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2019高考英语二轮复习 600分策略 专题3 完形填空 文体2 夹叙夹议文即时巩固


噼噼啪啪 噼噼啪 啪
夹叙夹议文

(2016·浙江卷)

During the war,my husband was stationed at an army camp in a desert in California.

I went to live there in order to be __1. C__ him. I hated the place. I had never __2.

A__ been so unhappy. My husband was ordered out on a longterm duty,and I was left

in a tiny shack (棚屋) alone. The heat was __3. D__ —almost 125°F even in the shade

of a cactus (仙人掌). __4. B__ a soul to talk to. The wind blew nonstop,and all the

food I ate,and the very air I breathed,were __5. B__ with sand,sand,sand!

I was so sorry for myself that I wrote to my parents. I told them I was __6. C__

and coming back home. I said I couldn’t stand it one minute longer. I __7. C__ be

in prison!My father answered my __8. D__ with just two lines—two lines that will

always sing in my __9. D__ —two lines that completely changed my life:

Two men looked out from prison bars,

One saw the mud,the other saw the stars.

I read those two lines __10. A__ . I was ashamed of myself. I made up my mind

I would find out what was good in my present __11. C__ ;I would look for the stars.

I made friends with the natives,and their __12. B__ amazed me. They gave me

presents of their favorite artworks which they had __13. A__ to sell to tourists.

I studied the delightful forms of the cactus. I watched for the desert sunsets,

and __14. B__ for seashells that had been left there millions of years ago when the

sands of the desert had been an ocean __15. A__ .

What brought about this __16. D__ change in me? The desert hadn’t changed,

__17. B__ I had. I had changed my __18. A__ . And by doing so,I changed an unhappy

experience into the most amazing __19. D__ of my life. I was excited by this new world

that I had discovered. I had looked out of my self-created prison and __20. C__ the

stars.

文章大意:本文是一篇夹叙夹议文。文章讲述了作者为了陪伴丈夫来到沙漠。恶劣的生

存环境让作者感到不快乐。而作者父亲回信中的两行话彻底改变了她,让她改变了生活态度,

学会了在逆境中享受生活。

? A.off

B.behind

C.near

D.beyond

解析:上文语境题。根据空格前的 went to live there 可以看出,作者到那里住的目的

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噼噼啪啪 噼噼啪 啪

是希望离丈夫近(near)一些。off 离开;behind 在……后面;near 在……附近;beyond 超出,

远于。

? A.before

B.already

C.then

D.still

解析:上下文语境题。根据上文使用的过去时及下文 I said I couldn’t stand it one

minute longer. 可知,作者在此之前(before)从未那么不快乐过。before 在……之前;

already 已经;then 然后,那么;still 仍然。

? A.inflexible

B.incomprehensible

C.uncontrollable

D.unbearable

解析:下文语境题。由破折号后的 almost 125°F even in the shade of a cactus 可

知,即便是在仙人掌的阴凉里,这种炎热也是让人无法忍受的(unbearable)。inflexible 缺

乏弹性的,不可改变的;incomprehensible 难懂的,不可理解的;uncontrollable 控制不住

的,无法管束的;unbearable 无法忍受的,承受不住的。

? A.Only

B.Not

C.Many

D.Such

解析:上下文语境题。由该段内容可以看出,作者所居住地方的炎热的天气、永无休止

的风、所吃的食物、呼吸的空气都令人无法忍受。空格处应该指这里没有(not)作者可以与之

聊天的人。only 仅仅,只有;not 没有;many 许多;such 那样的。

? A.covered

B.filled

C.buried

D.charged

解析:上下文语境题。此处各选项均可填入构成短语:be covered with 用……覆盖;

be filled with 充满……;be buried with 被……掩埋;be charged with 被指控犯……(罪)。

由该句语境可以看出,无论是作者吃的食物还是呼吸的空气,到处都充满了(were filled with)

沙子。

? A.catching up

B.keeping up

C.giving up

D.getting up

解析:下文语境题。由后面的 I said I couldn’t stand it one minute longer. 可

以看出,由于居住地恶劣的环境,作者打算放弃(give up)并准备回家。catch up 赶上;keep

up 保持,维持;give up 放弃;get up 起床。

? A.ought to

B.might well

C.would rather

D.had better

解析:上下文语境题。由该空所在句可知,作者在信中告诉父母,她一分钟也坚持不下

去了,她宁愿(would rather)去蹲监狱。ought to 应该;might well 有充分理由,足以;would

rather 宁愿;had better 最好。

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噼噼啪啪 噼噼啪 啪

? A.request

B.call

C.question

D.letter

解析:上文语境题。由该段第一句中的 I wrote to my parents 可知,作者给自己的父

母写了封信。request 请求,要求;call 通话,召唤;question 问题;letter 信。

? A.comparison

B.imagination

C.consideration

D.memory

解析:下文语境题。由下文可以看出,作者父亲的这两行话彻底改变了作者对生活的态

度,所以这两行话总是在她的记忆(memory)里唱响。comparison 对比;imagination 想象;

consideration 考虑,体贴;memory 记忆。

1○0 A.over and over

B.by and by

C.up and down

D.now and then

解析:上下文语境题。由上下文语境可知,作者收到父亲的信后反复(over and over)

阅读,并为自己感到羞愧。over and over 再三,反复;by and by 不久,很快;up and down

上上下下,来回;now and then 不时,时常。

1○1 A.company

B.occupation

C.situation

D.relationship

解析:上文语境题。由上文可知,空格所在句表示作者下定决心找到自己目前处境

(situation)的优势。company 陪伴,公司;occupation 工作,占用;situation 处境,状况;

relationship 关系。

1○2 A.movement

B.reaction

C.guidance

D.purpose

解析:上下文语境题。由该段内容可知,作者与当地人交朋友,而他们把最喜欢的艺术

品作为礼物送给作者。他们的反应(reaction)让作者感到吃惊。movement 运动,活动;

reaction 反应;guidance 指导;purpose 目的。

1○3 A.refused

B.failed

C.managed

D.happened

解析:上下文语境题。由上下文语境可知,当地人对作者做出的反应让作者感到吃惊,

因为他们竟然舍得将拒绝(refuse)卖给游客的艺术品当作礼物送给作者。refuse 拒绝;fail

失败,不及格;manage 管理;happen 发生,碰巧。

1○4 A.asked

B.hunted

C.waited

D.headed

解析:上下文语境题。各选项均可与空格后的 for 构成短语。ask for 请求,要求;hunt

for 寻找;wait for 等待;head for 前往……。由下文中的定语从句 that had been left there

millions of years ago 可知,作者在沙漠里寻找(hunt for)几百万年前遗留下来的贝壳。

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噼噼啪啪 噼噼啪 啪

1○5 A.floor

B.surface

C.rock

D.level

解析:上文语境题。由空格所在句 when the sands of the desert had been an ocean

__15__ 可知,沙漠里的沙地曾经是海底(floor)。floor 底部,地面;surface 表面;rock

岩石;level 水平。

1○6 A.shocking

B.challenging

C.puzzling

D.astonishing

解析:上文语境题。由上文可以看出,作者由最初的抱怨并打算放弃在沙漠中的生活,

到后来接受自己的处境并学会欣赏生活中的美好可以看出,作者的变化是令人十分惊讶的

(astonishing)。shocking 骇人的;challenging 具有挑战性的;puzzling 令人感到迷惑的;

astonishing 令人十分惊讶的。

1○7 A.as

B.but

C.for

D.or

解析:语意关系题。由上文可以看出,沙漠没有改变,但(but)作者发生了变化。as 表

原因;but 表转折;for 表原因;or 表示出现相反的情况。

1○8 A.attitude

B.principle

C.identity

D.standard

解析:上文语境题。由上文可以看出,作者由最初的不快乐到后来学会享受沙漠生活,

完全是因为自己对生活的态度(attitude)发生了改变。attitude 态度;principle 原则;

identity 身份,一致;standard 标准。

1○9 A.vacation

B.operation

C.affair

D.adventure

解析:上文语境题。所给选项中的 adventure 与该句中的 experience 相对应。vacation

假期;operation 操作,手术;affair 事务,事件;adventure 冒险,奇遇。

2○0 A.sought

B.counted

C.found

D.reached

解析:上文语境题。作者将自己从最初感受到沙漠之苦到后来体验到沙漠生活的快乐的

转变比喻为在自设的监狱里发现(find)了星星。seek 寻找;count 数数;find 发现;reach

到达。

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