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高中英语第一轮复习资料_图文


高考英语第一轮复习
专题四:时态和语态 主讲人:林斌 北京80中

开篇语
本讲在高考中的地位及考查形式:
时态和语态在高考中的地位是非常重要的。它不仅在单项选择题中考 查,而且对阅读理解非常有帮助,学生们通过学习时态和语态,能够对阅 读理解中比较复杂的句型更好地理解。另外,时态和语态对于书面表达也 有很大的帮助。中学生进行书面表达时,在时态和语态当中出现的错误非 常多,所以如果复习好时态和语态,有利于书面表达的得分。

开心自测

1.(2008北京东城区模拟题第一套) ----Can we meet tomorrow afternoon? ----Not in the afternoon, I’m afraid. I ________. A. will be working B. am going to work C. am about to work D. will work

2. (2008年北京东城区一模) It is generally ______ that new industries _____ for the southern part of the country. A. agreed; are needed B. agreed; to be needed C. agreeing; are needing D. agreeing; needed

3. (2008年北京西城区一模) ----I wonder if you could go with me to the cinema. ----Don’t disturb me. I ____ a composition all the morning and haven’t finished yet. A. write B. was writing C. have written D. have been writing

4. (2008年北京西城区一模) ----I don’t believe that John can remember what the robber was like. ----You’re quite wrong. I know it was dark, but he ________ the robber’s face . I’m sure of it. A. did see B. was seeing C. had seen D. would see

5. (2008年北京西城区一模) ----My uncle will be here to attend a meeting tomorrow. ----Oh, I thought that he ____ today. A. was coming B. is coming C. will come D. could come

6. (2008年北京海淀区一模) When she realized I ____ her, she quickly made a pose, smiling. A.photographed B. had photographed C. was photographing D. will photograph

7. (2008年北京海淀区一模) ----I didn’t do well in the exam yesterday. Of course I ____ for it. ----Oh, you poor thing! But I think you should learn a lesson. A. hadn’t studied B. haven’t studied C. was studying D. wouldn’t study

8. (2008年北京海淀区一模) ----I am not going to play football this year, Mum. ----That’s music to my ears. I was so afraid you _____. A.will be hurt B. would get hurt C. had got hurt D. were hurt

9. (2008年北京朝阳区一模) ----Can I help you, Madam? ----No, thank you. I ____. A.have served B. am being served C. am served D. was serving

10. (2008年北京朝阳区一模) The television was on, but nobody _____. A. watched B. has watched C. was watching D. had watched

11. (2008年北京朝阳区一模)

----Did you have a hard time traveling back home? ----Yes, it ____ for four days when I arrived in Guiyang and all the roads _____ covered with ice.
A. snowed; were B. was snowing; had been C. had been snowing; had been D. had snowed; were

12. (2008年北京崇文区一模) ----The recent snow storm in China is really terrible. ----Yes. A lot of damage ____. A. are caused B. were caused C. has been caused D. had been caused

13. (2008年北京崇文区一模) We’ve always wanted a house in the country, but we ____ about where it should be. A. argued B. had argued C. will argue D. are arguing

14. (2008年北京宣武区一模) ----____ from Denmark? ----No, I’m Swedish. A.Do you come B. Are you coming C. Have you come D. Did you come

15. (2008年北京宣武区一模) Coubertin ____ as the founder of the modern Olympic Movement. A. regards B. is regarded C. has regarded D. was regarded

开心自测易错题解析

1.(2008北京东城区模拟题第一套) ----Can we meet tomorrow afternoon? ----Not in the afternoon, I’m afraid. I ________. A. will be working B. am going to work C. am about to work D. will work
2. (2008年北京东城区一模) It is generally ______ that new industries _____ for the southern part of the country. A. agreed; are needed B. agreed; to be needed C. agreeing; are needing D. agreeing; needed

3. (2008年北京西城区一模) ----I wonder if you could go with me to the cinema. ----Don’t disturb me. I ____ a composition all the morning and haven’t finished yet. A. write B. was writing C. have written D. have been writing
4. (2008年北京西城区一模) ----I don’t believe that John can remember what the robber was like. ----You’re quite wrong. I know it was dark, but he ________ the robber’s face . I’m sure of it. A. did see B. was seeing C. had seen D. would see

5. (2008年北京西城区一模) ----My uncle will be here to attend a meeting tomorrow. ----Oh, I thought that he ____ today. A. was coming B. is coming C. will come D. could come 6. (2008年北京海淀区一模) When she realized I ____ her, she quickly made a pose, smiling. A. photographed B. had photographed C. was photographing D. will photograph

7. (2008年北京海淀区一模) ----I didn’t do well in the exam yesterday. Of course I____ for it. ----Oh, you poor thing! But I think you should learn a lesson. A. hadn’t studied B. haven’t studied C. was studying D. wouldn’t study 8. (2008年北京海淀区一模) ----I am not going to play football this year, Mum. ----That’s music to my ears. I was so afraid you _____. A.will be hurt B. would get hurt C. had got hurt D. were hurt

9. (2008年北京朝阳区一模) ----Can I help you, Madam? ----No, thank you. I ____. A.have served B. am being served C. am served D. was serving

10. (2008年北京朝阳区一模) The television was on, but nobody _____. A. watched B. has watched C. was watching D. had watched

11. (2008年北京朝阳区一模) ----Did you have a hard time traveling back home? ----Yes, it ____ for four days when I arrived in Guiyang and all the roads _____ covered with ice. A. snowed; were B. was snowing; had been C. had been snowing; had been D. had snowed; were
12. (2008年北京崇文区一模) ----The recent snow storm in China is really terrible. ----Yes. A lot of damage ____. A. are caused B. were caused C. has been caused D. had been caused

13. (2008年北京崇文区一模) We’ve always wanted a house in the country, but we____ about where it should be. A. argued B. had argued C. will argue D. are arguing
14. (2008年北京宣武区一模) ----____ from Denmark? ----No, I’m Swedish. A. Do you come C. Have you come

B. Are you coming D. Did you come

15. (2008年北京宣武区一模) Coubertin ____ as the founder of the modern Olympic Movement. A. regards B. is regarded C. has regarded D. was regarded

主要考点梳理

高考必会的13种时态 以动词learn为例:

时态 一般现在时 一般过去时 一般将来时 She She She She She She She She

例 句 English every day. English yesterday. English tomorrow.

过去将来时
现在进行时 过去进行时 将来进行时 现在完成时 过去完成时 将来完成时

She said (that) she

English.

English now. English when I came in. English at nine tomorrow. English for three hours. English for hours. English for three hours before I return.

She said (that) she

现在完成进行时 She
将来完成进行时 She

English since nine o’clock.
English since nine o’clock. English for three hours before I return.

过去完成进行时 She said (that) she

高考必会9种被动语态
以动词clean为例:
被动语态 一般现在时的被动语态 一般过去时的被动语态 一般将来时的被动语态 过去将来时的被动语态 Our classroom Our classroom Our classroom She said the classroom 例 句 every day. just now. soon. soon.

现在进行时的被动语态
过去进行时的被动语态 现在完成时的被动语态

Our classroom
The classroom The classroom

now.
when I came in. twice today.

过去完成时的被动语态
将来完成时的被动语态

She said the classroom
The room

twice today.
before you come.

金题精讲

题一:根据介词、副词来确定:

1.I wonder why Jenny ____ us recently. We should have heard from her by now. A.hasn’t written B.doesn’t write C.won’t write D.hadn’t written
2.With the rapid growth of population, the city ____ in all directions in the past five years. A.spreads B.has spread C.spread D.had spread

3.The mayor of Beijing says that all construction work for the Beijing Olympics ____ by 2006. A.has been completed B.has completed C.will have been completed D.will have completed

4.At this time tomorrow ____ over the Atlantic. A.we’re going to fly B.we’ll be flying C.we’ll fly D.we’re to fly 5.My brother is an actor. He ____ several films so far. A.appears B.appeared C.has appeared D.is appearing
6.The two friends ____ on the internet for three hours, and they would go on till the next morning. A.had been chatting B.had chatted C.were chatting D.has been chatting 7.Mrs. White became a teacher in 1985. She ____ for twenty years by next summer. A.will teach B.would have taught C.has been taught D.will have been teaching

题二:根据句型来确定: 1.As you all know, it is the second time I ____ your boarding school. A.visited B.had visited C.have visited D.visit 2. ----Did you make a phone call to your stepparent? ----Certainly. Hardly ____ the airport when I phoned her. A.did I arrive at B.have arrived at C.had I reached D.did I get to 3. ----Is your father a party member? ----Sure. He said it was 21 years since he ____ the Party. A.joined B.has joined C.had joined D.joins

4.It was not until he took up fishing that he ____ to relax. A.had begun B.began C.has begun D.begins 5.Should it rain tomorrow, we ____ ourselves at home. A.will enjoy B.would enjoy C.are going to D.are to 6. ----Will you go to the party? ----Of course I will if ________. A.having invited B.invited C.I was invited D.I will be invited

题三:根据上下文来确定: 1.I’ve won a holiday for two days to Florida. I ____ my mum. A.am taking B.have taken C.take D.will have taken 2.I ____ pingpong quite well, but I haven’t had time to play since the new year. A.played B.will play C.have played D.play 3.John and I ____ friends for eight years. We first got to know each other at a Christmas party. But we ____ each other a couple of years before that. A.had been; have seen B.have been; have seen C.had been; had seen D.have been; had seen

4. ---You haven’t said a word about my new coat, Brenda. Do you like it? ---I’m sorry. I ____ anything about it sooner. I certainly think it’s pretty on you. A.wasn’t saying B.don’t say C.won’t say D.didn’t say
5.Scientists think that the continents ____ always where they ____ today. A.aren’t; aren’t B.aren’t; were C.weren’t; are D.weren’t; were

题四:根据搭配来确定: 1. ----Did you tell Julia about the result? ----Oh, no, I forgot. I ____ her now. A.will be calling B.will call C.call D.am to call 2.Since I won the big prize, my telephone hasn’t stopped ringing. People ____ to ask how I am going to spend the money. A.phone B.will phone C.were phoning D.are phoning 3. ----Are you still busy? ----Yes, I ____ my work, and it won’t take long. A.just finish B.am just finishing C.has just finished D.am just going to finish

4. ----You’ve made great progress in your studies of English, haven’t you? ----Yes, but much ____. A.remains to do B.is remained to do C.remains to be done D.is remained to be done
5. ----Why is the librarian looking so hard at me? ----You ____ to read aloud in the reading-room. A.don’t suppose B.haven’t supposed C.are not supposed D.are not supposing

题五:主动语态还是被动语态

1.This kind of cloth _________. A.sells good B.sells well C.isn’t sold well D.isn’t sold good
2.The bestseller ___________ up so far A.has been sold B.has sold C.is sold D.sells

2008年全国各省市高考英语试题 时态和语态考点汇总

(全国I卷)27. —Have you known Dr. Jackson for a long time? —Yes, since she ______ the Chinese Society. A. has joined B. joins C. had joined D. joined
(全国I卷)29. The wet weather will continue tomorrow, when a cold front ______ to arrive. A. is expected B. is expecting C. expects D. will be expected

(安徽卷)22. -----Did you watch the basketball match yesterday? -----Yes, I did. You know, my brother ________ in the match. A. is playing B. was playing C. has played D. had played

(安徽卷)33. I like these English songs and they ________many times on the radio. A. taught B. have taught C. are taught D. have been taught
(福建卷)25. So far this year we ______ a fall in house prices by between 5 and 10 percent. A. saw B. see C. had seen D. have seen (湖南卷)32. I called Hnnah many times yesterday evening, but I couldn’t get through. Her brother _____ on the phone all the time! A. was talking B. has been talking C. has talked D. talked

(江苏卷)33. —I’m sure Andrew will win the first prize in the final. —I think so. He ______ for it for months. A. is preparing B. was preparing C. had been preparing D. has been preparing
(山东卷)25. By the time he realizes he ______ into a trap, it’ll be too late for him to do anything about it. A. walks B. walked C. has walked D. had walked

(江西卷)32. – Do you think we should accept that offer? -- Yes, we should, for we ___such bad luck up till now, and time __ out. A. have had; is running B. had; is running C. have; has been run D. have had; has been run

(辽宁卷)23. We first met on a train in 2000. We both felt immediately that we ______ each other for years. A. knew B. have known C. have known D. know

(辽宁卷)29. —Have you got any job offers? —No. I ______. A. waited B. had been waiting C. have waited D. am waiting
(全国II)11. If the weather had been better, we could have had a picnic. But it ____ all day. A. rained B. rains C. has rained D. is raining

(四川卷)7. The telephone _______, but by the time I got indoors, it stopped. A. had rung B. was ringing C. rings D. has rung

(浙江卷)5. I don’t believe you’ve already finished reading the book — I ______it to you this morning! A.would lend B. was lending C. had lent D. lent
(浙江卷)7. –What’s that noise? –Oh, I forgot to tell you. The new machine ______. A. was tested B. will be tested C. is being tested D. has been tested

(北京卷)22. —Have you read book called Waiting for Anya? —Who _______ it? A. writes B. has written C. wrote D. had written (北京卷)27. The hotel wasn’t particularly good. But I ____ in many worse hotels. A. was staying B. stayed C. would stay D. had stayed

(北京卷)29. No decision about any future appointment until all the candidates have been interviewed. A. will be made B. is made C. is being made D. has been made (湖南卷)35. — Do you have any problems if you ______ this job? — Well, I’m thinking about the salary…. A. offer B. will offer C. are offered D. will be offered

2007年时态和语态答案: 1-5 CCBCA 6-10 DBCBD 11-15 CADCB 16-20 DBADC 21-25 CADBB 26-30 DBABD 31-35 BBCCA

非谓语动词真题一答案: 1-5 DCBBA 6-10 CDDCB 11-15 DBCCB 16-20 ABACD 21-25 BABDD 26-30 ABCAD 31 A

binlin514@hotmail.com

名师寄语
本讲要点小结与建议:
通过本节课的复习,希望同学们能够对时态和语态的了解,对高三的复习工 作有所帮助。同学们在学习时态和语态时,有时有些糊涂,分不清各种时态 和语态,希望认真看一下知识框架结构,了解不同时态和语态的不同功用, 这样,就不会出现糊涂的现象了。祝你们成功通过这一难关。

少年智则国智, 少年富则国富, 少年强则国强, 少年独立则国独立, 少年自由则国自由, 少年进步则国进步, ……

祝大家: 复习顺利! 高考成功!


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