home. Also listening to her were a half a dozen other family members. A few hours later, when she came to say goodbye, the family asked her to settle an argument they'd been having over exactly what advice she had given. "As I talked to them, I was amazed." she said, "All of them had heard the simple instructions I have given just a few hours before, but they have three or four different versions. The most basic details were unclear and confusing. I was surprised, because these were intelligent people." This episode gave Doctor Myer her first clue to something every doctor learns sooner or later—most people just don't listen very well. Nowadays, she says she repeats her instructions, and even conducts a reality check with some patients. She asks them to tell her what they think they are supposed to do. She also provides take-home sheets which are computer printouts tailored to the patients' situation. Doctor Myer's listeners are not unusual. When new or difficult material is presented, almost all listeners are faced with the challenge because human speech lacks the stability and permanence of the printed word. Oral communication is fast-moving and impermanent. Questions: 29. What did the child's family members argue about in the hospital? 30. What does Doctor Myer do to insure her patients understand her instructions? 31. What does the speaker say about human speech? [答案解析] 29.B 细节题。 本题询问孩子的亲属在为什么而争论, 原文提到 the family asked her to settle an argument they'd been having over exactly what advice she had given.(亲属就医生到底讲过什么建议争论不休,问医生如何解 决。)A 是说他们能否把小孩带回家;C 是说在家里应由谁来照顾小孩;D 是说小孩什么时候能彻底康复。 这些都与原文不符,因此 B 是正确答案。 30.D 细节题。本题询问 Myer 医生怎么样确定病人完全明白了自己的建议。文章中提到 She asks them to tell her what they think they are supposed to do.(她要求病人告诉她他们该怎么做。)tell her 对应 D 选项中的 repeat,即再讲一遍。A 是说鼓励他们提出疑问;B 是说让他们把医嘱写下来;C 是说要他们演示一下要在 家做什么,这些都与原文不符。因此 D 为正确答案。 31.A 推理判断题。 本题询问作者对于口语交流(human speech)的看法。 答案出现在结尾处, 原文 human speech lacks the stability and permanence of the printed word(讲话缺少书面文字的稳定性和持久性)。 A 选项几乎与 原文一致。B 是说它有很多语法上的错误;C 是说它过于依赖于上下文联系;D 是说它有助于人际交往, 这些都与原文不符。因此 A 为正确答案。 Passage Three [原文] It is logical to suppose that things like good labor relations, good working conditions, good wages and benefits, and job security motivate workers. But one expert, Frederick Herzberg argued that such conditions do not motivate workers, they are merely satisfiers. Motivators, in contrast, include things such as having a challenging and interesting job, recognition and responsibility. However, even with the development of computers and robotics, there are always plenty of boring, repetitive and mechanical jobs, and lots of unskilled people who have to do them. So how do managers motivate people in such jobs? One solution is to give them some responsibilities, not as individuals, but as part of a team. For example, some supermarkets combine office staff, the people who fill the shelves, and the people who work at the checkout into a team. And let them decide what product lines to stock, how to display them, and so on. Many people now talk about the importance of a company

shared values or culture, with which all the staff can identify. For example, being the best hotel chain, or making the best, the most user friendly, or the most reliable products in a particular field. Such values are more likely to motivate workers than financial targets, which ultimately only concern a few people. Unfortunately, there is only a limited number of such goals to go around. And by definition, not all the competing companies in an industry can seriously play in to be the best. Questions: 32. What can actually motivate workers according to Frederick Herzberg? 33. What does the speaker say about jobs in the computer era? 34. What do some supermarkets do to motivate their employees? 35. Why does the speaker say financial targets are less likely to motivate workers? [答案解析] 32.C 细节题。本题询问到底什么可以真正激励员工努力工作呢。原文提到 Motivators,in contrast,include things such as having a challenging and interesting job,recognition and responsibility.(与之相对,起激励作用 的包括富有挑战性和趣味性的工作,赞誉以及责任感。)A 是说工作安全性;B 是说好的工作关系;D 是说 高薪和福利。这三项在文章第一句话中出现,但 Frederick Herzberg 认为这些 do not motivate workers(并不 能激励员工)。因此 C 是正确答案。 33.A 细节题。 本题询问作者对电脑信息时代工作的看法。 文章中提到 However, even with the development of computers and robotics,there are always plenty of boring,repetitive and mechanical jobs,and lots of unskilled people who have to do them.(尽管电脑和机器人技术不断发展,还是存在那些无聊的、重复和机械的工作, 需要那些没有一技之长的人完成它们。)选项 A 中 tedious“无聊的” ,manually“手工做地” ,与原文相对 应。B 是说越来越多的没有一技之长的工人将失业;C 是说计算机将会改变许多工作的性质;D 是说枯燥 的工作将会渐渐变得有趣,均与原文不符。因此 A 为正确答案。 34.D 细节题。本题询问超市如何激励员工努力工作。在文中激励超市员工工作是作者引用的一个事例,但 是问题本身针对的是总结性的答案。即出现在 for example 前的总结句:Give them some responsibilities,not as individuals,but as a part of a team.(分给他们责任,不是把他们作为单个的个人,而是作为闭队的一部 分。)关键词 responsibilities.team 都出现在选项 D 中。A 是说提供给员工升职的机会;B 是说改善工作环 境;C 是说鼓励员工与他人竞争,文中均未提及。因此 D 为正确答案。 35.B 细节题。 本题询问为什么金钱诱惑刺激不了工作热情。 答案出现在结尾处 Such values are more likely to motivate workers than financial targets,which ultimately only concern a few people.(团队精神更能激起工作 热情, 因为金钱利益最终只会与团队中的个别人相关。 选项是原文 only concern a few people 的同义转述。 )B A 是说它不能给员工带来真正的利益; 是说它是由管理层独断设立的; 是说它超出了一般员工的掌控, C D 文中均未提及。因此 B 为正确答案。 Section C [答案解析] 36.classified 此处缺少谓语动词,从空格前的 can be 可知此处要用被动语态。此题考查固定搭配 be classified into。 注意 classify 过去分同的拼写。 37.background 此处缺少名词或形容词修饰 information。 38.album 此处缺少一个名词,album cover 的意思是“专辑封面” 。 39.Appreciation

此处缺少名词。music appreciation course 的意思是“音乐赏析课” 。 40.context 空格前有不定冠词 a,所以推测此处缺少名词。 41.implies 此处缺少谓语动词,此题考查由 as 引导的常用表达语。注意句子的主语 its name 为单数形式,主谓要 一致。 42.image 空格前有不定冠词 an,所以推测此处缺少名词。 43.instrument 此处缺少名词.从 or 的并列关系上可以判断此处填名词,且该词与 composer“作曲家”相关。后面 的短句用于修饰这个名词。 44. Descriptive writing in the humanities, particularly in literature, is often mixed with critical writing 或:Descriptive writing in the humanities, particularly in literature, is often combined with critical writing 45. It tells the reader how to do something. For example, explaining the technique used to shoot a film 或:It tells the reader the details of doing something. For example, explaining the technique used to shoot a film 46. Authors may actually use more than one type of technique in a given piece of informational writing 或: More than one type of technique in a given piece of informational writing may actually be used in a given piece of informational writing Part Ⅳ 阅读理解 Section A [答案解析] 47.K 动词。很明显空格处需要一个动词作谓语,根据全文的时态,此处的动词应该是过去时,这句话的意 思是“研究人员从 11 个育儿中心招募了 92 个家庭进行配合研究” 。但是在选项中却没有表达“招募”意 思的词,然而换位思考一下,如果我们是符合条件的家庭,可能会主动提出申请,参加这个研究项目,我 们就是被接纳的对象,选项中的 recruited 就含有这层含义,是“招募,招收,招生”的意思,选项中的其 他选项虽然形式符合,但意思不符。 48.J 非谓语动词。 前面说到当孩子两岁时, 研究人员用摄像机拍摄下了他们和父母在家自由玩耍时的影像, 并记录下他们的话语。所以该空格的意思应该是“记录” ,但这里缺少一个分词短语作伴随状语,所以选 项 J 最合适。 49.L 形容词。这句话的意思是说“所有说的话都汜录下来了” 。考的是形容词搭配,the total number of 意思 是“所有的” 。 50.C 名词。承接上文.研究人员从不同角度研究获得的第一手资料,包括他们所使用不同词汇的数量以及 句子的复杂性等方方面面。aspects 是“方方面面”的意思。选项中的其他名词都不符合上下文的意思。 51.B 动词。 主语 the researchers 后面缺少渭语动词, 排除 47 题的答案 K 就只有 G)established 建立” I)quoted “ , “引用”和 B)analyzed“分析” ,这句话的意思应该是“最后研究人员用标准的语言测试分析了孩子三岁时 的话语” ,所以选项 B 正确。 52.H 名词。前面提到了测试得高分数是跟母亲的教育程度有关,还跟孩子被照顾的______有关,这里说的 就是跟孩子被照顾得好坏程度有关,那也就是与被照顾的质量有关。所以 H 是正确答案。 53.N

形容词。上文提到实验结果表明“父亲所说的话的影响力会更大一些” ,但实验者对此结果的态度也 是“不确定的” ,因为按常规来理解,可能母亲的影响更大一些。这种不确定的原因,正是下文要分析的, 所以 N 是正确答案。 54.G 形容词。这句话的意思是说“母亲的语言的确有影响。 ”这道题的关键是不要只把选项 G 理解成动词, 除此之外还有形容词性,意思是“已经确立的” 。 55.A 副词。根据研究母亲确实会对孩子语言能力的发展产生影响,这句话表示已经发生的,而且是一个肯 定的语气状态,所以应该选 A。 56.E 非谓语动词。研究人员在此分析为什么是父亲而不是母亲对孩子语言的影响更大,原因之一可能是她 们起作用的方式是研究模式未涉及到的。 Section B Passage One [答案解析] 57.C 细节题。根据题目定位到文中第一段第三~五句:I'm more fascinated by Michelle Obama and what she might be able to do,not just for this country,but for me as an African-American woman.As the potential First Lady, would have the world's attention. she And that means that for the first time people will have a chance to get up close and personal with the type of African-American woman they so rarely see.(我更关注米歇尔·奥巴马 和她可能做的事,不仅因为这个国家,更关心她会为像我这样的非裔美国妇做些什么。作为可能成为第一 夫人的人,她也许吸引了世界的目光。这就意味着人们将第一次有机会近距离亲身接触非裔美国妇女,这 是他们平时很少能见到的。 )可见作者最在意的是 Michelle Obama 能为非裔美国女性展示出一个新的形象。 因此选 C。 58.B 细节题。根据题目定位到文中第二段第三句 Even in the world of make-believe,black women still can't escape the stereotype of being eye-rolling, oversexed females raised by our never-married, alcoholic mothers. (甚 至在这个相信奇迹的世界上,黑人妇女仍然不能逃脱人们的偏见,他们觉得我们是爱转动眼球的,由酗酒 的单身母亲抚养长大的滥交的女人。)由作者所列的各种形象不难看出非裔美国女性属于社会的底层群体。 而选项 A、C、D 在原文中均未提及。因此选 B。 59.D 细节题。根据题目定位到文中最后一段第二句 Many African-American blogs have written about what they'd like to see Michelle bring to the White House—mainly showing the world that a black woman can support her man and raise a strong black family. (许多非裔美国人在博客中写到他们想让米歇尔带给白宫的是让世界 看到黑人妇女是能够支持她的丈夫和撑起一个坚强的黑人家庭的。 )此处主要体现的是她作为妻子和母亲的 职责。因此选 D。 60.C 细节题。根据题目定位到文中最后一段第三句 Michelle will have to work to please everyone—an impossible task.(米歇尔将不得不努力去取悦所有人——一项不可能完成的任务。)而选项 A、B、D 在原 文中均未提及。因此选 C。 61.A 细节题。 根据题目定位到文中最后一段最后一句 But for many African—American women like me, a just little of her poise,confidence and intelligence will go a long way in changing an image that's been around for far too long.(但是对于许多像我一样的非裔美国妇女来说,只要能学习一点儿她的沉着、自信和机智,就能 在改变人们根深蒂固的形象的道路上迈进一大步。)选项 B、C、D 在原文中均未提及。因此选 A。 Passage Two

[答案解析] 62.A 细节题。根据题干定位到文章第二段最后一句;High-level personnel tend to head in only one direction: outward from America.(高级人员趋于只朝一个方向发展——向美国之外。)选项 B、C 文中未提及。选项 D 中大学校长对筹资更加重视,此项为美国大学一向的传统,不能称为 current trend。因此选 A。 63.B 细节题。 根据题干定位到文章第三段第四、 五句: board ultimately picked Bruce Benson, 69-year-old The a Colorado businessman and political activist who is likely to do well in the main task of modern university presidents:fund-raising.Fund-raising is a distinctively American thing,since U.S. schools rely heavily on donations.(董事会最终选择了 Bruce Benson,69 岁的科罗拉多商人和政治活动家,他很有可能完成现代大 学校长的主要任务:集资。集资明显是一项具有美国特色的事情,因为美国学校非常依赖捐款。)选项 A、 C、D 文中未均直接提及。因此选 B。 64.D 细节题。根据题干定位到文章第四段第一句:Many European universities,meanwhile,are still mostly dependent on government funding.(同时许多欧洲的大学仍然主要依靠政府资金。)选项 A、B、C 文中未均 直接提及。因此选 D。 65.A 细节题。根据题干定位到文章第五段第二句:In 2003,when Cambridge University appointed Alison Richard,another former Yale provost,as its vice-chancellor,the university publicly stressed that in her previous job she had overseen“a major strengthening of Yale's financial position. ”(2003 年,当剑桥大学聘用 Alison Richard,前耶鲁大学的教务长,当副校长时,学校就公开声明在她以前的工作中她负责监督“加强耶鲁的 财政状况” 。)选项 B、C、D 文中均未提及。因此选 A。 66.C 细节题。 根据题干定位到文章最后一段第二、 三句: globalization of education means more universities The will be seeking heads with international experience of some kind to promote international programs and attract a global student body. Foreigners can offer a fresh perspective On established practices.(教育的全球化意味着更 多大学需要找到具有国际经验的领导人,能够促进国际项目,并吸引全球的学生。在现有做法的基础上外 国人能提供独特的看法。)选项 A“提高学校形象” ;选项 B“带来更多外籍师资” ;选项 D“建立新的学术 科目” ;均不符合原文。因此选 C。 Part Ⅴ 完型填空 [答案解析] 67.B 词语辨析题。根据上下文,此处译为:据说,现行的政策依靠年轻人和他们的技能来提供就业,并不 能应对人口结构调整所带来的挑战。 要求所填动词有 “集中” 之意, 并能与介词 on 搭配, 项符合。 operate B on“动手术” ;count on“依靠,期待” ;depend on“依赖于,取决于” ,均不符合要求。B 为答案。 68.D 词语辨析题。此处意为:目前做法集中在年轻人和雇佣技能上,这很难充分恰当地满足人口结构变化 的需求。 adequate 充分的, “ 恰当的” 满足题意。 superior 高于??, “ 优于??” regular 有规律的” essential ; “ ; “本质上的” ,均不符合题意。故答案为 D。 69.A 语篇分析题。本段谈论投向青年人和其技能培养的资金预算多于老年人的现状。所以选 currently“目 前地” 。barely“勉强地,赤裸地” ;anxiously“紧张地” ;heavily“沉重地,严重地”均不符合题意。故选 A。 70.C 语篇分析题。本句承接解释上一段提到的“challenges of demographic change” ,意为“这些挑战包括很 多人希望在他们退休时开始人生的第三春天??”所以此空填 challenges。regulations“管理,规章” ;

obstacles“障碍,妨碍” ;guidelines“方针,准则” ,均不符合题意,故选 C。 71.B 语篇分析题。 “这些挑战包括:大多数人退休后的时间占其一生的 1/3,现在有越来越多的人超过享受 国家退休金的年龄。 ”可知,此空填入“retirement”“在他们退休时” , ,故选 B。enjoyment“享受” stability ; “稳定” ;inability“残疾” ,不符题意,故选 B。 72.A 词语辨析题。此句译为: “现在有越来越多的人超过享受国家退休金的年龄” ,over 后可加时间名词, 表“超过,多于”之意,B、C、D 三项均不符合题意,故选 A。 73.B 语篇分析题。纵览全文谈的是加大对老年人教育投入的重要性、紧迫性,所以此空填入 learning,所 谓“活到老,学到老。 ”由此排除 A、C、D 三项,故选 D。 74.D 词语辨析题。本题考查的是 concentration 和 on 的固定搭配。要注意句子的基本结构。所以排除 A、B、 C 三项,选 D。 75.C 语篇分析题。本句译为“我们之前只关注年轻人,把资源都投放在了他们身上的政策不能满足新的需 要。 ”meet the new needs 为固定搭配,故选 C。 76.D 词语辨析题。本句泽为“教育经费都花在了 25 岁以下的年轻人身上。 ”本空应填人“部分”之意,故 选 D。measure“措施,尺寸” ;ratio“比率,比例” ,比较有干扰性,但不如 portion 更恰当;area“地区, 面积,领域” ,均排除。选 D。 77.A 语篇分析题。此处需要填入一个可以引导时间状语从句的连词,表示“当??的时候” ,有伴随、同 时变化之意,故选 A。 78.C 语篇分析题。此空要求与 jobs,partners,lifestyles 形成并列关系,即与“工作,伙伴,生活风格”平 行的基本属于外在的而非内心精神层面的词,故选 homes。随着人们生活水平的提高, “人们开始换工作、 搬家、寻找新的工作搭档、寻找新的生活风格” 。 79.B 词语辨析题。 “当人们比以前更加热衷于换工作、换房子、寻找新的工作搭档、寻找新的生活风格 时,??” ,应填入 ever,表示“以前” 。排除其他选项,故选 D。 80.A 语篇分析题。第一句说人们开始换新工作、新房子,接下来就说“一些人在 50 岁及以上开始新的事 业” 。很明显,后一句是前一句的具体例子、具体体现。所以选 for example。 81.C 词语辨析题。本句意为: “人们需要机会来做‘中年问顾’ ,以此来适应职业生涯的后期阶段。 ”所填 词需要与 to 搭配,且有“调整,适应于”的意思,故选 adjust。suit 为干扰项,suit to 表“合适,相称”之 意,排除。所以选 C。 82.D 词语辨析题。所填介词需与 transition 搭配,且表示“过渡到”之意,故选 D。 83.B 语篇分析题。从 which may now happen 可知,此处填的词有”不可预测,不确定”之意,故选 unpredictably。unfairly“不公平地” ;instantly“马上地” ,indirectly“间接地”均不符合题意,所以正确选 项为 B。 84.C 词语辨析题。此句译为: “应该有更多的可用于支持人们创建??的钱” ,available“可用的,可得到

的” 。reliable 可依靠的,可信赖的” ;considerable“相当大(多)的,值得考虑的” ;feasible“可行的,办得 通的” ,均不符合题意。故选 C。 85.A 词语辨析题。此句译为: “应该有更多的钱用于帮助人们建立一种个性意识,为‘第三阶段’寻找建 设性的角色” 。sense“意识,感觉” ,因此为正确答案。conscience“良心,道德心” ;project“工程,计划” ; definition“定义” ,均不符合句意,故选 A。 86.D 词语辨析题。此句译为: “应该有更多的钱用于帮助人们建立一种个性意识,为‘第三阶段’寻找建 设性的角色” 。roles 有“角色,作用”的意思。ranks“排列,地位” ;assets“资产,财产” ;ideals“理想, 典型” ,均不符合句意,故选 D。 Part Ⅵ 翻译 [答案解析] 87.You would not have failed if you had followed my instructions.(按照我的指令去做) 此句译为:如果你按照我的指令去做你就不会失败。本句考查:if 引导的条件句的虚拟语气的用法, 此句为对过去事情的虚拟, 即主句谓语形式用 would/should/might/could have+动词过去分词, 引导的从句 if 用 had+动词过去分词。译为“如果??就??” 。follow one's instructions“按照某人的指令” 。 例句:If I had seen the film,I would have told you about it. 我如果看过这场电影,我会把电影内容告诉 你的。If I had got there earlier,I would have met Mr. Li.如果我早点到那儿,我就会见到李先生了。 88.Despite the hardship he encountered,Mark never gave up pursuing knowledge.(放弃对知识的追求). 此句译为:尽管马克遇到了困难,但他从未放弃对知识的追求。本题考查:give up doing sth.“放弃做 某事” ,pursue knowledge“追求知识” 。 例句: gave up teaching only two years ago. He 两年前他才离开教学工作的。 You mustn't give up studying foreign languages for even a day.你们学习外语一天也不要中断。 89.Scientists agree that it will be a long time before we find the methods of curing cancers. (我们找到治愈 癌症的方法). 此句译为: 科学家们认为我们找到治愈癌症的方法还需要很长时间。 本句考查: the methods of doing find sth. “找到做某事的方法” 。 例句:You must find the methods of finishing the task. 你必须找到完成任务的方法。 90.Production has to be increased considerably to keep pace with the constantly increasing demands of consumers.(与消费者不断增长的需求保持同步). 此句译为:产量将会大幅增加与消费者不断增长的需求保持同步。本句考查:keep pace with“跟上, 与?同步,并驾齐驱” 。 例句:I enjoy my job in research because I have to keep pace with all the latest developments.我喜欢我的 研究工作,因为我得紧跟上所有的最新发展。 It's important for a firm to keep pace with changes in the market. 对一个公司来说,能跟上市场的发展是 很重要的。 Tom has to take long steps to keep pace with his father. 汤姆须迈大步才能跟上他的父亲。 91.The more exercise you take,the fewer chances you will have of catching a cold. (你越不大可能感冒). 此句译为:你锻炼得越多,你越不大可能感冒。本句考查句型:the+比较级,the+比较级。此句型表 示后者随着前者的变化而变化,意为“越??就越??” ,前者相当于一个条件句,因此,要用一般现在 时代替一般将来时。catch a cold”感冒” 。 例句:The better I knew him,the more I liked him. 我越了解他就越喜欢他。 The more difficult the questions are,the less likely I'll be able to answer them. 题目越难我越答不出。


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