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1.7 地面安全阀_图文


Halliburton Surface Safety Valve Halliburton Surface Safety Valve Considerations Considerations 哈里伯顿地面安全阀简介 哈里伯顿地面安全阀简介

Surface Safety Equipment And Systems 地面安全设备与系统
? Gate Valve Actuators截止 阀驱动器 ? Safety System Accessories安全系统附件 ? Safety Control Panels 安全控制面板 ? Automated Safety Systems 自动化安全系统

OUTLINE 概要 OUTLINE 概要
? ? Product Offering Chart 产品图表 “Think Small” Pneumatic Actuator “Think Small”气动驱动器 ? “Think Small” Hydraulic Actuator


Think Small”液压驱动器

? ?

Cladded Actuator 金属表面硬化驱动器 Electro / Hydraulic / PLC Ready Panels 电镀的/液压的/PLC的表柜 Self-Contained Systems自给式系统

?

Actuator Description and Principle of Actuator Description and Principle of Operation 驱动器的说明和操作原理 Operation 驱动器的说明和操作原理
? Fail safe design (normally closed or normally open)
针对失败的安全设计(通常关闭的或者通常打开的) ? Rapid, complete closure on loss of control pressure在失去控制压力 pressure在失去控制压力 时迅速完全关闭 ? Valve or flow line pressure assists rapid closure.阀或流动管线压力有 closure.阀或流动管线压力有 助于迅速关闭 ? Spring design assures closure with zero pressure in valve or flow line. 弹簧设计确保了在阀或流动管线中零压情况下的关闭 ? Well fluids cannot enter the control section of the actuator. 井内流 体不能进入驱动器的控制部分 ? Available for pneumatic or hydraulic control systems.可选气动或液 systems.可选气动或液 压控制系统 ? Rising stem is a visual indication of valve position.提升杆可见,并表 position.提升杆可见,并表 VISUAL INDICATION (OPEN) 明阀的位置
可视指示器(打开)

CONTROL PRESSURE 控制压力 LOWER STEM PACKING下部杆盘 PACKING下部杆盘 根

FLOW LINE PRESSURE 控制管线压力

OPEN打开 OPEN打开

CLOSED关闭 CLOSED关闭
1 C 1 GEN 1 CN00172

The Right Choice is Key to Success The Right Choice is Key to Success 正确的选择是成功的关键 正确的选择是成功的关键 ? Low Pressure/Low Temp – Diaphragm Pneumatic Actuators 低压/低温的气动驱动器 ? Standard Oilfield Applications – Pneumatic Actuators标准油井应用 的气动驱动器 ? Flow Line Valves – UX Hyd. Direct Controlled Gate Vales and Actuators放压阀-UX Hyd.直接控制 的截止阀和驱动器 ? High Pressure & Hostile Service – Hydraulic & Wire Cutter Actuators高压和恶劣井况下应用的 液压及钢丝剪切驱动器

Pneumatic Piston Actuator for Pneumatic Piston Actuator for 1 3/16” Through 4 3/16” Gate Valves 1 3/16” Through 3/16”
针对1 3/16” -4 3/16”闸板阀的气动活塞驱动器 针对1 3/16” -4 3/16”闸板阀的气动活塞驱动器

UPPER STEM POSITION INDICATOR上部杆位

置指示
ONE PIECE STEM 单一杆 OPTION OF FORGED 410 STAINLESS (UF) OR COATED ALLOY (UG) CYLINDER ALUMINUM PISTON FOR OVER PRESSURE PROTECTION超 PROTECTION超 高压保护的铝活塞 PACKING RETAINER FINE DRIFT ADJUSTMENT盘根固定杆调节装置 ADJUSTMENT盘根固定杆调节装置

EPOXY PLASTIC SPRING COATING FOR CORROSION RESISTANCE环氧塑 RESISTANCE环氧塑 料弹簧涂层,以防腐蚀 SPIRAL RETAINER RING FOR 360° CONTACT 360° METAL-TO-METAL METAL- TOSECONDARY SEAL金属对金属二级密封 SEAL金属对金属二级密封 FLUSH MOUNT BONNET PROTECTS BONNET BOLTING 17-4 PH. K-MONEL 500 OR 17KCUSTOMER SPECIFIED LOWER STEM MATERIAL蒙 MATERIAL蒙 奈尔或客户要求的杆的材质

II A 2 UF 1 CN01615

Compact Pneumatic Piston Actuator for Compact Pneumatic Piston Actuator for High Pressure Wells High Pressure Wells 高压井中的优越的气动活塞驱动器 高压井中的优越的气动活塞驱动器

UPPER STEM POSITION INDICATOR上部杆位置指示


SECONDARY PISTON 二级活塞 RETAINER FLANGE 固定法兰 SHUTTLE VALVE 410 SS CYLINDER 气缸 PRIMARY PISTON主要活塞 DUAL CLOSING SPRINGS 双重关闭弹簧 PACKING RETAINER DRIFT ADJUSTMENT ONE PIECE SS STEM SPIRAL RETAINER螺旋固定器 FLUSH MOUNT BONNET

II A3 DF 1 CN00067

Compact Pneumatic Piston Actuator Compact Pneumatic Piston Actuator (Opening Sequence)优越的气动活塞驱动器(开始顺序) (Opening Sequence)优越的气动活塞驱动器(开始顺序)

Valve Closed 阀关闭
Extended stem indicates the valve is closed. As pneumatic supply pressure enters the cylinder and is directed to the surfaces of both the upper and lower pistons, the stem is forced downward. 延伸杆表示阀已关闭,单气动压力 进入气缸,并直接作用于上和下部 活塞的表面时,杆被推动下移

Valve Opening阀打开

Valve Open 阀开放

Once the stem has traveled downward sufficiently to begin opening the gate valve, pressure begins to equalize across the gate valve and gate/seat friction is reduced. The upper piston shoulde against the piston retainer and provides no more downward force 旦杆下移到可以开始打开闸板阀的时候 ,压力开始在闸板阀上平均开来,并且 闸板阀/底座摩擦力降低。上部活塞侧翼 闸板阀/ 顶住活塞固定器,并不在提供向下的压 力

Pressure upon the lower piston continues to force the stem downward until the gate valve is fully open. The spring under the lower piston permits the gate valve to close with no pressure present in the valve body.在下部活塞上的压力继 body.在下部活塞上的压力继 续推动杆下移直到闸板阀完全打开。在下部活塞底下 的弹簧允许闸板阀在阀体中无压力作用下关闭

CN00812 II A 3 DF 2

Halliburton Solved A Big Halliburton Solved A Big Problem Problem For High Pressure Wells For High Pressure Wells By Thinking Small. By Thinking Small.
HAL的Thinking Small产品给高压井解 HAL的Thinking Small产品给高压井解 决了一个大的难题 决了一个大的难题

Pneumatic Pneumatic Diaphragm Actuator Diaphragm Actuator 气动驱动器 气动驱动器
UPPER STEM POSITION INDICATOR上部杆位 INDICATOR上部杆位 置指示器 REMOVABLE STEM PACKING可移动杆盘根 PACKING可移动杆盘根 LIGHT WEIGHT CYLINDER STAMPINGS轻重量的气缸冲压 STAMPINGS轻重量的气缸冲压 HIGH STRENGTH BOLTING高力量的螺旋连接 BOLTING高力量的螺旋连接 TELLTALE 17-4 PH 17STEM ALUMINUM ALLOY PISTON铝合金活塞 PISTON铝合金活塞

NITRILE/FABRIC DIAPHRAGM DUAL CLOSING SPRINGS双重关闭弹

NON-WELDED CYLINDER NONCONNECTIONS非焊接气缸连接 CONNECTIONS非焊接气缸连接 PACKING RETAINER DRIFT ADJUSTMENT盘根固定杆调 ADJUSTMENT盘根固定杆调 节装置 17-4 PH OR K-MONEL STEM 17K4140 ALLOY OR 410 SS BONNET

II A 1 UD 1 CN0066F

UPPER STEM VISUAL POSITION INDICATOR

Hydraulic Piston Actuator Hydraulic Piston Actuator for 1 13/16” Through 4 3/16” for 1 13/16” Through 4 3/16” Gate Valves针对1 13/16” -4 Gate Valves针对1 13/16” -4
3/16”闸板阀的气动活塞驱动器 3/16”闸板阀的气动活塞驱动器
STATIONARY PISTON SEALS固定活塞密封 SEALS固定活塞密封 SOLID 17-4 PH STAINLESS PISTON固体无锈活塞 17PISTON固体无锈活塞 ONE PIECE 4140 ALLOY CYLINDER单体合金气缸 CYLINDER单体合金气缸

EPOXY PLASTIC SPRING COATING FOR CORROSION RESISTANCE环氧塑料弹簧涂层,以防腐蚀 RESISTANCE环氧塑料弹簧涂层,以防腐蚀 AMPCOLOY THREADED INSERT FOR RESISTANCE TO GALLING PACKING RETAINER FOR FINE DRIFT ADJUSTMENT 盘根固定杆调节装置 REDUNDANT CHEVRON VEE PACKING ON LOWER STEM METAL-TO-METAL SECONDARY SEAL金属对金属二级密封 METAL- TOSEAL金属对金属二级密封 4140 ALLOY, 410 STAINLESS OR CUSTOMER SPECIFIED BONNET MATERIAL无锈的或客户要求的阀帽材质 MATERIAL无锈的或客户要求的阀帽材质 17-4 PH, K-MONEL OR CUSTOMER 17KSPECIFIED STEM MATERIAL蒙奈尔或客户要 MATERIAL蒙奈尔或客户要 求的杆的材质

II B 1 UH 1 CN01614

Compact Hydraulic Actuator for 1 13/16” through 13/16” 4 3/16” Gate Valves 3/16”
针对1 13/16” -4 3/16”闸板阀的优越的液压驱动器 针对1 13/16” -4 3/16”闸板阀的优越的液压驱动器
FLUSH CYLINDER CAP 冲缸帽

ONE-PIECE ALLOY ONEBODY单体合金体 BODY单体合金体 STATIONARY PISTON SEALS固定的活塞密封 SEALS固定的活塞密封 HOLLOWED 17-4 PH PISTON凹陷的活塞 17PISTON凹陷的活塞 WINDOW POSITION INDICATOR窗口位置显示器 INDICATOR窗口位置显示器 ELECTRIC POSITION INDICATOR电子位置显示器 INDICATOR电子位置显示器 ONE PIECE SS STEM单体杆 STEM单体杆 CYLINDER DRIFT ADJUSTMENT气缸调节装置 ADJUSTMENT气缸调节装置

II B 1 UH 2 CN00068

Compact Modular Wirecutter Actuator Compact Modular Wirecutter Actuator For 5 1/8” through 7 1/16” Gate Valves For 5 1/8” through 7 1/16” Gate Valves 优越的电缆切断驱动器,针对5 1/8” -7 优越的电缆切断驱动器,针对5 1/8” -7 1/16” 闸板阀 1/16” 闸板阀
410 SS CYLINDER气缸

4140 ALLOY CYLINDER HOUSING合金气缸架 REMOVABLE HYDRAULIC MODULE可移动式液压模块 RETAINED POWER SPRING MODULE固定的动力弹簧模块 MODULE固定的动力弹簧模块 ELECTRIC OR VISUAL POSITION INDICATOR (NOT SHOWN)电子或直读 SHOWN)电子或直读 式位置指示器(不在外面) THRUST BEARING FOR EASE OF ASSEMBLY为简便装配而设置的推进轴承 ASSEMBLY为简便装配而设置的推进轴承 PACKING RETAINER DRIFT ADJUSTMENT盘根固定杆调节装置 ADJUSTMENT盘根固定杆调节装置 FLUSH MOUNT BONNET

II B 2 WC 1 CN00069

优越的电缆切断驱动器分解说明 优越的电缆切断驱动器分解说明

Compact Modular Wirecutter Actuator Disassembly

Valve Closed阀关 闭中

Hydraulic Module Removed液压腔移出

Valve Open 阀打开

CN00967 II B 2 WC 2

Single-Well Hydraulic Control Panel单井液压控制柜

V B 1 CO 1 CN01598

Single-Well Hydraulic Control Panel Operating Schematic

单井液压控制柜操作示意图
PUMP GAS SUPPL Y REGULA T ORS RELA Y VAL VE

LOW PRESSURE CONTROL LINE

SAFETY VAL VE 3-W AY HYDRAULIC CONTROLLER HYDRAULIC RESER VOIR

IN SERVICE在服务中 SERVICE在服务中
PUMP GAS SUPPL Y

REGULA T ORS RELA Y VAL VE

LOW PRESSURE CONTROL LINE

SAFETY VAL VE 3-W AY HYDRAULIC CONTROLLER HYDRAULIC RESER VOIR

OPERATED被操作时 OPERATED被操作时

CN01597 V B 1 CO 2

Dial Type Pressure Monitor Pilot
转盘式压力监控器导阀 转盘式压力监控器导阀

BOURDON DRIVE PIN

BOURDON TUBE, PRESSURE SENSITIVE ELEMENT OUTPUT SIGNAL DISK CHECK VALVE CHECK VALVE SPRING SUPPLY “IN” 30 PSI IN” SUPPLY PANEL

OUTPUT SIGNAL “OFF” 0 PSI OFF”

LO LO HI HI

LO LO HI

TRIP ARM WITH TRIPWIRE CAM PILOT FOLLOWER VALVE PLATE SENSED PRESSURE

CAM SET POINTS SENSED PRESSURE

SUPPLY “IN” IN” 30 PSI

II D 1 DS 1 CN01601/CN0160 2

Single-Point Protection Single-Point Protection Pilot Control Panel Pilot Control Panel 单点保护导阀控制柜 单点保护导阀控制柜

LEGEND PNEUMATIC PRESSURE 150 PSI PNEUMATIC PRESSURE 30 PSI SENSING PRESSURE PM PANEL MOUNT

PM

0-60 PSI

PM

PM

PM

SET AT 30 PSI

TO VALVE

TO FLOW LINE PNEUMATIC SUPPLY

连接阀

连接流动管线
V B 1 BO 1 CN01603/01607

气动供应

Typical Installation of a Single-Well Typical Installation of a Single-Well Hydraulic Control Panel Hydraulic Control Panel 一个单井液压控制柜的典型安装说明 一个单井液压控制柜的典型安装说明

FUSIBLE PLUG可溶插头

LOW PRESSURE PNEUMATIC CONTROL LINE低压气动控制管线 LOW PRESSURE AIR OR GAS SOURCE低压气空气或 MONITOR PILOT监控器 PILOT监控器

汽油

SINGLE-WELL SINGLEHYDRAULIC CONTROL PANEL单井液压控制柜 STAND OPTIONAL

SURFACE CONTROLLED SUBSURFACE SAFETY VALVE地面控制井下

HYDRAULIC CONTROL LINE TO SUBSURFACE SAFETY VALVE液压控制管

安全阀

线连接地面安全阀

V B 1 CO 3 CN00639

Self Contained Systems Self Contained Systems 自给式系统 自给式系统

Self-Contained Solar Powered Hydraulic SelfSupply System

自给式太阳能液压供应系统
ELECTRIC MOTOR CONTROLLER 电动控制器

STORAGE BATTERIES储蓄电



PHOTOVOLTAIC ARRAY (SOLAR PANEL)太阳板 CHARGE CONTROLLER充电控制 SOLAR ENERGY太阳能



ELECTRICAL ENERGY电能 HYDRAULIC ENERGY液压能

ELECTRIC MOTOR/HYDRAULIC PUMP COMBINATION电动机/液压 电动机/

泵相结合

ACCUMULATOR驱动器

HYDRAULIC OUTPUT

CN01593 V E 3 SH 1

New Self Contained Actuator System 新的自给式驱动器系统

Accumulator/ Reservoir Accumulator/ Reservoir

Main Circuit SCSSV Control

To Flowline

对流动管线

Modular Components Mount Directly to Actuator

组件成分,直接接在驱动器上 To SCSSV对地 面控制的井下安全阀

? Reduced hydraulic leaks减少液压渗漏 ? Low cost低成本 ? Detachable hand pump可分离手动泵 ? Modular design组装式设计 ? SCSSV Control Option地面控制的井下安全阀选择权

Common Features of Halliburton Actuators哈里伯 Actuators哈里伯 顿驱动器的共同的特点
? Fail Close Design失误紧急关断设计 ? Metal to Metal Secondary Seal金属与金属 二级密封 ? Upper Stem Visual Position Indication上 部传动杆指示阀显示功能 ? Packing Retainer Drift Adjustment盘根圈 通径大小可调功能 ? Bonnet & Stem Materials Consistency阀 盖和阀杆材料的一致性

NACE MR-01-75/ISO 15156 NACE MR-01-75/ISO 15156 and API 6A and API 6A
– API 6A defines material classes for wellhead equipment. The material classes are based on H2S and CO2 service. API 6A定义了井口设备材料的级别。此材料的级别是 根据H2S 和CO2服务环境来定义的。 – Material Classes:材料级别 ? AA – Standard Service, alloy bonnet, alloy gate trim 标准环境,阀盖合金,阀合金 ? BB – Standard Service, alloy bonnet, stainless gate trim标准环境,阀盖合金,不锈钢阀 ? CC – Standard Service, stainless bonnet, stainless gate trim标准环境,不锈钢阀盖,不锈钢阀 ? DD – H2S Service, alloy bonnet, alloy gate trim H2S环境,阀盖合金,阀合金 ? EE – H2S service, alloy bonnet, stainless gate trim H2S环境,阀盖合金,不锈钢阀 ? FF – H2S service, stainless bonnet, stainless gate trim/ H2S环境,不锈钢阀盖,不锈钢阀 ? HH – H2S service, CRA bonnet, CRA gate trim H2S环境,耐腐蚀合金的阀盖,耐腐蚀合金的阀

– In addition, due to widespread material usage and limitations in defined in NACE MR-01-75/ISO 15156, API 6A created additional definition for stem and trim materials. 同时,由于在NACE MR-01-75/ISO 15156规定中的更广泛材料的应用和限 制,API 6A还创建了针对阀杆和阀体材 料的额外的定义。

Stem Materials Stem Materials
– Standard stem materials:标准阀杆材质 ? 17-4PH: prior to latest edition of NACE, 17-4PH (H1150 condition ES-MA-73-3) was acceptable for use in H2S service. Now only acceptable for use in 0.5 psi partial pressure H2S. 17-4PH: 在最新的NACE, 17-4PH (H1150 condition ESMA-73-3) 版本之前,可以用于H2S 服务环境。但现在只 能用于在0.5psi分压值的H2S 服务环境中。 ? Incoloy 925 and Inconel 718: acceptable for use in H2S service (ES-MA-67-2) – no limit on H2S at standard temperatures (250F). Reduced H2S service at higher temperatures: Incoloy 925 and Incon中el 718: 可以用于H2S 服务环境(ESMA-67-2) – 在正常温度条件下(250F)对H2S无要求;在更 高的温度条件下,H2S的含量需要降低: – 400 psi partial pressure at 300F/ 在300F温度下400 psi 分压值 – 360 psi partial pressure at 375F/ 在375F温度下360 psi 分压值 – 200 psi partial pressure at 400F/ 在400F温度下200 psi 分压值



H2S Material Classes H2S Material Classes H2S材质等级 Valves and actuators will include the maximum partial pressure H2S材质等级
for the assembly, based on the gate trim and stem material:阀和 启动器将包括针对总成的如下最大分压值,根据阀体和阀 杆: ? EE-0.5 – H2S Service, alloy bonnet, 17-4PH stem EE-0.5 – H2S 服务环境,合金阀盖, 17-4PH阀杆 ? EE-NL – H2S service, alloy bonnet, I925 or I718 stem, max 275F temperature EE-NL – H2S服务环境,合金阀盖, I925 或 I718 的阀 杆,最高温度 275F ? FF-0.5 – H2S service, stainless bonnet, 17-4PH stem FF-0.5 – H2S服务环境, 不锈钢阀盖, 17-4PH阀杆 ? FF-NL – H2S service, stainless bonnet, I925 or I718 stem, max 275F temperature FF-NL – H2S服务环境, 不锈钢阀盖, I925 or I718阀杆,最 高温度 275F ? HH-NL – H2S service, CRA bonnet, I925 or I718 stem, max 275F temperature HH-NL – H2S 服务环境, 耐腐蚀材质的阀盖, I925 or I718 阀杆,最高温度 275F


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